oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 4 )

2019 ( 209 )

2018 ( 242 )

2017 ( 244 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144427 matches for " Hakeem B Fawehinmi "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /144427
Display every page Item
Craniofacial Anthropometry in a Young Nigerian Population: the Canthal Distances
Jaja,Blessing N.R; Fawehinmi,Hakeem B; Jack,Joy T;
International Journal of Morphology , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022011000300041
Abstract: the measurement of craniofacial parameters have clinical, forensic and anthropologic significance. local data on inner canthal and outer canthal distances and the canthal index may reveal the pattern of differential growth in craniofacial features resulting from factors such as sex, diet and genetic distinctions. in the present study, we provide normative data on canthal distances in a nigerian population which has not been studied previously, utilizing a study design which optimises the effect of age and minimise bias and confounding than previous studies in nigerian groups. the mean inner canthal distance was 1.85±0.30cm and 2.07±0.29cm (males vs. females, p= 0.000); mean outer canthal distance, 10.39±0.56cm and 10.40±0.98cm (males vs. female, p= 0.899). the results were found to be considerably lower than what has been reported among nigerian groups.
Craniofacial Anthropometry in a Young Nigerian Population: the Canthal Distances Antropometría Craneofacial en una Población Joven de Nigeria: Distancia Cantal
Blessing N.R Jaja,Hakeem B Fawehinmi,Joy T Jack
International Journal of Morphology , 2011,
Abstract: The measurement of craniofacial parameters have clinical, forensic and anthropologic significance. Local data on inner canthal and outer canthal distances and the canthal index may reveal the pattern of differential growth in craniofacial features resulting from factors such as sex, diet and genetic distinctions. In the present study, we provide normative data on canthal distances in a Nigerian population which has not been studied previously, utilizing a study design which optimises the effect of age and minimise bias and confounding than previous studies in Nigerian groups. The mean inner canthal distance was 1.85±0.30cm and 2.07±0.29cm (males vs. females, p= 0.000); mean outer canthal distance, 10.39±0.56cm and 10.40±0.98cm (males vs. female, p= 0.899). The results were found to be considerably lower than what has been reported among Nigerian groups. La medición de parámetros craneofaciales tiene importancia clínica, forense y antropológica. Los datos locales sobre la distancia cantal interna y cantal externa y el índice cantal puede revelar el patrón de crecimiento diferencial en las características craneofaciales como resultado de factores como el sexo, la dieta y las diferencias genéticas. En el presente estudio, se proporcionan datos normativos sobre la distancia cantal en una población de Nigeria que no ha sido estudiada previamente, utilizando un dise o de estudio que optimiza el efecto de la edad, como también minimiza el sesgo y la confusión de estudios anteriores en los grupos de Nigeria. La media de distancia cantal interna fue de 1,85±0,30cm y 2,07±0,29cm (hombres v/s mujeres, p = 0,000), mientras que la media de distancia cantal externa fue 10,39±0,56cm y 10,40±0,98cm (hombres v/s mujeres, p = 0,899). Los resultados de este estudio son considerablemente más bajos que lo que se han reportado previamente para los grupos nigerianos.
A Software Tool for Facial Analysis
Oghenemavwe Ese Loveday,Fawehinmi Babatude Hakeem,Daenwin Tonye Lekara
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: An accurate and thorough facial analysis is needed for the formulation of treatment plan in rhinoplastic, dental and aesthetic surgical procedures. The analysis process is not difficult but tedious due to accuracy requirements. Before technological advances, facial analysis was done manually to detect and interpret facial characteristics. This procedure is often time consuming with greater error due to parallax and approximation. The object of this study is to introduce a software tool design to simplify the analysis of facial parameters. 2D photographic images of the face captured under varying condition of illumination where analyzed with the aid of standard anatomical landmarks. Facial dimensions obtained where less time consuming and accurate. The software is capable of depicting and quantifying craniofacial dimensions and facial soft tissue profile at an increased speed and accuracy.
Photogrammetric Analysis of Soft Tissue Profile of the Face of Igbos in Port Harcourt
Oghenemavwe Ese Loveday,Fawehinmi Hakeem Babatunde,Udoaka Alaba Isobo,Oladipo Gabriel Sunday
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The understanding of soft tissues of the face in relation to the underlying dentoskeletal tissues is an essential guide in aesthetic treatment plan. The present study quantify the average parameters that define the soft tissue norms for young Igbo adults by means of linear and angular measurements. Standardized photographic records of 200 (100 males and 100 females) subjects taken in the Natural Head Position (NHP) were analyzed. Igbo male subjects had a mean percent ratio of 41.85±0.03 for middle face and 58.15±0.03 ratio for lower face, a nasofrontal angle of 130.18±8.84o, a nasofacial angle of 39.92±4.720o, a nasomental angle of 112.99±8.91o and a mentocervical angle of 91.11±2.25o. In Igbo female subjects the mean values for middle face, lower face, nasofrontal angle, nasofacial angle, nasomental angle and mentocervical angle were 43.03±0.03o, 56.97±0.03o, 134.29±9.18o, 38.06±5.22o, 117.25±8.240o and 90.37±1.280o, respectively. Statistical analysis (using the z score) showed significant gender differences for all parameters (p<0.05). The data presented in this study could be potentially useful in orthodontics and facial plastic surgery.
The Legal Framework for Solid Waste Disposal and Management in Kwara State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Hakeem Ijaiya
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.411143
Abstract:

