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Democracy in Islam: comparative study of Muhammad Abid al -Jabiri and Abdolkarim Soroush’s thoughts
Happy Susanto
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2011,
Abstract: Using analytic and interpretative approaches, this research compares al-Jabiri and Soroush’s thoughts about democracy in Islam. T o assess Islam’ s compatibility with democracy , this thesis will analyze the issues of authority , sharia, and freedom according to the two scholars. Al-Jabiri and Soroush agree that the concept of authority in Islam cannot be interpreted simply as God’s sovereignty, but it also concerns human rights and sovereignty . A leader put justice as his/her central concern in practicing policies for citizens. T o pursue this hope, they also propose that sharia should be reinterpreted in order to be harmonizing in accordance changing circumstances and time. Al-Jabiri has different understanding with Soroush about the relationship between religion and state. Al- Jabiri sees that Muslims are free to choose democracy as their political life. He doesn’t agree the integration of religion and state. In this case, he doesn’t agree the implementation of sharia in the state. Meanwhile Soroush sees that religion has an important role in the state, so that he agrees the implementation of sharia because according to him it supports the political process of the state.
Characteristics of Phosphate-Solubilizing Bacteria Isolated from Acid Soil of Cikopomayak, West Java, Indonesia
HAPPY WIDIASTUTI
Microbiology Indonesia , 2008,
Abstract: Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria were isolated from acid soil from Cikopomayak. Microbiological assay showed that the bacteria were Gram negative, rod-shaped, and lacked red pigment on Pikovskaya medium. Isolate A synthesized red pigment on nutrient agar medium, while isolate B formed slightly red pigment on nutrient agar medium as well as on Voges Proskauer medium. The ratio of clearing zone to colony for isolate A and B were approximately 2.1 and 1.9, respectively. Biochemical assays showed that both isolates A and B utilized glucose, lactose, sucrose, mannitol, glycerol, mannose, urea, indole, and produced catalase, but neither produced amylase and oxidase. The bacteria are identified as Serratia marcescens. The ability to solubilize phosphate decreased or was even lost when subcultured on nutrient agar medium. However, the ability to solubilize phosphate was recovered gradually with the addition of phosphate. The results presented here suggest that the ability to solubilize phosphate and to synthesize the red pigment may be inversely correlated.
Boundary driven waveguide arrays: Supratransmission and saddle-node bifurcation
H. Susanto
Physics , 2008, DOI: 10.1137/070698828
Abstract: In this report, we consider a semi-infinite discrete nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation driven at one edge by a driving force. The equation models the dynamics of coupled waveguide arrays. When the frequency of the forcing is in the allowed-band of the system, there will be a linear transmission of energy through the lattice. Yet, if the frequency is in the upper forbidden band, then there is a critical driving amplitude for a nonlinear tunneling, which is called supratransmission, of energy to occur. Here, we discuss mathematically the mechanism and the source of the supratransmission. By analyzing the existence and the stability of the rapidly decaying static discrete solitons of the system, we show rigorously that two of the static solitons emerge and disappear in a saddle-node bifurcation at a critical driving amplitude. One of the emerging solitons is always stable in its existence region and the other is always unstable. We argue that the critical amplitude for supratransmission is then the same as the critical driving amplitude of the saddle-node bifurcation. We consider as well the case of the forcing frequency in the lower forbidden band. It is discussed briefly that there is no supratransmission because in this case there is only one rapidly decaying static soliton that exists and is stable for any driving amplitude.
GEREJA MEMPERHATIKAN ORANG MISKIN SEBAGAI REVELASI DAN KONTEMPLASI SUBSTANSI EVANGELIUM: REFLEKSI KRISTIS ATAS DOKUMEN EVANGELII GAUDIUM
Heribertus Susanto
Jurnal Sosial Humaniora , 2015, DOI: 10.12962/j24433527.v8i1.1244
Abstract: The Church itself is a sacrament or a mystery. Her life and development are inspired by the Holy Spirit. The Church herself has a fundamental mission to proclaim evangelization and the kingdom of God. God, who reigns, has a preferential option for the poor. God has a special heart for the poor as well. It is great, so God, which incarnate in Jesus - The Gospel - Evangelium – lives a reality in the way of the poor. The Church is constantly called to have attention to the poor and account them. In this way, the Church encounters her Lord, whom reveals Himself within the poor. The poor, then, became lord and master. For they have taught the Church find the quality of the values. It comes from God which signed by love, solidarity and compassion. Serving and having attention to the poor are in fact a spiritual direction to contemplate Jesus the Lord. There, the Church and the world at large, eventually, will find a redemption and transformation of the living, and find the joy of the Gospel as well.
Internal Control System Weakness and Non-Compliance to the Provision of Legislation in Practicing Audit of Local Government in Indonesia  [PDF]
Erny Prasetyaningsih, Gufratul Yuhalifiyah, Heri Susanto
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2014.44028
Abstract: This study developed a statistical model of non-compliance reporting provisions of law and control of the system of internal control findings BPK. BPK is abbreviation for Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan, the Supreme Audit Agency in Republic of Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect the outcome of the Supreme Audit Agency audit opinion received by the local government. This study has selected 371 samples to the local government for the year 2012. Research uses financial statement data in the form of government in 2012 soft copy of the Supreme Audit Agency and other publications. The results showed that non-compliance reporting provisions of low and system of internal control weakness has significant effect on the administration of the BPK audit opinion.
