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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 149734 matches for " H. Kuzmany "
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Fine Structure of the Radial Breathing Mode in Double-Wall Carbon Nanotubes
R. Pfeiffer,F. Simon,H. Kuzmany,V. N. Popov
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.72.161404
Abstract: The analysis of the Raman scattering cross section of the radial breathing modes of double-wall carbon nanotubes allowed to determine the optical transitions of the inner tubes. The Raman lines are found to cluster into species with similar resonance behavior. The lowest components of the clusters correspond well to SDS wrapped HiPco tubes. Each cluster represents one particular inner tube inside different outer tubes and each member of the clusters represents one well defined pair of inner and outer tubes. The number of components in one cluster increases with decreasing of the inner tube diameter and can be as high as 14.
Encapsulating C59N azafullerene derivatives inside single-wall carbon nanotubes
F. Simon,H. Kuzmany,J. Bernardi,F. Hauke,A. Hirsch
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1002/pssb.200669200
Abstract: Filling of single-wall carbon nanotubes with C59N azafullerene derivatives is reported from toluene solvent at ambient temperature. The filling is characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The filling efficiency is the same as for C60 fullerenes and the tube-azafullerene interaction is similar to the tube-C60 interaction. Vacuum annealing of the encapsulated azafullerene results in the growth of inner tubes, however no spectroscopic signature of nitrogen built in the inner walls is detected.
Highly 13C isotope enriched azafullerene, C59N, for nuclear spin labelling
F. Simon,F. Fulop,A. Rockenbauer,L. Korecz,H. Kuzmany
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2005.01.056
Abstract: Synthesis of highly $^{13}$C isotope enriched azafullerene, C$_{59}$N embedded in C$_{60}$ is reported. $^{13}$C enriched fullerenes, produced with the Kr\"{a}tschmer-Huffmann process, were subject to a N$_{2}$ discharge that produces C$_{59}$N with a low probability. Raman spectroscopy indicates a homogeneous $^{13}$C distribution. Electron spin resonance measurement (ESR) proves that the C$_{59}$N concentration, 0.2 %, is similar as in non-enriched fullerenes. The ESR spectrum is simulated accurately with the known $^{14}$N and $^{13}$C hyperfine coupling constants. The material enables the nuclear spin-labelling of heterofullerene complexes with a potential for biological applications. It might also find applications as a building element for quantum computation.
The Raman response of double wall carbon nanotubes
F. Simon,R. Pfeiffer,C. Kramberger,M. Holzweber,H. Kuzmany
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1007/3-540-28075-8_8
Abstract: Raman spectroscopy on carbon nanotubes (CNT) yields a rich variety of information owing to the close interplay between electronic and vibrational properties. In this paper, we review the properties of double wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs). In particular, it is shown that SWCNT encapsulating C$_{60}$, so-called peapods, are transformed into DWCNTs when subject to a high temperature treatment. The inner tubes are grown in a catalyst free environment and do not suffer from impurities or defects that are usually encountered for as-grown SWCNTs or DWCNTs. As a consequence, the inner tubes are grown with a high degree of perfection as deduced from the unusually narrow radial breathing mode (RBM) lines. This apostrophizes the interior of the SWCNTs as a nano-clean room. The mechanism of the inner nanotube production from C$_{60}$ is discussed. We also report recent studies aimed at the simplification and industrial scaling up of the DWCNT production process utilizing a low temperature peapod synthesis method. A splitting of the RBMs of inner tubes is observed. This is related to the interaction between the two shells of the DWCNTs as the same inner tube type can be encapsulated in different outer ones. The sharp appearance of the inner tube RBMs allows a reliable assignment of the tube modes to (n,m) indexes and thus provides a precise determination of the relation between the tube diameter and the RBM frequencies.
Highly unperturbed inner tubes in CVD grown double-wall carbon nanotubes
F. Simon,A. Kukovecz,Z. Konya,R. Pfeiffer,H. Kuzmany
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.cplett.2005.08.036
Abstract: The synthesis of double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) with highly unperturbed inner shells is reported using the catalytic vapor deposition method. Temperature dependent and high resolution Raman measurements show an enhanced phonon life-time of the inner tubes with respect to the outer ones and similar diameter SWCNTs. This proves that the inner tubes are unperturbed similar to the inner tubes in peapod-grown DWCNTs. The presence of the outer tube is argued to protect the inner tube from interaction with impurities and also to stabilize the growth of defect free inner tubes. The current material underlines the application potential of DWCNTs.
