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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2466 matches for " Hanna Yusuf "
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Towards Improvement in the Teaching of Reading Comprehension in Primary Schools: The Need to Activate Pupils Relevant Schema
Hanna Yusuf
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.1.16-20
Abstract: This paper reviews some aspects of the Reading process that are relevant in activating Pupils Schema. It also discusses how pupils’ schema could be activated through pre-reading activities and background knowledge/experience. The paper concludes by recommending in a step by step sample lesson plan, the need to guide pupils to have expectation for their reading and the need to constantly engage them in meaningful conversation, that is in consonance with what is about to be read and what is being read. All these would help to make reading comprehension lessons more enjoyable and meaningful.
The Effect of Using Instructional Conversation Method in Teaching Reading Comprehension in Selected Junior Secondary Schools in Kaduna Metropolis
Hanna Yusuf
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.2.1.55-59
Abstract: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of the instructional conversation and the vocabulary methods in teaching reading comprehension in Junior Secondary Schools. The population for the study comprised all the Junior Secondary Schools in Kaduna State. The schools randomly selected within Kaduna metropolis were used for the study. The study was quasi experimental. G.S.S. U/Rimi was used as the treatment group, while G.S.S. Sabon Tasha was used for the control group. Both groups were assessed after six weeks of teaching, using three different reading assessment instruments namely cloze, word recognition and retelling tests. T-test was used to test the hypothesis raised in the study. The findings revealed significant differences in the performance of students taught reading comprehension using Instructional Conversation method. The study further revealed that students from both groups made appreciable gain in the pre-test. Based on these findings, teachers are encouraged to adopt a thematic integrated approach (i. e combining the salient features of the instructional conversation method and the vocabulary method) since both methods could complement each other, if effectively used.
The Integration of Peace Education in Reading Comprehension Lessons in Primary Schools
Hanna Onyi Yusuf
Journal of Language Teaching and Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/jltr.2.4.823-831
Abstract: The paper examines the role of Peace Education in the primary School Curriculum. It also looks at the goals and tenets of Peace Education that can be integrated into the reading comprehension lessons in primary schools. The paper raised some challenges that English Language teachers may face in teaching some of the tenets of peace education and suggests possible ways of overcoming these challenges. The paper concluded with the need for English Language teachers to be more child-centred, innovative and creative in their teaching approach for more meaningful learning in order to achieve the desired results. The paper also suggests the need for curriculum Planners to include tenets of peace education in the list of titles for prose and poetry in primary school curriculum.
Reading and Effective Leadership
Agnes Ovayioza Enesi,Hanna Onyi Yusuf
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.12.1696-1700
Abstract: This paper deals with reading and effective leadership. It highlights the fact that every reader is a potential leader. Effective leadership is therefore hinged on acquiring essential reading skills. The paper concludes by recommending ways individuals can enhance their reading skills.
Teaching Reading across the Curriculum
Hanna Onyi Yusuf,Agnes Ovayioza Enesi
Theory and Practice in Language Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.4304/tpls.1.11.1581-1585
Abstract: Hand-in-hand with the current renewed emphasis on students’ success and a resurgence of reading across the curriculum, teachers (instructors) in all disciplines need to refocus on reading across the curriculum to address students’ needs to achieve instructional goals, and to prepare citizens for independent learning. It seems clear that a refocused emphasis on reading as a process of getting meaning from text to be used for analysis, synthesis and evaluation, in the context of critical literacy across the curriculum could potentially address the difficulties of students, the goals of teachers and the needs of the nation for an educated, informed, fully participatory, democratic population. These goals can be achieved through four specific strategies that can make faster, better reading possible for everyone, including, first an understanding of the nature of the reading process; second, a consistent focus on direct classroom teaching of critical reading skills that go beyond comprehension; third, opportunities for modeling and practising of these critical reading skills; and fourth, the development of an understanding of the conventions of disciplines and the particular strategy used in an array of academic areas. This is going to be the focus of this paper.
The Dynamic Location Model to Consider Background Traffic  [PDF]
Nahry Yusuf, Sutanto Soehodho
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2012.21005
Abstract: This study concerns to the determination of location of freight distribution warehouses. It is part of a series of research projects on a distribution system we developed to deal with cases in a public service obligation state-owned company (PSO-SOC). This current research is characterized by the consideration of background traffic of the entire time period of planning rather than one certain time target on location model. It is aimed that the location decision to be more applicable and accommodative to the dynamic of the traffic condition. Once the decision is implemented, it will give the best outcome for the entire time period, not only for the initial time, end time or certain time of time period. A heuristic approach is proposed to simplify complexity of the model and network representation technique is applied to solve the model. A hyphotetical example is discussed to illustrate the mechanism of finding the optimal solution in term of both its objective function and applicability.
