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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 41 matches for " Haftu Berhe "
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Haftu Berhe* and Alemayehu Bayray
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2013,
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression and associated factors among people attending ART clinics in Tigray, Ethiopia. Method: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on patients attending ART clinics for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at Adigrat, Mekelle and Maichew Hospitals in Tigray region. Sample size was calculated using Epi info statcalc and 269 PLWHA were included in the study. The patients were interviewed by psychiatric nurses using the 21 item Hamilton’s depression scale Questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 19.0). Levels of depression were calculated among various subgroups of patients, according to the Hamilton’s depression scale questionnaire. The possible associations of the presence and severity of depression with socio-demographic variables was explored using appropriate parametric and non-parametric tests. Specifically, the odds square and logistic regression was used in the exploration of associations; ethical clearance was obtained from Mekelle University College of health sciences. Result: Out of 269 total participants, 142(52%) were females, 213 (79.2%) were from urban area and 56(20.8) were from rural. One hundred nine (40%) of the study subjects’ age range was 35-44 and 129 (48%) were married. Orthodox religion constituted 80% followed by Muslim (11.5%) and Catholic (0.4%). Sixty (22.3%) were unemployed and majority, 229(85.2%) had a minimum of primary education. Among 269 participants 43.9 % were depressed. Depression was associated with urban dwellers, with lower socio-economic class, unemployed and government employees, with OR of 3.19(1.5, 6.65), 4.43(1.35, 14.58), 2.74(1.34, 5.57), and 3.56(1.73, 7.30) respectively.Conclusion: In summary, the magnitude of depression in PLWHA on ART was found to be high and was positively associated with urban dwellers, with lower socio-economic class, unemployed, and government employees. Hence, depression among PLWHA on ART is still under diagnosed and under treated; there is a need to incorporate mental health service as an integral component of HIV care.
Hailemariam Berhe*, Bazie Mekonnen , Alemayehu Bayray and Haftu Berhe
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2013,
Abstract: Background- Breastfeeding and good nutrition for children are essential for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, particularly the goals relating to child survival. Even though, most mothers in Ethiopia breastfeed their babies, they do not always follow the recommendations of the "National Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding". Objective- The aim of this study was to assess determinants of breastfeeding practices among mothers’ of children aged less than 24 months attending governmental maternal and child health clinics in Mekelle town.Methods- Institution based cross sectional study was carried out among five health facilities selected using simple random sampling technique. Data was collected by interviewer administered structured questionnaire and it was entered, cleaned and analyzed by using SPSS for windows version 16.0. The proportion was used to describe the results and it was presented in the form of figures, tables and texts. The binary logistic regression model was used to test the association between dependent and independent variables. Result- A total of 361 mothers with their index child were interviewed. The ever breastfeeding rate in this study was 98.9%. The timely initiation rate of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding were 77.9% and 60.8%, respectively. Conclusion and recommendation-: A range of characteristics affects the practice of timely initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding. Coordination, strengthening, sustaining of the existing strategies and approaches for further improvement of optimal breastfeeding practice is recommended.
Utilization of Modern Contraceptives among HIV Positive Reproductive Age Women in Tigray, Ethiopia: A Cross Sectional Study
Yemane Berhane,Haftu Berhe,Gerezgiher Buruh Abera,Hailemariam Berhe
ISRN AIDS , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/319724
Abstract: Background. HIV infected women in sub-Saharan Africa are at substantial risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. In developing countries including Ethiopia counseling and provision of modern contraceptives of choice to HIV infected women including those on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is an important strategy to prevent unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. Little is known about the existing practices and utilization of modern contraceptives among HIV positive reproductive age women attending ART units. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess utilization of modern contraceptives and associated factors among HIV positive reproductive age women attending ART units in zonal hospitals of Tigray region, North Ethiopia. Method. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 364 HIV positive reproductive age women in all zonal hospitals of Tigray region using systematic sampling technique. Structured and pretested questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents. Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate methods were used to analyze utilization of modern contraceptives and the factors associated with it. Result. Three hundred sixty-four subjects participated with a response rate of 99.2%. The mean age of the respondents was (SD) years. About 46% of participants utilized modern contraceptives, 59.9% out of them used dual method. However, a significant proportion of the respondents (46%) reported that they wished to have a desire for children. Being secondary education and higher (AOR: 2.85; 95% CI: 1.17–6.95) and currently on HAART (AOR: 3.23; 95% CI: 1.49–7.01) they were more likely to utilize modern contraceptive. But those women who were ≥25 years old, house wives, single, divorced, or widowed were less likely to utilize modern contraceptive. Conclusion. Results of this study revealed that the number of respondents who were ever heard of modern contraceptives was high. However, modern contraceptive utilization was still low. Additional efforts are needed to promote modern contraceptive utilization in general and dual method use in particular among HIV positive reproductive age women. 1. Introduction At the Alma-Ata conference (1978), Family Planning services were highlighted as one of the basic and important strategies for reducing high risk pregnancies that often occurred too early, too late, and too frequent and also as a way to improve child heath. Family planning programs have helped women worldwide to avoid millions of unintended pregnancies often associated
