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Analyzing Landscape Change Through Landscape Structure Indices: Case of the City of Aydin, Turkey
Hayriye Esbah
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This study analysis the spatial pattern change with regards to landscape connectivity in Aydin by using landscape structure indices and GIS technology. Rectified black and white aerial protographs from 1977 and pan sharpened Ikonos images from 2002 are used in the analysis. A set of class level landscape structure indices are employed: percentage of landscape; patch number; mean patch size; area weighted mean patch size; mean shape index and connectance index. The findings indicate a decrease in the proportion, patch number, mean patch size and connectance of the crop fields, fruit groves and natural areas and an increase of these attributes for open spaces, vacant lots and urban built up areas. The recommendations to improve the spatial structure in relation to landscape connectivity include: increasing the amount of natural patches by restoring the natural attributes of the open space patches; mitigating the conversion of open spaces to urban built up areas by allocating suitable areas as parks and open space corridors for a city wide ecological network; making agricultural patches as main components of the local and regional ecological networks; encouraging ecologically sound agricultural practices for an effective network structure; preserving riparian corridors and improving structure by applying ecologically sound design principles and encouraging finger-like development pattern to implement green wedges penetrating into the urban core areas.
Effects of Land Use Development on Urban Open Spaces
Hayriye Esbah,Bulent Deniz
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: City of Aydin has grown extremely due to immigration from the eastern part of Turkey, immigration from rural areas to urban areas of the city and alterations in economic and social structure of the nation. The rapid expansion of the urban area results in dramatic change in the open space system of the town. Understanding this transformation is important to generate sustainable planning in the area. The purpose of this study is to elaborate the different open space opportunities in Aydin and to detect the change in these areas. Black and white aerial photographs from 1977 and 1993 and Ikonos 2002 images are utilized for the analysis in GIS environment. First, 14 different open space types are defined and the open spaces are delineated from the aerials and satellite images. Second, the change in the area of these patches is analyzed. The results indicate that urban open spaces are negatively affected by historic land use development. The natural and agricultural patches diminished while semi-natural or man made open space patches increased. Opportunities to increase the variability in the open space types should be embraced to promote sustainability in the urban matrix. Ecological design of the man made open spaces is necessary to increase their contribution in this endeavor.
Understanding the Effects of Historic Land Use Pattern on an Urbanized Stream Corridor
Ali Ayhan Tuncay,Hayriye Esbah
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: This case study aims to understand the characteristics of the historic land use pattern in the surrounding areas of a streambed in Aydin, Turkey. Aerial photographs from 1960 and Ikonos images from 2002 are utilized in GIS environment. Two analytical approaches exist: (1) detecting the magnitude of growth in the urban area and (2) detecting the land use transformation along the streambed. Matrix Utility index is employed to relate the amount of imperviousness to each land use type. Overall, the City has expanded 80.14% and the matrix utility value dropped 25.30%, which mean that less compatible land uses surrounded the stream each coming year. The typical outcome of this trend is increasing high density with very high percentages of impervious surfaces. A new land use scenarios should be generated to bring the index value to its initial levels. In this aspect, the matrix utility index could be an effective tool in land use decisions and in developing common language between urban planners and landscape architects.
An Example From K r ehir For Travertine Cones Grown up Along Active Fault Lines
Hayriye SAYHAN
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2005,
Abstract: K r ehir city takes place in a tectonic depression. The main direction of the K r ehir fault system which formed this tectonic depression is extends in direction of NW-SE. But there are many second faults which cutting this main fault system in N-S, E-W and NE-SW direction. Travertine cone takes place in Ku dili quarter that is in the south-west of K r ehir centrum.It has grown up over one of the N-S directed faults parallel to K r ehir stream in this locality.There are two big caves in the center, one of which is contains water and the other is waterless. The height of the cone is about 11 meter from the surface of the thermal pool at the bottom of the watery cave. The diameter of the thermal pool is about 10 meter and its depth is about 70-80 cm. It has been formed inside the quaternary. Thermal water which firstly appeared as lineer on the active fault line, had first formed a travertine dome. The fissure, which provides the thermal water coming out as lineer on thefault line, had firstly formed a travertine dome.The cracks and/or fissures on the fault line contributing the discharge of the thermal water were blocked as a result of the acumulation of travertine. And then the discharge continued along the crackes and fissures.The travertine formation has been formed due to the fact that the water containing calcium bicarbonate acumulated at the latest phase of travertine cone formation.
Developing an ESL Curriculum Based on Needs and Situation Analyses: A Case Study
Hayriye Kay?
Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies , 2008,
Abstract: Needs analysis is important in terms of students’ involvement in every phase ofeducational process. It is necessary to know about learners’ objectives, language attitudes,expectations from the course and learning habits in order to design an efficient curriculum.However, it is not only the learners who play an important role in developing a curriculum.There are other factors relevant to the design and implementation of language programs orcurricula. At this point, situation analysis is needed. The purpose of this paper is, then, toexplain how to conduct needs and situation analyses for developing an English as a secondlanguage (ESL) curriculum. The results of observations of ESL students, questionnairesgiven to the student participants, and interviews conducted with three ESL teachers indicatethe variety of needs of students. Based on those results, implications are provided forfaculty designing ESL curriculum in community colleges.
Diaper Area Infections in Children
Hayriye Sar?cao?lu
Güncel Pediatri , 2008,
Abstract: Dermatologic signs of infectious diseases may occur as primary infection of skin, accompanying of skin to systemic infections and noninfectious skin eruption of systemic infectious disease. In this review, skin infections of diaper area and diaper area manifestations of infections causing generalized skin lesions will be discussed. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2008; 6: 31-9)
Sel uk üniversitesi’nin Konya Kent Ekonomisine Etkileri
Hayriye Nur G?RKEML?
Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Besides the individual and social effects, universities also play an important role in the economic development of the cities inwhich they are located. Although research, education and services are the main functions of the universities, they also haveconsiderable cultural, social and economical impacts on societies. They improve productivity, reduce unemployment, increaseindividual income and as a result, contribute the country’s development. Besides these economical impacts, they also bring manysocial and cultural progresses.This study is composed of four main parts. In the first section, the increasing importance in higher education is stressed andimpacts of universities are classified with a special emphasis on economic aspects. In this section, some examples from developedcountries are given. Second part gives brief information about Selcuk University. In the third section, Selcuk University’seconomic impacts on Konya are examined and direct, indirect and induced impacts on employment and income are calculated.University’s budget expenditures and the results of the survey of 1000 student are used for the calculation. The fourth sectiondiscusses the results within the framework put forth in the first section.Theoretical framework was obtained from survey of books, periodicals, thesis and internet and the information wassupported with the data received from various universities. Books, periodicals, thesis and information were acquired fromNational Library of Turkey, Libraries of Selcuk University, Middle East Technical University (METU), Turkish Higher EducationCouncil (YOK), State Statistics Institute (DIE) and Konya Chamber of Commerce and several web sites.Numeric data were provided from Selcuk University’s Budget Office, Registrar’s Office, Health, Culture and Sports Office,Selcuk University’s Foundation and Revolving Fund Audit Office and Office of Personnel Affairs. Student expenditure data wereobtained from a survey of 1000 students of Selcuk University.Impacts of universities can be classified into three categories: individual, social and economical. Contributing to personaldevelopment, improving knowledge and skill, providing a better job, income and a better life standard are some of the individualimpacts of universities. Expansion of knowledge, increasing social and cultural standards, intercultural communication, awarenessin public policy and social mobility are some of the social consequences. Universities have also important economical impacts likedecreasing unemployment, increasing productivity, consumption, technological transfer and t
The Effects of Turkish Revolution on The Indian and Iranian Revolutions
Hayriye Yüksel
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2010,
Abstract: Turkish revolution is an example worldwide because of revolution’s anti-imperialist character after the First World War. Although Turkish, Indian and Iranian Revolutions did not occur in the same time, Indian and Iranian Revolutions were affected by the Struggle of Turkish Revolution against to imperialist power and Turkeyís reforms which formulize the Turkish Republic after the Turkish independency war. However, these two revolutions, Iranian and Indian, are not completely the same with the Turkish Revolution, as a matter of fact every revolution has sui generous character due to the communityís socio-economic and political specialities which are the basic of revolution. The purpose of this essay is to analyze Turkish revolution affect on the Indian and Iranian Revolutions with their sui generous specialties.
Realizations of the osp(2,1) Superalgebra and Related Physical Systems
Hayriye Tutunculer,Ramazan Koc
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: Eigenvalues and eigenfunction of two-boson 2x2 Hamiltonians in the framework of the superalgebra osp(2,1) are determined by presenting a similarity transformation. The Hamiltonians include two bosons and one fermion have been transformed in the form of the one variable differential equations and the conditions for its solvability have been discussed. It is observed that the Hamiltonians of the various physical systems can be written in terms of the generators of the osp(2,1) superalgebra and under some certain conditions their eigenstates can exactly be obtained. In particular, the procedure given here is useful in determining eigenstates of the Jaynes-Cummings Hamiltonians.
Exact solution of position dependent mass Schroedinger equation by supersymmetric quantum mechanics
Ramazan Koc,Hayriye Tutunculer
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1002/andp.200310031
Abstract: A supersymmetric technique for the solution of the effective mass Schr\"{o}% dinger equation is proposed. Exact solutions of the Schroedinger equation corresponding to a number of potentials are obtained. The potentials are fully isospectral with the original potentials. The conditions for the shape invariance of the potentials are discussed.
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