Solid waste such as garbage trash refuse slug and rubbish is disposed off or is required to be disposed off in accordance with national law. The study relies on primary and secondary sources of information. The primary sources include the Constitution, statutes and subsidiary legislation. The secondary sources of information include books, journals, conference proceedings, newspapers, magazines and internet materials. The information obtained from these sources is subjected to content and contextual analysis. The study examines the Kwara State Environmental Protection Agency Law, 1992 and other laws on waste disposal and management in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study also examines the regulations and the agency i.e. the Kwara State Environmental Protection Agency created by the law with a view to determine the inadequacies in the law.

The Legal Regime of Noise Pollution in Nigeria  [PDF]
Hakeem Ijaiya
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.51001
Abstract:

Man is born with noise and dies with that, thus noise is part of human life and a natural product of human environment. Noise like smog, is a slow agent of death. Noise may not appear as a threat to global environment on the same level as deforestation, hazardous wastes or emission of poisonous gases into the atmosphere but if it continued the next 30 years as it has for the last 30 years, it could become lethal. Against this background, this paper examines noise as a factor harmful to the environment with focus on Nigeria. The paper looks at noise pollution in Nigeria and the legal regime relating to the problem. The paper examines how environmental law and other relevant sources of law endeavoured to tackle noise pollution in the country.

