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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2816 matches for " Haroon HUSSAIN "
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Evidence on Structure Conduct Performance Hypothesis in Pakistani Commercial Banks
Ghulam Ali Bhatti,Haroon Hussain
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n9p174
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between market structure and performance in the banking sector using data from Pakistani commercial banks. Investigating the effect of changes in the market structure on profitability is based on the structure-conduct-performance (SCP) and efficient-structure (E-S) hypotheses. We have taken a sample of 20 scheduled commercial banks incorporated in Pakistan to examine the above hypotheses, using the annual and pooled data for a period of 9 years from year 1996-2004. Three measures of bank’s performance are utilized: return on assets (ROA), return on capital (ROC) and return on equity (ROE). We have used concentration ratio (CR) to measure structure-conduct-performance (SCP) hypothesis and market share to measure efficient-structure (E-S) hypothesis. We have also used control variables to capture market specific characteristics such as bank size, market size, risk to owners, liquidity measure, market risk, and market growth. Using regression analysis, we have found a positive relationship of concentration ratio (CR) with profitability. In light of these results, we conclude that there is a positive relationship between profitability and concentration. The results of market share (MS) which is used for efficient structure (E-S) hypothesis explain a negative relationship with profitability. The results of our analysis do not support the efficient structure (E-S) hypothesis. The empirical findings suggest that market concentration determines the profitability in Pakistani commercial banks. Hence, we also conclude that there is a negative relationship between competition and profitability in the Pakistani commercial banks. The leading banks are still enjoying the state of monopoly. But, the market trend shows that this state will not continue for a longer period as private commercial banks have started to compete with the existing top commercial banks.
Investigation on the Effectiveness of Treatments for Overcoming Emotional, Mental and Physical Health Problems
Siew Hock Ow,Muhammad Haroon,Afzal Hussain
Global Journal of Health Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v1n1p39
Abstract: This study is aimed at investigating the effectiveness of various treatments to overcome emotional, mental and physical (EMP) health problems among medical students in Pakistan. The EMP health is assessed using two questionnaires. The effectiveness of treatments to overcome EMP health problems was evaluated using statistical paired t-test on 113 medical students. ‘Soothing the body and the mind’ and ‘Collarbone breathing exercise’ are found to be most effective methods of treatment for emotional health problem. All treatments for EMP health problems are found to be effective if the respondents performed the treatments regularly.
Long run Relationship among East Asian equity markets and KSE
Rana Yasir Hussain,Haroon Hussain,Ghulam Ali Bhatti,Arshad Hassan
Management Science Letters , 2012,
Abstract: The dependence of various stock markets plays a vital role in diversification while selecting securities in an investor’s portfolio. This study examines interdependence among the East Asian stock markets in relation to the Karachi Stock Exchange. Monthly data ranging from 2000 to 2010 is included and tested in this paper. This relationship is tested by using descriptive statistics and correlation matrix. Data stationarity is ensured by Unit Root Test. Evidence from Granger Causality and Impulse Response Test prove no relationship between KSE and stock markets of the East Asian countries while there exists certain level of unidirectional relationship from Japan to China and from Japan to Pakistan.
