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Seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women referring to health centers in the city of Hamadan in 1391
Amirhossein Maghsood,Mohammad Fallah,Hemen Moradi-Sardareh,Hemen Shanazi
Pajouhan Scientific Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is a most common parasitic infection in humans and animals, it has two acute and chronic phases that related to IgM and IgG, respectively. This prevalence is affected by different variables, so determination of the prevalence of serum IgG and IgM antibodies against Toxoplasma in terms of these variables like age, occupation and education level is so important.Material and Methods: This descriptive-analytic cross sectional study was done on 350 pregnant women referred to health - Therapeutic centers of Hamadan city. After obtaining informed consent from volunteers, their serum samples were tested by IgG ELISA and IgM ELISA methods and their associations with age, occupation and education level variables were measured.Results: From total of 350 pregnant women, 105 cases (30%) had anti-Toxoplasma IgG, and 3 cases (2.9%) had anti-Toxoplasma IgM. Antibody titer of IgM with variable age, occupation and education level was not significant, but antibody titer of IgG with these variables was significant.Conclusion: Given the significant association between the disease and age, occupation and education level in pregnant women, it should be provide the necessary training and knowledge about preventiion and avoid of being infected with toxoplasmosis infection.
Metal Hyperaccumulation in Plants: A Review Focusing on Phytoremediation Technology
Hemen Sarma
Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: lations system and plant metal homeostasis. This study reviews the recent advances of phytoremediation technology using hyperaccumulator plants addressing both potential and limitations, physiological and molecular aspects and provides a broad overview of most important genes which have been correlated to metals hyperaccumulation and tolerance, evidence of the effect of heavy metal on biomass productions, plant biochemical, antioxidant defence system and discusses the prospects of transgenic plants in phytoremediation of heavy metals.
Enhanced Biodegradation of Oil Products by Some Microbial Isolate Supplemented with Heavy Metals
Aniruddha Sarma,Hemen Sarma
International Journal of Botany , 2010,
Abstract: Three native strains, identified as Staphylococcus sp., Acinetobactor lwoffii and Enterobacter agglomerans were isolated from crude oil contaminated field and the aim of this research was to select potential soil microbial strain that could be effective in the bioremediation of crude oil compounds. Crude oil degradation performed by the isolates incubated in the shake flask culture and analysis of the results address that Acinetobactor lwoffii, accelerated cleanup most effectively, degrading oil sludge by a total of 93.78% in compare to Staphylococcus sp. (17.39%) and Enterobacter agglomerans (16.49%). Furthermore enhanced biodegradation potential of the isolates were studied by adding Mn and Cu and results indicated that supplemented metal increased degradation of crude oil products. In the present study, three bacterial strains AS1, AS2 and AS3 were termed and isolated through long cultivation with crude oil as the single carbon source. The three strains were identified based on the morphology of their colonies with physiological and biochemical characteristics. In addition, the characterizations of soil where the presence of these strains were carried out. The total CFU count ranged from 2x106 to 6x106 and total viable bacteria at 32°C ranged from 2.2x103 to 5.6x103 in various soil sample collected in random from contaminated site. The strains had broad degradation capacities and the present remediation monitoring confirmed the effectiveness of Acinetobactor lwoffii has one of the potential native microbes for remediation of crude oil soil.
Theory of Carbon Nanotubes as Optical Nano Waveguides  [PDF]
Afshin Moradi
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2010.212088
Abstract: The propagation of surface plasmon waves in metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes is analyzed within the frame-work of the classical electrodynamics. The conduction electrons of the system are modelled by an in?nitesimally thin layer of free-electron gas which is described by means of the semiclassical kinetic theory of the electron dynamics. The effects of the energy band structure is taken into account and a more accurate dispersion relation for surface plasmon oscillations in the zig-zag and armchair nanotubes of metallic character is obtained.
The Role of Religious Orientation, Psychological Well-Being, and Self-Esteem in Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Achievement  [PDF]
Elham Moradi, Jahanbakhsh Langroudi
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.34043
Abstract: The present study aimed at finding the relationship of religious orientation (RO), psychological well-being (PWB), and self-esteem (SE) with language achievement (LA) among Iranian EFL learners. Furthermore, it investigated the predictability of dependent variable (LA) using all independent and predictor variables (RO, PWB, and SE). 126 senior and junior students majoring in English Translation and English Literature at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman participated in the study. To obtain the required data, three questionnaires were utilized: Allport and Ross’s (1967) Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale (IEROS) to measure extrinsic and intrinsic religious orientations, Short Measurement of Psychological Well-Being by Clarke, Marshall, Ryff, and Wheaton (2001) to measure psychological well-being, and finally, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale by Rosenberg (1965) to assess self-esteem. Moreover, participants’ GPAs in major courses were used as indicators of their language achievement. For analysis of data, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression analysis were used. The results revealed that there was a significant positive relationship between IRO, PWB, and SE with LA and a significant negative relationship between ERO and LA. Additionally, all the independent variables together could predict LA and accounted for 95 percent of variability of students’ GPA.
