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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 177099 matches for " H. Zhu "
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Two-photon excitation for C2V molecules based on the full relativistic theory  [PDF]
Z. H. Zhu
Natural Science (NS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.43026
Abstract: The present work explores a new phenomenon that not all the transition probability of two photon processes is negligible at low irradiance. The irreducible representation 2B2 of C2v is unexpected, for there is no much deviation in oscillator strength for two-photon and single-photon process A1 to 2B2. This new phenomenon is only possible to be explored by the symmetrical consideration: the necessary and sufficient condition is molecular plane coincident with yz plane or the operation σv(yz) for group C2v. It is only possible to be evaluated out by use of the full relativistic quantum mechanical theory.
Construction and Application of Engineered Bacteria for Bioaugmentation Decolorization of Dyeing Wastewater: A Review  [PDF]
X. H. Xie, N. Liu, H. Jiang, L. Y. Zhu
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2014.22013
Abstract: With the development of dyeing wastewater treatment biotechnology, the advantages of bioaugmentation bacteria gradually catch people’s eyes. Therefore, its construction and application research has also attracted the attention of the majority of scholars. This article summaries the construction and application of bioaugmentation engineered bacteria used to treat dyeing wastewater in recent years, including the screening, domestication and application of single and mixed flora bacteria. In addition, the impact of the strengthening effect of all genes is also described in this paper. Finally, the optimization and promoted use of bioaugmentation bacteria are out looked.
Comparing the Tsallis distribution with and without thermodynamical description in p+p collisions
H. Zheng,Lilin Zhu
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We compare two types of Tsallis distribution, i.e., with and without thermodynamical description, using the experimental data from the STAR, PHENIX, ALICE and CMS Collaborations on the rapidity and energy dependence of the transverse momentum spectra in p+p collisions. Both of them can give us the similar fitting power to the particle spectra. We show that the Tsallis distribution with thermodynamical description gives lower temperatures than the ones without it. The extra factor $m_T$ (transverse mass) in the Tsallis distribution with thermodynamical description plays an important role in the discrepancies between the two types of Tsallis distribution. But for the heavy particles, the choice to use the $m_T$ or $E_T$ (transverse energy) in the Tsallis distribution becomes more crucial.
Can Tsallis distribution fit all the particle spectra produced at RHIC and LHC?
H. Zheng,Lilin Zhu
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1155/2015/180491
Abstract: The Tsallis distribution has been tested to fit the all particle spectra at mid-rapidity from central events produced in d+Au, Cu+Cu, Au+Au collisions at RHIC and p+Pb, Pb+Pb collisions at LHC. Even though there are strong medium effects in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions, the results show that the Tsallis distribution can be used to fit most of particle spectra in the collisions studied except in Au+Au collisions where some deviations are seen for proton and $\Lambda$ at low $p_T$. In addition, as the Tsallis distribution can only fit part of the particle spectra produced in Pb+Pb collisions where $p_T$ is up to 20 GeV/c, a new formula with one more fitting degree of freedom is proposed in order to reproduce the entire $p_T$ region.
Theoretic and Numerical Study of a New Chaotic System  [PDF]
C.X. Zhu, Y.H. Liu, Y. Guo
Intelligent Information Management (IIM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/iim.2010.22013
Abstract: This paper introduced a new three-dimensional continuous quadratic autonomous chaotic system, modified from the Lorenz system, in which each equation contains a single quadratic cross-product term, which is different from the Lorenz system and other existing systems. Basic properties of the new system are analyzed by means of Lyapunov exponent spectrum, Poincaré mapping, fractal dimension, power spectrum and chaotic behaviors. Furthermore, the forming mechanism of its compound structure obtained by merging together two simple attractors after performing one mirror operation has been investigated by detailed nu-merical as well as theoretical analysis. Analysis results show that this system has complex dynamics with some interesting characteristics.
