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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1823 matches for " Heidi Schultz "
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Patient-perceived value of Medication Therapy Management (MTM) services: a series of focus groups
Heidi Schultz, PharmD,Sarah M. Westberg, PharmD, BCPS,Djenane Ramalho de Oliveira, PhD,Amanda Brummel, PharmD
INNOVATIONS in Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the patient-perceived value of MTM services and non-financial barriers preventing patients with insurance coverage from receiving MTM services. Design: Focus groups. Setting: Fairview Pharmacy Services, Minneapolis, MN.Participants: Three focus groups, each with five to nine participants, consisting of different participant populations: (i) patients who paid out-of-pocket to receive MTM services; (ii) insurance beneficiaries, under which MTM is a covered benefit and participants may have received incentives for receiving MTM services; (iii) patients with an insurance plan which covers MTM services who were recruited to receive MTM services but declined. Intervention: MTM services. Main Outcome Measure: Patient-perceived value of MTM services and non-financial barriers. Results: Seven themes were identified relating to the patient-perceived value of MTM services: collaboration of the health care team, MTM pharmacist as a supporter/advocate/confidant, MTM pharmacist as a resource for questions and education, accessibility to the MTM pharmacist, financial incentives for participation in MTM services, MTM pharmacy as a specialty field, and the MTM pharmacist as a coordinator. Three themes were identified regarding patient-perceived non-financial barriers to receiving MTM services, including: availability of the MTM pharmacist, patient/physician lack of knowledge of MTM services, patient’s belief that MTM services are not needed. Conclusion: MTM is a service which patients identify as valuable. Patients are able to identify non-financial barriers that may prevent some patients from receiving MTM services. This study provides preliminary evidence of both the value and barriers perceived by patients.
Openness in Scandinavian Classrooms: Student Perceptions of Teaching Practices and High Achievers of Civic Knowledge  [PDF]
Lihong Huang, Heidi Biseth
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.75075
Abstract: In this paper, we explore how teaching practices in classrooms influence students’ civic knowledge achievement in three Scandinavian countries: Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Using data from the 2009 International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS), our investigation focuses on the measures of “open classroom climate”, which include seven items that ask students how often they experience each of the seven teaching practices during regular lessons. From the students’ perspective of teaching practices in the classroom, we hypothesize and assume that there should be a balanced combination of classroom practices where each method/activity carries a different weight or level of importance. Applying logistic regression analysis, we assess the effect of each of the practices on the probability with which a student becomes a high achiever of civic knowledge (as represented by odds ratios). Our results show both similarities and differences in the combinations of classroom practices that have contributed to students’ high civic knowledge achievement in the three Scandinavian countries. Our findings provide useful messages to teachers in the classroom, and they also have implications for teacher education and research.
Dopamine signals for reward value and risk: basic and recent data
Wolfram Schultz
Behavioral and Brain Functions , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1744-9081-6-24
Abstract: The described experiments used standard behavioral and neurophysiological methods to record the activity of single dopamine neurons in awake monkeys during specific behavioral tasks.Dopamine neurons show phasic activations to external stimuli. The signal reflects reward, physical salience, risk and punishment, in descending order of fractions of responding neurons. Expected reward value is a key decision variable for economic choices. The reward response codes reward value, probability and their summed product, expected value. The neurons code reward value as it differs from prediction, thus fulfilling the basic requirement for a bidirectional prediction error teaching signal postulated by learning theory. This response is scaled in units of standard deviation. By contrast, relatively few dopamine neurons show the phasic activation following punishers and conditioned aversive stimuli, suggesting a lack of relationship of the reward response to general attention and arousal. Large proportions of dopamine neurons are also activated by intense, physically salient stimuli. This response is enhanced when the stimuli are novel; it appears to be distinct from the reward value signal. Dopamine neurons show also unspecific activations to non-rewarding stimuli that are possibly due to generalization by similar stimuli and pseudoconditioning by primary rewards. These activations are shorter than reward responses and are often followed by depression of activity. A separate, slower dopamine signal informs about risk, another important decision variable. The prediction error response occurs only with reward; it is scaled by the risk of predicted reward.Neurophysiological studies reveal phasic dopamine signals that transmit information related predominantly but not exclusively to reward. Although not being entirely homogeneous, the dopamine signal is more restricted and stereotyped than neuronal activity in most other brain structures involved in goal directed behavior.Results fro
Perfeita civiliza??o: a transferência da corte, a escravid?o e o desejo de metropolizar uma capital colonial. Rio de Janeiro, 1808-1821
Schultz, Kirsten;
Tempo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-77042008000100002
Abstract: this article provides an analysis of the ambivalent process of transforming a colonial capital into a royal court at the end of the colonial period in brazil after the flight of the portuguese royal family from portugal to rio de janeiro. in "metropolitanizing" the city, royal officials sought to limit the public display of slavery and redefine physical and social boundaries for the african and african-brazilian slaves who made up half of the population. these efforts were, however, themselves limited by an intensification of the use of slave labor and by officials' dedication to colonial ideals of how to ensure order.
Gatifloxacin Ophthalmic Solution for Treatment of Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Safety, Efficacy and Patient Perspective
Clyde Schultz
Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.4137/OED.S7383
Abstract: Gatifloxacin is a fourth generation fluroquinolone antibiotic that has been prescribed for systemic use. However, the drug which was developed by Kyorin (Japan) was linked to toxic reactions and death and was banned in the United States and Canada for use as an oral dosage form. It continues to be used as a topical application for ophthalmic conditions as the systemic toxicity seen when taking the drug orally has not been observed with ophthalmic use. The available data indicate that ocular use of gatifloxacin is safe, and effective against a broad spectrum of bacteria, including intracellular bacteria and anaerobes.
Tafluprost for the Reduction of Interocular Pressure in Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension
Clyde Schultz
Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.4137/OED.S4253
Abstract: Tafluprost is an FP receptor antagonist that has been shown in clinical studies in Europe and Japan to be extremely useful in treating elevated intraocular pressure and glaucoma. The drug is well tolerated and appears to be at least equal in effectiveness and perhaps superior to other protanoids for routine use comparison to be superior to other treatments for the elevated IOP as the side effects and other related symptomology appear to be less, while maintaining a level of pressure control for prolonged periods.
Voclosporin as a Treatment for Noninfectious Uveitis
Clyde Schultz
Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases , 2013,
Abstract:
Gatifloxacin Ophthalmic Solution for Treatment of Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Safety, Efficacy and Patient Perspective
Clyde Schultz
Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases , 2012,
Abstract:
Tafluprost for the Reduction of Interocular Pressure in Open Angle Glaucoma and Ocular Hypertension
Clyde Schultz
Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases , 2011,
Abstract:
Fra Partipresse over Omnibuspresse til Segmentpresse
Ida Schultz
Journalistica : Tidskrift f?r Forskning i Journalistik , 2007,
Abstract: Significant historical changes have taken place in the Danish press in the last thirty years: Newspapers have merged, international companies have become owners of Danish newspapers, readers have become target groups, newspaper production has become digital and a handful of free dailies distributed in traffic and directly to households has been introduced. A sociological field perspective is promising in relation to grasping the complexity of the empirical developments and challenging the ‘independency theses’ of Danish media research. The paper develops the thesis that a new media order – the Segment Press – has replaced the Omnibus Press of the late 20th century and the Partisan Press before that.
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