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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 39 matches for " Hamide Bahaodini "
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Stress Inoculation Training on Cognitive Emotional Regulation: The Effect on Vulnerable Married Female Adolescents  [PDF]
Hamide Bahaodini, Ghazal Zandekarimi
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.86021
Abstract: Married female adolescents are the most vulnerable people that culturally marry with their parents’ permission in Iran. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of stress inoculation training (SIT) on cognitive emotional regulation (CER) in these women. The method of this research was semi-experiment with pretest and posttest. The statistical society was the married adolescent female students from Qom high schools (80 people). First, they were assessed by cognitive emotional regulation questionnaire to find the subjects under the CER cut of point (55 people). Then 30 participants were randomly selected and were equally divided into experimental and control groups. The entry criteria for samples were female married students between 17 and 19 from low socioeconomic income. The experimental group received 8 sessions of SIT training while there was no intervention for control group. Results from MANCOVA analysis showed that there were significant differences between groups on cognitive emotional regulation in post-test. The data of pretest were the covariate factor. Finding suggests SIT is effective for cognitive emotional regulation in vulnerable married female adolescents. In addition, this training method elevates positive emotional strategies, which correlate with planning, focusing and organizing the emotions. In contrast, except self and the others blaming, negative emotional strategies differed slightly.
Native and Non-Native Writers’ Use of Stance Adverbs in English Research Article Abstracts  [PDF]
Hamide ?ak?r
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2016.62008
Abstract: Stance in scientific writing has been a major focus of attention. However, studies on stance in the research article abstracts have been relatively scarce in Turkey compared to those in other academic prose. Abstracts contain various sections in which information on the purpose, method, results, and conclusions of the study is presented to promote the study and to attract readers’ attention. In this respect, the abstract foregrounds the main findings and serves a promotional purpose (Hyland & Tse, 2005). By comparing abstracts written by Turkish and native writers of English, this paper tries to explore how academic writers from different scientific communities construct author’s stance in research article abstracts. In particular, the present study attempts to analyze lexico-grammatical features in research article abstracts focusing specifically on stance adverbs. Stance adverbs (clearly, probably, apparently) present the attitude or assessment of the speaker/writer with respect to the proposition (Biber, 2006). The corpus consists of 240 abstracts from the disciplines of sociology, psychology, linguistics, physics, chemistry and biology. The results revealed significant differences in the total number of stance adverbs. Native writers of English employed more stance adverbs in their abstracts than Turkish writers. Differences were also found of stance adverbs in soft and hard sciences. Academic writers in the soft sciences used more stance adverbs in their abstracts. Considering variations in scientific discourse across cultures and disciplines, the results of the study may have some pedagogical implications for academic writing courses.
Developing Pedagogical Practices in Turkish Classrooms  [PDF]
?zge Cengiz, Hamide ?ak?r
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.73052
Abstract: According to socio-cultural theory (Vygotsky, 1978), learning and cognitive development take place through a social interaction between the learner and a more knowledgeable other, in classroom, a teacher. This study is an attempt to deal with teacher-student interaction within the framework of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Cognitive Domain and to create some changes in teachers’ pedagogical practices in Turkish classrooms. Bloom’s Taxonomy was created to promote higher forms of thinking in education. In this study, first, teachers teaching Turkish to different grades at different schools were video-recorded in their classes with their students. After these observations, a teacher training course on Cognitive Domain and dialogicality was given to teachers in order to develop their awareness about their pedagogical practices and the cognitive level of the dialogue that takes place in the classrooms. Following the training, teachers were recorded in their classes in the same way again. Finally, after the discourse transcription, the cognitive levels of teachers’ utterances were classified with regard to Cognitive Domain, and a comparison of the data recorded before and after the training was designed to determine whether the training course had positive effects on teachers. Since language has the power to shape our consciousness, even a small change in the language of schooling may result in students’ participation, thus it can enhance their success. The results of this study indicated the benefit of training to carry out a more systematic and reflective pedagogical practice. The teachers who received training were able to produce utterances on the higher cognitive levels which also increased the cognitive levels of students’ utterances and the dialogue in classrooms.
