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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 73008 matches for " Hanna Maria Hanson "
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Awareness of Lung Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors in General Population  [PDF]
Hanna Maria Hanson, Mait Raag, Merje Adrat, Tanel Laisaar
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2017.71001
Abstract: Introduction: Lung cancer is often diagnosed in a late stage, which might be related to lack of risk factors and symptoms awareness. Aim of this study was to evaluate these factors. Methods: A survey was conducted to assess the awareness of lung cancer risk factors and symptoms. Kruskal-Wallis, Fisher and chi-square tests were used to compare the groups. Results: Altogether 403 participants (108 male; median age 29 (range 13 to 74) years; 98 smokers, 90 ex-smokers and 212 non-smokers) completed the survey (321 filled in online questionnaire, 82 were interviewed face-to-face). Three per cent of the respondents were unable to name any lung cancer risk factor, 36% named one and 61% named two or more. Smoking was mentioned most commonly, others far less often. When presented with a list of lung cancer risk factors, 99.7% of respondents recognised two or more; most commonly smoking (99%) and second-hand smoking (95%). Concerning symptoms, 17% were unable to name any, 21% named one and 62% named two or more. Prolonged cough was mentioned most often (59%), followed by dyspnea (45%) and chest pain (30%). When presented with a list, 99% of respondents recognised two or more symptoms; most often prolonged cough (86%), weakness (85%) and chest pain (82%). There were no statistical differences in lung cancer symptom, risk factor or prognosis awareness among smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers. There were some differences related to age, sex, education and type of used questionnaire. Conclusions: Awareness of lung cancer risks and symptoms is moderate in general population without major differences between smokers and non-smokers.
Crisis of the Mythological? The Melting of the Polar Ice in Greenland in Alfred D blin’s Berge Meere und Giganten
Hanna Maria Hofmann
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2008,
Abstract: The novel Berge Meere und Giganten was written in 1924. I would like to focus my attention on the 7th book in the novel, whose title is Die Enteisung Gr nlands (The Melting of the Polar Ice in Greenland). To begin with, I will give a short summary of what the novel is about. The project to melt Greenland's polar ice forms the culmination of a history of the whole of humanity running from the 20th century all the way until the 27th century. Using all their military and technological might, the heat of the Icelandic volcanoes is captured in solid form and transported by ship to the Arctic. With the help of a gigantic net, this heat is then unloaded on to Greenland, thus melting its ice. Greenland ‘strikes back' however, firstly by casting a magical spell. My central thesis is that D blin`s Greenland fiction is about the destruction of the myth of Greenland and that this ultimately documents a crisis of the mythological itself.
Crisis of the Mythological? The Melting of the Polar Ice in Greenland in Alfred D blin’s Berge Meere und Giganten
Hanna Maria Hofmann
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2008,
Abstract: The novel Berge Meere und Giganten was written in 1924. I would like to focus my attention on the 7th book in the novel, whose title is Die Enteisung Gr nlands (The Melting of the Polar Ice in Greenland). To begin with, I will give a short summary of what the novel is about. The project to melt Greenland's polar ice forms the culmination of a history of the whole of humanity running from the 20th century all the way until the 27th century. Using all their military and technological might, the heat of the Icelandic volcanoes is captured in solid form and transported by ship to the Arctic. With the help of a gigantic net, this heat is then unloaded on to Greenland, thus melting its ice. Greenland ‘strikes back' however, firstly by casting a magical spell. My central thesis is that D blin`s Greenland fiction is about the destruction of the myth of Greenland and that this ultimately documents a crisis of the mythological itself.
Learning about Vegetarian Diets in School: Curricular Representations of Food and Nutrients in Elementary Health Education  [PDF]
Clara Hanson
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.21010
Abstract: This paper examines the way non-meat and plant based diets are discussed in four elementary curricula. The author used an open coding technique of grounded theory to understand the way food, nutrition and vegetarianism was discussed. The curricula relied heavily upon the USDA Food Pyramid and a related concept of “balance” for nutritional information. The curricula also discussed nutrition in terms of food and food groups, rather than in terms of nutrients. Although some of the curricula included information about the benefits of vegetarian diets, the high level of use of the Food Pyramid often overwhelmed the low level of information about vegetarianism.
