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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 286189 matches for " Hükmi K?z?ltunc "
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Modified three step iterative process with errors for common fixed point of generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings
Seyit Temir,Hükmi Kzltunc
Tamkang Journal of Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.5556/j.tkjm.43.2012.577-586
Abstract: In this paper we introduce to modified three step iterative process with errors for approximating the common fixed point for generalized asymptotically quasi-nonexpansive mappings and prove some strong convergence results for the iterative sequences iterations with errors in real Banach spaces. The results obtained in this paper extend and improve the recent ones announced by Lan cite{Lan}, Nantadilok cite{Nan}, Saluja and Nashine cite{SN} and Yang et all. cite{LY} and many others.
Effect of Some Environmental Factors on Incidence and Severity of Angular Leaf Spot of Cotton in Yola and Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria  [PDF]
N. Z. Tuti, H. Nahunnaro, K. Ayuba
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33B004

Environmental factors such as relative humidity and rainfall generally have been found to increase the incidence, rate of spread and severity of diseases thereby reducing yield of crops. Study was conducted on five cotton varieties, which were artificially inoculated with bacterial blight pathogen to determine the effects of rainfall and relative humidity on incidence and severity of angular leaf spot (ALS) and yield of seed cotton in Yola and Mubi. Results showed that the severity of ALS was higher in Yola (58.65%) at 13 WAS assumed to be due to higher relative humidity range of 76% - 87% and low rainfall of 2 - 40.6 mm. This is assumed to have favoured disease development as against that of Mubi location which recorded lower severity (51.11%) due to lower relative humidity (42% - 55%) and rainfall (37 - 73 mm). Results further revealed that at 13 WAS, SAMCOT-8 had low incidence (66%) and severity (39%) in Yola. This was against the much higher corresponding incidence and severity of 82% and 42% respectively that was observed in Mubi during the same period. SAMCOT-10 and SAMCOT-9 varieties were found to be highly susceptible to the disease at the same period. SAMCOT-8 recorded the highest yield of 390.00 kg?ha?1 in Yola and 868.09 kg?ha?1 in Mubi while the lowest yields of 227.17 kg?ha?1 was observed on SAMCOT-10 in Yola while 461.61 kg?ha?1 was obtained on SAMCOT-9 in Mubi. The variation in yield among these varieties might be due to the differences in their reactions to the disease. There is a need to conduct further trials in these locations to confirm the level of resistance or other aspects of these varieties to the disease.

Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensor Based on the Novel Flower Like Morphology of Nickel Oxide  [PDF]
Z. H. Ibupoto, K. Khun, V. Beni, M. Willander
Soft Nanoscience Letters (SNL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/snl.2013.34A013
Abstract: In this study, novel nickel oxide (NiO) flowers like nanostructures were fabricated onto gold coated glass substrate by hydrothermal method using high alkaline pH medium. The structural study of nickel oxide nanostructures was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray differaction (XRD) techniques. Nickel oxide nanostructures are highly dense, uniform and possess good crystalline quality. The so prepared structures were investigated for their electrochemical properties by cyclic voltammetry and amperometric techniques. The nickel oxide flower like morphology has shown good electrochemical performances for the oxidation of glucose. The presented sensing material was able to detected glucose in a wide range of concentration of 0.001 mM to 8 mM with a high sensitivity (123 μmA/mM) and regression coefficient of 0.99. Moreover, the NiO nanostructures based sensor is highly reproducible, stable, exhibiting a fast response time and selective in the response. All the obtained results indicate the potential use of this material in the development of enzyme free sensors for the detection of glucose.
Wake-Up-Word Feature Extraction on FPGA  [PDF]
Veton Z. K?puska, Mohamed M. Eljhani, Brian H. Hight
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2014.21001
Abstract: Wake-Up-Word Speech Recognition task (WUW-SR) is a computationally very demand, particularly the stage of feature extraction which is decoded with corresponding Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) in the back-end stage of the WUW-SR. The state of the art WUW-SR system is based on three different sets of features: Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC), Linear Predictive Coding Coefficients (LPC), and Enhanced Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (ENH_MFCC). In (front-end of Wake-Up-Word Speech Recognition System Design on FPGA) [1], we presented an experimental FPGA design and implementation of a novel architecture of a real-time spectrogram extraction processor that generates MFCC, LPC, and ENH_MFCC spectrograms simultaneously. In this paper, the details of converting the three sets of spectrograms 1) Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC), 2) Linear Predictive Coding Coefficients (LPC), and 3) Enhanced Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (ENH_MFCC) to their equivalent features are presented. In the WUW- SR system, the recognizer’s frontend is located at the terminal which is typically connected over a data network to remote back-end recognition (e.g., server). The WUW-SR is shown in Figure 1. The three sets of speech features are extracted at the front-end. These
Structural, Microstructral, Mechanical and Magnetic Characterization of Ball Milled Tungsten Heavy Alloys  [PDF]
H. Elshimy, Z. K. Heiba, Karimat El-Sayed
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2014.412027
Abstract: A homemade ball mill was constructed and optimized in order to prepare nano crystallite size of tungsten heavy alloys, with composition of 90W-7Ni-3Fe and 90W-7Ni-3Co in wt%. The samples were mechanically alloyed under high purity of argon atmosphere and were sintered under high vacuumat 1200°C, 1300°C and 1400°C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), Vickers, ultrasonic techniques and SQUID magnetometer were all used to characterize the studied samples. The sintering temperature and the milling time at which the heavy tungsten alloys were obtained, are discussed in details. The results showed that the tungsten heavy alloys were synthesized and sintered at lower temperature than those prepared by the conventional techniques. Moreover, the strains and relative densities increased with milling time up to 100 hrs; then decreased with further milling. On the other hand, the elastic moduli and hardness increased with milling time up to 200 hrs; then decreased with further milling. The hardness calculated from ultrasonic and measured from Vickers exhibited a similar trend though with different values. The saturated magnetization decreased by increasing the milling time and decreasing the crystallite size.
Determination of Flow Structure in a Gold Leaching Tank by CFD Simulation  [PDF]
C. P. K. Dagadu, Z. Stegowski, L. Furman, E. H. K. Akaho, K. A. Danso
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2014.27059

Experimental residence time distribution (RTD) measurement and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation are the best methods to study the hydrodynamics of process flow systems. However, CFD approach leads to better understanding of the flow structure and extent of mixing in stirred tanks. In the present study, CFD models were used to simulate the flow in an industrial gold leaching tank. The objective of the investigation was to characterize the flowfield generated within the tank after process intensification. The flow was simulated using an Eulerian-Eulerian multi-fluid model where the RANS standard kmixture model and a multiple reference frame approach were used to model turbulence and impeller rotation respectively. The simulated flowfield was found to be in agreement with the flow pattern of pitched blade axial-flow impellers that was used for mixing. The leaching tank exhibited good “off-bottom suspension” which reveals minimum deposition of gold ore particles on the bottom of the leaching tanks. Simulation results were consistent with experimental results obtained from a radioactive tracer investigation. CFD approach gave a better description of the flow structure and extent of mixing in a leaching tank. Hence it could be a preferred approach for flow system analysis where the cost of experimentation is high.

