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PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF ASYSTASIA GANGETICA (CHINESE VIOLET)
Kavitha Sama,Rajeshwari Sivaraj,Hasna Abdul Salam,Rajiv. P
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2013,
Abstract: Medicinal plants are of great importance to the health of individuals and communities in general. Plants contain some chemical substances that produce definite physiological actions in and on the human body. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacognostical properties and screen the bioactive constituents of Asystasia gangetica. Phytochemical screening of different extracts of the plant flower was carried out. The ethanol extract showed presence of maximum bioactive compounds including phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, terpenoids and saponins compared to other extracts. The yield and colour of the extracts varied with solvents and fluorescence analysis of powder was treated with various chemicals according to standard procedure. The results suggested that the plant flower possesses phytochemical constituents which are helpful to develop natural drugs to treat various diseases.
PREVALENCE OF THE HbsAg POSITIVE CASES
ABDUL SALAM
The Professional Medical Journal , 2003,
Abstract: A study was conducted in the pathology department of Bolan Medical Complex Hospital from 1stJanuary 2001 to 31 December 2001 for the- prevalence of HbsAg positive cases. Blood sample of 3ttotal 2101 patients, (both indoor and outdoor) were tested for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg)during the above duration. Out of 2101 samples tested, 86 (4.1%) were found positive. Out of 86.70(81.4%) were male and 16 (18.6%) were female. 69 (80.2%) were adult and 17 (19.8%) werechildren. Average age was 28.5 years. This study confirms that our country falls in the category ofintermediate prevalence for Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection 3-5%) . Our results 4.1% are 2comparable with results of S.A Mujeeb found in Karachi.
OBESITY
ABDUL SALAM MALIK
The Professional Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Objectives: To assess frequency of obesity among college adolescent male and female students on BMI-Prime bases through anthropometric. Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: At higher secondary colleges located in urban areas of Bahawalpur City. Period: From February 2009 to March 2009 Materials & Methods: Assessment of obesity among 400 college male & female students equally divided, ages from 16 to 23 years was carried out on BMI-Prime bases. Weight categories so achieved were stratified and labeled. Results: There were 3(0.75%) severely under weight, 44(11%) under weight, 273(68.25%) normal, 68(17%) over weight, 9(2.25%) obese and 3(0.75%) were clinically obese. There was no morbidly obese. No statistical gender difference for severely under weight and clinically obese was noted. However females were more under weight (p<0.05) while males were more over weight (P<0.05) and obese (P<0.05) when compared with each other. Conclusion: The adolescent female college students were under weight when compared to their male colleagues. The frequency of obesity was higher among male students
TUBERCULOSIS
ABDUL SALAM MALIK
The Professional Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To identify the factors responsible for noncompliance of Anti Tuberculous Treatment in TB patients. Study Design: Cross Sectional Descriptive Study. Place & Duration: The study was Carried out at Chest diseases and Tuberculosis unit Bahawal Victoria Hospital Bahawalpur from 15th May 2007 to 15th August 2007. Subject & Method: The tuberculous patients who abandoned anti-tuberculous treatment repeatedly were interviewed for determination of their reasons to be defaulter before completing therapy by questionnaire method. The patients were AFB positive on every non-compliance episodes. Results: The total number of 100 noncompliant patients were interviewed. It was noted that 63% were males and 37% were females among them. There were 72% married and 28% unmarried from total patients. The treatment source was asked and found that 92% used government health out let only and 8% used private services also from them. Conclusion: TB is curable disease so health education should be imparted through electronic media and committed field teams stressing to take regular and complete ATT according to the physician advice removing the social belief against TB drugs. Decentralized government and private sector coordination is essential to give treatment at doorstep to reduce dropout and defaulter tendency. Stigma of TB as a disease of the illiterate & poor still persists.
Integral Closures of Cohen-Macaulay monomial ideals
Abdul Salam Jarrah
Mathematics , 2001,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present a family of Cohen-Macaulay monomial ideals such that their integral closures have embedded components and hence are not Cohen-Macaulay.
Serial Genetic Algorithm Decoder for Low Density Parity Check Codes  [PDF]
Hasna Chaibi
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2015.89034
Abstract: Genetic algorithms are successfully used for decoding some classes of error correcting codes, and offer very good performances for solving large optimization problems. This article proposes a new decoder based on Serial Genetic Algorithm Decoder (SGAD) for decoding Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) codes. The results show that the proposed algorithm gives large gains over sum-product decoder, which proves its efficiency.
