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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8558 matches for " Helena Horta Tricallotis "
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DIADEMAS DE PLUMAS EN ENTIERROS DE LA COSTA DEL NORTE DE CHILE: ?EVIDENCIAS DE LA VESTIMENTA DE UNA POSIBLE PARCIALIDAD PESCADORA?
Horta Tricallotis,Helena;
Chungará (Arica) , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562000000200014
Abstract: this paper focuses on sustantial differences in the use of headdresses among prehispanic population in the valley of azapa and coast of arica observed during the late intermediate period (1000 - 1470 ad) excavated at the playa miller-3 cemetery, in the coast, 233 graves with their funerary contexts contain 32 feather diadems. the analysis both of the context and the geographical distribution of such diadems allows us to associate this type of headdress with a specific group of fishermen. the revision of the archaeological material from the other coastal and valley sites in the archaeological museum of san miguel de azapa, has demonstrated, that such headdress survived until the beginning of the late period showing, therefore, a particular cultural continuity
EL GORRO TRONCOCóNICO O CHUCU Y LA PRESENCIA DE POBLACIóN ALTIPLáNICA EN EL NORTE DE CHILE DURANTE EL PERIODO TARDíO (CA. 1.470-1.536 D.C.)
Horta Tricallotis,Helena;
Chungará (Arica) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562011000300012
Abstract: this article brings together and analyses archaeological and historical data concerning the use of prehispanic headdresses in the andes, with specific emphasis on the south-central andes. this serves as a context for the analysis of a fez-like headdress manufactured with the spiral-coiling technique recovered from various cemeteries in the norte grande region of chile. drawing on an examination of these archaeological contexts from a range of chilean and foreign museums, i argue that the spiral-coiled chucu headdress served as an emblematic symbol of aymara or colla identity or, more specifically, of the caranga and pacaje ethnic groups serving as inka mitimaes in the coastal valleys of the far north of chile as indicated by historic documents. if my arguments were correct, this particular headdress would have represented, along with certain ceramic styles, an additional distinctive sign of the presence of altiplano groups in the area during the late period (ca. 1,470-1,536 ad).
EL ESTILO CIRCUMPUNE O EN EL ARTE DE LA PARAFERNALIA ALUCINóGENA PREHISPáNICA (ATACAMA Y NOROESTE ARGENTINO)
Helena Horta Tricallotis
Estudios Atacame?os , 2012,
Abstract: Este trabajo se basa en el análisis estilístico y contextual de diferentes elementos de la parafernalia alucinatoria proveniente de contextos funerarios del área circumpune a, considerando una amplia muestra arqueológica y bibliográfica. Basado en ello, se define al estilo Circumpune o, el cual habría tenido carácter macro regional debido a su extenso campo de dispersión (en Chile: costa de Atacama, cuenca del río Loa y salar de Atacama; en el noroeste de Argentina: quebrada de Humahuaca y la Puna de Jujuy). Se trata de un estilo distinto al de Tiawanaku, tanto en términos formales como temporales; en este trabajo se definen los rasgos que permiten considerarlo como un estilo aparte, poseedor de una profunda raigambre circumpune a propia, aunque inspirada en conceptos altiplánicos, tales como la decapitación de individuos sacrificados en el marco de un rito con características chamánicas. This work is based on a stylistic and contextual analysis of hallucinogenic paraphernalia from funerary contexts in the circum-Puna area. By considering a broad ranging archaeological sample and a thorough literature review, a circum-Puna style is defined that has a macro-regional character due to its wide field of dispersion (in Chile: Atacama coast, Loa River basin, and Salar de Atacama; in northwestern Argentina: Quebrada de Humahuaca and the Puna of Jujuy). This style is distinct from that of Tiawanaku both in its formal elements as well as its temporal placement. Here I define those features which classify this circum-Puna pattern as a separate style. These characteristics are those that possess a deep rooted relationship with the circum-Puna, although there is evidence of altiplano-inspired concepts such as the decapitation of individuals who appear to be sacrificed in the framework of a shamanic ritual.
DIADEMAS DE PLUMAS EN ENTIERROS DE LA COSTA DEL NORTE DE CHILE: EVIDENCIAS DE LA VESTIMENTA DE UNA POSIBLE PARCIALIDAD PESCADORA?
