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Evaluating the pre-, peri- and post-natal conditions of neonates affected by multiple congenital anomalies: a brief report
Rashidi-Nezhad A,Fakhri L,Hantoush Zadeh S,Amini E
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Background: Neonatal deaths stand for almost two-thirds of all deaths occurring in infants under one year of age. Congenital anomalies are responsible for 24.5% of these cases forming a highly important issue for health policy-makers.Methods: We studied the pre-, peri- and post-natal conditions of 77 patients with multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) through genetic counseling at Several university Hospitals, in Tehran, Iran. The collected data were subsequently analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The patients did not have a good prognosis, demonstrating the need for the diagnosis of such diseases early in pregnancy to be of utmost importance. We screened for trisomy and nuchal translucency, which the first showed a low risk and the second showed normal results in most cases.Conclusion: Establishment of standards for prenatal diagnosis of congenital anomalies and monitoring their implementation seem to be necessary for the reduction of deaths due to congenital anomalies and infant mortality rate (IMR).
The Application of the Health Belief Model in Oral Health Education
M Solhi,D Shojaei Zadeh,B Seraj,S Faghih Zadeh
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2010,
Abstract: "nBackground: The goal of this study was to determine the application of health belief model in oral health education for 12-year-old children and its effect on oral health behaviors and indexes. "nMethods: A quasi- experimental study was carried out on twelve-year-old girl students (n-291) in the first grade of secon-dary school, in the central district of Tehran, Iran. Research sample was selected by a multistage cluster sampling. The data was obtained by using a valid reliable questionnaire for measuring the perceptions, a checklist for observing the quality of brush-ing and dental flossing and health files and clinical observation. First, a descriptive study was applied to individual percep-tions, oral behaviors, Oral Hygiene Index (OHI) and Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth Index (DMFTI). Then an educa-tional planning based on the results and Health Belief Model (HBM) was applied. The procedure was repeated after six months. "nResults: After education, based on HBM, all the oral health perceptions increased (P<.05). Correct brushing and flossing are influenced by increased perceptions. A low correlation between the reduction of DMFTI and increased perceived sever-ity and increased perceived barriers are found (r= -0.28, r = 0.43 respectively). In addition, there was a limited correlation be-tween OHI and increased perceived benefits (r = -0.26). "nConclusion: Using health belief model in oral health education for increasing the likelihood of taking preventive oral health be-haviors is applicable.
A Survey on Prevalence Rate of Cryptosporidiosis Among Children with Diarrhea in Khorram-Abad
S Maleki,S Nayeb Zadeh,F Shafizadeh
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Background: The present study was carried out for determination of prevalence of cryptosporidiosis among infected children in Khooram-Abad city, Iran, 2002-2003. Materials and Methods: In this survey fecal samples of both rural and urban children were studied. Results & Conclusion: From all samples, 4.75% were infected. The infection rate was higher in summer and autumn. Also the results showed that the infection rate in Khooram-Abad was higher than Shiraz (3.5%), Bandarabbas (2.4%), Ahwaz (2.23%) and Rasht (1.57%) and the infection rate about equlity Ghazvin (4.75%) and Hamadan (5.3%) and lower than Isfahan (16.9%), Mashhad (14.6%), Urmia (105), Naghadeh (9.2%) and Tabriz (6.15%). Our observations indicated that the infection rate was higher in males (1.5%), equal between rural and urban children. Another finding was accompanying of cryptosporidiosis with some other infections like Shigellosis (15.7%) and giardiosis (5.26%) in some cases.
Adjusting the loading dose of Magnesium sulfate in preeclampsia according to BMI, serum level of creatinin and albumin
Hantoosh Zadeh S,Yahyavi P,Borna S
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2001,
Abstract: To determine the therapeutic dose of Mg according to BMI, serum level of calcium, creatinin and albumin a cross sectional study were carried on 150 cases of preeclampsia (100 mild, 50 sever type) in Valei-Asr Hospital through the years 1378-79. All of eligible patients had given a single dose of 4 gr Mg, sulfate intravenously, then had continued with 20 gr/lit, 28 drop/min through IV infusion. Mild and sever preeclampsia cases were similar about the mean serum level of calcium and Mg. Before beginning of treatment, but were significantly different about the mean of serum level of creatinin and albumin (P=0.0001). In univariat analysis there was significant direct correlation between serum level of Mg 6 hours after beginning of treatment with serum level of creatinine and albumin, and significant association with BMI (P<0.05). So the serum level of Mg in end of treatment, (P<0.05) in multivariate regression analysis, the serum level of Mg in 6 hours after and end of treatment was correlated positively with serum level of creatinine and albumin and negatively with BMI. Serum level of Mg 6 hours after=-0.2+0.8 (Alb. Level) +2.99 (creat level) –0.22 (BMI). Serum level of Mg in end of treatment=-0.2+0.8 (Alb. Level) +3.3 (creat level) –0.24 (BMI).
