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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 402190 matches for " H. J. Lehto "
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Testing the X-ray variability of active galactic nuclei with the nonlinear prediction method
B. Czerny,H. J. Lehto
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/285.2.365
Abstract: The analysis of eight EXOSAT X-ray lightcurves of six active galactic nuclei by nonlinear prediction methods indicates that the observed short time-scale variability is truly stochastic and is not caused by deterministic chaos. This result favors X-ray emission models with mutliple centers of production of hot, possibly relativistic electrons.
On the masses of OJ287 black holes
M. J. Valtonen,S. Ciprini,H. J. Lehto
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21861.x
Abstract: Two multifrequency campaigns were carried out on OJ287 in 2005: in April when it was in its pre-outburst state, and in November, during the main 12 yr cycle outburst. The wavelength coverage was from radio to X-rays. In the optical-to-UV range the differential spectrum between the observations has a bremsstrahlung spectral shape, consistent with gas at $3 \times 10^{5}K$ temperature. Our result supports the hydrogen column density of the OJ287 host galaxy of $\sim9.3\times 10^{20} cm^{-2}$, the average value found by Gosh & Soundararajaperumal. The $3 \times 10^{5}K$ bremsstrahlung radiation was predicted in the binary black hole model of OJ287, and it arises from a hot bubble of gas which is torn off the accretion disc by the impact of the secondary. As this radiation is not Doppler boosted, the brightness of the outburst provides an estimate for the mass of the secondary black hole, $\sim1.4\times10^{8}$ solar mass. In order to estimate the mass of the primary black hole, we ask what is the minimum mass ratio in a binary system which allows the stability of the accretion disc. By using particle simulations, we find that the ratio is $\sim1.3\times10^{2}$. This makes the minimum mass of the primary $\sim1.8\times10^{10}$ solar mass, in agreement with the mass determined from the orbit solution, $1.84 \times 10^{10}$ solar mass. With this mass value and the measured K-magnitude of the bulge of the host galaxy of OJ287, the system lies almost exactly on the previously established correlation in the black hole mass vs. K-magnitude diagramme. It supports the extension of this correlation to brighter magnitudes and to more massive black holes than has been done previously.
H-alpha monitoring of OJ 287 in 2005-08
K. Nilsson,L. O. Takalo,H. J. Lehto,A. Sillanp??
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201014198
Abstract: We present the results of H-alpha monitoring of the BL Lac object OJ 287 with the VLT during seven epochs in 2005-08. We were able to detect five previously undetected narrow emission lines, 6548,6583[NII], 6563H-alpha$ and 6716,6731[SII] during at least one of the epochs and a broad H-alpha feature during two epochs. The broad H-alpha luminosity was a factor ~10 lower in 2005-08 than in 1984 when the line was previously detected and a factor ~10 lower than what is observed in quasars and Seyfert galaxies at the same redshift. The data are consistent with no change in the position or luminosity of the H-alpha line in 2005-08. The width of the H-alpha line was 4200 +- 500 km/s, consistent with the width in 1984.
Photometric Variability in the Ultracool Dwarf BRI 0021-0214: Possible Evidence for Dust Clouds
E. L. Martin,M. R. Zapatero Osorio,H. J. Lehto
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1086/321685
Abstract: We report CCD photometric monitoring of the nonemission ultracool dwarf BRI 0021-0214 (M9.5) obtained during 10 nights in 1995 November and 4 nights in 1996 August, with CCD cameras at 1 m class telescopes on the observatories of the Canary Islands. We present differential photometry of BRI 0021-0214, and we report significant variability in the I-band light curve obtained in 1995. A periodogram analysis finds a strong peak at a period of 0.84 day. This modulation appears to be transient because it is present in the 1995 data but not in the 1996 data. We also find a possible period of 0.20 day, which appears to be present in both the 1995 and 1996 datasets. However, we do not find any periodicity close to the rotation period expected from the spectroscopic rotational broadening (< 0.14 day). BRI 0021-0214 is a very inactive object, with extremely low levels of Halpha and X-ray emission. Thus, it is unlikely that magnetically induced cool spots can account for the photometric variability. The photometric variability of BRI 0021-0214 could be explained by the presence of an active meteorology that leads to inhomogeneous clouds on the surface. The lack of photometric modulation at the expected rotational period suggests that the pattern of surface features may be more complicated than previously anticipated.
Pulsations and orbital modulation of the intermediate polar 1WGA J1958.2+3232
A. J. Norton,H. Quaintrell,S. Katajainen,H. J. Lehto,K. Mukai,I. Negueruela
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011820
Abstract: We present optical photometry, spectroscopy and photopolarimetry, as well as ASCA X-ray observations, of the recently discovered intermediate polar 1WGA J1958.2+3232. Through the first detection of an optical beat frequency, we confirm the previously tentative suggestion that the spin period of the white dwarf is twice the X-ray and optical pulsation period, which we also confirm in each case. We detect an orbital modulation in each of the U, B, V, R and I bands for the first time, and suggest that the true orbital period is the -1d alias of that previously suggested. We also confirm the presence of circular polarization in this system, detecting a variable polarization which has opposite signs in each of the B and R bands. The double peaked pulse profile and oppositely signed polarization pulses suggest that 1WGA J1958.2+3232 accretes onto both magnetic poles via a disc which is truncated relatively close to the white dwarf.
