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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 40605 matches for " Hans van Winckel "
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Why Galaxies Care about Post-AGB stars
Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: Post-AGB stars evolve on a very fast track and hence not many are known. Their spectral properties make them, in principle, ideal objects to test our theories on the late phases of stellar evolution. This has, however, proven much more difficult than anticipated, mainly because the morphological, dynamical and chemical diversity in Galactic post-AGB stars is very large indeed. Here I focus on recent results and touch upon the bright near future of post-AGB research.
Detection of elements beyond the Ba-peak in VLT+UVES spectra of post-AGB stars
Maarten Reyniers,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20031200
Abstract: In this letter, we report on our successful systematic search for lines of elements beyond the Ba-peak in spectra of s-process enriched post-AGB stars. Using newly released atomic data from both the VALD database and the D.R.E.A.M. project, we could derive abundances for several elements heavier than europium for three objects, on the base of high quality VLT+UVES spectra. The abundances of these elements are of particular interest since they turn out to be powerful constraints for chemical evolutionary AGB models. Their high abundances indicate that, also in only moderately metal deficient AGB stars, production of lead is expected to be significant.
HERMES at Mercator, competitive high-resolution spectroscopy with a small telescope
Gert Raskin,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1002/asna.201312009
Abstract: HERMES, a fibre-fed high-resolution (R=85000) echelle spectrograph with good stability and excellent throughput, is the work-horse instrument of the 1.2-m Mercator telescope on La Palma. HERMES targets building up time series of high-quality data of variable stellar phenomena, mainly for asteroseismology and binary-evolution research. In this paper we present the HERMES project and discuss the instrument design, performance, and a future upgrade. We also present some results of the first four years of HERMES observations. We illustrate the value of small telescopes, equipped with efficient instrumentation, for high-resolution spectroscopy.
The very lithium rich post-AGB SB2 binary HD172481
Maarten Reyniers,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2000,
Abstract: Double lined spectroscopic binaries in an evolved stage of evolution are expected to be extremely rare since they must consist of equally luminous and thus almost equally evolved objects, which requires an extremely similar initial mass. In this contribution we discuss such rare double evolved SB2 system: HD172481. This binary includes an F-type post-AGB object and an M-type AGB companion. The spectrum shows a surprisingly strong LiI 670.8nm line with an equivalent width of 54mA yielding a lithium abundance of log(Li)=3.6. Several explanations for this huge lithium content are explored.
HD172481: a super lithium-rich metal-deficient post-AGB binary with a red AGB companion
Maarten Reyniers,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20000146
Abstract: We present in this paper a study on the peculiar supergiant HD172481. Its spectral type (F2Ia), high galactic latitude (b=-10.37), circumstellar dust, high radial velocity and moderate metal deficiency ([Fe/H]=-0.55) confirm the post-AGB character of this object. A detailed chemical analysis shows slight but real s-process overabundances, however no CNO-enhancement was detected. Furthermore, the spectral energy distribution and the TiO bands in the red part of the spectrum reveal a red luminous companion. The luminosity ratio of the hot F type component and this cool M type companion L(F)/L(M) is derived for a reddening of E(B-V)=0.44 (L(F)/L(M)=1.8) and indicates that the companion must also be strongly evolved and probably evolving along the AGB. Neither our photometric data-set, nor our radial velocity monitoring show evidence for orbital variability which may indicate that the period is too large for direct binary interaction. Most interestingly, a strong lithium resonance line is detected, which yields an abundance of log(Li)=3.6. Several explanations for this large lithium content are explored.
Radial velocity monitoring of long period hot subdwarf + main sequence binaries with HERMES@Mercator
Roy H. ?stensen,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: Population synthesis models predict that the majority of sdBs form through stable mass transfer leading to long period binaries. To date, about a hundred close short-period binaries with an sdB component have been found, but not a single long-period system has been established. We show preliminary results from our recent effort in determining orbits for a sample of long-period sdB systems using the HERMES spectrograph on the Mercator telescope.
Post-AGB Stars with Circumbinary Discs
Tyl Dermine,Robert G. Izzard,Alain Jorissen,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Circumbinary discs are commonly observed around post-asymptotic giant branch (AGB) systems and are known to play an important role in their evolution. Several studies have pointed out that a circumbinary disc interacts through resonances with the central binary and leads to angular momentum transfer from the central binary orbit to the disc. This interaction may be responsible for a substantial increase in the binary eccentricity. We investigate whether this disc eccentricity-pumping mechanism can be responsible for the high eccentricities commonly found in post-AGB binary systems.
