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Partner profile of pregnant women who have obstetric prenatal high risk in a university hospital south of Brazil  [PDF]
Gisele Perin Guimares, Jussara Gue Martini
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.39A005
Abstract:

This study aimed to relate the social and obstetric risk factors presented by pregnant women who underwent high risk prenatal in a southern Brazil hospital unit. This is a quantitative research. The data collection was conducted from January to September 2012, where 12 high-risk pregnancies and nine companions with diversified social and obstetric conditions were seen. The analysis was by simple statistics. Pregnant women social profile results indicated that predominant age group was 31 to 40 years old; all had some degree of education; 84% Catholic; 75% of pregnant women were accompanied by someone of their choice during high risk prenatal care; and 50% of the choices were for her spouse; half of these pregnant women have a professional occupation. Obstetrics findings demonstrated that the majority of women were not planning on the pregnancy, only 17% started prenatal care in the first trimester, 42% had already presented risk in previous pregnancy, 58% of women were classified as high risk due to fetal abnormalities. Given these findings, it is clear that high-risk pregnancy as a period involving several factors, including social and obstetric that, when connected, can compromise the process of gestating for both the mother and the fetus.

Male Breast Cancer-Dosimetry Evaluation in Teletherapy  [PDF]
Nilmara A. Guimares, Verginia R. Crispim
International Journal of Medical Physics,Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology (IJMPCERO) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2014.34031
Abstract: The rate of male breast cancer has increased in recent years, due to the deficiency of preventive examinations (male mammography). Besides, since male breasts are generally smaller than female breasts, it is essential to monitor the doses received by male breasts, as well as those received by close, healthy and critical organs in order to assess the plan used in this kind of treatment. To do this, the distribution of doses in male breasts was simulated and assessed, based on the procedures adopted in the treatment of female breasts, when submitted to a radiation beam from a linear accelerator. The Alderson Rando phantom was used and the relevant absorbed doses were measured by TLD-100 thermoluminescent dosimeters distributed throughout the volume of interest. The results of the treatment planning were compared with the results obtained by TLDs. A difference of up to 8.5%, in comparison with the planned dose, as well as a 6% relative standard deviation was found.
Falls and health-related quality of life (SF-36) in elderly people—ISACAMP 2008  [PDF]
Iara Guimares Rodrigues, Margareth Guimares Lima, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512A007
Abstract:

Falls are accidental events and harmful to the healthy elderly. Its consequence can lead to the disability and the death. Accordingly, it becomes important to assess the relation between falls and quality of life. This theme is little studied in Brazil and internationally, especially in areas with large population bases. Objective: To identify the association between occurrence of fall and health-related quality of life (HRQL) using the SF-36 according to gender, age and schooling, among the elderly population of Campinas/Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional, population-based study, using data from ISACAMP 2008. The present study analyzed only the population with 60 years old or more, totaling 1432 elderly individuals. The dependent variables were the eight SF-36 scale, version 2. The main independent variables were the falls occurred in the last 12 months and the limitation in activities daily living due to the falls. Analysis were carried out with the simple and multiple linear regression model in order to determine the associations between the dependent and main independent variables, using svy commands of STATA 11.0. Results: The prevalence of falls in the last year was 6.3%. The elderly individuals who referred to fall in the last 12 months exhibited the lowest score in seven of eight SF-36 scales, comparing with non-fallers. The association between fall and HRQL was greater in the male population. The elderly individuals who are older (75 or more) and located in the lower schooling stratum, and experienced falls also exhibited the lowest SF-36 scale scores, in physical and social functioning. Stratifying falls, considering those who cause limitations and those who do not, can be observed with the lowest scores in physical functioning, role physical, role emotion and social functioning, and only in the stratum of people who have limitations in daily living. Conclusion: The occurrence of falls can cause important limitations in

Acontecimento e Trajetória de Vida: A Constru o de uma Celebridade Carismática
SIM?ES, Paula Guimares
Contemporanea : Revista de Comunica??o e Cultura , 2012,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho é discutir o fim da carreira do jogador de futebol Ronaldo Nazário de Lima, um acontecimento que impulsionou relatos de natureza biográfica. A grade analítica utilizada é composta por três categorias: descri o; narra o; e constitui o de públicos. A análise da “morte simbólica” de Ronaldo permite apreender a trajetória de vida do jogador, assim como os valores e dons agregados à sua imagem – e que o configuram como uma celebridade carismática.
Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul - do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recupera??o posterior
Guimares, Alexandre Queiroz;
Revista de Economia Política , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572010000100003
Abstract: the state and the economy in south korea: from the developmentist state to the asian crisis and later recovery. the article focuses on the institutions of south korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. the economic model in south korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. however, south korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inherent to strong state intervention. the article shows that the crisis was a result of the combination between internal economic fragilities and a rapid process of financial deregulation, which undermined the state's capacity of control. the crisis, nevertheless, does not disqualify the role of the national institutions in the very successful process of industrialization. despite the reforms, the korean capitalism conserves much of the previous model of business organization and industrial relations. the state continues strong and played active role in the process of economic reforms. there are, nevertheless, doubts about the impacts of the reforms and the new configuration of korean capitalism. they will depend on the current transformations in world economy and in the east asian countries.
Memórias históricas de movimentos rurais - Juiz de Fora na passagem do século XIX ao XX
Guimares, Elione Silva;
Tempo , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-77042007000100004
Abstract: the article analyzes a large set of historical sources which reveled fragments on movements and conflicts occurred in the rural area of juiz de fora (zona da mata mineira, brasil) through a period of fifty years (1878-1928). the histories analysed give us the knowledge of the victories and defeats forged in the vicissitudes of life and denude the countrymen strategies of survival under the lawsuits in the play of power to have a rigth to land.
A sociologia dos mercados de trabalho, ontem e hoje
Guimares, Nadya Araujo;
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-33002009000300007
Abstract: sociological attention on labor market issues varies among social contexts and intellectual approaches. the article focuses on the emergency of a sociology of labor markets, on its interfaces with other domains, and stresses its importance for the debate during the 1960's and 70's on the specificity of latin american contemporary societies. it argues that the new economic sociology agenda and its conceptual tools have been renewing the sociology of labor markets traditional approach and illustrates this argument with recent research results on the search for job, labor market intermediaries and labor offer-demand match under flexible markets like s?o paulo.
Trabalho em transi??o: uma compara??o entre S?o Paulo, Paris e Tóquio
Guimares, Nadya Araujo;
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-33002006000300008
Abstract: this article compares three metropolises (s?o paulo, paris and tokyo) and addresses a main research result: labor market transitions, occupational trajectories, and even the forms of unemployment vary according to employment systems and welfare regimes.
A imposi??o do caráter social da produ??o por meio da concorrência
Augusto, André Guimares;
Nova Economia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-63512012000100001
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to show that for marx, the social character of capitalist production is imposed upon private producers through competition. one direct consequence of this type of resolution of the social nature of production is that social reproduction has a turbulent character that contrasts with equilibrium.
A procura de trabalho: uma boa janela para mirarmos as transforma??es recentes no mercado de trabalho?
Guimares, Nadya Araujo;
Novos Estudos - CEBRAP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-33002012000200009
Abstract: the study of job seeking is a useful starting point for describing not only recent changes in the structure of the labor market, but also to understand the functioning of social bonds in contemporary society. it helps to reveal how social relations are mobilized and the efficacy of social bonds, indicating the importance of non-market mechanisms on the organization and reproduction of social life at large, and more specifically on the functioning of the labor market.
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