The Use of Open Ended versus Closed Ended Questions in Turkish Classrooms  [PDF]
Hamide ?ak?r, ?zge Cengiz
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2016.62006
Abstract: Asking students good questions is a critical tool for developing their skills. In particular, open ended questions are believed to be useful for developing students’ cognitive skills, as these questions encourage them to express and elaborate upon their thinking, and provide rationales for their thoughts (Lee, Kinzie, & Whittaker, 2012). Open ended questions are likely to engage children in higher-order thinking (Roth, 1996) and usually involve reasoning and judgment (Hargreaves, 1984). Within this context, this study is an attempt to explore how a training program on open ended questions encourages teachers to improve their classroom practices. In particular, this cross-sectional study focuses on Turkish teachers’ questioning strategies, and aims to explore how Turkish teachers benefit from open ended questions in their classes, depending on their experience, gender and the grade of their classes, and to what extent their use of open ended questions differentiate after a training program. At the start of the study, teachers who were teaching Turkish to different grades at different schools were video-recorded in their classes with their students. After the recordings, a teacher training program on the roles and types of question was given to teachers in order to develop their awareness about open ended questions that they use in their classrooms. Following the training, teachers were recorded in their classes in the same way again. Finally, after the discourse transcription, the teachers’ questions were classified as open or closed ended, and a comparison of the data recorded before and after the training was designed to determine whether the training course had positive effects on teachers’ use of open ended questions. The results of this study indicate that the training encouraged teachers to adopt a more systematic and reflective pedagogical practice. After training, the teachers asked more open ended questions which resulted in more student participation, thus there was more dialogue in the classrooms.
The Effect of Prolonged Exposure to Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on α1 Adrenergic System of Isolated Colon in Rats
M Adampour-Zareh,A Bahaodini
Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: Prolonged exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) influences digestive system specially its motility. The present study was performed in order to study the effects of exposure to low frequency EMF on the adrenergic system of large intestine. Methods: In this experimental study, thirty adult male rats were divided into three groups: First group (experimental) included 10 male rats that were exposed to 1000μT and 50Hz for 140 days in the on solenoid. Second group (shahed) included 10 rats that were kept at same condition as the first group except that the solenoid was off. Third group (control) included 10 rats that were kept in a normal condition. Mechanical activity of the isolated strips of colon that were inserted to organ bath contained Kerebs solution(CaCl2 2/5, KCL 4/7, KH2Po41/2, MgSo4 1/2, NaHCO3 25, NaCl 118, glucose11, PH=7.4) (37°C) and they were linked to power lab force transducer to record cumulative doses of Phenylephrin. The data was analyzed using t- test at p<0.05 as a significant level. Results: The results showed no significant difference regarding long- term exposure to low frequency Electromagnetic field on adrenergic receptor α 1 adrenergic receptor sensitivities.
Study Of Teleotolaryngology In ENT Diseases
Reza Safdari,Nilufar Masuri,Kambiz Bahaodini,Mahdiye Khorasanizadeh
Payavard Salamat , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Aim: With the increasing spread of technology, the use of telemedicine to treat diseases is increasing. Diseases of the ear, throat and nose, are among the most common illnesses, especially among children, which can be diagnosed and treated through tele-otolaryngology.Materials and Methods: This comparative study is conducted in the United Stated, Australia and England. The information needed for the present study was collected from print sources such as texts, journals, and articles found in such databases as Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Web of knowledge, Google Scholar, and Scopus. To this end, certain key words like Telemedicine, Telehealthotolaryngology, ENT, ear diseases, otology and Teleconsultation were used. Results: The most common way to send information is through the standard otoscopy, video-otoscopy and videoconferencing equipment (Audio-Video Receiver). The information needed for Telehealthotolaryngology includes demographic information (patient's name, identification number, date of receiving services) together with the data related to the diagnosis and treatment of the disease (disease history, radiology and scan results, eardrum images, laboratory results and previous consultation results).Conclusion: For telehealthotolaryngology, suitable equipment is required to transmit audio-visual data properly so that ENT specialists and audiologists can benefit from it in their examination and treatment. The application of this method can help patients to economize on their treatment expenses and to follow their treatment in a better way.
HIV Associated Psoriasis-A Clinical Study
Singh Ajit,Thappa Devinder Mohan,Hamide Abdoul
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 1999,
Abstract: Six cases of HIV associated psoriasis were found out of 75 HIV infected patients with various mucocutaneous disorders. All of them were male and their mean age was 42.3 year. Psoriasis was diagnosed at presentation in five case, however, in one it was diagnosed after 1 year of having been detected as HIV seropositive. The mean age at onset of psoriasis was 42 years. Psoriasis vulgaris occurred in 3 cases whereas two had psoriatic eryroderma and one had palm plantar psoriasis. Five of our patients were in group III of HIV disease and only one was in group II. To conclude, psoriasis may be the first manifestation of HIV infection.