Helena Horta Tricallotis
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2000,
Abstract: Este trabajo da cuenta de una diferencia sustancial observada en relación con el uso de tocados entre la población prehispánica del valle y la costa de Arica, durante el Intermedio Tardío (1000-1470 d. C.). El cementerio de Playa Miller-3, ubicado en la costa, es representado por 233 tumbas excavadas con contexto, de cuyos ajuares provienen 32 tocados en forma de diademas de plumas grises. El análisis contextual y de dispersión geográfica de dichas diademas, permite plantear la tesis de una posible identificación de dicho tocado con una parcialidad específicamente pescadora, habitante de la costa del norte de Chile. A su vez, la revisión de los registros del Museo Arqueológico de San Miguel de Azapa sobre otros sitios costeros y de valle, ha establecido, que la diadema de plumas sobrevivió hasta comienzos del Tardío, existiendo por lo tanto, evidencias de una particular continuidad cultural This paper focuses on sustantial differences in the use of headdresses among prehispanic population in the valley of Azapa and coast of Arica observed during the Late Intermediate Period (1000 - 1470 AD) excavated at the Playa Miller-3 cemetery, in the coast, 233 graves with their funerary contexts contain 32 feather diadems. The analysis both of the context and the geographical distribution of such diadems allows us to associate this type of headdress with a specific group of fishermen. The revision of the archaeological material from the other coastal and valley sites in the Archaeological Museum of San Miguel de Azapa, has demonstrated, that such headdress survived until the beginning of the Late Period showing, therefore, a particular cultural continuity
EL GORRO TRONCOCóNICO O CHUCU Y LA PRESENCIA DE POBLACIóN ALTIPLáNICA EN EL NORTE DE CHILE DURANTE EL PERIODO TARDíO (CA. 1.470-1.536 D.C.) THE ANDEAN FEZ OR CHUCU AND THE PRESENCE OF ALTIPLANO POPULATIONS IN NORTHERN CHILE DURING THE LATE PERIOD (CA. 1,470-1,536 AD)
Helena Horta Tricallotis
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2011,
Abstract: Este artículo recopila y analiza informaciones arqueológicas e históricas referidas al uso del tocado en tiempos prehispánicos en los Andes con especial énfasis en el área centro-sur andina, con el objetivo de interpretar los hallazgos de gorros troncocónicos en técnica de aduja descubiertos en distintos cementerios del Norte Grande de Chile; en base al estudio de colecciones arqueológicas de varios museos chilenos y extranjeros propongo al chucu o gorro en técnica de aduja como rasgo distintivo de la tradición aymara o colla, más específicamente de los grupos Caranga y Pacaje asentados en los valles costeros del extremo norte de Chile en calidad de mitimaes incaicos, sobre los cuales da cuenta la información documental. Si mi proposición es correcta, tal tipo de gorro podría servir como un rasgo diagnóstico más -aparte del cerámico- acerca de la existencia en la zona de grupos altiplánicos durante el período Tardío (ca. 1.470-1.536 d.C.). This article brings together and analyses archaeological and historical data concerning the use of prehispanic headdresses in the Andes, with specific emphasis on the south-central Andes. This serves as a context for the analysis of a fez-like headdress manufactured with the spiral-coiling technique recovered from various cemeteries in the Norte Grande region of Chile. Drawing on an examination of these archaeological contexts from a range of Chilean and foreign museums, I argue that the spiral-coiled chucu headdress served as an emblematic symbol of aymara or colla identity or, more specifically, of the Caranga and Pacaje ethnic groups serving as Inka mitimaes in the coastal valleys of the far north of Chile as indicated by historic documents. If my arguments were correct, this particular headdress would have represented, along with certain ceramic styles, an additional distinctive sign of the presence of Altiplano groups in the area during the Late Period (ca. 1,470-1,536 AD).
ESTILO, ICONOGRAFíA Y FUNCIóN DE LAS INKU?AS PREHISPáNICAS DEL NORTE DE CHILE DURANTE EL PERIODO INTERMEDIO TARDíO (1.000-1.470 D.C.)
Horta Tricallotis,Helena; Agüero Piwonka,Carolina;
Chungará (Arica) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-73562009000200004
Abstract: in thls article a total of 147 inku?as originating from cemeteries in the azapa valley (azapa-3, azapa-6, azapa-s, azapa-71, azapa-75 and azapa-140), and those ofthe coast of arica (playa miller-2, playa miller-3, playa mller-4, playa miller-s, playa miller-9 and chacalluta-3) are analyzed and classified according to theirform and function. also, based on iconographic and stylistic analysis wepropose a definirían ofvarious contemporary textile styles during the late intermedíate period whlch confirms - and is coherent wlth - the multlethnlc occupatlon ofthe zone.
ESTILO, ICONOGRAFíA Y FUNCIóN DE LAS INKU AS PREHISPáNICAS DEL NORTE DE CHILE DURANTE EL PERIODO INTERMEDIO TARDíO (1.000-1.470 D.C.) STYLE, ICONOGRAPHY AND FUNCTION OF THE PREHISPANIC INKU A IN NORTHERN CHILE DURING THE LATE INTERMEDIATE PERIOD (AD 1,000-1,470)
Helena Horta Tricallotis,Carolina Agüero Piwonka
Chungará (Arica) - Revista de Antropología Chilena , 2009,
Abstract: En este artículo analizamos un grupo de 147 inku as procedentes de cementerios del valle de Azapa (Azapa-3, Azapa-6, Azapa-8, Azapa-71, Azapa-75 y Azapa-140), así como de la costa de Arica (Playa Miller-2, Playa Miller-3, Playa Miller-4, Playa Miller-8, Playa Miller-9 y Chacalluta-3), las que son clasificadas tipológicamente con el objeto de definir la inku a arqueológica en cuanto a su forma y función; al mismo tiempo, y en base al análisis iconográfico y estilístico nos proponemos definir varios estilos textiles contemporáneos durante el periodo Intermedio Tardío, lo cual avala -y es coherente con- la ocupación multiétnica formulada para la zona. In thls article a total of 147 inku as originating from cemeteries in the Azapa Valley (Azapa-3, Azapa-6, Azapa-S, Azapa-71, Azapa-75 and Azapa-140), and those ofthe coast of Arica (Playa Miller-2, Playa Miller-3, Playa Mller-4, Playa Miller-S, Playa Miller-9 and Chacalluta-3) are analyzed and classified according to theirform and function. Also, based on iconographic and stylistic analysis wepropose a definirían ofvarious contemporary textile styles during the Late Intermedíate Period whlch confirms - and Is coherent wlth - the multlethnlc occupatlon ofthe zone.