Testing black hole no-hair theorem with OJ287
M. J. Valtonen,S. Mikkola,H. J. Lehto,A. Gopakumar,R. Hudec,J. Polednikova
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/742/1/22
Abstract: We examine the ability to test the black hole no-hair theorem at the 10% level in this decade using the binary black hole in OJ287. In the test we constrain the value of the dimensionless parameter q that relates the scaled quadrupole moment and spin of the primary black hole: q2 = -q 2 . At the present we can say that q = 1 \pm 0.3 (one), in agreement with General Relativity and the no-hair theorems. We demonstrate that this result can be improved if more observational data is found in historical plate archives for the 1959 and 1971 outbursts. We also show that the predicted 2015 and 2019 outbursts will be crucial in improving the accuracy of the test. Space-based photometry is required in 2019 July due the proximity of OJ287 to the Sun at the time of the outburst. The best situation would be to carry out the photometry far from the Earth, from quite a different vantage point, in order to avoid the influence of the nearby Sun. We have considered in particular the STEREO space mission which would be ideal if it has a continuation in 2019 or LORRI on board the New Horizons mission to Pluto.
Circular polarization survey of intermediate polars I. Northern targets in the range 17h
O. W. Butters,S. Katajainen,A. J. Norton,H. J. Lehto,V. Piirola
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200811058
Abstract: Context. The origin, evolution, and ultimate fate of magnetic cataclysmic variables are poorly understood. It is largely the nature of the magnetic fields in these systems that leads to this poor understanding. Fundamental properties, such as the field strength and the axis alignment, are unknown in a majority of these systems. Aims. We undertake to put all the previous circular polarization measurements into context and systematically survey intermediate polars for signs of circular polarization, hence to get an indication of their true magnetic field strengths and try to understand the evolution of magnetic cataclysmic variables. Methods. We used the TurPol instrument at the Nordic Optical Telescope to obtain simultaneous UBVRI photo-polarimetric observations of a set of intermediate polars, during the epoch 2006 July 31 - August 2. Results. Of this set of eight systems two (1RXS J213344.1+510725 and 1RXS J173021.5-055933) were found to show significant levels of circular polarization, varying with spin phase. Five others (V2306 Cyg, AO Psc, DQ Her, FO Aqr, and V1223 Sgr) show some evidence for circular polarization and variation of this with spin phase, whilst AE Aqr shows little evidence for polarized emission. We also report the first simultaneous UBVRI photometry of the newly identified intermediate polar 1RXS J173021.5-055933. Conclusions. Circular polarization may be ubiquitous in intermediate polars, albeit at a low level of one or two percent or less. It is stronger at longer wavelengths in the visible spectrum. Our results lend further support to the possible link between the presence of soft X-ray components and the detectability of circular polarization in intermediate polars.
Black hole binary OJ287 as a testing platform for general relativity
M. J. Valtonen,A. Gopakumar,S. Mikkola,K. Wiik,H. J. Lehto
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The blazar OJ287 is the most promising (and the only) case for an extragalactic binary black hole system inspiralling under the action of gravitational radiation reaction. At present, though it is not possible to directly observe the binary components, it is possible to observe the jet emanating form the primary black hole. We argue that the orbital motion of the secondary black hole is reflected in the wobble of the jet and demonstrate that the wobble is orbital position dependent. The erratic wobble of the jet, reported in Agudo et al. (2012), is analyzed by taking into account the binary nature of the system and we find that the erratic component of jet wobble is very small.
Constraints on the optical afterglow emission of the short/hard burst GRB 010119
J. Gorosabel,M. I. Andersen,J. Hjorth,H. Pedersen,B. L. Jensen,J. U. Fynbo,H. J. Lehto,S. Katajainen,K. Hurley,N. Lund
Physics , 2001, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011716
Abstract: We report optical observations of the short/hard burst GRB 010119 error box, one of the smallest error boxes reported to date for short/hard GRBs. Limits of R > 22.3 and I > 21.2 are imposed by observations carried out 20.31 and 20.58 hours after the gamma-ray event, respectively. They represent the most constraining limits imposed to date on the optical emission from a short/hard gamma-ray burst afterglow.
Black Holes in Active Galactic Nuclei
M. J. Valtonen,S. Mikkola,D. Merritt,A. Gopakumar,H. J. Lehto,T. Hyv?nen,H. Rampadarath,R. Saunders,M. Basta,R. Hudec
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Supermassive black holes are common in centers of galaxies. Among the active galaxies, quasars are the most extreme, and their black hole masses range as high as to $6\cdot 10^{10} M_\odot$. Binary black holes are of special interest but so far OJ287 is the only confirmed case with known orbital elements. In OJ287, the binary nature is confirmed by periodic radiation pulses. The period is twelve years with two pulses per period. The last four pulses have been correctly predicted with the accuracy of few weeks, the latest in 2007 with the accuracy of one day. This accuracy is high enough that one may test the higher order terms in the Post Newtonian approximation to General Relativity. The precession rate per period is $39^\circ.1 \pm 0^\circ.1$, by far the largest rate in any known binary, and the $(1.83\pm 0.01)\cdot 10^{10} M_\odot$ primary is among the dozen biggest black holes known. We will discuss the various Post Newtonian terms and their effect on the orbit solution. The over 100 year data base of optical variations in OJ287 puts limits on these terms and thus tests the ability of Einstein's General Relativity to describe, for the first time, dynamic binary black hole spacetime in the strong field regime. The quadrupole-moment contributions to the equations of motion allows us to constrain the `no-hair' parameter to be $1.0\:\pm\:0.3$ which supports the black hole no-hair theorem within the achievable precision.
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