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Traditional Devadasi system based sex work (dhandha) is practiced inIndia. The communities that
practice this system are affected severely by AIDS epidemic. Through this paper
we present the views of gharwalis (brothel
madams) regarding the impact of AIDS
on the traditional system (Devadasi system) of initiating girls as sex workers (Devadasis) and on the practice of sex work (dhandha) associated with that
in-depth interviews were conducted with twelve gharwalis as a follow-up of a cohort study, which investigated the patterns and
determinants of sex worker migration from northern Karnataka to southern
Maharashtra, in India. According to gharwalis,
the disease (AIDS) consequences; death, fear and stigma affected dhandha operations, changed the attitude
of the Devadasi community against the
practice of dhandha and the Devadasi system, besides, influenced the
community to take actions to stop the practice of dhandha and the Devadasi system.
The findings suggest that the interplay between the disease consequences and
the community’s response to those consequences contribute to transition dhandha and the Devadasi system. We
discuss our findings, describe the transition and the consequent risk enhancing
conditions. Finally, highlight
the need to address these conditions to reduce Devadasis risk and vulnerability to HIV infection.
The objective of the present study is to develop the irrigation planning model and to apply the same in the form of Two-Phase Multi Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming (TPMOFLP) approach for crop planning in command area of Jayakwadi Project Stage I, Maharashtra State, India. The development of TPMOFLP model is on the basis of various Linear Programming (LP) models and Multi Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming (MOFLP) models, these models have been applied for maximization of the Net Benefits (NB), Crop production (CP), Employment Generation (EG) and Manure Utilization (MU) respectively. The significant increase in the value of level of satisfaction (λ) has been found from 0.58 to 0.65 by using the TPMOFLP approach as compare to that of MOFLP model based on maxmin approach. The two-phase approach solution provides NB = 1503.56 Million Rupees, CP = 335729.30 Tons, EG = 29.74 Million Man days and MU = 160233.70 Tons respectively. The proposed model will be helpful for the Decision Maker (DM) to take a decision under conflicting situation while planning for different conflicting objectives simultaneously and has potential to find out an integrated irrigation planning with prime consideration for economic, social and environmental issue.