The study of serum Carnitine, Triglyceride and Cholesterol changes in pregnant and non-pregnant women
Zahraei M,Akbar Zadeh Moghaddam S
Tehran University Medical Journal , 1993,
Abstract: Carnitine is a water-soluble quaternary amine which increases the long-chain fatty acid metabolism by facilitation of their transport to the oxidation site (mitochondria). Carnitine most likely is present in all animal species, in many microorganisms, and in many plants. In this study, we determined the carnitine level of sera in pregnant and non-pregnant women by segade modified method. Average concentration of carnitine in the sera of fifty pregnant women was about 25/83 umol/I: First trimester-30.96 umol/I. Second trimester-29.11 umol/I. Third trimester-25.11 umol/I. concentration of cholesterol and triglyceride in the above-mentioned group was the following: Cholesterol: 258.84 mg/dl triglyceride: 267.02 mg/dl. The above values show that the carnitine level in sera of pregnant women decreases significantly and this decrease is tolerated well by pregnant women. According to our results, the serum carnitine concentration in pregnant women gradually decreases as gestation proceeds. So that the end of this period, is half of its concentration before conception. During pregnancy, there was an inverse correlation between carnitine level and that of cholesterol and triglycerides. Decrease in carnitine concentration and increase in cholesterol and triglyceride levels may be due to the following factors: 1) Increase in FFA oxidation in pregnancy. 2) Hormones. 3) Dilution of the blood. 4) Decrease in Fe storage in pregnant women.
Coma Etiologies And Its One-Month Outcome Sina Hospital (Year 2000)
Togha M,Mahdy Zadeh E,Tahmasbi S
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2002,
Abstract: Defining the patient outcome and decision making about allocation of our limited fund and technology for comatose patients depends on our knowledge about frequency and outcome of various coma etiologies. We determined the various coma causes frequency and one-month outcome of non traumatic coma. . In addition the co existence of the primary neurologic signs with the one-month outcome of non traumatic coma was defined."nMethods and Materials: Our study is based on 130 comatose patients in a one-year study in Sina Hospital that consisted of 80 non traumatic and 50 traumatic patients."nResults: 74% of the cases were men and 26% were women. The most common etiology of coma was trauma (38.5%). The other common etiologies were cerebro vascular diseases (25.4%), cancer (10%) and hypoxia-ischemia (8.5%). The most common cause of coma in men was trauma (46.9%) while the vascular diseases were the most common etiology of coma in women (41.2%).In under 40 year patients trauma was the cause of coma in 57.5% of cases in respect to 28% in above 40 cases. On the other hand, vascular diseases and malignancies were the etiology of coma in 15% of under 40 year patients and 46.5% of above 40 year patients. Among traumatic etiologies of coma, subdural hematoma was the most frequent (40%). In our research none of patients who did not have one of pupillary, oculocephalic or motor reflexes in the 3rd and 7th day of the onset of coma had acceptable outcome after one month. With consideration of pupillary, corneal, oculocephalic and motor reflexes in combination, loss of at least two of them in the 3rd and 7th day accompanied with no acceptable outcome. On the other hand the presence of three or more reflexes in the 3rd and 7th day of coma was a good prognostic factor, with 80% and 88.9% chance of acceptable recovery respectively."nConclusion: According of the study, the best time for prediction of outcome in a comatose patient, is the third or seventh the day after the onset of coma. Also relay on combination of brain stem reflexes, gives us more acceptable result.
The Effect of “Sitting Pelvic Tilt Exercise” on Low Back Pain and Sleep Disorder in Primigravidas During the Third Trimester
Kamali M.,Jafari E.,Mazloom Zadeh S.
