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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3104 matches for " Hamid Haghani "
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Quality of life in the Iranian Blind War Survivors in 2007: a cross-sectional study
Reza Amini, Hamid Haghani, Mehdi Masoumi
BMC International Health and Human Rights , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1472-698x-10-21
Abstract: This was a cross-sectional study of a representative population of 250 war victims blind in both eyes at a 14-day recreational conference.Participants had a mean age of 43.20(SD8.34) and their composition was 96.5% male and 3.5% female with a mean SF-36 QOL score of 59.20(SD22.80). An increasing level of education among the participants correlated with a higher QOL score (p = 0.006). The QOL also has a significant correlation to number of injuries (p < 0.0001). High systolic and diastolic blood pressure, hearing loss, and tinnitus had negative individual correlations to QOL (p = 0.016, 0.016, 0.005, p < 0.0001). The male sexual disorders of erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation both had significant correlations to QOL (p = 0.026, p < 0.0001). Hypercholesterolemia showed significant correlation to QOL (p = 0.021).As blind war survivors' age, they will present with a greater set of burdens despite their relatively better QOL in the physical component scale when compared with lower limb amputees. Risk factors of cardiovascular attack such as high blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia were present and need future interventions.Quality of life, blindness, SF36, healthArmed conflict has been established as a major trigger for multiple physical, mental, and social injuries in all environments. Visual impairment and blindness are common afflictions present in one or both eyes as a result of such conflicts. As one of the longest modern wars, the Iran-Iraq War is no exception to this phenomenon and has produced many survivors with these injuries [1].Health-related quality of life (HQOL) is a complex measurement that aggregates a range of variables that, as a whole, relate to individual's ability to lead a normal lifestyle. Assessing the relation between these vexatious variables and quality of life can help establish and run a more efficient and effective health system [2].Blindness has a direct effect on quality of life; though coping with this situation is signif
Sleep disturbance associated factors in menopausal women
Simin Taavoni,Neda Ekbatani,Hamid Haghani
Behbood , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Sleep is necessary in life and approximately 1/3 of human life is devoted to sleep. One of the most common problems in menopausal women is sleep disturbance. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of sleep disorders and its related factors in 50 – 60 years old women Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted on 200 eligible women who referred to selected health centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Demographic form, ten-point slide to review sexual satisfaction and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index Questioner (PSQI) were used for data collection. Data was analyzed using ANOVA, t-test, and Pearson correlation tests.Results: The mean age of women was 53.6±3.6 year, menopause age 47.8±4, number of children 4.76±2 and partner age was 57.99±6.6. 34.5% of women were satisfied from their sexual relationship and their score was 8-10. Rate of sleep disturbances in this group was about 70%. The results showed that between four variables: economical status, occupation, partner occupation and educational status were significantly associated with sleep disturbance (P=0.002). There was not significant difference between other demographic information and sleep disturbance.Conclusion: The results show high prevalence of sleep disturbance symptoms among menopausal women. According to the relationship between some personal characters and sleep disturbance, health care providers need to consider these variables.
Mobile phone text messaging and Telephone follow-up in type 2 diabetic patients for 3 months: a comparative study
Zolfaghari Mirta,Mousavifar Seyedeh A,Haghani Hamid
Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/2251-6581-11-7
Abstract: Background To investigate and to compare the effectiveness of a nurse short message service (SMS) by cellular phone and telephone follow-up by nurse on Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Methods Semi experimental study consisted of 77 patients with type 2 diabetes that randomly assigned to two groups: telephone follow-up (n = 39) and short message service (n = 38). Telephone interventions were applied by researcher for 3 months. SMS group that received message daily for 12 weeks. Data gathering instrument include data sheet to record HbA1c and questionnaire that consisted of demographic characteristics. Data gathering was performed at two points: initial the study and after 12 weeks. Data analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics methods with SPSS version 11.5. Results Demographic variables were compared and all of them were homogenous. Results of this study showed that both interventions had significant mean changes in HbA1c; for the telephone group (p = 0.001), with a mean change of 0.93% and for the SMS group (p = 0.001), with a mean change of 1.01%. Conclusion Finding of this research showed that intervention using SMS via cellular phone and nurse-led-telephone follow up improved HbA1c for three months in type 2 diabetic patients and it can consider as alternative methods for diabetes control.