Usman YOUSAF,Mohsin ALTAF,Majid Mehmood BAGRAM,Haroon HUSSAIN
Management & Marketing , 2012,
Abstract: The higher education scenario in Pakistan has gone through tremendous changes and improvements in the last decade. Competition resulting from a sudden surge in the number of higher education imparting institutions and the active role of Higher Education Commission has increased the pressure on the universities to continuously enhance the quality of educational services being provided by them. The aim of the researchers in this endeavor is to employ decentering in order to assess the quality of services being provided by the universities. The study has used the SERVQUAL tool by Parasuraman, Zeithmal and Berry (1991) on a five point Liker scale in order to gauge the responses of the students. Analysis was conducted on a total of 156 valid questionnaires. The sample included the students of the top five HEC (Higher Education Commission) recognized universities in the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Data was analyzed using Pearson correlation and regression. Factor analysis was also carried out so as to classify the most important dimensions for the students with respect to higher education in Pakistan. Statistical analysis disclosed a positive and significant association between service quality and customer satisfaction. The factor analysis revealed that the most significant dimension with respect to the Pakistan’s higher education sector are the level of management support, responsiveness of the service providers and the adequacy of physical facilities. The study highlights the importance of treating students as valued customers as the competition in the industry along with the regulatory requirements of HEC as well. The service providers need to be provided adequate support and backing of the top management. The physical facilities and the infrastructure must also be adequate enough to meet the growing and ever changing demands of the industry. The current study is the first of its kind that covers the higher education imparting institutions in Pakistan. Further it is suggested that more and more such researchers be conducted periodically in the future with an increased sample size in order to assess quality.
An empirical investigation on the existence of weak form efficiency: The case of Karachi stock exchange
Bilal Nawaz,Asma Sarfraz,Haroon Hussain,Mohsin Altaf
Management Science Letters , 2013,
Abstract: This research study focuses the existence of “weak form efficiency” in the Karachi stock exchange of Pakistan. Daily stock returns are used to check the “weak form efficiency’ in KSE covering a time period of 15 years ranges from July, 1997 to April, 2012. Kolmogrov-Smirnov (K-S) test, runs test, Unit root test Augumented Dickey Fuller test, Phillips Perron test are run to check the hypothesis. It is revealed that the KSE is not distributed normally and patterns are there in the prices so, the technical analyst can get the benefit in short run through predicting the future prices. This means that there exists some opportunity for the traders and investors to predict the upcoming stock prices of the securities, which are trading in the KSE and can earn high return and outperform the market. However, in long run scenario (in monthly data) the results are vice versa and Karachi stock exchange is a weak form efficient market.
Khan Haroon,Khan Muhmmad Farid,Wahab Abdul,Hussain Abid
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Aluminium is being used in the medicines in the form of antacids. The Aluminium metal can be leached from our utensils and can harm the body for its side effects, if become available to the systemic circulation. Thus it is interesting to study the Effect of Aluminium on the Glutathione (GSH) in Vivo Conditions. The effect of Aluminium on the chemical status of the Glutathione (GSH) in cytosolic fraction has been studied using U.V Spectrophotometer by using Ellman’s method. The effect of Aluminium on the chemical status of glutathione (GSH) was checked in cytosolic fraction for concentration and time dependent effects. There was found a profound effect on decreasing the concentration of glutathione (GSH) in cytosolic fraction as the concentration is increased and time has passed. The decrease in the glutathione level was concentration and time of interaction dependent, probably due to oxidation of GSH to corresponding disulphide (GSSG).In this paper the effect of Aluminium metal on thiol/GSH level was discussed in vitro, which in principal may present a model of in vivo reaction.
Impacts of Water Development Plans on Regional Water Cooperation—A Case Study of Amu River Basin  [PDF]
Haroon Ahmad Haleemzai, Atiqullah Sediqi
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2018.1010059
Abstract: The trans-boundary Amu River Basin (ARB), which is shared among Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, is a primary source for human population and ecosystem. Future water demand in Afghanistan is likely to increase due to ambitious development plans after long-term unrest in the country. In accordance with high water abstraction in the Afghan part of ARB and its impacts on the downstream countries, water cooperation mechanisms are analyzed using the desk study approach. The results concerning regional water cooperation on the ARB show that, the level of cooperation between Afghanistan and central Asian riparian countries is reasonably weak. There are certain issues causing lack of cooperation between Afghanistan and central Asian riparian countries. Developmental and political interests of riparian states are key impediments to regional water cooperation on ARB. Technical impediments include the lack of human capacity, no application of basin approach and, lack of donor coordination at regional level. The policy analysis as a result of this study envisaged that initiatives to improve water management practices and increase productivity are highly needed in the study area to mitigate the foreseeing increase in irrigated water demand. The international framework law of UNWCC 1997 cannot be applied generally in central Asia and particularly in Afghanistan. Thirdly, Afghanistan’s participation in regional water cooperation framework i.e. ICWC is highly needed though participation as permanent member requires a “revise water demand assessment by ICWC” on the basis of reliable data, current infrastructural development and irrigation expansion plans of Afghanistan albeit donor agencies could play a mediation role in establishing agreement on water allocation between Afghanistan and other riparian countries.
