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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 240 matches for " HI Showkat "
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Hydatid lung cyst in a 5-year-old boy presenting with prolonged fever
HI Showkat, AH Sarmast, A Amin, S Farooq, S Kotwal, FQ Parray, R Lone, F Arshad, I Bakhshi
South African Journal of Child Health , 2012,
Abstract: Cystic echinococcosis is the larval cystic stage (echinococcal cysts) of a small taeniid-type tapeworm (Echinococcus granulosus) that may cause illness in intermediate hosts, generally herbivorous animals and people who are infected accidentally. Pulmonary hydatid cysts are typical, involving one lobe in 72% of cases, usually at the lung base. In the paediatric age group, boys are affected more commonly than girls. We present a case of isolated hydatid cyst of the lung in a 5-year-old boy from a nomadic cattle-rearing tribe.
Gravitational Waves: Present Status and Future Prospectus  [PDF]
Naseer Iqbal, Showkat Monga
Natural Science (NS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.65033

Remarkable progress has been made during recent years on the development of gravitational wave detectors. The review describes the present status and future prospectus of the gravitational wave astronomy. The main theme is to review the prominent long baseline detectors in operation around the world and proposed baseline and space-borne interferometers. Looking to the future, the major upgrades to the ground based detectors and new planned detectors will be completed over the coming years, which will create a network of detectors with the significantly improved sensitivity required to detect gravitational waves. Beyond this, the concept and design of possible future “third generation” gravitational-wave detectors will be discussed. Sources such as coalescing compact binary systems, neutron stars in low-mass X-ray binaries, stellar collapses and pulsars are all possible candidates for detection.

The relationship between drug abuse and microbial infections
HI Inabo
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development , 2004,
Abstract: Drugs of abuse such as cocaine, opiates, alcohol, and marijuana among others alter the neuropsychological, pathophysiological responses as well as the immune functions. Studies have shown that there are correlative observations between the use of these drugs and increased levels of microbial infections among drug users. These correlations appears to have effects on the immune system and are receptor mediated, directly or indirectly. The numerous drugs of abuse and the attendant infectious diseases are discussed.
Compost bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil inoculated with organic manure
HI Atagana
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2008,
Abstract: Contaminated soil (FAO: Lithosol) containing >380 000 mg kg-1 total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) was bioremediated by composting. The soil was inoculated with sewage sludge and incubated for 19 months. The soil was mixed in a ratio of 1:1 (v/v) with wood chips. The soil-wood chips mixture was then mixed in a ratio of 4:1 with sewage sludge. Compost heaps were set up in triplicates on wood pallets covered with double layers of nylon straw sheets. Control experiments which contained the contaminated soil and wood chips but without sewage sludge were set up in triplicate. Moisture, temperature, pH, ash content, C:N ratio of the compost mixture and TPH of the soil was monitored monthly. The concentrations of selected hydrocarbons in the contaminated soil were measured monthly during the incubation period. Temperature rose to about 58°C in the sewage sludge compost within two months of incubation, while temperature in the control fluctuated between 15 and 35°C throughout the incubation period. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) was reduced by 17% in the control experiments and 99% in the sewage sludge compost at the end of the incubation period. The concentrations of most of the selected hydrocarbon components were reduced by up to 100% within the same period. Microbial activities were shown to correlate with the reduction in hydrocarbon contents of the soil.
Biodegradation of PAHs by fungi in contaminated-soil containing cadmium and nickel ions
HI Atagana
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: The study investigated the degradation of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) benzo(a)anthracene, benzo(a) fluoranthene, benzo(a) pyrene, chrysene and phenanthrene in a soil that was sterilized and inoculated with the nonligninolytic fungi, Fusarium flocciferum and Trichoderma spp. and the ligninolytic fungi, Trametes versicolor and Pleurotus ostreatus in the presence of cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) during a ten week incubation period. The soil pH was initially 5.3 and after amendment increased to 7.0. The fungi degraded the tested PAHs between 21 and 93% by the end of the tenth week. The fungi degraded the less-soluble PAHs containing five or six aromatic rings more slowly than those containing fewer aromatic rings. Although the presence of cadmium and nickel in the soil affected the activity of the enzymes produced by the fungi, no significant decrease in PAH degradation was found in the contaminated soil containing 50 or 100 mg kg-1 of Cd and Ni. However, at 300 and 500 mg kg-1, degradation of the PAHs by the fungi was impaired and the severity of the impairments increased with the increase in the concentrations of Cd and Ni. This was probably due to the lack of the activities of some enzymes such as Mn-dependent peroxidase, which could have resulted from the poor colonization of the fungi at these concentrations.