Identyfikacja Saccharomyces boulardii w stolcu dzieci leczonych antybiotykami
Maria Kotowska,Barbara Podsiad?o,Hanna Szajewska
Pediatria Wspó?czesna , 2005,
Abstract: Wprowadzenie: Wcze niej udokumentowali my, e profilaktyczne stosowanie Saccharomyces boulardii równocze nie z antybiotykotera-pi zmniejsza ryzyko wyst pienia biegunki, w tym biegunki poantybiotykowej u dzieci leczonych antybiotykami. W niniejszej pracy przedstawiamy dane dotycz ce obecno ci 5. boulardii w przewodzie pokarmowym u dzieci otrzymuj cych antybiotyki. Materia i metodyka: Przeprowadzono prospektywne badanie z randomizacj , metod podwójnie lepej próby z placebo. Kryteriami w czenia byty wiek pomi dzy 6 miesi cem a 14 r. ., ostre zaka enie uk adu oddechowego i(lub) ostre zapalenie ucha rodkowego wymagaj ce podania antybiotyku, antybiotykoterapia rozpocz ta nie wcze niej ni 24 godziny przed w czeniem do badania. Dzieci spe niaj ce kryteria w czenia losowo przydzielano do dwóch grup, w których otrzymywa y antybiotyk zgodnie ze wskazaniami lekarskimi oraz (gr. 1) Saccharomyces boulardii w dawce 250 mg lub (gr. 2) placebo. Zarówno aktywny preparat, jak i placebo podawano doustnie, dwa razy dziennie przez ca y czas antybiotykoterapii. G ównym punktem końcowym by a identyfikacja 5. boulardii w kale. Identyfikacji dokonano w oparciu o cechy biochemiczne (asymilacja cukrów) za pomoc komercyjnego testu ID23C firmy BioMerieux do odczytu komputerowego oraz testu na obecno worków. Wyniki: Pobrano próbki stolca od 23 dzieci (10 w grupie eksperymentalnej i 13 w grupie otrzymuj cej placebo). Obecno 5. boulardiiwka-le stwierdzono u 7/10 (70%) pacjentów w grupie eksperymentalnej i 1/13 (7,7%) w grupie otrzymuj cej placebo. Ró nica by a istotna statystycznie (p<0,003). Nie stwierdzono objawów ubocznych zwi zanych z podawaniem 5. boulardiiub placebo. Wnioski: W badaniu z randomizacj stwierdzili my obecno 5. boulardiiw kale dzieci leczonych antybiotykami z powodu zaka eń dróg oddechowych i(lub) zapalenia ucha rodkowego. Stanowi to po redni dowód kolonizacji przewodu pokarmowego przez 5. boulardii. Wykazanie takiej w a ciwo ci jest wa ne przy planowaniu badań dotycz cych skuteczno ci 5. boulardii w leczeniu i(lub) zapobieganiu chorobom w obr bie przewodu pokarmowego.
Ghrelin gene polymorphism in dairy cattle
Inga KOWALEWSKA-?UCZAK,Maria SZEMBEK,Hanna KULIG
Journal of Central European Agriculture , 2012, DOI: 10.5513/jcea01/12.4.984
Abstract: The aim of this experiment was to estimate possible associations between GHRL G375A genotypes and some milk performance traits (yields of milk, protein and fat, and protein and fat content). The study included Polish Holstein–Friesian strain Red-and-White cows. The ACRS and PCR-RFLP method was used to identification genotypes. GHRL G375A frequencies were as follow: AA – 0.86, AG- 0.14, and GG – was not found, while allele frequencies were: A – 0.93 and G – 0.07. In this study, no statistically significant correlation between GHRL genotypes and analyzed traits was found, however, a tendency to maintain a relationship of genotypes with milk production traits is shown.