NMR Evidence for Gapped Spin Excitations in Metallic Carbon Nanotubes
P. M. Singer,P. Wzietek,H. Alloul,F. Simon,H. Kuzmany
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.236403
Abstract: We report on the spin dynamics of 13C isotope enriched inner-walls in double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNT) using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Contrary to expectations, we find that our data set implies that the spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) has the same temperature (T) and magnetic field (H) dependence for most of the innerwall nanotubes detected by NMR. In the high temperature regime (T > 150 K), we find that the T and H dependence of 1/T1T is consistent with a 1D metallic chain. For T < 150 K, we find a significant increase in 1/T1T with decreasing T, followed by a sharp drop below 20 K. The data clearly indicates the formation of a gap in the spin excitation spectrum, where the gap value 2 Delta = 40 K (= 3.7 meV) is H independent.
Superposition of Quantum and Classical Rotational Motions in Sc2C2@C84 Fullerite
K. H. Michel,B. Verberck,M. Hulman,H. Kuzmany,M. Krause
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1063/1.2434175
Abstract: The superposition of the quantum rotational motion (tunneling) of the encapsulated Sc2C2 complex with the classical rotational motion of the surrounding C84 molecule in a powder crystal of Sc2C2@C84 fullerite is investigated by theory. Since the quantum rotor is dragged along by the C84 molecule, any detection method which couples to the quantum rotor (in casu the C2 bond of the Sc2C2 complex also probes the thermally excited classical motion (uniaxial rotational diffusion and stochastic meroaxial jumps) of the surrounding fullerene. The dynamic rotation-rotation response functions in frequency space are obtained as convolutions of quantum and classical dynamic correlation functions. The corresponding Raman scattering laws are derived, the overall shape of the spectra and the width of the resonance lines are studied as functions of temperature. The results of the theory are confronted with experimental low-frequency Raman spectra on powder crystals of Sc2C2@C84 [M. Krause et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137403 (2004)]. The agreement of theory with experiment is very satisfactory in a broad temperature range.
Diameter selective characterization of single-wall carbon nanotubes
F. Simon,A. Kukovecz,C. Kramberger,R. Pfeiffer,F. Hasi,H. Kuzmany,H. Kataura
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.71.165439
Abstract: A novel method is presented which allows the characterization of diameter selective phenomena in SWCNTs. It is based on the transformation of fullerene peapod materials into double-wall carbon nanotubes and studying the diameter distribution of the latter. The method is demonstrated for the diameter selective healing of nanotube defects and yield from C$_{70}$ peapod samples. Openings on small diameter nanotubes are closed first. The yield of very small diameter inner nanotubes from C$_{70}$ peapods is demonstrated. This challenges the theoretical models of inner nanotube formation. An anomalous absence of mid-diameter inner tubes is observed and explained by the suppressed amount of C$_{70}$ peapods due to the competition of the two almost equally stable standing and lying C$_{70}$ peapod configurations.
Interaction between concentric Tubes in DWCNTs
R. Pfeiffer,Ch. Kramberger,F. Simon,H. Kuzmany,V. N. Popov,H. Kataura
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2004-00389-0
Abstract: A detailed investigation of the Raman response of the inner tube radial breathing modes (RBMs) in double-wall carbon nanotubes is reported. It revealed that the number of observed RBMs is two to three times larger than the number of possible tubes in the studied frequency range. This unexpected increase in Raman lines is attributed to a splitting of the inner tube response. It is shown to originate from the possibility that one type of inner tube may form in different types of outer tubes and the fact that the inner tube RBM frequency depends on the diameter of the enclosing tube. Finally, a comparison of the inner tube RBMs and the RBMs of tubes in bundles gave clear evidence that the interaction in a bundle is stronger than the interaction between inner and outer tubes.
Isotope engineering in carbon nanotube systems
F. Simon,Ch. Kramberger,R. Pfeiffer,H. Kuzmany,V. Zolyomi,J. Kurti,P. M. Singer,H. Alloul
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: We report on single-wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) specific $^{13}$C isotope enrichment. The high temperature annealing of isotope enriched fullerenes encapsulated in SWCNTs yields double-wall carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) with a high isotope enrichment of the inner wall. The vibrational spectra evidences that no carbon exchange occurs between the two walls. The method facilitates the identification of the Raman signal of the outer and inner tubes. Nuclear magnetic resonance proves the significant contrast of the isotope enriched SWCNTs as compared to other carbon phases, and provides information on the electronic properties of the small diameter inner tubes of the DWCNTs.
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