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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1692 matches for " Helmut Satz "
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Heavy Quark Interactions and Quarkonium Binding
Satz, Helmut
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/36/6/064011
Abstract: We consider heavy quark interactions in quenched and unquenched lattice QCD. In a region just above the deconfinement point, non-Abelian gluon polarization leads to a strong increase in the binding. Comparing quark-antiquark and quark-quark interaction, the dependence of the binding on the separation distance $r$ is found to be the same for the colorless singlet $Q\bar Q$ and the colored anti-triplet $QQ$ state. In a potential model description of in-medium $J/\Psi$ behavior, this enhancement of the binding leads to a survival up to temperatures of 1.5 $T_c$ or higher; it could also result in $J/\Psi$ flow.
Colour deconfinement in hot and dense matter
Helmut Satz
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: We first introduce the conceptual basis of critical behaviour in strongly interacting matter, with colour deconfinement as QCD analog of the insulator-conductor transition and chiral symmetry restoration as special case of the associated shift in the mass of the constituents. Next we summarize quark-gluon plasma formation in finite temperature lattice QCD. We consider the underlying symmetries and their spontaneous breaking/restoration in the transition, as well as the resulting changes in thermodynamic behaviour. Finally, we turn to the experimental study of strongly interacting matter by high energy nuclear collisions, using charmonium production to probe the confinement status of the produced primordial medium. Recent results from Pb-Pb collisions at CERN may provide first evidence for colour deconfinement.
Probing the States of Matter in QCD
Helmut Satz
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X13300433
Abstract: The ultimate aim of high energy heavy ion collisions is to study quark deconfinement and the quark-gluon plasma predicted by quantum chromodynamics. This requires the identification of observables calculable in QCD and measurable in heavy ion collisions. I concentrate on three such phenomena, related to specific features of strongly interacting matter. The observed pattern of hadrosynthesis corresponds to that of an ideal resonance gas in equilibrium at the pseudo-critical temperature determined in QCD. The critical behavior of QCD is encoded in the fluctuation patterns of conserved quantum numbers, which are presently being measured. The temperature of the quark-gluon plasma can be determined by the dissociation patterns of the different quarkonium states, now under study at the LHC for both charmonia and bottomonia.
Colour Deconfinement and J/Psi Suppression in High Energy Nuclear Collisions
Helmut Satz
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. Charmomium Dissociation and Colour Deconfinement 3. J/Psi Production in Nuclear Collisions 4. Anomalous J/Psi Suppression 5. Outlook and Summary
Quarkonium Binding and Entropic Force
Helmut Satz
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-015-3424-7
Abstract: A Q-Qbar bound state represents a balance between repulsive kinetic and attractive potential energy. In a hot quark-gluon plasma, the interaction potential experiences medium effects. Color screening modifies the attractive binding force between the quarks, while the increase of entropy with Q-Qbar separation gives rise to a growing repulsion. We study the role of these phenomena for in-medium Q-Qbar binding and dissociation. It is found that the relevant potential for Q-Qbar binding is the free energy F; with increasing Q-Qbar separation, further binding through the internal energy U is compensated by repulsive entropic effects.
QCD & QGP: A Summary
Helmut Satz
Physics , 1997,
Abstract: Contents: 1. The Thermodynamics of Quarks and Gluons 2. Hard Probes: Colour Deconfinement 3. Electromagnetic Probes: Chiral Symmetry Restoration 4. Soft Probes: Equilibration and Expansion 5. Conclusions
A Brief History of J/Psi Suppression
Helmut Satz
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: Statistical QCD predicts that strongly interacting matter will become deconfined at high temperatures and/or densities. The aim of high energy nuclear collisions is to study the onset of deconfinement and the properties of deconfined media in the laboratory. Hence it is essential to define an unambiguous and experimentally viable probe for deconfinement. Twelve years ago, T. Matsui and I proposed that \J~production should constitute such a probe \cite{M&S}, and I want to sketch here rather briefly the evolution of this idea in the light of subsequent experimental and theoretical work.
Colour Deconfinement in Nuclear Collisions
Helmut Satz
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1088/0034-4885/63/9/203
Abstract: QCD predicts that strongly interacting matter will undergo a transition from a state of hadronic constituents to a plasma of unbound quarks and gluons. We first survey the conceptual features of this transition and its description in finite temperature lattice QCD, before we address its experimental investigation through high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. After considering the conditions achievable in such collisions, we discuss the possible probes to check if the produced medium in its early stages was indeed deconfined. We then elaborate the method that has emerged and the results which were obtained using the most extensively studied deconfinement probe, the suppression of charmonium production. In closing, we discuss possible supporting information provided through the study of soft hadronic probes.
Calibrating the In-Medium Behavior of Quarkonia
Helmut Satz
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Quarkonium production has been considered as a tool to study the medium formed in high energy nuclear collisions, assuming that the formation of a hot and dense environment modifies the production pattern observed in elementary collisions. The basic features measured there are the relative fractions of hidden to open heavy flavor and the relative fractions of the different hidden heavy flavor states. Hence the essential question is if and how these quantities are modified in nuclear collisions. We show how the relevant data must be calibrated, i.e., what reference has to be used, in order to determine this in a model-independent way.
Deconfinement and Percolation
Helmut Satz
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0375-9474(98)00508-9
Abstract: Using percolation theory, we derive a conceptual definition of deconfinement in terms of cluster formation. The result is readily applicable to infinite volume equilibrium matter as well as to finite size pre-equilibrium systems in nuclear collisions.
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