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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 299 matches for " HETVI MODI "
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FRAUD DETECTION IN CREDIT CARD SYSTEM USING WEB MINING
HETVI MODI,SHIVANGI LAKHANI,NIMESH PATEL,VAISHALI PATEL
International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering , 2013,
Abstract: Now a day the usage of credit cards has dramatically increased. As credit card becomes the most popular mode of payment for both online as well as regular purchase, cases of fraud associated with it are also rising. Various techniques like classification, clustering and apriori of web mining will be integrated to represent the sequence of operations in credit card transaction processing and show how it can be used for the detection of frauds. Initially, web mining techniques trained with the normal behaviour of a cardholder. If an incoming credit card transaction is not accepted by the web mining model with sufficiently high probability, it is considered to be fraudulent. At the same time, the system will try to ensure that genuine transactions will not be rejected. Using data from a credit card issuer, a web mining model based fraud detection system will be trained on a large sample of labelled credit card account transactions and tested on a holdout data set that consisted of all account activity. Web mining techniques can be trained on examples of fraud due to lost cards, stolen cards, application fraud, counterfeit fraud, and mail-order fraud. The proposed system will be able to detect frauds by considering a cardholder’s spending habit without its significance. Usually, the details of items purchased in individual transactions are not known to any Fraud Detection System. The proposed system will be an ideal choice for addressing this problem of current fraud detection system. Another important advantage of proposed system will be a drastic reduction in the number of False Positives transactions. FDS module of proposed system will receive the card details and the value of purchase to verify, whether the transaction is genuine or not. If the Fraud Detection System module will confirm the transaction to be of fraud, it will raise an alarm, and the transaction will be declined.
Growth temperature and plant age influence on nutritional quality of Amaranthus leaves and seed germination capacity#
AT Modi
Water SA , 2007,
Abstract: As a leafy vegetable, Amaranthus can be harvested at different stages of plant growth, ranging from young seedlings to the late juvenile stage, but data on the changes in leaf nutritional value with plant age are scanty. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of growth temperature on Amaranthus leaf yield and nutritional quality at different stages of plant growth. Five species, A. hybridus var. cruentus, A. hypochondriacus, A. tricolor, A. thunbergii and A. hybridus were compared for their response to hot (33/27oC), warm (27/21oC) and cool (21/15oC) temperature regimes (day/night) in separate glasshouses. Plants were harvested at 20, 40 and 60 d after sowing and leaf yield, minerals (Ca, P and Fe), total protein content, amino acid (methionine and lysine) content and antioxidant activity (inhibition of linoleic acid oxidation) were determined. Seed yield and germination capacity, during two years of after-ripening, were also determined. Results showed that leaf protein content differed significantly (P < 0.01) between species. It was also significantly (P < 0.01) influenced by the growth temperature and stage of plant growth. The pattern of changes in the amounts of lysine and methionine was comparable to that of protein content, but A. thunbergii showed significantly higher amino acid content than the other species. Amaranthus leaves also contained significantly (P < 0.01) more lysine than methionine, regardless of the species and growth temperature. The phosphorus content of leaves was not significantly affected by temperature and stage of plant development, and there were also no significant differences between species. However, the amounts of both calcium and iron changed significantly (P < 0.05) with stages of plant development and with increasing temperatures for all species. The antioxidant activity of Amaranthus leaves increased consistently with plant age and there were significant (P < 0.01) differences between stages of plant development and growth temperature. Warm temperature regimes were most favourable (P < 0.01) for biomass accumulation in all species. Seed production under cool and hot temperatures significantly (P < 0.01) decreased seed germination capacity for all species, but germination improved in response to after-ripening. It is recommended that for greater nutritional benefit, Amaranthus should be grown under warm conditions and younger leaves are preferable.
Teenagers ( 10-20 years)
D Modi
Continuing Medical Education , 2004,
Abstract:
Parasites and the skin
D Modi
Continuing Medical Education , 2009,
Abstract: Parasitic infections may be confined to the skin or may have skin involvement as part of their pathology.
Topical lincomycin gel in acne vulgaris
Modi N
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2003,
Abstract:
Dexamethasone cyclophosphamide pulse therapy for pemphigus
Modi Navin
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2004,
Abstract:
Contemporary Gujarati Poetry: For Whom Are They Writing?
Mukesh Modi
Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities , 2009,
Abstract: The writer here describes the various ages and traditions of Gujarati Poetry, looks into the present condition and questions the practice of writing poetry.
Preparation of states in open quantum mechanics
Kavan Modi
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1142/S1230161211000170
Abstract: We study preparation of states for open quantum mechanics. For non-Markovian systems that are initially correlated with the environment, the affects of the preparation procedure are nontrivial. This is due to the indirect affects on the state of the environment induced via the correlations with the system and the act of preparation on the system. We give three concrete examples of preparation procedure to elucidate our claims.
A theoretical analysis of experimental open quantum dynamics
Kavan Modi
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: In recent years there has been a significant development of the dynamical map formalism for initially correlated states of a system and its environment. Based on some of these results, we study quantum process tomography for initially correlated states of the system and the environment. This is beyond the usual assumption that the state of the system and the environment are initially uncorrelated. Since quantum process tomography is an experimental procedure, we wind up having to study the role of preparation of input states for open quantum experiments. We work out a theory for the general preparation procedure, and study two preparation procedures in detail. In specific, we study the stochastic preparation procedure and the projective preparation procedure and apply them to quantum process tomography. The two preparation procedures describe the ways to uncorrelate.....
Crude Protein and Proline in Dry Bean Seed Respond to Weeding and Soil Fertility Regimes  [PDF]
Silindile P. Miya, Albert T. Modi
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.618277
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of weeds and fertilizer application on dry bean seed quality. Four dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars, Caledon (C), Ukulinga (U), Gadra (G) and uMtata (M) were planted for seed production using a field experiment designed as a split, replicated three times. There were three levels of weeding W0 (no weeding), W1 (weeding until 50% flowering) and W2 (weeding all the time until harvest). The weeding treatments were split into no fertilizer application (F0) and optimum fertilizer application (F1) according to soil fertility analysis. At harvest maturity, seeds were compared for quality with respect to size, germination and total protein content. Proline content was determined as a measure of crop response to the weed and fertilizer stresses during crop production. Although seed size was affected by management stress, seed germination was not significantly affected by weeding and fertilizer even when it was explored in terms of seed vigor by determining rate of germination and seedling size. However, weed management and fertilizer application significantly affected proline and total crude protein contents in seeds (P < 0.05). The findings of this study show that the biotic stress of weeds and abiotic stress of soil fertility can be used to determine seed physiological quality of dry bean seeds.
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