Antimicrobial Activity of Traditional Chinese Medicines on Common Oral Bacteria  [PDF]
Michelle K. Z. Yuen, Ricky W. K. Wong, Urban H?gg, Lakshman Samaranayake
Chinese Medicine (CM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/cm.2011.22007
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate twenty Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM) against four oral bacteria. Methods: Twenty TCM were tested for sensitivity against Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Aliquots of suspension of each bacterial species were inoculated on a horse blood agar (HBA) plate, 6 mm diameter paper disks was soaked in different drug suspensions were placed concentrically on a HBA plate. Disks soaked in 0.2% w/v chlorhexidine were used as positive controls. These HBA plates were incubated for 48 hours anaerobically and the diameters of growth inhibition of three different areas were measured using a calibrated computer software and the mean diameter obtained for each bacteria. Broth microdilution assay was used to determine minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). The experiment was repeated on three separate occasions. Results: The TCMs that consistently against Porphyromonas gingivalis, included Folium artemisiae argyi, Fructus crataegi, Rhizoma dryopteris crassirhizomae, Flos magnoliae, Rhizoma polygoni cuspidati, Radix scrophulariae ningpoensis, Galla chinensis, Radix scutellariae baicalensis and Rhizoma coptidis; against Streptococcus mutans included Fructus crataegi, Galla chinensis and Rhizoma copitidis; against Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus sanguis included Galla chinensis and Rhizoma copitidis. Conclusion: Rhizoma copitidis and Galla chinensis had inhibitory effects on Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sanguis, Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis in vitro.
Preparation and Characterization of Functionalized Polypropylene with Acrylamide and Itaconic Acid  [PDF]
A. R. Oromiehie, H. Ebadi-Dehaghani, K. Ansari, K. Karimi, Z. Rahmani, S. Mirbagheri
Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering (MSCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.210007

Functionalized polypropylene with acryl amide (AAm) and itaconic acid (IA) were prepared in the molten state in the presence of dicumyl peroxide. The effects of the concentration of both mono- mers on the degree of functionalization and properties of the products were investigated by FT-IR, contact angle measurement and DSC analysis. It was found that the degree of functionalization depends on the initial concentration of both monomers that used in the reaction. The influence of the AAm and IA content on the melting and crystallization temperature of PP was investigated by DSC. The contact angle of water on film surfaces of the functionalized PP (PP-g-AAm and PP-g-IA) decreased with increasing modified polymer content. From FT-IR spectra of functionalized PP a calculation was made of carbonyl index on the films surfaces. It was found that the higher intensity of the carbonyl index, the lower contact angle value and the lower crystallinity confirmed the ex- istence of functionalized AAm and/or IA in PP. It was concluded from the different characteriza- tion methods that the polarity and percentage of functionalized PP were increased up to 3 phr for both monomers, and then it was decreased by increasing the amount of monomers and had a threshold value, due to nucleating agents of monomers in PP.

Phonon tunnels across a sonic horizon
H. Z. Fang,K. H. Zhou
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: We consider phonon tunneling in sonic black hole by WKB approximation method without the backreaction, in which the relativistic momentum-energy equation is used. We also study the WKB loop (closed path) integral [B. D. Chowdhury, Pramana70:3-26, 2008] in sonic black hole case and discuss the equivalence of the results of some cases from the two different tunneling probability expression in Painlev\'e-like coordinates.
Practical approach to management of respiratory complications in neurological disorders
Mangera Z, Panesar K, Makker H
International Journal of General Medicine , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S26333
Abstract: actical approach to management of respiratory complications in neurological disorders Review (2387) Total Article Views Authors: Mangera Z, Panesar K, Makker H Published Date March 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 255 - 263 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S26333 Received: 19 September 2011 Accepted: 23 November 2011 Published: 21 March 2012 Zaheer Mangera, Kirat Panesar, Himender Makker Respiratory Medicine, North Middlesex University Hospital, London, UK Abstract: Patients with certain neurological diseases are at increased risk of developing chest infections as well as respiratory failure due to muscular weakness. In particular, patients with certain neuromuscular disorders are at higher risk. These conditions are often associated with sleep disordered breathing. It is important to identify patients at risk of respiratory complications early in the course of their disease, although patients with neuromuscular disorders often present in the acute setting with respiratory involvement. This review of the respiratory complications of neurological disorders, with a particular focus on neuromuscular disorders, explores why this happens and looks at how to recognize, investigate, and manage these patients effectively.
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