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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14162 matches for " Guimar?es Morais "
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Compacta??o do solo na cultura do arroz de terras altas
Guimares, Cleber Morais;Moreira, José Aloísio Alves;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2001000400014
Abstract: a greenhouse experiment was conducted with the objective to evaluate the effects of soil compaction on two upland rice genotypes grown in a dark red latosol with loam texture, having densities of 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7 g cm-3. soil density values were created artificially at 0-20 cm soil depth using plastic tubes of 24.4 cm of diameter. soil water potential was maintained at 0.035 mpa. treatment effects were evaluated 40 days after seedling emergence using the shoot dry weight and the root system as parameters. results obtained for both cultivars indicated that shoot growth was decreased by increasing soil density beyond 1.2 g cm-3 and also that root thickness increased with increasing soil density. additionally, superficial soil compaction reduced the amount of roots present at 0-20 cm soil depth as well as at 20-40 cm.
Rela??o entre técnicas e les?es em praticantes de jud?
Barsottini, Daniel;Guimares, Anderson Eduardo;Morais, Paulo Renato de;
Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-86922006000100011
Abstract: judo is a martial art created in 1882 characterized by a great number of techniques and philosophical basis, and it has been mentioned in several studies as one of the sports presenting a higher amount of injury occurrences. nevertheless, there are few detailed surveys to allow performing a causal correlation between the technical aspects and the percentage picture of the injuries found in this sportive modality. the sampling was constituted by seventy-eight case reports attained after applying a close questionnaire in forty-six 23 years old ± 10 years male athletes, and thirty-two 19 years old ± 7 years female athletes. the mean time of practice for male athletes was 9 ± 6 years, and their level was distributed as follows: 20% black belt, 50% brown belt, and 30% with lower than brown belt level. the female athletes presented a mean time of practice of 5 ± 3 years, distributed as follows: 9% black belt, 25% brown belt, and 66% with lower than brown belt level. after applying a questionnaire, it was observed that injuries occurred in 23% prevalence in the knee joint, followed by 16% in the shoulder, 22% in fingers and toes, and the remaining occurrences amounted 39%. 10% of injuries were mild, 9% were moderate injuries, and 63% were severe injuries. the relationship of the training injuries attained 71% of the cases, and 42% of that total occurred when heavier fighter participated in the training. the most frequent strokes that caused injuries were the ippon seoi nague, with a 23% incidence, the tai otoshi, with 22%, and the uchi mata, 9%.
ARROZ DE TERRAS ALTAS EM ROTA O COM SOJA UPLAND RICE IN ROTATION WITH SOYBEAN
Cleber Morais Guimares,Luís Fernando Stone
Pesquisa Agropecuária Tropical , 2007, DOI: 10.5216/pat.v34i3.2305
Abstract: Este trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar o comportamento do arroz de terras altas em solos usados com monocultura da soja, sob diferentes preparos e doses de nutrientes, e os efeitos desses fatores sobre o cultivo subsequente da soja. Os tratamentos consistiram de três doses de macronutrientes (zero; 100 kg.ha-1 e 300 kg.ha-1 da fórmula comercial 4-30-16), na ausência ou presen a de aduba o com micronutrientes (20 kg.ha-1 de sulfato de zinco; 50 kg.ha-1 de FTE BR 12 e 50 kg.ha-1 de sulfato ferroso). Conduziram-se experimentos sob três sistemas de preparo do solo (ara o com grade aradora, com arado escarificador e com arado de aiveca). A análise conjunta dos experimentos mostrou que a ara o com aiveca proporcionou produtividade média de 3.077 kg.ha-1, superior em 9% e 26% às obtidas com ara o com arado escarificador, 2.823 kg.ha-1, e com grade aradora, 2.440 kg.ha-1, respectivamente. Os tratamentos de macro e micronutrientes n o afetaram a produtividade do arroz. Os diferentes tipos de preparo de solo e doses de nutrientes aplicados à cultura do arroz n o afetaram os teores de macro e micronutrientes e o pH do solo, nem o comportamento agron mico da cultura da soja conduzida na mesma área, no ano seguinte. A soja produziu, em média, 2.600 kg.ha-1. Considerando os apectos lucratividade e sustentabilidade, recomenda-se que o arroz cultivado após a soja, sob o preparo de solo com arado de aiveca, seja adubado com 100 kg.ha-1 da fórmula comercial 4-30-16, sem a aplica o de micronutrientes. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Aiveca; arado escarificador; grade aradora; macronutriente; micronutriente. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of upland rice grown in soils of continued soybean cultivation, under different tillage systems and nutrient doses, and the effects of these treatments on the subsequent soybean yield. The treatments were three doses of macronutrients (zero, 100 kg.ha-1, and 300 kg.ha-1 of commercial formula 4-30-16), without or with micronutrient fertilization (20 kg.ha-1 of zinc sulfate, 50 kg.ha-1 of FTE BR 12, and 50 kg.ha-1 of iron sulfate). The experiments were carried out under three soil tillage systems (heavy disk harrow, chisel plow, and moldboard plow). A joint analysis showed that the moldboard plow system provided average rice grain yield of 3077 kg.ha-1, 9% and 26% higher than those of chisel plow (2823 kg.ha-1), and heavy disk harrow (2440 kg.ha-1), respectively. Macro and micronutrient treatments did not significantly affect rice grain yield. The different soil tillage systems and nutrient doses applied to rice crop did n
Compacta o do solo na cultura do arroz de terras altas
Guimares Cleber Morais,Moreira José Aloísio Alves
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2001,
Abstract: A presente pesquisa teve o objetivo de avaliar o efeito da compacta o do solo sobre duas cultivares de arroz de terras altas. O experimento foi realizado em casa de vegeta o, utilizando um Latossolo Vermelho-Escuro, de textura franca, com densidades do solo de 1,2, 1,3, 1,4, 1,5, 1,6 e 1,7 g cm-3. Estas densidades foram produzidas artificialmente, na camada de 0-20 cm de profundidade, em colunas de solo com 24,4 cm de diametro. O solo foi mantido em potencial da água superior a 0,035 MPa. O comportamento do arroz foi avaliado aos 40 dias após a emergência, por meio de parametros da parte aérea e radicular da planta. O crescimento da parte aérea do arroz de terras altas diminui com o aumento da densidade do solo a partir de 1,2 g cm3; as raízes na camada compactada de 0-20 cm de profundidade apresentam engrossamento, em raz o do aumento da densidade do solo; e a compacta o superficial do solo diminui a quantidade de raízes presentes nesta camada e na camada inferior n o-compactada de 20-40 cm de profundidade.
Quality assurance in European pharmacy education and training
Guimares Morais JA,Cavaco AM,Rombaut B,Rouse M
Pharmacy Practice (Granada) , 2011,
Abstract: A survey of quality assurance (QA) systems in European faculties of pharmacy was carried out under the auspices of the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy PHARMINE consortium. A questionnaire based on the quality criteria of the International Pharmaceutical Federation and the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (USA) was sent out to European faculties. Replies were obtained from 28 countries. Just above half has a working QA system. QA scores were high concerning matters such as complete curriculum and training, use of European Credit Transfer System, students’ representation and promotion of professional behavior. QA scores were low concerning matters such as evaluation of achievement of mission and goals, and financial resources. The PHARMINE consortium now has a basis upon which to elaborate and promote QA in European pharmacy faculties.
Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) to Assess the Nutritional State of Cotton Crop in Brazil  [PDF]
Ademar Pereira Serra, Marlene Estev?o Marchetti, Simone Candido Ensinas, Henrique Soares de Morais, Vanessa do Amaral Conrad, Franklyn Clawdy Nunes Guimares, Gislaine Paola de Oliveira Barbosa
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.54065
Abstract:

The diagnosis of nutritional state is an important tool to understand the nutritional requirement of plants and the influence of the nutritional balance on the yield. The proposed in this study was to apply the Diagnosis and Recommendation Integrated System (DRIS) to assess the nutritional state of cotton crop through the order of nutrient requirement and nutritional balance. Yield data from plots (average acreage 100 ha) and foliar concentrations of macro and micronutrients of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum r. latifolium) plants were stored in a database. The criterion to define the reference population consisted of plots with above-average yields + 2/3 standard deviation (over 4785 kg·ha-1 seed cotton yield). The DRIS method was efficient to evaluate the nutrition state of cotton. It was feasible to identify the order of plant requirement and nutritional balance. It was feasible to observe that when minor the Nutritional Balance Index (NBI) it’s higher the yield. It means that to reach high yield it is necessary to show low NBI. The Sulphur, Boron and Zinc showed the higher frequency as the most required nutrients by plant. The Magnesium and Manganese were the less required by the cotton plant, this means that both of them were limiting the yield by excess in the tissue.

