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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 213 matches for " Hamideh Eskandari "
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Simpson’s Method for Solution of Nonlinear Equation  [PDF]
Hamideh Eskandari
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.87073
Abstract: The programs offered for solving nonlinear equations, usually the old method, such as alpha, chordal movement, Newton, etc. have been used. Among these methods may Newton’s method of them all be better and higher integration. In this paper, we propose the integration method for finding the roots of nonlinear equation we use. In this way, Newton’s method uses integration methods to obtain. In previous work, [1] and [2] presented numerical integration methods such as integration, trapezoidal and rectangular integration method that are used. The new method proposed here, uses Simpson’s integration. With this method, the approximation error is reduced. The calculated results show that this hypothesis is confirmed.
A Strong Method for Solving Systems of Integro-Differential Equations  [PDF]
Jafar Biazar, Hamideh Ebrahimi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.29152
Abstract: The introduced method in this paper consists of reducing a system of integro-differential equations into a system of algebraic equations, by expanding the unknown functions, as a series in terms of Chebyshev wavelets with unknown coefficients. Extension of Chebyshev wavelets method for solving these systems is the novelty of this paper. Some examples to illustrate the simplicity and the effectiveness of the proposed method have been presented.
The Biggest Salt-Tongue Canopy of Central Iran  [PDF]
Mehran Arian, Hamideh Noroozpour
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.52005
Abstract: One of the most interesting salt structures is salt-tongue canopy. The Central Iran basin has a few salt provinces and in this paper, morphotectonic concept of the salt-tongue canopy on the west of Garmsar city has been investigated. In this study, field data coupling with the salt tectonic-related factors to provide a position for salt rocks in the west Garmsar. Firstly, various geological factors such as faults, folds and roads were extracted and compiled. This is because the factors mentioned above play important role in the instability of the region. The results of this study showed that the salt extrusion from the Lower Red formation is severe. Further, it is evident that the shortening of main structures has had a great impact on it whilst the salt movements have occurred within Garmsar Syncline. Finally, the paper concluded that the salt-tongue canopy in the region has increased the rates of salt extrusion.
Tectonic Geomorphology of Iran’s Salt Structures  [PDF]
Mehran Arian, Hamideh Noroozpour
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.52006
Abstract: Iran has a various salt structures that their tectonic geomorphology is subject of this paper. Geologic situation of salt structures in Iran have determinate. According to age and geological setting of salt deposits that revealed by tectonic geomorphology methods, salt structure provinces of the Central and Southern Iran have been distinguished. Also, critical concepts of salt diapirism in the Southern Iran and Central Iran salt basins have explained. Therefore, Central Iran’s salt diapirs have triggered by tectonic forces, but salt diapirism in the Southern Iran has triggered by halokinesis, then it has effected by tectonic forces, especially in Zagros fold and thrust belt.
Seismic Activity and Fractal Geometry of Kareh Bas Fault System in Zagros, South of Iran  [PDF]
Mehran Arian, Hamideh Noroozpour
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.55026
Abstract: Kareh Bas is one the transverse fault systems in Zagros fold-thrust belt. Kareh Bas Transcurrent Fault System with a total length of 200 Km is situated about 80 Km east of the Borazjan segment (a part of Kazerun fault zone) and 40 Km west of Shiraz. It is a nearly N-S trending right-lateral linked strike-slip fault system, and several anticlinal axes have been displaced by it. Strike separation (109 Km) of Mountain Front Fault/Flexure (MFF) of Zagros is the most important function of Kareh Bas Transcurrent Fault System. According to fractal analysis (Box-counting method) on space image maps (1:50,000) prepared from Spot data, fault related surface ruptures have non-linear patterns and fault segments have nearly plane form fractal dimensions; specially at north and south terminations. It means that, the north and south terminations of Kareh Bas Transcurrent Fault System are active (earthquake fault segments) and latter case is more active, because it is coinciding on Zagros mountain front faults (MFF).