The Effect of an Educational Program Based on the Health Belief Model on Self-Efficacy among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Referred to the Iranian Diabetes Association in 2014  [PDF]
Sheida Vahidi, Sima Esmaeili Shahmirzadi, Davoud Shojaeizadeh, Hamid Haghani, Soghra Nikpour
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2015.53022
Abstract: Background: Patient self-efficacy is one of the most important factors in treating and overcoming disease. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an educational program based on the health belief model on self-efficacy among patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the Iranian Diabetes Association in 2014. Method: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. Eighty patients with type 2 diabetes were selected randomly by the double block sample method. They were then divided into two groups of intervention and control (40 patients in each group) by random allocation. Data were collected by a questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model and self-efficacy. The data were gathered two months after the educational program was held. The educational program was designed on the basis of data collected in the pre-test phase. Then, the educational program was executed for the intervention group in 8 sessions (each 30 minutes) using lectures and an educational booklet. Data analysis was done with Chi-square Test, Pearson’s correlation, Independent samples T-test and paired T-test. The significance level was considered at 0.05. Results: Before intervention, no significant difference was detected between the two groups. However, after intervention all variables were significantly different except for perceived threat. Moreover, there were significant linear relationships between Self-efficacy and all Health Belief Model components after the educational intervention in both groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The educational program based on the health belief model increased self-efficacy in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Curvature perturbations of quasidilaton non-linear massive gravity
Zahra Haghani,Hamid Reza Sepangi,Shahab Shahidi
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.124014
Abstract: We study the cosmological perturbations of the recently proposed extension of non-linear massive gravity with a scalar field. The added scalar field ensures a new symmetry on the field space of the theory. The theory has the property of having a flat dS solution, in contrast to the standard dRGT massive gravity. The tensor part is the same as that of the standard dRGT and shows gravitational waves with a time dependent mass which modifies the dispersion relation. We obtain the curvature perturbation of the model on superhorizon scales for a specific choice of $\omega=0$ and find that the theory does not allow a constant curvature perturbation on the superhorizon scales and we have always a growing mode. The consistency of equations restricts the parameter space of the theory.
Cosmological dynamics of brane f(R) gravity
Zahra Haghani,Hamid Reza Sepangi,Shahab Shahidi
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/031
Abstract: The cosmological dynamics of a brane world scenario where the bulk action is taken as a generic function of the Ricci scalar is considered in a framework where the use of the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry and Israel junction conditions are relaxed. The corresponding cosmological solutions for some specific forms of $f(\mc{R})$ are obtained and shown to be in the form of exponential as well as power law for a vacuum brane space-time. It is shown that the existence of matter dominated epoch for a bulk action in the form of a power law for $\cal R$ can only be obtained in the presence of ordinary matter. Using phase space analysis, we show that the universe must start from an unstable matter dominated epoch and eventually falls into a stable accelerated expanding phase.
