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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 126 matches for " Hamdollah ESKANDARI "
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Intercropping of Maize (Zea mays) and Cowpea (Vigna sinensis) as Whole-Crop Forage: Effect of Different Planting Pattern on Total Dry Matter Production and Maize Forage Quality
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Ahmad GHANBARI
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2009,
Abstract: Mixtures of cereals and legumes are used extensively for forage production. Maize (Zea mays) and cowpea (Vigna sinensis) monocultures as well as their mixture in three planting patterns (M1: alternate-row intercrop, M2: within-row intercrop, M3: mixed intercrop) were used to investigate on forage yield as well as the effect of intercropping on maize forage quality. The experiment was carried out as randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that intercropping systems had a significant effect on forage dry weight, where dry matter yield was increased by intercropping as compared with maize and cowpea sole crops. It was related with a higher consumption consumption of environmental resources, such as photosynthetically active radiation and soil moisture, by intercropping. Maize forage quality in terms of crude protein was improved by intercropping. It was because of more nitrogen availability for maize in intercropping compared with its sole crop.
Germination and Seedling Properties of Different Wheat Cultivars under Salinity Conditions
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Kamyar KAZEMI
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2011,
Abstract: Salinity effects were evaluated on seed germination and seedling growth of four bread wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.) including ‘Taro’, ‘Shoa’, ‘Chamran’ and ‘S-78-11’. The seeds were subjected to four levels of electrical conductivity (EC) 0.0, 4.0, 8.0 and 12.0 ds m-2. The measured factors consisted of germination percentage, speed of germination, shoot and root dry weight and shoot and root lengths. The experiment was arranged as split plot based on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications (NaCl levels as main plot and cultivars as sub-plots). By increasing NaCl concentration, seed germination delayed and decreased in all cultivars. The lowest germination percentage took place in ‘Shoa’ cultivar and the highest germination in ‘S-78-11’ cultivar. The largest shoot length was observed in the control (no salt) condition. Increasing NaCl concentrations adversely affected plumule and radicle dry weight in each cultivar; shoot dry weight fluctuated by varying NaCl concentrations. The lowest value found in ‘Shoa’ cultivar. Regarding the relationship between speed of germination and seed vigour, salt stress decreased seed vigour of wheat cultivars. ‘S-78-11’ was a superior cultivar under all salinity levels.
Effect of different Planting Pattern of Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Bean (Vicia faba) on Grain Yield, Dry Matter Production and Weed Biomass
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Ahmad GHANBARI
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2010,
Abstract: An experiment was conducted in University of London, Kent, UK during the year 2003. The aim of experiment was to investigate the effects of planting pattern on performance of wheat and bean intercrops. A complete randomized block design with four replications was employed to compare the treatments. Treatments included wheat sole crop (W), Bean sole crop (B), within row intercropping (M1), row intercropping (M2) and mix cropping (M3). The density of intercropping was according to replacement design (one wheat replaced by three bean plants). The results showed that total dry matter achieved by intercrops was significantly higher than those achieved by either wheat or bean sole crop. Regarding to weed control, intercrops were more effective than sole crops, especially bean sole crop. Crops performance in terms dry weight, height and percentage of leaf, stem pod and ear was affected by cropping systems depending on crop species, where wheat showed more changes compared to bean . Grain yield, harvest index and thousand grain weights of wheat were decreased in intercropping while bean had reduction only in grain yield.
Weed Control in Maize-Cowpea Intercropping System Related to Environmental Resources Consumption
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Kamyar KAZEMI
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2011,
Abstract: A field experiment was carried out in Ramhormoz, Iran during the 2008-2009 growing season to investigate the effects of different planting pattern of intercropping on environmental resource consumption and weed biomass. A randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was employed to compare the treatments. Treatments included maize sole crop (M), cow pea sole crop (C), within row intercropping (I1), row intercropping (I2) and mix cropping (I3). The density of intercropping was according to replacement design (one maize replaced by three cow pea plants). The results showed that environmental resource consumption was significantly (P≤0.05) affected by cropping system, where PAR interception, moisture and nutrients uptake were higher in intercropping systems compared to sole crop systems. Regarding to weed control, intercrops were more effective than sole crops and it was related to lower availability of environmental resources for weeds in intercropping systems.
Environmental Resource Consumption in Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and Bean (Vicia faba) Intercropping: Comparison of Nutrient Uptake and Light Interception
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Ahmad GHANBARI
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2010,
Abstract: Wheat (Triticum aestivum) and bean (Vicia faba L.) sole crops and their mixture in three planting pattern (M1: alternate-row intercrop, M2: within-row intercrop, M3: mixed intercrop) were used to investigate the amount of resource consumption in terms of PAR interception and nutrient uptake. The experiment was carried out as randomized complete block design with four replications. The results showed that intercropping systems had a significant effect on environmental resources consumption, where intercropping systems had more nutrient uptake and light interception compared to sole crops, suggesting the complementarity effect of intercropping components in resources consumption. The ability of wheat and bean was different in intercropping systems in absorbing nutrients because of their differences in root morphology and cation exchange capacity.