A Hybrid Evaluation Framework of CMM and COBIT for Improving the Software Development Quality  [PDF]
Amin Amid, Somaye Moradi
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.65035
Abstract:

It is essential to study quality of software production like others. Software productions have special properties. They are intangible. So, qualitative evaluation encountered with complexity. Hence, proposing a model in order to evaluate the quality of Software productions is considerable to most software managers and experts. In this paper, regarding to improve software productions quality, the process of software production has been determined, using CMM standard framework of maturity level. In CMM it does not present a method for measurement and evaluation maturity level, the presented process in CMM standard mapped by COBIT control objectives has been combined in the process of software productions development in developed hybrid framework. In this research, the processes have been mapped utilizing focus and established group, in parallel of software production in different maturity level of CMM mapped by COBIT framework. In order to show the capabilities of proposed framework, the hybrid evaluation model was employed in a software developing organization as a case study. According to the results of evaluation, improvements proceedings and action plans have been proposed and discussed to enhance the software production processes.

Tripartite Entanglement and Lorentz Transformation  [PDF]
Firouz Amiri, Shahpoor Moradi
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2014.43017
Abstract: Entanglement of tripartite spin states under Lorentz transformations is studied in the context of Bell’s inequality and positive partial transpose criterion. First the relativistic analogue of Bell’s inequality is discussed for three qubit states by explicit calculation of the Wigner rotation. We use the relativistic invariant spin operator which is related to the Pauli-Lubanski pseudo vector. For observers at rest the Bell’s inequality is speed-independent and maximally violated. For moving observers it’s shown that Bell’s inequality is violated and the amount of violation depends on the boost speed. We show that in ultrarelativistic limit Bell’s inequality is still maximally violated. We also obtained the critical value for satisfying Bell’s inequality. The critical value of boost speed for violation of inequality for particles moving in the center of mass frame is greater than that for particles moving with the same momentum. Second we investigate the entanglement distillability of tripartite mixed spin states under Lorentz transformations in the context of Werner states. We show that there are states that will change from distillable (entangled) into separable for a certain value of rapidity.
Explaining Design Dimensions of Ecological Greenways  [PDF]
Mohammadreza Pourjafar, Amir Moradi
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2015.53007
Abstract: Design of greenways is one of the most important planning tools in the promotion of quality of life of the city residents. Greenways are necessary due to their major role in increase of air quality and positive changes in the climate of the urban environments for keeping the environmental quality of the cities and considerably increasing aesthetic values of these environments. Protection of natural ecological systems, provision of extensive recreational opportunities for people in urban regions and rural districts, provision of economic benefits and protection of cultural values and historical heritage are the advantages of designing and creating greenways inside cities. The present paper which was conducted with descriptive-analytical method tried to explain design dimensions of ecological greenways in three urban physical, environmental and social-economic systems by studying suitable experimental concepts and samples in the world. In this regard, this paper studied five main goals of designing greenways: promotion of local and urban accesses with greenways, aesthetic aspects of urban landscapes, improvement of performance and distribution of activities by creating greenways, increase of efficiency and environmental aspects in the city and revival of social values considering economic sustainability and in this regard design strategies and policies were presented for each one of them based on these goals.
Urethroplasty for Long Anterior Urethral Strictures: Report of Long-term Results
Mahmoudreza Moradi,As’ad Moradi
Urology Journal , 2006,
Abstract: Introduction: We reviewed the long-term outcome of substitution urethroplasty with skin flaps for anterior urethral strictures, comparing 1-stage with 2-stage repairs. Materials and Methods: A total of 45 patients with urethral strictures, 2.5 cm or longer, had undergone skin flap urethroplasty. A 1-stage surgical operation had been done in 10 patients (Orandi and bilateral pedicle island of penile skin) and a 2-stage surgical repair had been performed in 35 using the Johanson technique. They were followed up by retrograde urethrography for 1 to 10 years. Results: The mean age of the patients was 46.3 ± 17.1 years. Etiology of the stricture was instrumentation in 33.3% of the patients, urethritis in 28.9%, trauma in 13.3%, and unknown in 24.5%. At the first postoperative year, the success rate was 75.6%. This rate was 71.4% and 90% for the 1-stage and 2-stage operations, respectively (P = .23). There were 1 (10%) and 10 (28.6%) cases of recurrent structure and 1 (10%) and 3 (8.6%) cases of fistula in the patients with the 1-stage and 2-stage operations within the first year, respectively. During the 5 postoperative years, 70% of the patients with the 1-stage repair, 57.1% with the 2-stage repair, and 60% in total had no complications. Conclusion: Based on the previous studies and our experience, we recommend skin flap urethroplasty. However, some measures such as proper tailoring of the flap and the extension of the incision onto the intact segments should be considered for achieving a better outcome.
Oscillation phenomenon of transition temperatures of coupled magnetic planes
H. Moradi
Iranian Journal of Physics Research , 2004,
Abstract: Oscillatory behavior of transition temperature in supper lattice, Ni/Au/Ni, has been observed as a function of spacer layer, Au. The observed oscillation period is almost the half period of interlayer exchange coupling. The high temperature susceptibility of a two - dimensional lattice is evaluated within the Bethe-Peierls-Wiess approximation in the presence of a random field with square distribution. This susceptibility is used to evaluate the transition temperature of coupled planes as a function of spacer thickness. The calculated transition temperature of coupled planes oscillates as half period of interlayer exchange coupling and falls below the results of the uncoupled films at some values of the average spacer thickness that were experimentally observed. Additionally, the transition temperature depends on the distribution function of random field at the small thickness of spacer.
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