Protection by Liquorice in Alcohol Induced Gastric Mucosa Damage
A.E. Ligha,H.B. Fawehinmi
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Gastric diseases are widespread among the inhabitants of many countries and alcohol consumption is a known precipitating factor. This study investigates the protective effect of Liquorice, an indigenous plant in tropical and sub-tropical areas and belongs to the Fabaceae family on 80% alcohol- induce gastric mucosa lesions and morphological changes in rats. The rats were divided into five groups of five rats per group. Gastric damage was induced with 80% alcohol. The treated group received the crude extract of 200 mg/kg.oral prior to alcohol gastric mucosa damage induction. Histological studies, ulcer index, Alkaline Phosphotase (ALP), lipid peroxidation product (TBARS) which is an index of lipid peroxidation were studied. Liquorice pre-treatment showed protection against alcohol mucosa damage; a significant reduction in the ulcer index of 1.94 ±0.05 against 5.24 ±0.07 of positive control. The ALP and TBARS were also significantly reduced. The results suggest that Liquorice seed extracts have significant mucosal protective and antioxidative effects on the gastric mucosa in rats.
Case Report: Acute Suppurative Parotitis and Parotid Abscess in Young Children
Y Fawehinmi
Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics , 2002,
Abstract: Acute suppurative parotitis in three children, aged between eight months and two years who presented within a period of one month is described. Despite prompt treatment with intravenous antibiotics, the swellings in two of the three progressed to abscesses whose identification was facilitated by ultrasonic examination. The organism isolated from purulent specimens from the drained abscesses consisted of Staphylococcus aureus, while one of the two that progressed to an abscess had in addition, an anaerobic organism, Fusobaccterium nucleatum. All the three recovered completely. Based on our experience, it is advocated that the management of infants with suppurative parotitis should include adequate antibiotic cover for streptococcus, staphylococcus and bacteroides, while drainage, using Blair's modified incision should be undertaken where an abscess is present. The efficacy of ultrasound examination in the diagnosis of parotid gland abscess is highlighted. Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics 2002; 29:17-19.
Cephalic Index of Ogbia Tribe of Bayesla State
Eroje,M. A; Fawehinmi,H. B; Jaja,B. N; Yaakor,L;
International Journal of Morphology , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022010000200009
Abstract: a study on cephalic index was carried out on subjects from ogbia tribe of bayelsa state in the niger delta region of nigeria. four hundred and fourty individuals were randomly selected from the community comprising of 219 males and 221 females respectively. the ages of the subjects ranged from 2-18 years. the length and breadth of the head was measured using a sliding caliper from standard bony landmarks. the measurable point for head length was measured between the glabella and opisthocranion while the head breadth was the widest biparietal diameter from euryon (eu) on one side of the head to euryon (eu), on the other side. mean values of cephalic index, standard deviation and standard error of mean were calculated for both sexes. the result showed that the mean cephalic index was 72.96 ± 6.12. male had a cephalic index of 73.68 ± 6.53 while female had a cephalic index of 72.24 ± 5.60. the difference in cephalic index between male and female was significant (p=0.007). based on the cephalic index, the head form of 66.82% of individuals were dolichocephalic, 21.59% mesocephalic, 10.23% brachycephalic and 1.36% hyperbrachycephalic. this research showed that ogbia children have dolichocephalic phenotype. the data from this research will be useful in anthropology, genetics and forensic medicine.
Cephalic Index of Ogbia Tribe of Bayesla State índice Cefálico de la Tribu Ogbia del Estado de Bayelsa
M. A Eroje,H. B Fawehinmi,B. N Jaja,L Yaakor
International Journal of Morphology , 2010,
Abstract: A study on Cephalic Index was carried out on subjects from Ogbia tribe of Bayelsa State in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Four hundred and fourty individuals were randomly selected from the community comprising of 219 males and 221 females respectively. The ages of the subjects ranged from 2-18 years. The length and breadth of the head was measured using a sliding caliper from standard bony landmarks. The measurable point for head length was measured between the glabella and opisthocranion while the head breadth was the widest biparietal diameter from euryon (eu) on one side of the head to euryon (eu), on the other side. Mean values of cephalic index, standard deviation and standard error of mean were calculated for both sexes. The result showed that the mean cephalic index was 72.96 ± 6.12. Male had a cephalic index of 73.68 ± 6.53 while female had a cephalic index of 72.24 ± 5.60. The difference in cephalic index between male and female was significant (p=0.007). Based on the cephalic index, the head form of 66.82% of individuals were Dolichocephalic, 21.59% Mesocephalic, 10.23% Brachycephalic and 1.36% Hyperbrachycephalic. This research showed that Ogbia children have Dolichocephalic phenotype. The data from this research will be useful in anthropology, genetics and forensic medicine. Se estudió el índice cefálico en sujetos de la tribu Ogbia del estado de Bayelsa en la región del Delta del Níger de Nigeria. Fueron seleccionados al azar 440 individuos de la comunidad ( 219 hombres y 221 mujeres), con edades entre 2 y 18 a os. La longitud y el ancho de la cabeza se midió utilizando un caliper de referencias óseas estándar. La longitud de la cabeza se midió entre la glabela y el opistocranion, y el ancho a nivel parietal desde un euryon a otro. Los valores medios de índice cefálico, la desviación estándar y el error estándar de la media se calcularon para ambos sexos. El resultado mostró que el índice cefálico promedio fue de 72,96 ± 6,12. Los hombres tenían un índice cefálico de 73,68±6,53, mientras que las mujeres mostraron una índice cefálico de 72,24±5,60. La diferencia en el índice cefálico entre hombres y mujeres fue significativa (p=0,007). Con base en el índice cefálico, el 66,82% de los individuos eran dolicocefálicos, el 21,59% mesocefálicos, el 10,23% braquicefálicos y el 1,36% hiperbraquicéfalicos. Esta investigación mostró que los ni os Ogbia tienen un fenotipo dolicocefálico. Los datos de esta investigación pueden ser útiles en antropología, genética y medicina forense.
Page 1 /144427
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.