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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 81272 matches for " Guoliang Liu "
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Using Insulation in China’s Buildings: Potential for Significant Energy Savings and Carbon Emission Reductions  [PDF]
Guoliang Liu, Hans Liu
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.24027
Abstract: Most old residential and commercial buildings in China are not insulated or not to new standards. This is true even in regions with very cold winters or regions with very hot summers. The insulation in new buildings is very poor relative to North American standards. However, insulating the exterior walls, attic roofs, and foundation walls to new standards of buildings in China would reduce the need for heating and air conditioning, and thus would save roughly 200 million tons of coal each year. This in turn would lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions of about 510 million tons per year, which is equal to about 8.4% of China’s total carbon emissions in 2006. The use of insulation in buildings will help homeowners save money, help China save energy and help the environment all at the same time. Insulation will provide a continued payback to the homeowner, not only in dollars and cents, but also by providing a more enjoyable and comfortable living environment for many years.
Effect of Ice-Temperature and Spermidine on Chilling Sensitivity of Pepper  [PDF]
Dongjie Liu, Guoliang Sui, Yongzhou He, Wen Qin, Ji Liu
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2013.42022
Abstract:

The peppers which were treated at ice-temperature for 6 hours and 1 mmol/L spermidine for 10 min, followed by cold storage (4 ± 1) respectively were investigated. The results indicated that the chilling injury was delayed and reduced by ice-temperature and spermidine treatments. Comparing with control group, ice-temperature and spermidine exerted significant effects on reduction of ascorbic acid (Vc) and chlororphyll contents, relatively high activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA) as well as the increase of cell membrane penetrability. The results indicated that the spermidine and ice-temperature induced the activity of antioxidant enzyme SOD and maintained higher defence-related compound Vc as well as lower levels of membrane lipid peroxidation, which may be associated with chilling injury alleviation. There was a difference between ice-temperature treatment and spermidine treatment after 30 days. The results suggested that spermidine was more effective in reducing chilling sensitivity and prolonging storage of peppers.

On the Hermitian Positive Definite Solutions of Nonlinear Matrix Equation
Aijing Liu,Guoliang Chen
Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/163585
Abstract: Nonlinear matrix equation
Convergence Analysis of Preconditioned AOR Iterative Method for Linear Systems
Qingbing Liu,Guoliang Chen
Mathematical Problems in Engineering , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/341982
Abstract: -(-)matrices appear in many areas of science and engineering, for example, in the solution of the linear complementarity problem (LCP) in optimization theory and in the solution of large systems for real-time changes of data in fluid analysis in car industry. Classical (stationary) iterative methods used for the solution of linear systems have been shown to convergence for this class of matrices. In this paper, we present some comparison theorems on the preconditioned AOR iterative method for solving the linear system. Comparison results show that the rate of convergence of the preconditioned iterative method is faster than the rate of convergence of the classical iterative method. Meanwhile, we apply the preconditioner to -matrices and obtain the convergence result. Numerical examples are given to illustrate our results.
Advantages of Chain Business and Countermeasures of Small- and Medium-Sized Manufacturers
Guoliang Luo,Ximei Liu
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v3n1p30
Abstract: Along with the development of market economy in China, chain business has been turned into a guiding ring from the last ring in the supply chain. Chain business’ economy of scale, economy of scope, and advantages of information and integration becomes more prominent. Under this condition, small- and medium-sized manufacturers can adopt more flexible production and diversified marketing strategy by means of combining with retailers directly.
Supervisory Framework of China Electric Power Universal Service
Guoliang Luo,Zhiliang Liu
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v4n1p26
Abstract: The industry of electric power possesses obvious character of semi-public goods, which may induce market failure. In order to ensure basic living uses needed by residents especially for those residents living in rural poor, remote and border areas, the industry of electric power can not completely depend on market mechanism to resolve, and as the necessary in modern society, the electric power possesses the nature of universal service, and the government should actualize the aim of electric power universal service and implement the responsibilities as a supervisor. It is the necessary premise to confirm the aim and tasks of supervision for the implementation of governmental supervisory responsibilities, and this article mainly analyzes the basic supervisory framework of electric power universal service.
The Physiological Basis of Heterosis for Potassium Uptake of Hybrid Millet  [PDF]
Zihui Liu, Binhui Liu, Hongmei Zhang, Guoliang Li, Yanmin Zhang, Xiulin Guo
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.513215
Abstract:

Hybrid millet Zhang and its parental cultivars were studied for their potassium (K) uptake and accumulation characteristics and related physiological mechanisms. Hydroponic culture was performed with two K levels (i.e., high and low) set up. At high K level, hybrid millet showed heterobeltiosis in K accumulation and leaf K content, and it also had higher H+-ATPase activity, respiration rate, root oxidant activity and root K+ influx rate than its parental cultivars. All these lay the physiological foundation of heterosis for potassium uptake of hybrid millet. At low K level, the hybrid millet had a lower H+-ATPase activity and a higher K efflux rate than its parental cultivars, thus heterobeltiosis in K accumulation or leaf K content was not observed. Therefore, high level K fertilizer application is recommended for hybrid millet cultivation as it is favorable for hybrid millet to display heterosis in K uptake and K accumulation.

SPECIFIC CONDUCTANCE OF MOLTEN LiF-KCl OR LiF-KBr SYSTEM

XU Chi,LIU Guoliang,CHEN Nianyi,

金属学报 , 1984,
Abstract: The specific conductances of molten LiF-KCI or LiF-KBr system was determined. Discussion of the results obtained from the computer simulation on the reciprocal salt pair systems according to Monte Carlo's method has been made.
A New Method for the Bisymmetric Minimum Norm Solution of the Consistent Matrix Equations ,
Aijing Liu,Guoliang Chen,Xiangyun Zhang
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/125687
Abstract:
Assessing the effect of traditional Chinese medicine on CD4+ lymphocyte count of 807 HIV/AIDS cases  [PDF]
Jian Wang, Wen Zou, Ying Liu, Liran Xu, Fang Lu, Yuguang Wang, Guoliang Zhang, Jiaming Lu, Jun Zhou
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.39112
Abstract: National Free Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) HIV/AIDS Treatment Program had been carried out for more than 5 years, treating 9267 cases accumulately by 2009. We report the 3-year outcome on CD4+ lymphocyte count of 807 cases of HIV/AIDS enrolled in the National Free TCM HIV/AIDS Treatment Pro- gram, the CD4+ lymphocyte count were measured every 6 month at 7 time points (0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36 month). The results showed that the overall CD4+ ly mphocyte count maintained stable at the 6th month and the 12th month, declined significantly at the 18th month, 24th month and 30th month, then elevated to the pre-treatment level at the 36th month. Patients with pre-treatment CD4+ lymphocyte count level < 200/mm3, who possibly combined HAART therapy, had CD4+ lymphocyte count elevated significantly after all visits. Patients with pre-treatment CD4+ lymphocyte count level between 200 and 350/mm3 mainta- ined stable before the 36th month, and then rosed significantly, which implicated the long-term effect of TCM. Patients with pre-treatment CD4+ lymphocyte count level > 350/mm3 had CD4+ lymphocyte count declined significantly after all visits. In summary, combined treatment of Chinese herbal medicine and conventional therapy on HIV/AIDS suggested promising effect, but more evidences from larger, rigorous designed studies still needed to support the affirmative effect of TCM in the future.
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