Prediction of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Market Returns Using Artificial Neural Network and Genetic Algorithm  [PDF]
Yusuf Perwej, Asif Perwej
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2012.42010
Abstract: Stock Market is the market for security where organized issuance and trading of Stocks take place either through exchange or over the counter in electronic or physical form. It plays an important role in canalizing capital from the investors to the business houses, which consequently leads to the availability of funds for business expansion. In this paper, we investigate to predict the daily excess returns of Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) indices over the respective Treasury bill rate returns. Initially, we prove that the excess return time series do not fluctuate randomly. We are applying the prediction models of Autoregressive feed forward Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to predict the excess return time series using lagged value. For the Artificial Neural Networks model using a Genetic Algorithm is constructed to choose the optimal topology. This paper examines the feasibility of the prediction task and provides evidence that the markets are not fluctuating randomly and finally, to apply the most suitable prediction model and measure their efficiency.
Unsaponifiable Matter in Carnuba (Cera carnuba) Wax, a Modification of the USP/NF and FCC Methods  [PDF]
Yusuf Yildiz, Manjista Dasgupta
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2016.78056
Abstract: Carnuba wax consists chiefly of myricyl cerotate (MW 817.4) and small quantities of free cerotic acid (C26H52O2, Mw 396.7) and myricyl alcohol (C30H62O, mp 90°C). Of the two common extraction solvents, ethyl ether or petroleum ether, Lewkowitsch prefers the former. Concerning separation of phases, he advocates addition of small amounts of alcohol or caustic, and he also states that formation of a flocculant layer between the aqueous layer and the solvent does not interfere with the correct estimation of the unsaponifiable matter. These statements were not corroborated in the hands of this chemist. The “Unsaponifiable Matter” in oils or and fats, which consist mainly of hydrocarbons, sterols and aliphatic alcohols of high molecular mass that are not saponifiable by alkali hydroxides but are soluble in the ordinary fat solvents, and to products of saponification that are soluble in such solvents. Carnuba wax, a rather expensive wax, may be adulterated with less expensive paraffin by dishonest merchants. ASTM has a method for determining paraffinic material in carnuba wax. It uses heptanes at its boiling point to dissolve the wax, apply it to a silica gel column, and elute only the nonpolar (i.e. alkane) material. The method has the disadvantage of using a large volume of haptane, nor is it called for by either US Pharmacopeia/National Formulary (USP/NF) or Food Chemicals Codex (FCC). The test for unsaponifiable matter on pure carnuba wax will yield a result of 50.0% - 55.0%, while a higher result will betray the presence of paraffin adulterants.
The Effects of European Austerity Programmes on Social Security Systems  [PDF]
Arne Heise, Hanna Lierse
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.24055
Abstract: The recent financial and economic crisis is intensifying the pressure for budget consolidation,increasing the likelihood of cuts in social services throughout Europe. One government after another is bringing forward a budget consolidation programme. Cuts are envisaged above all in social services and so the question arises of what effects this will have on welfare states in EU member countries and on Social Europe in general. In this study cuts in social systems are analysed and compared, both planned and already undertaken. Regardless of the different magnitudes of the austerity efforts and the policy fields concerned there can be no doubt that all austerity programmes are regressive in nature and that the option of raising incomes is being exercised far less frequently than spending cuts and this applies especially in the social realm.
Pharmacogenomics: The Significance of Genetics in the Metabolism of Natural Medicines  [PDF]
Nancy W. Hanna
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2012.34046
Abstract: Natural products have been implemented in medicine through use as herbal medications, chemical compound extraction for prescription medication, or a natural source of food to fight various infections and diseases. Genetics has played a role in identifying various interactions between existing drugs and side effects. In addition, various food allergies have been identified with children in recent years, suggesting genetic associations between certain populations carrying specific genetic alleles. The recent availability of genomic data and our increased understanding of the effects of genetic variations permit a quantitative examination of the contribution of genetic variation to efficacy or toxicity of compounds derived from natural sources. The identification of target molecules relevant for diseases allows screening for natural products capable of inhibiting targets which can lead to the development of rational treatment of various diseases including neurobiological disorders, cancer, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular diseases. This allows for more opportunities to predict the response of individual patients. Identification of genetic variations that arose as a consequence of naturally occurring compounds will help identify gene alleles, or protein ligands that can affect the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetics of the natural products in question. In addition, diet modification and precautions to food products can be identified to help consumers limit or increase certain food intake. Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying these interactions and their modification by genetic variation is expected to result in the development of new drugs that optimize individual health. We expect that strategies for individualized therapies will lead to improved results for patients.
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