Simulation and validation of concentrated subsurface lateral flow paths in an agricultural landscape
Q. Zhu ,H. S. Lin
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS) & Discussions (HESSD) , 2009,
Abstract: The importance of soil water flow paths to the transport of nutrients and contaminants has long been recognized. However, effective means of detecting concentrated subsurface flow paths in a large landscape are still lacking. The flow direction and accumulation algorithm based on single-direction flow algorithm (D8) in GIS hydrologic modeling is a cost-effective way to simulate potential concentrated flow paths over a large area once relevant data are collected. This study tested the D8 algorithm for simulating concentrated lateral flow paths at three interfaces in soil profiles in a 19.5-ha agricultural landscape in central Pennsylvania, USA. These interfaces were (1) the interface between surface plowed layers of Ap1 and Ap2 horizons, (2) the interface with subsoil water-restricting clay layer where clay content increased to over 40%, and (3) the soil-bedrock interface. The simulated flow paths were validated through soil hydrologic monitoring, geophysical surveys, and observable soil morphological features. The results confirmed that concentrated subsurface lateral flow occurred at the interfaces with the clay layer and the underlying bedrock. At these two interfaces, the soils on the simulated flow paths were closer to saturation and showed more temporally unstable moisture dynamics than those off the simulated flow paths. Apparent electrical conductivity in the soil on the simulated flow paths was elevated and temporally unstable as compared to those outside the simulated paths. The soil cores collected from the simulated flow paths showed significantly higher Mn content at these interfaces than those away from the simulated paths. These results suggest that (1) the D8 algorithm is useful in simulating possible concentrated subsurface lateral flow paths if used with appropriate threshold value of contributing area and sufficiently detailed digital elevation model (DEM); (2) repeated electromagnetic surveys can reflect the temporal change of soil water storage and thus is a useful indicator of possible subsurface flow path over a large area; and (3) observable Mn distribution in soil profiles can be used as a simple indicator of water flow paths in soils and over the landscape; however, it does require sufficient soil sampling (by excavation or augering) to possibly infer landscape-scale subsurface flow paths. In areas where subsurface interface topography varies similarly with surface topography, surface DEM can be used to simulate potential subsurface lateral flow path reasonably so the cost associated with obtaining depth to subsurface water-restricting layer can be minimized.
Simulation and validation of subsurface lateral flow paths in an agricultural landscape
Q. Zhu,H. S. Lin
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions , 2009,
Abstract: The importance of soil water flow paths to the transport of nutrients and contaminants has long been recognized. However, effective means of detecting subsurface flow paths in a large landscape is still lacking. The flow direction and accumulation algorithm in GIS hydrologic modeling is a cost effective way to simulate potential flow paths over a large area. This study tested this algorithm for simulating lateral flow paths at three interfaces in soil profiles in a 19.5-ha agricultural landscape in central Pennsylvania, USA. These interfaces were (1) the surface plowed layers (Ap1 and Ap2 horizons) interface, (2) the interface with subsoil clay layer where clay content increased to over 40%, and (3) soil-bedrock interface. The simulated flow paths were validated through soil hydrologic monitoring, geophysical surveys, and observable soil morphological features. The results confirmed that subsurface lateral flow occurred at the interfaces with the clay layer and the underlying bedrock. At these two interfaces, the soils on the simulated flow paths were closer to saturation and showed more temporally unstable moisture dynamics than those off the simulated flow paths. Apparent electrical conductivity in the soil on the simulated flow paths was elevated and temporally unstable as compared to those outside the simulated paths. The soil cores collected from the simulated flow paths showed significantly higher Mn contents at these interfaces than those away from the simulated paths. These results suggest that (1) the algorithm is useful in simulating possible subsurface lateral flow paths if used appropriately with sufficiently detailed digital elevation model; (2) repeated electromagnetic surveys can reflect the temporal change of soil water storage and thus is an indicator of soil water movement over the landscape; and (3) observable Mn content in soil profiles can be used as a simple indicator of water flow paths in soils and over the landscape.
Tectonic Evolution of Chinese Petroleum Basins évolution tectonique des bassins pétroliers chinois
Zhu X.,Chen H. J.
