Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99


Any time

2018 ( 1 )

2016 ( 3 )

2015 ( 7 )

2014 ( 13 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 427 matches for " HS Baral "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /427
Display every page Item
Updated status of Nepal’s wetland birds
HS Baral
Banko Janakari , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/banko.v19i3.2209
Abstract: Wetland birds in Nepal comprise significant portion of avian fauna of Nepal. However, they are also highly threatened because of several factors. A thorough study on wetland bird communities is lacking which is hampering conservation of wetlands and bird communities dependent on them. Proper management of the wetland beyond the protected areas is essential to conserve wetland birds in Nepal. Key words: Wetlands, birds, threatened, management ? doi: 10.3126/banko.v19i3.2209 Banko Janakari , Special Issue February 2009, 30-35
Conceptual Framework of Low Carbon Strategy for Nepal  [PDF]
Sunil Prasad Lohani, Bivek Baral
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.24029
Abstract: This paper presents proposed methodologies for carbon mitigation strategy and expected frame for low carbon strategy for Nepal. It deals with the national scenario of energy consumption in different sectors and the share of fuel types in each sector. Based on national energy situation green house gas (GHG) emissions in each area are evaluated. With the use of both fuel types in energy mix, end use energy conversion technology and current GHG trend; potential energy related green house gas mitigation areas are identified. Moreover, non energy related probable GHG reduction areas are also identified. The outcome of this work will facilitate to realize the vision of low carbon society through sustainable development pathway as it helps in formulating a comprehensive strategy and action plan for low carbon strategy for Nepal.
Antioxidant Capacity and Phenolic Content of Some Nepalese Medicinal Plants  [PDF]
Bijaya Laxmi Maharjan, Bikash Baral
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2013.48200

Antioxidant capacities and phenolic contents of medicinal plants namely Usnea longifolia, Cetraria nepalensis, Parmelia minarum, Everniastrum nepalense, Rhododendron anthopogon and Fritillaria delavayi were analyzed via Folin-Ciocaltau assay, Ferric reducing activity power assay and 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay. All the tested plants depicted the antioxidant activity with variation in extent of activity among the plants. The FRAP (F-value: 387.4), DPPH (F-value: 89.684) and TPC (F-value: 559.163) values between the extracts showed the highly significant differences (P < 0.01). This study indicated the strong antioxidant potential of R. anthopogon among the plants tested.