Haftom Gebrehiwot*, Berhane Gebrekidan, Haftu Berhe and Kalayou Kidanu
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2013,
Abstract: Background: Death related to unintended pregnancy associated events is a series public health concern in Ethiopia. This is very common in young adolescents for whom life is full of adventure and temptation with very little knowledge about the consequences of their reckless activities. Emergency contraceptives are the only method that can be used within short time after sexual intercourse, offering a second chance to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of emergency contraceptives among female college students at Mekelle town, Ethiopia.Methods: An institutional based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 616 female college students at Mekelle town from March to July, 2011. Multistage sampling technique with Probabilities proportional to size was used. Data were analyzed by SPSS window version 16.0 software package and presented using frequencies, percentages. Crude & adjusted odds ratio were used to control the possible confounding variables. Results: Of the total respondents, 393(67.3%) of them replied that they have heard about emergency contraceptives. Among those who have ever heard of emergency contraceptives, 224 (57%) mentioned pills only, 9 (2.3%) mentioned intrauterine contraceptive devices only and 154(39.2%) mentioned both pill & IUCDs. 263(45%) of the respondents were knowledgeable towards ECs, and about 271(46.4%) of the students had positive attitude towards emergency contraceptives. Of the sexually active respondents 70(24.2%) only reported that they had used emergency contraceptive methods previously. Whereas, 219(75.8%) were not used emergency contraceptives; some of the reasons were lack of knowledge about ECs (42.9%); no desire to use (22.8%) and inaccessibility toward emergency contraceptives (16.4%).Conclusion: The study indicated low level of knowledge; very low level of practice and majority showed negative attitude towards emergency contraceptives.
Ashenafi Damte*, Berihun , Haftu Berhe and Haftom G/Hiwot
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2013,
Abstract: Background: Leprosy is one of the infectious diseases of public health importance; it is the leading cause of permanent physical disability as a result of nerve damage. Individuals with leprosy have emotional stress and anxiety, which may lead to both psychological and psychiatric co-morbidity.Objective: This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of mental distress among leprosy patients attending ALERT Specialized, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted from April 2011-June 2011. Alternate patients from the daily register of outpatients were interviewed for symptoms of mental distress using the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). This questionnaire was administered by two trained nurses. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 15. Odds ratio were calculated to see the association of dependent variable with each independent variable. P-value <0.05 were considered as statistically significant.Result: The prevalence of mental distress was found to be 30.9%.Physical disability was also associated with mental distress. This study showed that mental distress was significantly higher in patients with leprosy. Conclusion: This piece of study identifies non-specific mental distress. More over the study indicates a need for integration of psychosocial care into current medical treatment. Based on this, future work should be directed at further characterizing the nature and severity of mental disorder in leprosy patients.
Kalayou Kidanu Berhe*, Asrat Demissie , Alemayoh Bayeray Kahsay and Haftu Berhe Gebru
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders that affect the body’s ability to process and use sugar (glucose) for energy. Type 2 diabetes mellitus resulting from the combination of resistance to insulin action and inadequate insulin secretion. The success of long-term maintenance therapy for diabetes depends largely on the patients’ adherence with self-care practices.Objective: The aim of this study was to assess diabetes self-care practices and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia. Method: institutional based cross sectional study was employed and 320 study subjects were selected using systematic random sampling technique. And the data was collected using interviewer administered structured questionnaire; data was analyzed and cleaned using SPSS version 16. Scoring method was employed to classify patients’ self-care practice level as adhered or not adhered to self-care practices.Results: Of all respondents 167(52.2%) female. Mean age of the respondents was 55.03±10.7 years with minimum age of 30 and maximum age of 85. The mean duration of diabetes was 12.3±7.6years with minimum of 6 months and maximum of 41 years. Respondents’ self-care practices were, the majority 270 (84.4%) respondents were not adhered to Self-Monitoring of blood glucose practice. A total of 311(97.2%) respondents were adhered to anti-diabetic medication. The majority 252 (78.8%) respondents were not adhered to recommended diet management practices. There was a significant association between Level of education, monthly income, Presence of glucometer at home, marital status, diabetic complication, age and gender and self-care practices. But there was no significant association between duration of diabetes, Occupation and family history of diabetic and self-care practices.Conclusion: findings of this study indicated that majority patients had poor adherence to self-care practices especially in self-monitoring of Blood Glucose and diet management practices.
