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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 204163 matches for " Gutiérrez Sanín "
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?Estados fallidos o conceptos fallidos?: La clasificación de las fallas estatales y sus problemas
Gutiérrez Sanín,Francisco;
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2010,
Abstract: the problem of "state failiures" is currently one of the main challenges faced by the international policy led by the united states. in general, first world countries consider that crisis and state failure are the primary source of terrorism, violence, internal conflict, and civil war and promote migration waves, destabilize neighboring nations, and have the tendency of disturbing economic relations. the need to neutralize this foreseen risk has led some high global impact agencies to develop indicators for identifying, evaluating, and monitoring weak states, thereby constructing a base of information which aids the international community in their decision making, and allowing for the analysis and conceptualization of the subject in specialized literature. the objective of this article is to propose a critical evaluation of said indicators, use them as a window through which relevant literature can be observed, and discuss how colombia's situation can be interpreted from there.
Una relación especial: privatización de la seguridad, élites vulnerables y sistema político colombiano (1982-2002)
Gutiérrez Sanín,Francisco;
Estudios Socio-Jurídicos , 2012,
Abstract: in the decades from 1982 to 2002 colombia had been consolidating itself as a democratic state. however, during this time period the paramilitaries brought about one of the most severe rounds of homicidal violence in the country. in the face of this undoubted reality, several hypothesis are put forward to explain this paradox: a) colombia is not a democracy, but a terrorist regime that wipes out the opposition in order to maintain a top-down system of exclusions; b) the colombian institutions are yet another victim of the paramilitary violence; and c) the paramilitary phenomenon is due to the insurgency of local and regional elites against peace processes promoted from the top. the first two are clearly questionable. the third is insufficient in terms of identifying the role of decision-makers at the central level, both in the government and in the political system, in the evolution and surge of the paramilitary phenomenon. this article evaluates the three hypotheses and analyzes, based on official documents and press reports from the time, the scope of paramilitary activity in the years between 1982-2002, from the perspective of the role played by colombian democracy and its institutions, since - contrary to the official discourse of the governments, that for over 30 years have claimed that they have suffered the penetration and aggression of the paramilitaries hand in hand with "bad apples" or "isolated cases"- the paramilitary phenomenon in colombia in this time period enjoyed a special status that was publicly promoted by centrist politicians, in a matter-of-fact and conciliatory manner, prompted by the pressures of key sectors of the political system and the country's vulnerable elites.
Estrenando sistema de partidos
Gutiérrez Sanín,Francisco;
Análisis Político , 2006,
Abstract: the first part of this article is dedicated to the two big institutional changes in colombia related directly with the system of parties that is took place in the period-the political reformation and the reelection-, with a brief reference to its respective prehistories. the second concentrate on what has happened inside the traditional parties. the third part is on the uribismo and the majorities about those that it has enjoyed in its first cuatrienio.
Estados fallidos o conceptos fallidos? La clasificación de las fallas estatales y sus problemas.
Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín.
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2010,
Abstract: The problem of “State Failiures” is currently one of the main challenges faced by the international policy led by the United States. In general, First World countries consider that crisis and state failure are the primary source of terrorism, violence, internal conflict, and civil war and promote migration waves, destabilize neighboring nations, and have the tendency of disturbing economic relations. The need to neutralize this foreseen risk has led some high global impact agencies to develop indicators for identifying, evaluating, and monitoring weak states, thereby constructing a base of information which aids the international community in their decision making, and allowing for the analysis and conceptualization of the subject in specialized literature. The objective of this article is to propose a critical evaluation of said indicators, use them as a window through which relevant literature can be observed, and discuss how Colombia’s situation can be interpreted from there.
Crimen e impunidad: precisiones sobre la violencia
Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 1999,
Abstract:
Presentación.
Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín.