Effect of Seed Priming on Germination Properties and Seedling Establishment of Cowpea (Vigna sinensis)
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Kamyar KAZEMI
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2011,
Abstract: Early emergence and stand establishment of cowpea are considered to be the most important yield-contributing factors in rainfed areas. Laboratory tests and afield experiment were conducted in RCB design in 2011 at a research farm in Ramhormoz, Iran, to evaluate the effects of hydropriming (8, 12 and 16 hours duration) and halo priming (solutions of 1.5% KNO3 and 0.8% NaCl) on seedling vigor and field establishment of cowpea. Analysis of variance of laboratory data showed that hydropriming significantly improved germination rate, seed vigor index, and seedling dry weights. However, germination percentage for seeds primed with KNO3 and non-primed seeds were statistically similar, but higher than those for NaCl priming. Overall, hydropriming treatment was comparatively superior in the laboratory tests. Invigoration of cowpea seeds by hydropriming and NaCl priming resulted in higher seedling emergence and establishment in the field, compared to control and seed priming with KNO3. Seedling emergence rate was also enhanced by priming seeds with water, suggesting that hydropriming is a simple, low cost and environmentally friendly technique for improving seed and seedling vigor of cowpea.
Response of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes to Post-Anthesis Water Deficit
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Kamyar KAZEMI KAZEMI
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2010,
Abstract: Resources of water are limited in many agricultural areas of West Asia. Therefore, effective use of this scarce resource is very important in this region. So, this research was conducted in 2009-2010 growing season at Research Farm of Agricultural Researches Center of Khuzestan, Iran, to investigate the effects of two irrigation regime (I1: normal irrigation and I2: no irrigation in post-anthesis growth stage) on grain yield of five wheat cultivars (‘Chamran’, ‘S-78-11’, ‘A’, ‘S-80-18’ and ‘S-82-10’). A split plot experiment based on randomized complete block design in three replications was used, with the irrigation regime in main plots and wheat cultivars in subplots. The results showed that 1000-grain weight, grains per spikelet and grain yield were decreased by water limitation. Despite of their significant differences in 1000-grain weight, spikelets per spike and grains per spike, the grain yield of wheat cultivars was not significantly different. It was resulted by different grain yield reduction of genotypes under different irrigation regimes. Genotypes ‘S-80-18’ and ‘S-78-11’ produced highest yield under normal irrigation and drought stress conditions, respectively. The yield reduction of ‘S-80-18’ genotype was highest under drought stress conditions. ‘S-78-11’ was the most tolerant genotype to water deficit occurrence.
Intercropping of Cereals and Legumes for Forage Production
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Ahmad GHANBARI,Abdollah JAVANMARD
Notulae Scientia Biologicae , 2009,
Abstract: Cereals are high important in feeding ruminant animals for their high dry matter production and low cost. However, cereals forage is poor in protein content which shows their low quality and nutritive value. Regarding to high feed costs of protein supplementations, legumes can be used in livestock nutrition for their high protein content and, thus, providing cost saving. Since legumes have low dry matter yield, acceptable forage yield and quality can obtained from intercropping of cereals and legumes compared with their sole crops. In this paper, forage quality indicators and different factors affecting forage quality are discussed. Forage production and quality of different cereals-legumes intercropping are also reviewed, where; different legumes had different effect on forage quality when intercropped with specific cereal. Regarding to forage quality and quantity, different cereals also led to different production of forage. A number of factors which must be noticified in selecting cereal-legume intercropping compositions, especially for forage production, were considered.
Forage Quality of Cow Pea (Vigna sinensis) Intercropped with Corn (Zea mays) as Affected by Nutrient Uptake and Light Interception
Hamdollah ESKANDARI,Ahmad GHANBARI-BONJAR,Muhammad GALAVI,Muhammad SALARI
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2009,
Abstract: An experiment was carried out in 2003 to investigate the effect of intercropping on light interception, nutrient uptake and forage quality of cow pea. A randomized complete block design (RCB) with three replications was employed to compare the treatments, including cow pea sole crop (Cp), corn sole crop (C), alternate-row intercropping (M1), within-row intercropping (M2) and mixed intercropping (M3). The intercrop composition was based on replacement design, where one corn was replaced by three cow pea plants. The results indicated that PAR (photosyntheticaly active radiation) interception and nutrient uptake were improved by intercropping. Cow pea was more competitive than corn in absorbing divalent cations (Ca and Mg) for its high root cation exchange capacity. However, corn was more competitive than cow pea for phosphorus and potassium. Forage quality of cow pea in terms of crude protein was decreased in intercropping compared to its sole crop. It was related to reduction of biological nitrogen fixation induced by low PAR and phosphorus availability for cow pea in intercropping.
Determine the Eigen Function of Schrodinger Equation with Non-Central Potential by Using NU Method  [PDF]
Hamdollah Salehi
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.28138
Abstract: So far, Schrodinger equation with central potential has been solved in different methods but solving this equation with non-central potentials is less dealt with. Solving such equations are way more difficult and complicated and a certain and limited number of non-central potentials can be solved. In this paper, we introduce one of the solvable kinds of such potentials and we will use NU method for solving Schrodinger equation and then by using this method we have calculated particular figures of its energy and function.
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