Abstract:
In this work, we discuss the joint precoding with finite rate feedback in the so-called network MIMO where the TXs share the knowledge of the data symbols to be transmitted. We introduce a distributed channel state information (DCSI) model where each TX has its own local estimate of the overall multi-user MIMO channel and must make a precoding decision solely based on the available local CSI. We refer to this channel as the DCSI-MIMO channel and the precoding problem as distributed precoding. We extend to the DCSI setting the work from Jindal for the conventional MIMO Broadcast Channel (BC) in which the number of Degrees of Freedom (DoFs) achieved by Zero Forcing (ZF) was derived as a function of the scaling in the logarithm of the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) of the number of quantizing bits. Particularly, we show the seemingly pessimistic result that the number of DoFs at each user is limited by the worst CSI across all users and across all TXs. This is in contrast to the conventional MIMO BC where the number of DoFs at one user is solely dependent on the quality of the estimation of his own feedback. Consequently, we provide precoding schemes improving on the achieved number of DoFs. For the two-user case, the derived novel precoder achieves a number of DoFs limited by the best CSI accuracy across the TXs instead of the worst with conventional ZF. We also advocate the use of hierarchical quantization of the CSI, for which we show that considerable gains are possible. Finally, we use the previous analysis to derive the DoFs optimal allocation of the feedback bits to the various TXs under a constraint on the size of the aggregate feedback in the network, in the case where conventional ZF is used.

Abstract:
In this work, we consider the joint precoding across K transmitters (TXs), sharing the knowledge of the user's data symbols to be transmitted towards K single-antenna receivers (RXs). We consider a distributed channel state information (DCSI) configuration where each TX has its own local estimate of the overall multiuser MIMO channel. The focus of this work is on the optimization of the allocation of the CSI feedback subject to a constraint on the total sharing through the backhaul network. Building upon the Wyner model, we derive a new approach to allocate the CSI feedback while making efficient use of the pathloss structure to reduce the amount of feedback necessary. We show that the proposed CSI allocation achieves good performance with only a number of CSI bits per TX which does not scale with the number of cooperating TXs, thus making the joint transmission from a large number of TXs more practical than previously thought. Indeed, the proposed CSI allocation reduces the cooperation to a local scale, which allows also for a reduced allocation of the user's data symbols. We further show that the approach can be extended to a more general class of channel: the exponentially decaying channels, which model accuratly the cooperation of TXs located on a one dimensional space. Finally, we verify by simulations that the proposed CSI allocation leads to very little performance losses.

Abstract:
In this work, we study the impact of having only incomplete channel state information at the transmitters (CSIT) over the feasibility of interference alignment (IA) in a K-user MIMO interference channel (IC). Incompleteness of CSIT refers to the perfect knowledge at each transmitter (TX) of only a sub-matrix of the global channel matrix, where the sub-matrix is specific to each TX. This paper investigates the notion of IA feasibility for CSIT configurations being as incomplete as possible, as this leads to feedback overhead reductions in practice. We distinguish between antenna configurations where (i) removing a single antenna makes IA unfeasible, referred to as tightly-feasible settings, and (ii) cases where extra antennas are available, referred to as super-feasible settings. We show conditions for which IA is feasible in strictly incomplete CSIT scenarios, even in tightly-feasible settings. For such cases, we provide a CSIT allocation policy preserving IA feasibility while reducing significantly the amount of CSIT required. For super-feasible settings, we develop a heuristic CSIT allocation algorithm which exploits the additional antennas to further reduce the size of the CSIT allocation. As a byproduct of our approach, a simple and intuitive algorithm for testing feasibility of single stream IA is provided.

Abstract:
In this work, we study the problem of the optimal dissemination of channel state information (CSI) among K spatially distributed transmitters (TXs) jointly cooperating to serve K receivers (RXs). One of the particularities of this work lies in the fact that the CSI is distributed in the sense that each TX obtains its own estimate of the global multi-user MIMO channel with no further exchange of information being allowed between the TXs. Although this is well suited to model the cooperation between non-colocated TXs, e.g., in cellular Coordinated Multipoint (CoMP) schemes, this type of setting has received little attention so far in the information theoretic society. We study in this work what are the CSI requirements at every TX, as a function of the network geometry, to ensure that the maximal number of degrees-of-freedom (DoF) is achieved, i.e., the same DoF as obtained under perfect CSI at all TXs. We advocate the use of the generalized DoF to take into account the geometry of the network in the analysis. Consistent with the intuition, the derived DoF maximizing CSI allocation policy suggests that TX cooperation should be limited to a specific finite neighborhood around each TX. This is in sharp contrast with the conventional (uniform) CSI dissemination policy which induces CSI requirements that grow unbounded with the network size. The proposed CSI allocation policy suggests an alternative to clustering which overcomes fundamental limitations such as (i) edge interference and (ii) unbounded increase of the CSIT requirements with the cluster size. Finally, we show how finite neighborhood CSIT exchange translates into finite neighborhood message exchange so that finally global interference management is possible with only local cooperation

Abstract:
Multiple-antenna "based" transmitter (TX) cooperation has been established as a promising tool towards avoiding, aligning, or shaping the interference resulting from aggressive spectral reuse. The price paid in the form of feedback and exchanging channel state information (CSI) between cooperating devices in most existing methods is often underestimated however. In reality, feedback and information overhead threatens the practicality and scalability of TX cooperation approaches in dense networks. Hereby we addresses a "Who needs to know what?" problem, when it comes to CSI at cooperating transmitters. A comprehensive answer to this question remains beyond our reach and the scope of this paper. Nevertheless, recent results in this area suggest that CSI overhead can be contained for even large networks provided the allocation of feedback to TXs is made non-uniform and to properly depend on the network's topology. This paper provides a few hints toward solving the problem.