Mucocutaneous Disorders In HIV Infected Patients At Various Stages Of The Disease : A Preliminary Report
Singh Ajit,Thappa D M,Hamide Abdoul
Indian Journal of Dermatology , 1998,
Abstract: Fifty HIV infected cases with mucocutaneous disorders were classified according to CDC classification of HIV disease (1987). Fungal infections were the commonest, followed by viral and bacterial infections and miscellaneous disorders. Oral candidiasis was the commonest fungal infection and association with dysphagia, an AIDS defining condition, was noted in 11 cases in our study. Dermatophytosis was the next frequent fungal disorder observed in 14 cases. Out of the viral infections, herpes simplex was the most frequent disorder. A total of 125 mucocutaneous disorders was diagnosed in our 50 patients. A mean value of 1.71 diagnoses per patient was observed in stage II of HIV disease whereas in stage III of IV, it was 2.0 and 3.0 diagnoses per patient respectively, clearly showing that number of dermatoses increased with the progression of HIV disease.
Correlates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related knowledge among HIV infected people
Mahalakshmy T,Premarajan K,Abdoul Hamide
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2011,
Abstract: Background: The current adult prevalence of HIV in India is 0.34%. HIV infected persons should have adequate knowledge about the modes of transmission of infection. This is essential for reducing the risk of secondary infection, preventing coinfection from other viruses such as hepatitis B and for protecting the uninfected. Identification of the correlates of poor knowledge among HIV positive subjects will aid in planning effective measures to improve their health knowledge about HIV. Aims: To explore HIV related knowledge among HIV positive subjects and to determine the correlates of their knowledge. Methods: The study was conducted between November 2005 and May 2007. Two hundred HIV positive subjects attending a tertiary care hospital and three non-governmental organizations in Puducherry, South India, were recruited for the study. They were interviewed using a pre-tested structured questionnaire regarding their knowledge about HIV and were divided into those with HIV knowledge score >90% and those with score ≤90%. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test and logistic regression. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were also calculated. Results: The median knowledge score was 90%. Knowledge on the modes of HIV transmission was better than that on the modes by which it does not spread. Subjects who had received counseling (OR: 16.78), studied above class 10 (OR: 4.13), and those with duration of more than 1 year since diagnosis (OR: 3.12) had better HIV knowledge score (>90%). Persons counseled by HIV positive peers had a better knowledge. Conclusion: This study revealed the importance of counseling in improving the HIV related knowledge among HIV positive individuals. It also highlights the beneficial effect of peer counseling.
Exploration of Medicinal Species of Lamiaceae family in Ilkhji and Sharafaldin Regions of Esat Azarbaijan in Iran
Leila Joudi,Ghassem Habibi Bibalani,Hamide Shadkami
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In this research medicinal species of Lamiaceae family were detected. As medicinal plants are suitable alternatives for synthetic and chemical drugs (Idu and Osemwegie) also because of medical and nutritional importance and valuable protein contents of Lamiaceae sp., all plants of Lamiaceae family are collected in Ilkhji and sharafaldin regions during growth seasons of 2007-2009. Plants were collected in 2 regions according to the classical method of regional floristical studies. Collected plants were recognized by valid references (Parsa 1943-1950; Reshinger, 1963-1990). Then medical species are chosen by using pharmacopeias. The results of the current study demonstrated that at Ilkhji region 16 species belong to 8 genuses and at Sharafaldin region 4 species belong to 4 genuses that all of them belong to Lamiaceae family. Among these species, 18 species at Ilkhji and sharafaldin region had medicinal properties. Medicinal species of these 2 regions consist of: Marrubium vulgare, Mentha longifolia, Nepeta meyeri, Nepeta persica, Nepeta racemosa, Phlomis olivieri, Salvia nemorasa, Salvia sahendica, Salvia spinosa, Stachys virgata, Stachys inflate, Stachys lavandifolia, Stachys turcomanica, Stachys persica, Thymus cotschyanus, Thymus pubescens, Ziziphora tenuior Lamium amplexicaule. The results of this study showed that the region has a great potential for producing respective medicinal plants species belong to those families. Medicinal plants recently become more important because of their medicinal uses and in addition they are valuable source of protein.
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