HIV-1 Genetic Diversity and Transmitted Drug Resistance Mutations among Patients from the North, Central and South Regions of Angola
Joana Morais Afonso, Gonzalo Bello, Monick L. Guimares, Marta Sojka, Mariza G. Morgado
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042996
Abstract: Background Angola presents a very complex HIV-1 epidemic characterized by the co-circulation of several HIV-1 group M subtypes, intersubtype recombinants and unclassified (U) variants. The viral diversity outside the major metropolitan regions (Luanda and Cabinda) and the prevalence of transmitted drug resistance mutations (DRM) since the introduction of HAART in 2004, however, has been barely studied. Methods One hundred and one individuals from the Central (n = 44), North (n = 35), and South (n = 22) regions of Angola were diagnosed as HIV-1 positive and had their blood collected between 2008 and 2010, at one of the National Referral Centers for HIV diagnosis, the Kifangondo Medical Center, located in the border between the Luanda and Bengo provinces. Angolan samples were genotyped based on phylogenetic and bootscanning analyses of the pol (PR/RT) gene and their drug resistance profile was analyzed. Results Among the 101 samples analyzed, 51% clustered within a pure group M subtype, 42% were classified as intersubtype recombinants, and 7% were denoted as U. We observed an important variation in the prevalence of different HIV-1 genetic variants among country regions, with high frequency of subtype F1 in the North (20%), intersubtype recombinants in the Central (42%), and subtype C in the South (45%). Statistically significant difference in HIV-1 clade distribution was only observed in subtype C prevalence between North vs South (p = 0.0005) and Central vs South (p = 0.0012) regions. DRM to NRTI and/or NNRTI were detected in 16.3% of patients analyzed. Conclusions These results demonstrate a heterogeneous distribution of HIV-1 genetic variants across different regions in Angola and also revealed an unexpected high frequency of DRM to RT inhibitors in patients that have reported no antiretroviral usage, which may decrease the efficiency of the standard first-line antiretroviral regimens currently used in the country.
Quality assurance in European pharmacy education and training
Guimares Morais,J.A.; Cavaco,A.M.; Rombaut,B.; Rouse,M.; Atkinson,J.;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552011000400003
Abstract: a survey of quality assurance (qa) systems in european faculties of pharmacy was carried out under the auspices of the european association of faculties of pharmacy pharmine consortium. a questionnaire based on the quality criteria of the international pharmaceutical federation and the accreditation council for pharmacy education (usa) was sent out to european faculties. replies were obtained from 28 countries. just above half has a working qa system. qa scores were high concerning matters such as complete curriculum and training, use of european credit transfer system, students' representation and promotion of professional behavior. qa scores were low concerning matters such as evaluation of achievement of mission and goals, and financial resources. the pharmine consortium now has a basis upon which to elaborate and promote qa in european pharmacy faculties.
Libera??o de íons por biomateriais metálicos
Morais, Liliane Siqueira de;Guimares, Glaucio Serra;Elias, Carlos Nelson;
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-54192007000600006
Abstract: aim: every metallic biomaterial has some interaction with surrounding tissues, and ion release occurs by dissolution, wearing or corrosion of the alloy. the aim of this paper was to revise the metal ion release from some metallic biomaterials, describing the ion/tissue interaction and the possible side effects. conclusions: treatments such as sand blasting and etching increases the amount of metallic ion release, but the surface coated with hydroxyapatite and the polishing decreases the ion release. when clinical signs of side effects to the biomaterial are present one should search its composition, do allergic tests and choose non-metallic biomaterials or biomaterials without the aggressor element. the researches about ion release should be frequent due to the use of new biomaterials.
A importancia da problematiza??o na constru??o do conhecimento em saúde comunitária
Torrezan, Rosiane Morais;Guimares, Raul Borges;Furlanetti, Maria Peregrina de Fátima Rotta;
Trabalho, Educa??o e Saúde , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-77462012000100007
Abstract: this article reports on the experience of returning knowledge produced through an educational research action in health carried out in a local community and shows that the dialogue afforded by problematization allows for opportunities for collective reflection on problems experienced by everyone, offering conditions for the development of citizens who are more participatory, more critical and, particularly, more active in confronting their realities. the goal was to discuss with the population the relationship there is between houseflies and environmental health, bringing up issues relating to health and environment in the morada do sol garden and park residencial francisco belo galindo neighborhoods, in the city of presidente prudente, state of s?o paulo, brazil. to achieve this goal, the research action approach was used based on paulo freire's popular education theoretical framework, debating health conditions in impoverished periurban areas and analyzing the experience of coordinating social players to solve their health issues. at the end, the authors bring up a few aspects that were seized in the investigation of the community health educational processes, by which, starting from the reflections on the environment, health and environmental problems affecting the wider community were unveiled.
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