The Crisis in Perspective
Haroon Sheikh
Amsterdam Law Forum , 2009,
Abstract: The crisis that is currently unfolding is unlike the recessions we have seen in previous decades and spells the end of an era. To gain an adequate understanding of such a watershed, we need to look at the crisis from a broad perspective. Otherwise we run the risk of merely looking at the symptoms rather than fundamental causes. This article first deals with structural economic imbalances that underpin the current crisis. Next it takes a more broad perspective by placing these imbalances in a social context that requires a reorientation. Finally, the prospects for such a reorientation are considered in the light of historical parallels.
The Effect of Applying Human Resources Information System in Corporate Performance in the Banking Sector in Jordanian Firms  [PDF]
Mohammad Al-Tarawneh, Haroon Tarawneh
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2012.42005
Abstract: This paper aimed to demonstrate the impact of the effectiveness of the Application of human Resources Management System in Corporate Performance which perspective of workers in the Banking Sector in Jordanian Firm, and to achieve the purpose of the study questionnaire was developed to measure the impact of the effectiveness of the Applica-tion of human Resources Management System in Corporate Performance, and the sample consists of the study (500) employees in the banking sector, and used statistical methods appropriate to answer the study questions and test hy-potheses. The study found asset of results, including: 1) There is a significant effect between the quality of the output of human resources information system and institutional performance in banking sector in the Jordanian firm. 2) There is a statistically significant effect between motives and corporate performance in the banking sector in the Jordanian firm. 3) There is a significant effect between training and organizational performance in the banking sector in the Jordanian firm. The study was presented a set of recommendations, including: activating the role of human resources information system, where still the information system performs the function of traditional supply the decision maker authorized one to read the outputs historical information when they want, either directly or after completing a series of routine procedures that enable it, without that, this applies to access information system to avoid problems that many occur later. Must go beyond human resources information system (HRIS) traditional role in the process of selection and appointment of the new human resource to work in the organization, which is merely providing information to decision makers about the people who stepped forward to fill a job order that differentiation among those application. That the ambitious goal of that system to provide a base for data (data bank) includes all of the details of the employment available in the market.
Single Stage Oncologic Resection and Reconstruction: A Step toward Development of Sarcoma Service in Resource Constrained Country  [PDF]
Haroon ur Rashid, Kashif Abbas, Masood Umer
Modern Plastic Surgery (MPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/mps.2013.34028

Tumor free-margin surgical resection remains the single most important treatment in the curative therapy of musculoskeletal tumor of limbs. Refinements in surgical techniques have led to increased function preservation and limb salvage. Patients and Methods: The records of patients (n = 24) who underwent microsurgical soft tissue reconstruction subsequent to resection of limb tumour during the period 2006 to 2011 were reviewed. Primary outcome i.e. uptake of the flap was evaluated. Perioperative morbidities were also noted including donor as well as recipient site complications. Assessment of Functional outcome (Musculoskeletal Tumor Society score, MSTS) local recurrence, free survival, and disease-specific survival was also made. Results: Twenty four patients (age range: 7 - 72 years) who have undergone tumor resection followed by flap coverage were identified. Lower limb reconstruction outnumbered upper limb by 6:1. Complications included, one complete failure of free vascularized iliac crest flap done for reconstruction of a

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