Robust Facial Expression Classification Using Shape and Appearance Features
S. L. Happy,Aurobinda Routray
Computer Science , 2015, DOI: 10.1109/ICAPR.2015.7050661
Abstract: Facial expression recognition has many potential applications which has attracted the attention of researchers in the last decade. Feature extraction is one important step in expression analysis which contributes toward fast and accurate expression recognition. This paper represents an approach of combining the shape and appearance features to form a hybrid feature vector. We have extracted Pyramid of Histogram of Gradients (PHOG) as shape descriptors and Local Binary Patterns (LBP) as appearance features. The proposed framework involves a novel approach of extracting hybrid features from active facial patches. The active facial patches are located on the face regions which undergo a major change during different expressions. After detection of facial landmarks, the active patches are localized and hybrid features are calculated from these patches. The use of small parts of face instead of the whole face for extracting features reduces the computational cost and prevents the over-fitting of the features for classification. By using linear discriminant analysis, the dimensionality of the feature is reduced which is further classified by using the support vector machine (SVM). The experimental results on two publicly available databases show promising accuracy in recognizing all expression classes.
Automatic Facial Expression Recognition Using Features of Salient Facial Patches
S L Happy,Aurobinda Routray
Computer Science , 2015, DOI: 10.1109/TAFFC.2014.2386334
Abstract: Extraction of discriminative features from salient facial patches plays a vital role in effective facial expression recognition. The accurate detection of facial landmarks improves the localization of the salient patches on face images. This paper proposes a novel framework for expression recognition by using appearance features of selected facial patches. A few prominent facial patches, depending on the position of facial landmarks, are extracted which are active during emotion elicitation. These active patches are further processed to obtain the salient patches which contain discriminative features for classification of each pair of expressions, thereby selecting different facial patches as salient for different pair of expression classes. One-against-one classification method is adopted using these features. In addition, an automated learning-free facial landmark detection technique has been proposed, which achieves similar performances as that of other state-of-art landmark detection methods, yet requires significantly less execution time. The proposed method is found to perform well consistently in different resolutions, hence, providing a solution for expression recognition in low resolution images. Experiments on CK+ and JAFFE facial expression databases show the effectiveness of the proposed system.
Genetic Diversity of Yeasts from Fermented Orange Juice Based on PCR-RFLP and Sequence Analysis of the Internal Transcribed Spacer Regions
SUSAN SOKA,ANASTASIA SUSANTO
Microbiology Indonesia , 2010, DOI: 10.5454/mi.4.1.1
Abstract: Orange is one of the most valuable and common fruits in Indonesia. High glucose level in orange juice provides good growth conditions for yeasts. In this study, yeasts were isolated from fermented orange juice and subjected to diversity analysis. The analysis was conducted using restriction fragment length polymorphism on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region (including ITS1, 5.8S rRNA gene and ITS2), which was amplified using PCR with ITS1 and ITS4 primers.Restriction enzymes used in this research were HhaI, HinfI and HaeIII. A total of 24 yeast isolates were obtained from three different kinds of fermented orange juices (Indonesian Medan orange, Sunkist orange and Indonesian Pontianak orange). RFLP analysis of ITS regions revealed different amplified PCR fragment sizes and restriction profiles for each type of orange juice. However, all yeasts isolated from the same type of orange juice showed identical restriction patterns. Sequencing of ITS regions showed that three different yeast species were detected from each type of orange, e.g. Pichia veronae from Indonesian Pontianak orange, Cryptococcus albidosimilis from Sunkist orange and Issatchenkia orientalis from Indonesian Medan orange.
A Review: Livestock On-Station and On-Farm Trial
A Sodiq,A Susanto
Journal of Animal Production , 1999,
Abstract: Scientist working in international livestock research are expected to be familiar with an interdisciplinary systems approach, and to work in multidisciplinary teams. The argument for this approach is that (1) discipline specialists are not equipped to understand the relationships between the components they focus on and the systems as a whole, (2) if the specialist operates in isolation from the other discipline, he/she is operating in isolation from the system and so the results may be irrelevant or, if applied, actually have a deleterious effect on the systems, (3) therefore, the specialist must understand the system through a systems approach, a systems person, or the activities of a team. Applicants hoping to work in international livestock research are expected to have had project experience in the tropics, where the environment, culture, facilities and infrastructure may be very different from that in Northern Europe. The purpose of this course is to familiarize student with the multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary systems approach and to prepare them for their field projects in the tropics. (Animal Production 1(1) : 36-42 (1999).
Localized mode interactions in 0-pi Josephson junctions
H. Susanto,G. Derks
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.82.132301
Abstract: A long Josephson junction containing regions with a phase shift of pi is considered. By exploiting the defect modes due to the discontinuities present in the system, it is shown that Josephson junctions with phase-shift can be an ideal setting for studying localized mode interactions. A phase-shift configuration acting as a double-well potential is considered and shown to admit mode tunnelings between the wells. When the phase-shift configuration is periodic, it is shown that localized excitations forming bright and dark solitons can be created. Multi-mode approximations are derived confirming the numerical results.
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