Coexistence of Spin Density Wave (SDW) and Superconductivity in Ba1-xKxFe2As2  [PDF]
Haftu Brhane
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2015.54032
Abstract: With the use of a model Hamiltonian and retarded double time green’s function formalism, we obtain mathematical expressions for spin density wave and superconductivity parameters. The model reveals a distinct possibility of the coexistence of magnetic phase and superconductivity, which are two usually irreconcilable cooperative phenomena. The work is motivated by the recent experimental evidences of coexistence of spin density wave and superconductivity in a number of FeAs-based superconductors. The theoretical results are then applied to show the coexistence of spin density wave and superconductivity in iron pnictide compound Ba1-xKxFe2As2 (0.2 ≤ x < 0.4).
Determinates of Childhood Pneumonia and Diarrhea with Special Emphasis to Exclusive Breastfeeding in North Achefer District, Northwest Ethiopia: A Case Control Study  [PDF]
Molla Gedefaw, Resom Berhe
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2015.52014
Abstract: Studies showed that exclusive breast feeding reduced infant morbidity and mortality. In low income countries such as Ethiopia where under-five mortality is very high, the role of exclusively breastfeeding could be even more critical. However, studies assessing the place of exclusive breast freeing in the prevention of childhood illnesses in our area are scarce. The aim of the study was to identify determinant factors of childhood pneumonia and diarrhoea. An institution based case control study was conducted in Achefer District in July, 2012. The cases were 122 children of 7 - 24 months old who had repeated attack of diarrhoea or pneumonia over three months prior to the survey while controls were 122 children who visited well baby clinic for vaccination. Data were collected by using pre-tested and structured questionnaire, and analysed using SPSS version 16 for windows. Logistic regression was performed, and strength of associations was estimated using odds ratio and 95% confidence interval. About 83% of the controls and only 12.3% of the cases were exclusively breast fed. Children who were exclusively breast fed were 83 times less likely to develop pneumonia or diarrhea than those who were not exclusively fed. Marital status, monthly income, prelacteal feeding, and late initiation of breast feeding were found to have statistically significant association with childhood diarrhea and pneumonia. This study brought local evidence that exclusive breast feeding had a protective effect against common childhood infectious diseases—pneumonia and diarrhoea—in the study area. Therefore, culture sensitive and plausible health education is recommended to strengthen exclusive breast feeding practices in order to decrease mortality and morbidity of infants and children from pneumonia and diarrhoea.
Volume and Implicit Taper Functions For Cupressus Lusitanica and Pinus Patula Tree Plantations in Ethiopia
L Berhe
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2009,
Abstract: Data from Cupressus lusitanica and Pinus patula were used to develop total and exponential form merchantable volume models, and implicit taper functions. The exponential form merchantable volume model to a specified top diameter limit showed marked improvement compared with the unbounded non exponential form merchantable volume model of Burkhart (1977). Implicit taper functions derived from the exponential form merchantable volume models were found superior to taper functions obtained from the non exponential merchantable volume models. In general, these models are essential management tools for the plantation of the species and in particular provide stock volume estimates by end use type.
Land Suitability Characterization for Crop and Fruit Production in Midlands of Tigray, Ethiopia
K Teka, M Haftu
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of this evaluation was to find out which parcels of land may best support the different crops and fruits commonly grown by the local farmer and recommend these results to the local stakeholder for an increased yield. The focus was on food crops and fruits those can be used to alleviate poverty and improve nutrition in farm households, with the highest priority assigned to crops and fruits already well established in the area. Remote sensing (ILWIS3.3) and GIS (ArcView3.2) softwares were used to establish the land unit maps of the area. The land suitability assessment for annual crops and fruit trees was carried out with the use of the parametric methodology. Results showed that the cultivated land under question is marginally suitable (S3) for Zea mays L.; 91.5% of the land is S3 for Cicer arietinium, Psidium guajava and Mangifera indica; 68.9% is S3 for Persea americana and Hordeum vulgare L.; 77.4% is S3 for Carica papaya L. and Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. The use of land according to its suitability class or mitigating the limiting factors is, therefore, paramount for increased production.
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