Irradiation of Foods: A Better Alternative in Controlling Economic Losses
HI Inabo
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2006,
Abstract: Food irradiation as a better alternative to other food processing methods is discussed. Irradiation is a promising new food safety technology that can eliminate disease-causing microorganisms such as E.coli 0157:H7, Camplyobacter and Salmonellae from foods; delay maturation of fruits and inhibit sprouting of bulbs and onions. The yearly and cyclic scarcity of fruits and vegetables during their non-productive period is a known phenomenon in most developing countries. Post-harvest losses are due to microorganisms, which destroy these foods. The process, consumer acceptance, nutritional and microbiological safety are highlighted in this paper. @JASEM
The Evaluation of Post-Keynesian Economics A Comparative Analysis
?zlen Hi
GSTF Journal on Business Review , 2015, DOI: 10.5176/2010-4804_4.1.353
Abstract: In this article, we will make a comparative analysis of the evaluation and the developments in the Post-Keynesian Economics and then give the properties of Post-Keynesian Economics in terms of their assumptions and methodology, and their macroeconomic models; later on we will discuss the current state of Post-Keynesian Economics, again based on a comparative analysis. Post-Keynesian Economics was developed in the mid ‘80s as a reaction not only against New Classical School but also against New Keynesian economists because the assumptions and hence the conclusions of the latter were not deemed Keynesian enough. Keynesian Economics was mainstream both in the USA and Europe, both in academic circles and in the field of implementation by governments and Central Banks from 1936 and WW II up to the ‘70s. The debate that took place during this period between Neo-Keynesian economists in the USA and NeoClassical economists that led to the Neo-Classical Synthesis and the reaction of Orthodox Keynesian Economists in the UK to NeoClassical Synthesis will be referred to later. Keynesian economics here embraces both Neo-Keynesian economists and Orthodox Keynesian economists as mainstream against the Traditional Classical and the Neo-Classical System. Today, we witness that at present New Keynesian School is more widespread and influential compared to Post-Keynesian. One possible reason is that the former school sprang up in the USA while the latter basically in the UK; and USA today is much more influential worldwide compared say to the times when Keynes lived. But this should not be the sole or even the major reason why Post-Keynesianism is less popular. The reason which would likely explain the difference in popularity is that in their normative value judgments Post-Keynesian economists assign a heavy weight to improving income distribution while New Keynesian economists, on the whole, are less concerned with this goal.
Golden Research Thoughts , 2013, DOI: 10.9780/22315063
Abstract: Mohammad Iqbal is a distinguished poet, philosopher and statesman of South Asia. For his grand verse and in-depth knowledge of the subject matter he has been hailed as the poet of the East, Allama, Sir Mohammad Iqbal and so on. The basic sources of his philosophy are the Qur'an (holy book for Muslims), the Muslim Philosophers and mystics, and the Western philosophy and science. Drawing on the religious, spiritual, and literary source of Islam, Iqbal in his magnum opus work, Asrar-i-Khudi (written in Persian verse and translated into English language by Professor R.A.Nicholson as Secrets of the Self), offers a detailed statement of his philosophy of Khudi (selfhood), illustrating the main elements of that philosophy with stories and anecdotes. It is tangible in this book that Iqbal is conscious of his role as a bearer of prophetic message to the Muslims of his age and the generations to come. The essence of that message is the cultivation of dynamic human personality through action, struggle and acceptance of life's challenges. In this book, Iqbal mentions primarily factors that strengthen Self (for example, love of God and Prophet Mohammad SAW, devotion to a noble cause, selfdiscipline and struggle against odds) and the reasons that weaken it (such as dependence on others, inaction or inertia and life-negating philosophy and literature). The concept of self is the central idea of Iqbal's philosophy on which rest of his thought structure is based. The central premises of the Secrets of the Self, revolves around the elevation of the Self and addresses the Muslims to improve their spiritual being rather than bodily and worldly needs.
Socialization Through Sports
Dr. Showkat Hussain
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Socialization is the process of learning to live in and understand a culture or subcultures by utilizing its values, beliefs attitudes and norms. Sports socialization occurs through contact with socializing agents. Parents can be important socializing agents . Socialization is a process of learning the ways of one's society and becoming a functioning member of it along with exhibiting standards of behaviour in accordance with its rules, laws and customs, which have been formed due to our interaction in the society.
Dr. Showkat Hussian Bhat
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: It is evident that information technology has affected changes to the methods, purpose and perceived potential of education. Contemporary information technology has by its very nature, been an agent of change in educational institutions. This essay describes the benefits of utilizing technology in education by examining research from around the world which demonstrates that there is ample evidence for supporting the usage of technology in educational environments.
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