The survey of association between occupational factors and preterm childbirth
zohre Khakbazan,mehrnaze Geranmayeh,gamileh Taghizadeh,hamid Haghani
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2007,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Socio-economical changes have increased the women's opportunity to take job in recent decades. The increased levels of women in work places, has resulted in a high interest in the potential adverse effects of work on pregnancy outcome. This study was conducted in order to surveying the association between occupational factors and preterm childbirth. Methods & Materials: It is a cross-sectional study. Samples consisted of nurses and midwives (518 person) who working in Tehran's universities of medical sciences hospitals. Also they delivered newborns in gestational age more than twenty weeks (term or preterm) in years 2001-2006. The subjects were selected using a multi stage sampling method. Data gathered using a self-administered questionnaire. Occupational factors labeled as fatigue score and working hours. The relation between Occupational factors and preterm birth was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Chi-squared, t-test and Mann-Whitney U test) by SPSS software. Results: Based on the study findings, the prevalence of preterm labor was 17.2% (95%CI=0.14-0.20). Although the proportions of unfavorable working conditions include: working at acute clinical wards, standing up more than 3h per each working shift, physical exercise, working in cold or hot weather, working in busy environment with continuous noise, being checker of visual and aural monitoring signals, working hours equal or more than 40 hours per week, and working fatigue score equal or more than 3 were higher in preterm group; but it didn't show any significant relation with preterm birth. Conclusion: According to the research findings, it seems that occupational factors do not have explicit effect on preterm childbirth. Therefore more investigations are recommended. Key words: Preterm Labor, Occupational Factors, Fatigue
General Self-Efficacy Among Family’s Female Caregiver of Elderly with Alzheimer’s Disease
Farideh Bastani,Elham Ghasemi,Reza Negarandeh,Hamid Haghani
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2012,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Caregivers of elderly with Alzheimer's disease, particularly females, encounter challenges. Their different roles in giving care to the patients could result in physical and mental disorders. The self-efficacy seems to be an essential factor in empowering individuals coping with stressful situations and challenging tasks. The aim of this study was to investigate general self-efficacy among women as family caregivers of elderly with Alzheimers disease. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 112 women reffered to the Iran Alzheimer Association, Tehran were selected through convenience sampling method. The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE-10) was used to collect data. Data were entered into the SPSS-16 and then processed using descriptive statistics and independent t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe. Results: The mean score of the general self-efficacy was 28.24±6.34 indicating that considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy (65.2%). In addition, there were significant relationships between the women's general self-efficacy with educational and economic statuses (P<0.05). There were no significant relationships between general self-efficacy with age, marital status, occupational status and duration of caring. Conclusion: According to the findings, a considerable percentage of the participants had unsatisfactory level of self-efficacy. Therefore, it is essential to promote the caregivers self-efficacy in order to give them the ability of better adaptation with the lifes challenges. In particular, the self-efficacy promotive programs should be implemented among caregivers with lower educational and economic status.
Perspectives of Nurses on Organizational Culture
Zahra Ahmadian,Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani,Farideh Bastani,Hamid Haghani
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2012,
Abstract: Background & Objective: Hospitals and healthcare centers, like any other organizations, have some common norms and beliefs called as organizational culture. Organizational culture plays a key role in organization's and staffs' performances. Nurses' perspectives on the organizational culture affect the way they play their role in. This study aimed to investigate the role of organizational culture from perspectives of nurses working in selected hospitals at Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 230 nurses working in different wards of selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were recruited to the study. Data were collected using a demographic characteristics checklist as well as the nurse and organizational culture questionnaire extracted from the Robbins criteria. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical indexes, independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression in the SPSS v.17. Results: Results showed that the existing organizational culture in the selected hospitals was in a moderately good level from nurses' perspectives. From the scores obtained for various dimensions of the organizational culture, the highest and lowest scores were for control (44.2%) and conflict tolerance (31.8%), respectively. Conclusion: The level of the organizational culture from the nurses' perspectives might lead them to decrease the quality of their performance. Optimizing the organizational culture can improve nurses' performance and motivate them to increase their quality of work.
Effectiveness of Informational Support on Anxiety among Family Carers of Patients Undergone Open Heart Surgery
Masoomeh Imanipour,Zahra Heidari,Naiemeh Seyedfatemi,Hamid Haghani
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2012,
Abstract: Background & Objective: Hospitalization of patients in the intensive care unit of open heart surgery (ICUOH) is often stressful for patients' family carers. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the informational support on anxiety among families of patients undergone open heart surgery. Methods & Materials: In this double-group randomized clinical trial, 64 family carers of patients undergone open heart surgery were selected using convenience sampling method and were randomly allocated into two intervention or control groups. The informational support consistedof holding the ICU orientation tours and educational sessions, and providing educational pamphlets and booklets. The members of the control group received routin information. The anxiety of the family carers was measured using the trait Spielberger anxiety questionnaire before surgery and in the day of discharge from the ICU. Independent and paired t-tests were used to analyze the data. Results: According to the findings, there were no significant difference between the two groups regarding demographic charachteristics. At the baseline, the mean of anxiety scores were 47.9±11.5 and 49.2±11.5 in the control and intervetion groups, respectively. The anxiety scores diminished in both groups after the surgery, however, the difference was not statistically significant between the two groups (P=0.18). Conclusion: For effective control of anxiety among family members of patients, both informational support and other supportive techniques such as psychological support and meeting other family needs should be considered.
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