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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 150110 matches for " H. Murayama "
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Signatures of Baryogenesis in the MSSM
H. Murayama,A. Pierce
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.67.071702
Abstract: We revisit the electroweak baryogenesis within the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), studying its potential collider signatures. We find that this mechanism of baryogenesis does not give a new CP violating signal at the $B$-factories. The first circumstantial evidence may come from enhanced $B_s$ or $B_d$ mixing. If a light right-handed scalar top and Higgs are found as required, a linear collider represents the best possibility for confirming the scenario.
Energy Spectra of Reactor Neutrinos at KamLAND
H. Murayama,A. Pierce
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.65.013012
Abstract: The upcoming reactor neutrino experiment, KamLAND, has the ability to explore the Large Mixing Angle (LMA) solution to the solar neutrino problem. Here, we investigate the precision to which KamLAND should be able to measure these parameters, utilizing the distortion of the energy spectrum of reactor neutrinos. Incomplete knowledge of the fuel composition of the reactors will lead to some error on this measurement. We estimate the size of this effect.
Quark mass uncertainties revive KSVZ axion dark matter
Buckley, M. R.;Murayama, H.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2007/07/012
Abstract: The Kaplan-Manohar ambiguity in light quark masses allows for a larger uncertainty in the ratio of up to down quark masses than naive estimates from the chiral Lagrangian would indicate. We show that it allows for a relaxation of experimental bounds on the QCD axion, specifically KSVZ axions in the $2-3 \mu$eV mass range composing 100% of the galactic dark matter halo can evade the experimental limits placed by the ADMX collaboration.
Non-Contact Stress Measurement during Tensile Testing Using an Emat for SH0-Plate Wave and Lamb Wave  [PDF]
Riichi Murayama
Journal of Sensor Technology (JST) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jst.2011.13009
Abstract: The stress on a test specimen during tensile testing is generally measured by a strain gauge. This method has some problems in that it would influence the measurement conditions of the tensile test and can evaluate only the position at which the strain gauge is attached. The acoustoelastic method is proposed as a method replacing the strain gauge method. However, an ultrasonic sensor with a piezoelectric oscillator requires a coupling medium to inject an ultrasonic wave into a solid material. This condition, due to the error factor of the stress measurement, makes it difficult for the ultrasonic sensor to move on the specimen. We then tried to develop a non-contact stress measurement system during tensile testing using an electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT) with an SH0-plate wave and S0-Lamb wave. The EMAT can measure the propagation time in which the ultrasonic wave travels between a receiver and a transmitter without a coupling medium during the tensile testing and can move easily. The interval between the transmitter and the receiver is 10mm and can be moved along the parallel direction or the vertical direction of the tensile load. The transit time was measured by a cross-correlation method and converted into the stress on the test specimen using the acoustoelastic method. We confirmed that the stress measurement using an SH0-plate wave was superior to that with an S0-Lamb wave.
A New Guide Wave Inspection System Using Three Polarized Transverse Wave EMATs without Any Couplant  [PDF]
Riichi Murayama
Journal of Sensor Technology (JST) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jst.2016.64009
Abstract: A guide wave is provided with the characteristic of long range propagation in the axis direction of a pipe, so it is possible to detect many defects over a large pipe area at once. At present, there is a technique to generate a guide wave using a piezoelectric element (PZT). However, the transverse wave-transducer using PZT needs to require a high viscosity couplant because the transverse wave cannot travel into typical liquid like water or oil. A guide wave inspection system that uses an electromagnetic ultrasonic transducer (EMAT) which does not require any couplant has then been developed to solve this trouble. First, a guide wave into a pipe, L, T and F-mode, can be transmitted and received by a polarized shear horizontal transverse wave propagating to the thickness direction when the vibration direction has been adjusted to the best direction. At next stage, the three EMATs for L, T and F-mode with different polarized vibration directions were piled up to improve the performance at the same position under the permanent magnet to inspect the pipe at the same condition. Next, the system with the EMATs can be confirmed to be able to detect three guide wave modes signal with enough intensity. Finally, the detection performance using the test pipes with any artificial defects has been done by the developed pipe inspection system, and any drilled holes and any notches can be detected. It is indicated that the developed system could be useful in real industrial field.