Failure of Flower Bud Formation in Brassica Plants Associated with Phytoplasma Infection
Maria Kaminska,Hanna Berniak,Piotr Kaminski
Journal of Agricultural Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jas.v4n2p219
Abstract: Detection of phytoplasma classified in phylogenetic group 16SrI, ‘Ca. Phytoplasma asteris’, in the plants of interspecific genotypes of Brassica oleracea x Brassica napus and their back-cross toward B. oleracea (IW7.7xB1) is reported in Poland. The presence of phytoplasmas in leaves of plants showing failure of flower bud formation but not in the asymptomatic hybrids was demonstrated by polymerase chain reaction assay employing phytoplasma universal P1/P7 primer pair. Amplified cDNA fragments of two phytoplasma isolates were sequenced. The nucleotide sequences of the Brassica hybrids phytoplasma isolates showed more than 98,5 % similarity with the corresponding fragments of sequence of phytoplasmas belonging to group 16SrI, ‘Ca. Phytoplasma asteris’.
The variability of reed [Phragmites australis (cav.) Trin. ex Steud. (Poaceae)] populations expressed in morphological traits of panicles
Maria Krzakowa,Miros?awa Ko?odziejczak,Maria Drapikowska,Hanna Jakubiak
Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae , 2003, DOI: 10.5586/asbp.2003.021
Abstract: Using a transect technique, each of 12 reed Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin ex Steud. populations collected in middle part of Odra River-basin, represented by more than 30 plants, were compared with 3 populations from other part of the country and 1 from France. Each panicle was examined according to 15 morphological traits. Results of measurements were subjected to multivariate analysis of variance, to analysis of canonical variables and used for construction of a minimum spanning tree (= dendrite) on the basis of the shortest Mahalanobis distances. The obtained results indicate that populations are generally similar. One population from France (Orleans) shows visible separateness. It may suggest that morphological traits of panicles may be useful in investigations of the reed P. australis populations of a larger geographical distribution.
Trends in U.S. Voting Attitudes with a Consideration of Variation by Gender and Race/Ethnicity  [PDF]
Sandra L. Hanson
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2016.64038
Abstract: Low turnout rates and discussions of disaffected voters are receiving considerable attention as we approach the 2016 U.S. presidential elections. Do trends in American’s attitudes about voting and correlates of these attitudes (political involvement, efficacy, and social connectedness) confirm the pessimistic assessments and do voters across gender and race/ethnic groups think similarly? Data from the American National Election Studies (ANES) provide some reason for optimism. Trends over the past few presidential election periods show a majority of Americans intend to vote and this majority is increasing. Trends show increases or stability on numerous correlates of voting attitudes including political involvement and social connectedness. Trends in voting attitudes by gender and race/ethnicity show considerable variation. Women and race/ethnic minorities (especially African Americans) are an important element of the positive trends shown here. Findings on external efficacy are an exception to the generally optimistic trends with data showing a majority of respondents don’t believe public officials care what people like the respondent think. However, trends do not show an increase in negative attitudes about public officials. Implications of the findings are considered.
Differential Phosphorylation of Ribosomal Proteins in Arabidopsis thaliana Plants during Day and Night
Maria V. Turkina, Hanna Klang ?rstrand, Alexander V. Vener
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029307
Abstract: Protein synthesis in plants is characterized by increase in the translation rates for numerous proteins and central metabolic enzymes during the day phase of the photoperiod. The detailed molecular mechanisms of this diurnal regulation are unknown, while eukaryotic protein translation is mainly controlled at the level of ribosomal initiation complexes, which also involves multiple events of protein phosphorylation. We characterized the extent of protein phosphorylation in cytosolic ribosomes isolated from leaves of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana harvested during day or night. Proteomic analyses of preparations corresponding to both phases of the photoperiod detected phosphorylation at eight serine residues in the C-termini of six ribosomal proteins: S2-3, S6-1, S6-2, P0-2, P1 and L29-1. This included previously unknown phosphorylation of the 40S ribosomal protein S6 at Ser-231. Relative quantification of the phosphorylated peptides using stable isotope labeling and mass spectrometry revealed a 2.2 times increase in the day/night phosphorylation ratio at this site. Phosphorylation of the S6-1 and S6-2 variants of the same protein at Ser-240 increased by the factors of 4.2 and 1.8, respectively. The 1.6 increase in phosphorylation during the day was also found at Ser-58 of the 60S ribosomal protein L29-1. It is suggested that differential phosphorylation of the ribosomal proteins S6-1, S6-2 and L29-1 may contribute to modulation of the diurnal protein synthesis in plants.
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