Abstract:
Interference is emerging as a fundamental bottleneck in many important wireless communication scenarios, including dense cellular networks and cognitive networks with spectrum sharing by multiple service providers. Although multipleantenna (MIMO) signal processing is known to offer useful degrees of freedom to cancel interference, extreme-value theoretic analysis recently showed that, even in the absence of MIMO processing, the scaling law of the capacity in the number of users for a multi-cell network with and without inter-cell interference was asymptotically identical provided a simple signal to noise and interference ratio (SINR) maximizing scheduler is exploited. This suggests that scheduling can help reduce inter-cell interference substantially, thus possibly limiting the need for multiple-antenna processing. However, the convergence limits of interference after scheduling in a multi-cell setting are not yet identified. In this paper1 we analyze such limits theoretically. We consider channel statistics under Rayleigh fading with equal path loss for all users or with unequal path loss. We uncover two surprisingly different behaviors for such systems. For the equal path loss case, we show that scheduling alone can cause the residual interference to converge to zero for large number of users. With unequal path loss however, the interference are shown to converge in average to a nonzero constant. Simulations back our findings.

Abstract:
In this work, the joint precoding across two distant transmitters (TXs), sharing the knowledge of the data symbols to be transmitted, to two receivers (RXs), each equipped with one antenna, is discussed. We consider a distributed channel state information (CSI) configuration where each TX has its own local estimate of the channel and no communication is possible between the TXs. Based on the distributed CSI configuration, we introduce a concept of distributed MIMO precoding. We focus on the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime such that the two TXs aim at designing a precoding matrix to cancel the interference. Building on the study of the multiple antenna broadcast channel, we obtain the following key results: We derive the multiplexing gain (MG) as a function of the scaling in the SNR of the number of bits quantizing at each TX the channel to a given RX. Particularly, we show that the conventional Zero Forcing precoder is not MG maximizing, and we provide a precoding scheme optimal in terms of MG. Beyond the established MG optimality, simulations show that the proposed precoding schemes achieve better performances at intermediate SNR than known linear precoders.

Abstract:
We consider the problem of downlink precoding for Network (multi-cell) MIMO networks where Transmitters (TXs) are provided with imperfect Channel State Information (CSI). Specifically, each TX receives a delayed channel estimate with the delay being specific to each channel component. This model is particularly adapted to the scenarios where a user feeds back its CSI to its serving base only as it is envisioned in future LTE networks. We analyze the impact of the delay during the backhaul-based CSI exchange on the rate performance achieved by Network MIMO. We highlight how delay can dramatically degrade system performance if existing precoding methods are to be used. We propose an alternative robust beamforming strategy which achieves the maximal performance, in DoF sense. We verify by simulations that the theoretical DoF improvement translates into a performance increase at finite Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) as well.

Abstract:
The Degrees of Freedom (DoF) of a K-User MISO Broadcast Channel (BC) is studied when the Transmitter (TX) has access to a delayed channel estimate in addition to an imperfect estimate of the current channel. The current estimate could be for example obtained from prediction applied on past estimates, in the case where feedback delay is within the coherence time. Building on previous recent works on this setting with two users, the estimation error of the current channel is characterized by its scaling as P at the exponent \alpha, where \alpha=1 (resp. \alpha=0) corresponds to an estimate being essentially perfect (resp. useless) in terms of DoF. In this work, we contribute to the characterization of the DoF region in such a setting by deriving an outerbound for the DoF region and by providing an achievable DoF region. The achievable DoF is obtained by developing a new alignment scheme, called the K\alpha-MAT scheme, which builds upon both the principle of the MAT alignment scheme from Maddah-Ali and Tse and Zero-Forcing to achieve a larger DoF when the delayed CSIT received is correlated with the instantaneous channel state.

Abstract:
Obtaining accurate Channel State Information (CSI) at the transmitters (TX) is critical to many cooperation schemes such as Network MIMO, Interference Alignment etc. Practical CSI feedback and limited backhaul-based sharing inevitably creates degradations of CSI which are specific to each TX, giving rise to a distributed form of CSI. In the Distributed CSI (D-CSI) broadcast channel setting, the various TXs design elements of the precoder based on their individual estimates of the global multiuser channel matrix, which intuitively degrades performance when compared with the commonly used centralized CSI assumption. This paper tackles this challenging scenario and presents a first analysis of the rate performance for the distributed CSI multi-TX broadcast channel setting, in the large number of antenna regime. Using Random Matrix Theory (RMT) tools, we derive deterministic equivalents of the Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) for the popular regularized Zero-Forcing (ZF) precoder, allowing to unveil the price of distributedness for such cooperation methods.