Iconografía del Formativo Tardío del norte de Chile: Propuesta de definición e interpretación basada en imágenes textiles y otros medios
Horta T,Helena;
Estudios atacame?os , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-10432004002700003
Abstract: this paper attempts an iconographic analysis of the formative period in northern chile (ca. 1300 bc to ad 600), drawing primarily on images found in textiles, but also on images depicted in rock art, geoglyphs, gold laminae and basketry. this enables to attempt a definition of elements belonging to the formative iconographic universe, beyond the strict limits of the textile field. the large body of images we have assembles provides visual information that is sufficiently solid to: a) outline the existence of an iconographic horizon characteristic of the late phase of the formative; b) define its constituent elements, and; c) connect it to south-peruvian and altiplano developments. the frontal figure with radiate head is one of the iconographic themes we consider for the late formative, as an icon with specific and well-defined attributes. these suggest it might well be a local manifestation (i. e. valles occidentales and the circumpuna subareas) of the classic central iconographic theme of the pukara, tiwanaku and wari cultures of the high andes: the "front-facing staff-bearing deity".
Iconografía del Formativo Tardío del norte de Chile: Propuesta de definición e interpretación basada en imágenes textiles y otros medios
Helena Horta T
Estudios Atacame?os , 2004,
Abstract: Este trabajo aborda el análisis iconográfico del Período Formativo del norte de Chile (ca.1300 AC-600 DC); tomando como base imágenes de piezas textiles y complementando la información con imágenes de otros soportes (arte rupestre, geoglifos, láminas de oro y cestería) se intenta definir los elementos propios del universo iconográfico formativo, traspasando los límites del ámbito estrictamente textil. Se ha procurado obtener la mayor conjunción posible de imágenes, de manera de reunir información visual suficientemente sólida como para: a) proponer la existencia de un horizonte iconográfico propio de la fase tardía del Formativo; b) definir sus elementos constituyentes; c) vincularlo a los desarrollos surperuanos y altiplánicos. Entre los temas iconográficos planteados aquí para el Formativo Tardío figura el Personaje Frontal de Cabeza Radiada, el cual constituye un icono con atributos específicos y bien definidos; en relación con él se plantea la posibilidad de que quizás nos encontremos frente a una manifestación local (propia de los Valles Occidentales y de la Circumpuna) del ya clásico tema central de la iconografía de las culturas altoandinas Pukara, Tiwanaku y Wari: el "Personaje Frontal con Cetros" This paper attempts an iconographic analysis of the Formative Period in northern Chile (ca. 1300 BC to AD 600), drawing primarily on images found in textiles, but also on images depicted in rock art, geoglyphs, gold laminae and basketry. This enables to attempt a definition of elements belonging to the Formative iconographic universe, beyond the strict limits of the textile field. The large body of images we have assembles provides visual information that is sufficiently solid to: a) outline the existence of an iconographic horizon characteristic of the late phase of the Formative; b) define its constituent elements, and; c) connect it to south-Peruvian and altiplano developments. The Frontal Figure with Radiate Head is one of the iconographic themes we consider for the Late Formative, as an icon with specific and well-defined attributes. These suggest it might well be a local manifestation (i. e. Valles Occidentales and the Circumpuna subareas) of the classic central iconographic theme of the Pukara, Tiwanaku and Wari cultures of the High Andes: the "Front-facing Staff-bearing Deity".
O significado de família para casais homossexuais
Salomé, Geraldo Magela;Espósito, Vitória Helena Cunha;Moraes, Ana Lúcia Horta de;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672007000500014
Abstract: this study aimed at understanding the structure and the dynamics of the family of couples constituted by people of the same sex, approaching the basis of its experience. the phenomenological approach was used with interviews. from analysis of the testimonies added to our experiences and readings resulted in two thematic categories: "the meaning of the family, constituted by homosexuals" and "perceiving the impact and the value of the family". based on the phenomenon understanding, new perspectives are glimpsed, therefore, when somebody you decide to compose a different family of that proposal for the traditional model, he/she also will be creating a new condition, or either, a new type of family. in nursing care it is necessary to be aware for new care needs in order that the different types of family can be attended with the same ethics and respect and also considering the privacy guarantee.
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