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2010,
Abstract:
Se ha abierto el sistema político colombiano? Una evaluación de los procesos de cambio (1970-1998)
Francisco GUTIéRREZ SANíN
América Latina Hoy , 2009,
Abstract: RESUMEN: A pesar de la continuidad democrática colombiana, existe una prolongada crisis de su sistema político que se refleja en varias dimensiones. Esta crisis se ha atribuido tradicionalmente a los efectos que se derivan del cierre del sistema político colombiano. A través del análisis de las diferentes dimensiones del cierre político , indicando qué tipo de implicaciones tiene cada una de ellas para el sistema y cómo han evolucionado, se trata de ver si los defectos del sistema político que tradicionalmente se han atribuido a este cierre son en realidad causa exclusiva del mismo o bien pudieran deberse en parte a la apertura política del sistema. El paso del cierre a la apertura política tiene como consecuencia que durante un período de tiernpo relativamente prolongado los indicadores de convivencia y cívilidad empeoren, éste sería el caso de Colombia, donde en las últimas décadas se han dado una serie de aperturas y cierres simultáneos, siendo esta tensión entre cierre y apertura la que ha provocado avances, estancamientos y retrocesos democráticos simultaneos. ABSTRACT: In spite of colombian democratic continuity, there is a extend crisis in its political system that reflects in several aspects. This crisis has been derived traditionally from the closing of the colombian political system. Through the analysis and evolutions of several aspects of political closing and its implies on the system, it is tried to proof if they are cause of the defects of the political system. The transit from the closing to the opening can deteriorate the indicators of coexistence and public spirit, there's the case of Colombia, where in the last decades the excessives openings and closings have simultaneous advances and breaking downs in the democracy.
EL DéFICIT CIVILIZATORIO DE NUESTRO RéGIMEN POLíTICO. LA OTRA ANOMALíA EN UNA PERSPECTIVA COMPARADA DEFICIT CIVILIZING OUR POLITICAL SYSTEM. THE OTHER FAULT IN A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín
Análisis Político , 2012,
Abstract: Este artículo se pregunta si nos encontramos frente a una anomalía genuina, a la luz tanto de los intentos de resolverla como de la literatura sobre la relación entre democracia y represión. La primera parte fija los conceptos básicos de esta anomalía: democracia, represión, y represión depredadora. A la vez, presenta la teoría básica de la relación entre democracia y represión, la llamada "teoría de la paz interna" (interior). La segunda parte discute los intentos de disolver la anomalía, eliminando uno de sus términos: sea la democracia, sea la represión. La tercera se concentra en una explicación clavede la anomalía: existe porque el país está en guerra. La cuarta debate una combinación de la disolución y la explicación: el contenido real de nuestro régimen político es la exclusión social, y eso explicaría el déficit civilizatorio de la democracia colombiana. This article wonders if we are facing a genuine anomaly in the light both of the attempts to resolve it as literature on the relationship between democracy and repression. The first part sets out the basics of this anomaly: democracy, repression, and repression predatory. At the same time, presents the basic theory of the relationship between democracy and repression, the "inner peace theory" (interior). The second part discusses the attempts to dissolve the anomaly, eliminating one of its terms: is democracy, is repression. The third focuses on a key explanation of the anomaly: there because the country is at war. The fourth debate a combination of solution and explanation: the actual content of our political system is social exclusion, and that would explain the deficit of democracy Colombian civilization.
Estrenando sistema de partidos Premiering Match System
Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín
Análisis Político , 2006,
Abstract: La primera parte de este artículo está dedicada a los dos grandes cambios institucionales en Colombia relacionados directamente con el sistema de partidos, que tuvieron lugar en el período -la reforma política y la reelección--, con una breve referencia a sus respectivas prehistorias. La segunda se concentra en lo que ha ocurrido dentro de los partidos tradicionales. La tercera parte trata sobre el uribismo y las mayorías de las que ha gozado en su primer cuatrienio. The first part of this article is dedicated to the two big institutional changes in Colombia related directly with the system of parties that is took place in the period-the political reformation and the reelection-, with a brief reference to its respective prehistories. The second concentrate on what has happened inside the traditional parties. The third part is on the uribismo and the majorities about those that it has enjoyed in its first cuatrienio.
Aprendizaje, cultura, cultura de la cultura, “c” elevado al cubo, y así sucesivamente
Francisco Gutiérrez Sanín
Nómadas , 2001,
Abstract: El texto presenta de manera crítica e ilustrada con situaciones concretas, las relaciones existentes entre ciertas prácticas rutinarias de las instituciones educativas y el horizonte mental y valorativo de los medios de comunicación, los formadores de opinión, los dirigentes políticos y cívicos y algunos académicos.This text presents a critical look with precise examples on the existing relations between certain habitual practices of educational institutions and the mental and evaluative horizon of communication media, i.e. those that form opinion, political leaders, civic leaders and certain academics.
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