Anatomical and Histological Study of Stem, Root and Leaf of the Medicinal Plant Amaranthus spinosus Linn.
Manik Baral*
Journal of PharmaSciTech , 2013,
Abstract: The transverse section of stem, root and leaf of Amaranthus spinosus Linn. was done with the help of sharp blade and double staining. The anatomy of stem and roots showed cellular differentiation. Both the stem and root showed secondary growth. In stem, the vascular bundle pattern is conjoint, collateral and endarch type; whereas root showed conjoint, collateral and exarch type of vascular bundle. Leaf anatomy showed kranz mesophyll. Endodermal wall is covered with casperian strips. The stomata (S) occurred on both adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces. The stomata were found to be anomocytic type. Powdered drug, treated with different chemicals and its extracts with different solvent showed colour changes when illuminated with UV light.
Mysteries of Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors & their Applications in the Diagonalization of a Matrix & in the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem to Find the Matrix Inverse
Kamalmani Baral
Journal of the Institute of Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.3126/jie.v8i1-2.5116
Abstract: In this paper we deal with eigenvalues and eigenvectors (E-values & E-vectors) in diagonalizating a square matrix and in the Cayley-Hamilton theorem used to find the inverse of a given square matrix. Key Words: Mysteries of Eigenvalues; Diagonalization of a Matrix; square matrix DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jie.v8i1-2.5116 Journal of the Institute of Engineering Vol. 8, No. 1&2, 2010/2011 Page: 237-242 Uploaded Date : 20 July, 2011
FIGO-staging of cervical cancer: Can’t it be communicated in a better way?
Gehanath Baral
Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , 2008, DOI: 10.3126/njog.v3i2.10837
Abstract: Aim : To correlate existing format of FIGO-staging of cervical cancer in clinical practice. Method : Review of clinical practice guidelines and journal publications. Result of clinical practice guidelines. Conclusion : A modified form of cervical cancer staging is proposed to make it practical for clinical evaluation, provisional management plan and prognosis based on tumor size and parametrial invasion. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njog.v3i2.10837 Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Vol.3(2) 2008; 62-65
Managing cervical cancer in Nepal: Need of consensual guideline
Gehanath Baral
Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/njog.v4i1.3324
Abstract: The purpose of this review is to bridge the pattern of intervention in optimal and sub-optimal facility level. Several guidelines for the screening and treatment of cervical cancer are reviewed. Routine screening is found grossly lacking and non existent outside major health institution. Only nominal data and intervention efforts found published. There are three prongs of intervention level namely prevention/screening, treatment and palliation together. Pap smear test is the standard screening tool wherever the cyto-diagnostic facility exists. Visual Inspection with Acetic acid and Lugol's Iodine will be the feasible alternative at low resource setting. Primary surgical treatment for early cervical cancer is the best option. Likewise chemo-radiation with or without surgery will be the alternative option. Need of at least an operational guideline in each institution is realized at this moment as a recommendation. Key words: Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN); colposcopy; Pap smear (Papanicolou stain); radical hysterectomy; visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA). DOI: 10.3126/njog.v4i1.3324 Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology June-July 2009; 4(1): 3-10
Message from the Chief Editor Vol.1(1)
MR Baral
Journal of Kathmandu Medical College , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/jkmc.v1i1.7246
Abstract: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jkmc.v1i1.7246 Journal of Kathmandu Medical College, Vol. 1, No. 1, Issue 1, Jul.-Sep., 2012
Kynurenine and serotonin pathways: A review
HS Adegbusi
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This paper seeks to elucidate the two-key pathways involving tryptophan matabolism, namely, kynurenine and serotonin pathways. In the kynurenine pathway (KP), the discussion considers the steps of the oxidative degradation of tryptophan to yield nicotinate mononucleotide, a precursors for the biosynthesis of nicotinate nucleotides ( NAD+ and NADP+), while serotonin pathway (SP) considers the biosynthesis of serotonin from tryptophan. Two different isoforms of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) are involved in SP: Tryptophan hydroxylase -1 (TPH1) catalysis SP in enterochromaffin cells of the gut, while Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2) catalysis SP in the nerve cells of the central nervous system, the brain. Emphasis is given to the relevance of pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) in KP and also identified in the pathway of KP is the liberation of alanine as a biproduct, a basis for the gluconeogenecity of tryptophan. Serotonin, a major bioactive end-product of SP is a potent neurotransmitter, vasoconstrictor, regulation of intestinal motility and a player in cognitive function. Foods that give an increased ratio of tryptophan to phenylalanine and leucine such as nuts of walnut, plantains, bananas, dates, pineapples and tomatoes are good sources of serotonin. Research suggests a diet rich in carbohydrates and low protein is also a good source. Owning to the significance of some the major bioactive end-products, intermediates and byproducts of these pathways for the well-being and happiness of human beings, more research should be carried out therein not only to unravel some of the disorders they may be associated with but to also help in the development and production of; therapeutic drugs for psychiatric and sexual disorders, and intestinal antidote.
Considerations in selecting rapid-onset opioids for the management of breakthrough pain
Smith HS
Journal of Pain Research , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S40745
Abstract: nsiderations in selecting rapid-onset opioids for the management of breakthrough pain Review (492) Total Article Views Authors: Smith HS Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 189 - 200 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S40745 Received: 26 November 2012 Accepted: 17 January 2013 Published: 06 March 2013 Howard S Smith Departments of Anesthesiology, Medicine, and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA Abstract: Breakthrough pain (BTP) is a transitory pain that occurs despite the use of long-term, around-the-clock analgesia. It is highly prevalent in certain populations and places a significant burden on patients, their families, caregivers, and health-care systems. Despite its prevalence and impact, BTP is sometimes unrecognized and often undertreated. Various formulations of fentanyl – a rapid-onset opioid with short duration of action – are available for the management of BTP. The efficacy of formulations using transmucosal, transbuccal, sublingual, and intranasal administration routes has been demonstrated for BTP treatment in clinical trials. However, a lack of head-to-head trials evaluating their relative efficacy makes it challenging for physicians to reach informed decisions on the most efficacious intervention for individual patients. In the absence of clear data on the relative efficacy of fentanyl formulations, prescribing decisions need to be based on physician understanding and experience and product cost and availability, taking into account the individual patient's needs, the ability of the patient or caregivers to administer medication, and the patient's wishes. This review evaluates current pharmacologic methods of alleviating BTP and discusses factors that should be considered when selecting the most appropriate formulation for individual patients. With the range of fentanyl formulations available, it is now possible to successfully address BTP in the majority of patients.
Page 1 /427
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.