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Low back pain is one of the most common complaints in pregnancy that interferes with work, daily activities and sleep. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sitting pelvic tilt exercise on low back pain and sleep disorder during the third trimester in primigravidas.Methods: In this quasiexperimental study, 60 primigravidas who attended 3 prenatal clinics of Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran, were selected by simple sampling, then they were randomly allocated into two groups, case and control. The case group did the sitting pelvic tilt exercise for 8 weeks during the third trimester. The control group just received usual prenatal care. Data collection was done by interview, using a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and a questionnaire which was carried out by the researcher on 0 and 56 days (pre and post intervention). T- Test and Chi Square were used for data analysis. Results: The intensity of low back pain in the case group after exercise was significantly decreased (P=0.0001), but in the control group, the intensity of low back pain increased as pregnancy advanced (P=0.0001). Also in the case group, sitting pelvic tilt exercise reduced the sleep disorders in comparison with pre treatment and control group (P<0.05).Conclusion: It seems that sitting pelvic tilt exercise is an imperative cure in pregnancy low back pain and sleep disorders that arise from it.Keywords: Low Back Pain; Pregnancy; Exercise; Sitting Pelvic Tilt Exercise.
Evaluating Weeds Competitive Ability in a Corn Field in Southern West of Iran
H. Ghani Zadeh,S. Lorzadeh,N. Aryannia
Asian Journal of Crop Science , 2011,
Abstract: The knowledge of differences between weed species in their relative capacity to capture growth-limiting resources provides information which can be used to predict competitive ability of weed. A field study was conducted to compare weeds growth indices to evaluate weeds competitive ability. The experimental design was a Randomized Complete Block (RCBD) with 3 replications. Treatments were consisted of increasing durations of weed which were established by delaying weed Removal Time (RT) to different corn growth stages. Growth analysis was performed by determining weeds growth indices. In this trial different weed species exhibited marked differences in growth indices during growing season. Compare to other weeds, Barnyard grass had the greatest leaf area index and weed growth rate from the beginning to the middle of growing season. However, redroot pigweed achieved its maximum growth later from the middle of growing season to the end of season and became the dominant weed for that time. Redroot pigweed had by far the greatest relative growth rate compare with other weeds. It reveals that barnyard grass was the dominant weed for the beginning of growing season. However, from the middle of growing season till the end redroot pigweed became the dominant weed.
A Mixed-Technique Method in the Training of Children’s Learning Disabilities
Haghighat zadeh. R.,Amiri. S.,Molavi. H.
International Journal of Psychological Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v3n1p148
Abstract: It is more than a century that children with learning disability have been studied by educational experts, and this topic has been studied as a new branch. Learning disability is a kind of disorder which affects all aspects of the child’s life. Children suffering from this disability have some disorders in their visual, auditory and touch perception. These perceptional problems cause limitations in understanding social issues, and some problems in communicating with other people and peers. The training methods which have so for been used for learning disability have focused only on one aspect of the disease and have improved only sensory, perceptional or motor aspects. This study aims at providing a new restorative method in which all the three, i.e. sensory, perceptional and motor aspects, are taken into consideration. In this method that we introduced in this article, after evaluating children by means of mixed methods we try to develop the child’s sensory perceptive physical skills. After the training sessions, the children can be re-tested and the results can be compared.
Metformin-therapy Effects in 50 Clomiphene Citrate Resistant PCOS Patients
Farzadi L. MD,Salman Zadeh S. MD
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is the association of hyperandrogenism with chronic anovulation in women without specific underlying diseases of the adrenal or pituitary glands. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled trial over 50 Clomiphene Citrate (CC) resistant PCOS women to determine metformin-therapy effects on metabolic disorders in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who are resistant to CC. Participants were randomized in two groups with 25 cases in each group. One group received metformin, 500 mg three times daily, for 3 months and another one (Placebo group) received vitamin B1, 300 mg daily, for 3 months. Information on screening tests (2nd day of menstrual cycle) was obtained at baseline and after treatment (if there was no pregnancy after 3 months of treatment). In both groups, with anovulation after 3 months of treatment, CC treatment was begun at 100 mg daily for 5 days. Serum progesterone (P) levels were obtained in monthly visits and serum P level=>16 nmol mL-1 was considered to indicate ovulation. Main Outcome Measures were ovulation and pregnancy rates and correction of metabolic disorders. There was no ovulation in this study, but some metabolic disorders were improved. In anovulatory women with PCOS who were resistant to CC, metformin use improved some metabolic disorders due to PCOS, but there was no increased ovulation rate and further investigations are needed.
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