Mitochondrial D-loop diversity of grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus Rodentia: Hystricomorpha) in Ghana  [PDF]
Christopher Adenyo, Azusa Hayano, Boniface B. Kayang, Erasmus H. Owusu, Miho Inoue-Murayama
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.33022
Abstract: Attempts are being made to domesticate the grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus) for commercial production in Sub-Saharan Africa to cater for the protein needs of the people and to satisfy the craving for bushmeat, thereby reducing habitat destruction through hunting. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic diversity of grasscutter populations in Ghana. DNA was extracted from roots of hair samples collected from 84 grasscutters from three agro-ecological zones in Ghana, namely Guinea Savanna (n = 17), Forest (n = 22), and Coastal Savanna (n = 45). Mitochondrial D-loop was sequenced and the diversity was determined across the zones. Out of 26 haplotypes found, 15 were obtained from Guinea Savanna, 7 from Forest and 13 from Coastal Savanna. Haplotype diversities were 0.978, 0.853 and 0.875 respectively for Guinea Savanna, Forest and Coastal Savanna zones. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed significant differentiation between Forest and Savanna populations (FST = 0.14, p < 0.05). Network analysis indicated two clusters, one of which consisted of only Savanna
Nucleon Decay in the Minimal Supersymmetric $SU(5)$ Grand Unification
J. Hisano,H. Murayama,T. Yanagida
Physics , 1992, DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(93)90636-4
Abstract: We make a detailed analysis on the nucleon decay in the minimal supersymmetric $SU(5)$ grand unified model. We find that a requirement of the unification of three gauge coupling constants leads to a constraint on a mass $M_{H_C}$ of color-triplet Higgs multiplet as $2 \times 10^{13}~\GeV \leq M_{H_C} \leq 2 \times 10^{17}~\GeV$, taking both weak- and GUT-scale threshold effects into account. Contrary to the results in the previous analyses, the present experimental limits on the nucleon decay turn out to be consistent with the SUSY particles lighter than 1~TeV even without a cancellation between matrix elements contributed from different generations, if one adopts a relatively large value of $M_{H_C}$ ($\ge2\times 10^{16}~\GeV$). We also show that the Yukawa coupling constant of color-triplet Higgs multiplet does not necessarily blow up below the gravitational scale ($2.4\times10^{18}~\GeV$) even with the largest possible value of $M_{H_C}$. We point out that the no-scale model is still viable, though it is strongly constrained.
Preheating in Supersymmetric Theories
Z. Chacko,H. Murayama,M. Perelstein
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.68.063515
Abstract: We examine the particle production via preheating at the end of inflation in supersymmetric theories. The inflaton and matter scalars are now necessarily complex fields, and their relevant interactions are restricted by holomorphy. In general this leads to major changes both in the inflaton dynamics and in the efficiency of the preheating process. In addition, supersymmetric models generically contain multiple isolated vacua, raising the possibility of non-thermal production of dangerous topological defects. Because of these effects, the success of leptogenesis or WIMPZILLA production via preheating depends much more sensitively on the detailed parameters in the inflaton sector than previously thought.
Analysis of Land Subsidence Using the HES  [PDF]
Witsarut Sriratana, Riichi Murayama
Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications (JEMAA) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jemaa.2012.47043
Abstract: This study presents a methodology for analysis of the industrial machine alignment in the production line. The level of land subsidence in the area of the industrial machine location was assessed by adopting Hall Effect Sensor (HES). A computer was used for real-time data collecting and displaying the angle of subsidence over operational period. The measurement module consists of two flat-curve permanent magnets mounted parallelly and the magnetic poles which were placed in position that can be generating the magnetic tension force. The center between two permanent magnets was the sensor namely HES placed perpendicularly to the magnetic fluxes. The permanent magnets were the moving parts which can be displaced depending on the inclined angle of land subsidence. Analysis of the relationship between the incline angle of the measurement module and the output voltage from the HES was considered from the function of subsidence angle and magnetic density on X-axis and perpendicular angle (Y-axis) with the resolution of 100 mV per degree. There were two ranges of measurement according to the angle resolution, –20 to 20 degree at 1 degree of resolution per step and –6 to 6 degree at 0.01 degree of resolution per step.
Elimination of Oil Residual inside the Copper Pipe Using Ladder Technique  [PDF]
Witsarut Sriratana, Riichi Murayama
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.51002
Abstract:

This study presents the methodology to eliminate oil residual in copper pipe due to rolling process for manufacturing coil used in air conditioner. The pressure caused by Nitrogen flow rate was applied starting from 0, 5, 10, and 15 bar, respectively which was depending on time delay and pipe length. The developed system was divided into 2 modules: Parallel pressure ladder module (PPLM) [1] and Serial pressure ladder module (SPLM) which were experimented with 2 sizes of copper pipe: diameter 7.29 mm, thickness 0.25 mm, and length 10 km, and diameter 8 mm, thickness 0.25 mm, and length 10 km. From experiment, it can be noted that PPLM would perform better in elimination of oil residual compared to SPLM. About 97.44% (0.04 mg/m) and 97.59% (0.05 mg/m) of oil residual can be respectively eliminated from diameter 7.29 mm pipe and diameter 8 mm pipe which exceeded the standard allowance of 30% or 0.1 mg/m. Moreover, the cost of Nitrogen can be reduced by 6.25% per month.

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