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The study displays the existence of a gravitational singularity
in the universe generating synchronized and extremely low frequency plane TEM (transverse
electromagnetic) waves. It is proposed that atomic intrinsic electromagnetic fields
create resonance with these plane TEM waves, causing atoms to receive and to re-emit
synchronized plane TEM waves. The energy flow of synchronized plane TEM waves, travelling in opposite
directions between e.g. two atoms, creates mutual force of attraction, i.e. gravity. Consequently, gravity is not
an intrinsic atomic feature; however, the result of passive atoms exposed to electromagnetic
energy. The study describes how plane TEM waves emitted by the gravitational singularity
were measured. The study also displays how gravity from the earth, moon, sun and
the gravitational singularity was measured and how gravity was simulated using an
electronic device. The present electromagnetic law of gravity is compared with Newtonian
geometric law of gravity.
This paper presents a method to measure TEM (transverse
electromagnetic) waves absorbed by atoms. The results show the existence of a
singularity in the universe which generates a broad spectrum of synchronized
and extremely low frequency TEM waves in the period range 30 - 160 s.
Atoms create resonance and absorb these TEM waves. The absorbed energy consists
of a set of TEM waves where the sum generates an intrinsic static electric and
magnet field. It is proposed that this static electric and magnetic field
induces static forces within the atomic nucleus. The study describes a method
to measure TEM waves absorbed by atoms (direction, frequency and amplitude).
The study displays that chemical elements absorb TEM waves of different periods, supporting the
hypothesis that TEM waves are absorbed by an atomic intrinsic resonance
mechanism. The study displays a non-invasive method facilitating novel analyses
of the atomic nucleus.
In the present paper,
photon frequency shift, e.g. gravitational red and blueshift, is described as
the electromagnetic influence from gravity waves on photons, e.g. light waves.
Previous reports have described the dynamic electromagnetic processes of the
atom, the photon and gravity, and how these characteristics are measured.
Results from these reports have been compiled into a theoretical model. The theoretical
model describes the mechanism which results in photon frequency shift caused by
a gravitational field. The theoretical model gives results similar to General
Relativity using Schwarzschild metric. The theoretical model is mapped on black
The present study describes the metric expansion of space based on a novel understanding of gravity and its electromagnetic processes. A singularity in the universe emits electromagnetic energy, which is absorbed by atoms and re-emitted to other atoms. This results in mutual force of attraction, i.e.gravity. We assume that the distance R towards the singularity is constant andr is the distance between two bodies. Then the gravitational force decreases with the decrease of the re-emitted energy, i.e. as 1/r2, and in line with Newtonian gravity and General Relativity. However, the universe orbits the singularity and hence R varies. R increases when a certain part of space travels from the singularity, and whereby the energy re-emitted by atoms decreases as