The ERE of the "Red Rectangle" revisited
Hans Van Winckel,Martin Cohen,Ted R. Gull
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020623
Abstract: We present in this paper high signal-to-noise long-slit optical spectra of the Extended Red Emission (ERE) in the "Red Rectangle" (RR) nebula. These spectra, obtained at different positions in the nebula, reveal an extremely complex emission pattern on top of the broad ERE continuum. It is well known that three features converge at large distance from the central object, in wavelength and profile to the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 5797, 5849.8 and 6614 ang., (e.g. Sarre et al., 1995). In this paper we give a detailed inventory of all spectral subfeatures observed in the 5550--6850 ang. spectral range. Thanks to our high S/N spectra, we propose 5 new features in the RR that can be associated with DIBs. For the 5550--6200 ang. spectral range our slit position was on top of the NE spike of the X shaped nebula. A detailed description of the spatial profile-changes is given of the strongest features revealing that even far out in the nebula at 24 arcsec from the central star, there remains a small shift in wavelength of 1 respectively 2 ang between the ERE subfeatures and the DIB wavelengths of 5797.11 and 5849.78 ang.
Photospheric composition of the carbon-rich 21 micron post-AGB stars IRAS 22223+4327 and IRAS 04296+3429
Leen Decin,Hans Van Winckel,Christoffel Waelkens,Eric J. Bakker
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We present a detailed chemical analysis on the basis of high-resolution, high signal-to-noise optical spectra of two post-AGB objects IRAS 22223+4327 and IRAS 04296+3429. Both display the unidentified $21 \mu m$ feature in their IR-spectra. The spectroscopic indicators provide accurate atmospheric parameters of $T_{eff}$=6500 K, $log g=1.0$ and $\xi_t = 5.5 km/s$ for IRAS 2223+4327 and $T_{eff}$=7000 K, $log g=1.0$ and $\xi_t = 4.0 km/s$ for IRAS 04296+3429. Both photospheres are found to be metal-deficient with [Fe/H]= -0.4 and -0.7 respectively. C and N are found to be overabundant. The mean abundance of all the measured s-process-elements is [s/Fe]=+1.0 for IRAS 2223+4327 and +1.4 for IRAS 04296+3429. The distribution of the s-process elements can best be described as due to a distribution of neutron exposures with a low mean neutron exposure of $\tau_{0} = 0.2 mbarn^{-1}$. The 21 $\mu$m stars form an interesting sub-group in the total post-AGB sample of stars, not only for their IR characteristics, but also in a broader context of stellar (chemical) evolution theory. They show, in contrast to other post-AGB stars, that the 3rd dredge-up has been efficient during their AGB evolution. The mean neutron exposure is lower than expected for their metallicity.
Testing eccentricity pumping mechanisms to model eccentric long period sdB binaries with MESA
Joris Vos,Roy ?stensen,Pablo Marchant,Hans Van Winckel
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201526019
Abstract: Hot subdwarf-B stars in long-period binaries are found to be on eccentric orbits, even though current binary-evolution theory predicts those objects to be circularised before the onset of Roche-lobe overflow (RLOF). We aim to find binary-evolution mechanisms that can explain these eccentric long-period orbits, and reproduce the currently observed period-eccentricity diagram. Three different processes are considered; tidally-enhanced wind mass-loss, phase-dependent RLOF on eccentric orbits and the interaction between a circumbinary disk and the binary. The binary module of the stellar-evolution code MESA (Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics) is extended to include the eccentricity-pumping processes. The effects of different input parameters on the final period and eccentricity of a binary-evolution model are tested with MESA. The end products of models with only tidally-enhanced wind mass-loss can indeed be eccentric, but these models need to lose too much mass, and invariably end up with a helium white dwarf that is too light to ignite helium. Within the tested parameter space, no sdBs in eccentric systems are formed. Phase-dependent RLOF can reintroduce eccentricity during RLOF, and could help to populate the short-period part of the period-eccentricity diagram. When phase-dependent RLOF is combined with eccentricity pumping via a circumbinary disk, the higher eccentricities can be reached as well. A remaining problem is that these models favour a distribution of higher eccentricities at lower periods, while the observed systems show the opposite. The models presented here are potentially capable of explaining the period-eccentricity distribution of long-period sdB binaries, but further theoretical work on the physical mechanisms is necessary.
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