Oil & Gas Science and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.2516/ogst:1980009
Abstract: Petroleum basins in China are closely related to the tectonic regimes in different stages of geological evolution. The Mesozoic and Cenozoic basins were controlled by the deformation of the lithosphere of the Chinese plate in the course of subductions y neighboring plates situated in opposite directions. The crustal position may be a decisive factor for the different styles of basin development. Paleozoic (including Sinian and parts of Triassic) basins, on the other hand, might have been related to the fragmentation and reunification as well as the accretion of the ancient platform. The superposition of basins of different regimes or different generations brought about a complex set of depositional and structural characteristics influencing both constructively and destructivelythe mode of distribution of oil and gas. Les bassins pétroliers de la Chine ont une liaison étroite avec les régimes tectoniques des différents étages de l'évolution géologique. Les bassins mésozoiques et cénozo ques ont été affectés par la déformation de la lithosphère de la plaque chinoise au cours de subduction des plaques voisines situées en directions opposées. La position de la cro te est peut-être un facteur déterminant pour les styles différents du développement du bassin. Les bassins paléozo ques (y compris le Sinien et une partie du Trias) sont d'autre part liés à la fragmentation et la réunification, de même que l'accrétion des plates-formes anciennes. La superposition des bassins à régimes différents ou à générations différentes a créé une série sédimentaire et influence constructivement et destructivement le mode de distribution et de redistribution du pétrole et du gaz.
Wavelet Transform for Processing Power Quality Disturbances
S. Chen,H. Y. Zhu
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/47695
Abstract: The emergence of power quality as a topical issue in power systems in the 1990s largely coincides with the huge advancements achieved in the computing technology and information theory. This unsurprisingly has spurred the development of more sophisticated instruments for measuring power quality disturbances and the use of new methods in processing and analyzing the measurements. Fourier theory was the core of many traditional techniques and it is still widely used today. However, it is increasingly being replaced by newer approaches notably wavelet transform and especially in the post-event processing of the time-varying phenomena. This paper reviews the use of wavelet transform approach in processing power quality data. The strengths, limitations, and challenges in employing the methods are discussed with consideration of the needs and expectations when analyzing power quality disturbances. Several examples are given and discussions are made on the various design issues and considerations, which would be useful to those contemplating adopting wavelet transform in power quality applications. A new approach of combining wavelet transform and rank correlation is introduced as an alternative method for identifying capacitor-switching transients.
Soup Consumption Is Associated with a Reduced Risk of Overweight and Obesity but Not Metabolic Syndrome in US Adults: NHANES 2003–2006
Yong Zhu, James H. Hollis
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075630
Abstract: A limited number of studies have found that soup consumption is related to a lower risk of overweight and obesity in Asian and European populations, however, these studies do not provide a consistent picture regarding the association between soup consumption and markers of metabolic syndrome. To date, no study examining the relationship between soup and body weight or metabolic syndrome have been conducted in the US population. The present study used a sample of 4158 adults aged 19–64 who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2003 and 2006. The frequency of soup consumption was determined using a food frequency questionnaire. The weighted prevalence of soup consumption was 94%, with a seasonal variation in the frequency of soup consumption being found. Non-consumers of soup were at a higher risk of being overweight or obese (adjusted odds ratio = 1.381, P = 0.013), with a higher adjusted prevalence of reduced HDL cholesterol (adjusted odds ratio = 1.280, P = 0.045), but there was no association between soup consumption and metabolic syndrome (P = 0.520). The frequency of soup consumption was inversely associated with covariate-adjusted body mass index and waist circumference (P<0.05), but not with biomarkers of metabolic syndrome, except for a lower fasting insulin level in frequent soup consumers (P = 0.022). Results from the present study suggest soup consumption is not associated with metabolic syndrome. However, there is an inverse relationship between soup consumption and body weight status in US adults, which support laboratory studies showing a potential benefit of soup consumption for body weight management.
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