Using of GIS Spatial Analyses to Study the Selected Location for Dam Reservoir on Wadi Al-Jirnaf, West of Shirqat Area, Iraq  [PDF]
Sabbar Abdulla Salih, Abdul Salam Mehdi Al-Tarif
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.42016
Abstract: The GIS data of digital elevation model, topographic maps of different scales, satellite images and GPS were used to analyze the geometrical relations, bathometric properties and shape form of selected depressions on Al-Jirnaf valley. GIS was used to analyze the hydromorphometry and geometry of the depressions, these analyses explain the role of main valley’s contribution to the hydrology of the valley, then, three locations for water storage were suggested. 2D and 3D models of the sites were given, the maximum level, volume, surface area, circumference, shape factor of three supposed reservoirs calculated for different hypothetical levels of water in the reservoir, and the optimal level were determined, the maximum suggested levels are 190, 185 and 180 m, the areas are 3.25, 7.97 and 20.47 km2, the volumes are 0.0096, 0.0334 and 0.1118 km3 for the three locations respectively. This experimental procedure can be repeated in other depressions for the same purpose.
Penggunaan Metode Bioassay untuk Mendeteksi Pergerakan Herbisida Pascatumbuh Paraquat dan 2,4-D dalam Tanah
Nanik Sriyani,Abdul Kadir Salam
Jurnal Tanah Tropika , 2008,
Abstract: A simple and cheap method to detect herbicide residue in soil and water is urgently needed as the quantity and frequency of herbicide usage is steadily increasing in Indonesia which raises concern about the effects of herbicide residue in soil and water. This study is the third step from a series of studies aim to develop bioassay technique to detect the present and quantity of herbicides in soil and water. In this study, bioassay was used to detect movement of paraquat and 2,4-D herbicides in soil. Study was carried out using soil column method. Treatments were arranged factorially in a completely randomized block design with 3 replicates. Two ultisol soil types: Podsolik Merah Kuning (PMK) and Latosol Coklat (LC) and 2 post emergence herbicides: paraquat and 2,4-D, were tested. To calculate the amount of herbicide using bioassay, each standard curve for paraquat and 2,4-D were developed. Using these standard curves, the amount of paraquat and 2,4-D was calculated based on the growth rate of caisim as indicator plant. Results showed that bioassay method can be utilized to detect herbicide movement in soil. The amount and the rate of herbicide movement were determined by soil and herbicide types. In PMK, paraquat reached the depth of 20-30 cm at 2 weeks after application (WAA), however, after that the amount of paraquat found was very limited. In LC, the movement of paraquat was more limited compared to its movement in PMK. Paraquat reached soil depth of 10-20 cm at 2 WAA, afterward paraquat was only detected in soil depth of 0-10 cm. Similar pattern was observed for 2,4-D which reached soil depth of 30-40 cm at 1 WAA in PMK. In LC, 2,4-D movement was more limited. At 2 WAA, 2,4-D in LC reached soil depth of 30-40 cm in limited amount and after 12 WAA the herbicide was detected only at soil depth of 0-10 cm.
Eradykacja Helicobacter pylori przy stosowaniu terapii trójlekowej w leczeniu ambulatoryjnym
Abdul Salam Al-Medhagi
Polish Gastroenterology , 2004,
Abstract: Wprowadzenie: Helicobacter pylori (H.p.) jest uwa any za najwa niejszy czynnik etiopatogenetyczny w chorobie wrzodowej o dka i dwunastnicy. Obecno tej bakterii zosta a uznana za karcinogen klasy I. W celu zwalczania infekcji Helicobacter pylori stosowana jest terapia trójlekowa, która sk ada si z dwóch leków o dzia aniu bakteriobójczym oraz preparatu hamuj cego wydzielanie kwasu solnego. Cel pracy: Ocena skuteczno ci eradykacji Helicobacter pylori przeprowadzanej w trybie ambulatoryjnym. Ponadto zadaniem pracy by o porównanie skuteczno ci dwóch ró nych chemioterapeutyków – Metronidazolu i Tinidazolu. Materia i metody: 115 osób, u których zdiagnozowano infekcj Helicobacter pylori (test ureazowy) zosta o poddanych terapii jednym z dwóch schematów. 57 osób (grupa A”) by o leczonych za pomoc zestawu leków: Amoksycylina, Metronidazol, Lansoprazol, natomiast 58 pacjentów (grupa B”) otrzyma o: Amoksycylin , Tinidazol oraz Lansoprazol. Wyniki: Terapi ukończy o 88,7% pacjentów. W 82,4% przypadków w grupie, która ukończy a leczenie, uzyskano eradykacj Helicobacter pylori. Analiza statystyczna nie wykaza a ró nic pomi dzy skuteczno ci stosowanych zestawów leków. Nie wykazano równie wp ywu u ywek na skuteczno eradykacji. Wnioski: Z przeprowadzonych badań wynika, e w badanej populacji Metronidazol i Tinidazol wykazuj wysok skuteczno w eradykacji Helicobacter pylori. Terapia przeprowadzona w warunkach ambulatoryjnych wykazuje skuteczno zbli on do wyników klinicznych.
Inferring Biologically Relevant Models: Nested Canalyzing Functions
Franziska Hinkelmann,Abdul Salam Jarrah
ISRN Biomathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/613174
Abstract:
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