AEESPAN: Automata Based Energy Efficient Spanning Tree for Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
Zahra ESKANDARI, Mohammad Hossien YAGHMAEE
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2009.14039
Abstract: In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), sensor nodes are developed densely. They have limit processing ca-pability and low power resources. Thus, energy is one of most important constraints in these networks. In some applications of sensor networks, sensor nodes sense data from the environment periodically and trans-mit these data to sink node. In order to decrease energy consumption and so, increase network’s lifetime, volume of transmitted data should be decreased. A solution, which is suggested, is aggregation. In aggrega-tion mechanisms, the nodes aggregate received data and send aggregated result instead of raw data to sink, so, the volume of the transmitted data is decreased. Aggregation algorithms should construct aggregation tree and transmit data to sink based on this tree. In this paper, we propose an automaton based algorithm to con-struct aggregation tree by using energy and distance parameters. Automaton is a decision-making machine that is able-to-learn. Since network’s topology is dynamic, algorithm should construct aggregation tree peri-odically. In order to aware nodes of topology and so, select optimal path, routing packets must be flooded in entire network that led to high energy consumption. By using automaton machine which is in interaction with environment, we solve this problem based on automat learning. By using this strategy, aggregation tree is reconstructed locally, that result in decreasing energy consumption. Simulation results show that the pro-posed algorithm has better performance in terms of energy efficiency which increase the network lifetime and support better coverage.
Microbiostratigraphy of the Sediments of Talezang Formation in Ghalebi Section (Southwest Lorestan, Iran)  [PDF]
Mostafa Yousefi Rad, Hamideh Noroozpour
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.56038
Abstract: In the present paper, Talezang Formation, located in southwest of Khoramabad, is studied. Ghalebi section (200 m thickness) contains gray limestones with cherty nodules and sandy limestone isoclinally overlies Amiran Formation (gray shale and limestone). It is underlain concordantly and discontinuously by Kashkan Formation. 160 samples are surveyed (examined) from the section; 28 genera and 4 species of benthonic foraminifera and 6 genera and 2 species of algae are identified. Due to similarity between identified benthonic foraminifera and Miscellanea-Kathina Assemblage Zone, the age of Talezang Formation can be assumed late Paleocene (Thanetian).
A Review on Fossil Findings of Central Iran’s Permo-Triassic Deposits  [PDF]
Hamideh Noroozpour, Mostafa Yousefi Rad
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.56035
Abstract: In this research, a review was done on Permo-Triassic deposits in Central Iran including Abadeh, Hambast, and Elika formations. Following an overview about the circumstances of Central Iran Basin during Permotriassic time interval, the respective formations are introduced, and then, history of paleontology studies on these deposits will be depicted. Through analysis and comparison of previous studies, the following ages were estimated for the aforementioned formations: Early Dzhulfian for Abadeh Formation, Late Dzhulfian-Dorashamian for Hambast Formation, and Early Triassic (Scythian) for Elika Formation. Also, Permotriassic boundary in Central Iran is continuous, bearing the proposed sedimentation and fossil content. It is noteworthy that due to volcanic events at the boundary of these deposits in Central Iran, one might infer that occurrence of the aforementioned activities has been among the major causes of the respective extinction.
Introduction of Ophiolitic Complex Rock Series in the 1:100,000 Sheet of Mianrahan (West of Iran)  [PDF]
Hamideh Farahmand, Mohammad Ali Arian
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2016.64043
Abstract: The Mianrahan’s ophiolitic complex out crops in the northeast of Kermanshah and along with the Zagros thrust zone. In Mianrahan sheet, these ophiolites are located along the NW-SE and parallel to the Zagros Thrust in the ground. The rocks of this ophiolite complex consist of peridotite, serpentinites, gabbro, dolerite dykes, basaltic lavas associated with marine sediments containing the cretaceous limestones, siliceous limestones and radiolarites. Stratification of this ophiolitic complex is similar to lithological facies sequence of the oceanic crust. However, in some parts, it could be seen as scattered and melanged in the ground. Petrographic study of Mianrahan’s ophiolitic complex started with the ultramafic sequence and followed by sedimentary rocks.
Algebraic Cycles and Extensions of Mixed Hodge Structures Arising from the Fundamental Group of a Punctured Curve
Payman Eskandari
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$, $\infty,p\in X(\mathbb{C})$, and $L_n$ be the mixed Hodge structure of functions on $\pi_1(X-\{\infty\},p)$ that can be expressed by iterated integrals of length at most $n$. In this paper we express the mixed Hodge extension $e^\infty_{n,p}$ arisen from the weight filtration on $\displaystyle{\frac{L_n}{L_{n-2}}}$ in terms of certain null-homologous algebraic cycles on $X^{2n-1}$. In the final section, we assume $X, p,\infty$ are over a subfield $k\subset\mathbb{C}$ and show that, one can associate to the extension $e^\infty_{n,p}$ a family of $k$-valued points on the Jacobian of $X$, parametrized by elements of $\text{CH}_{n-1}(X^{2n-1})$ defined over $k$. When $n=2$, the results are due to Darmon, Rotger and Sols. Our contribution is in generalizing the picture to $n\geq3$.
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