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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52592 matches for " Guimar?es Ana Cecília Pedriali "
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Características Demográficas e Intervalo para Atendimento em Mulheres Vítimas de Violência Sexual
Andrade Rosires Pereira,Guimares Ana Cecília Pedriali,Fagotti Filho álvaro,Carvalho Newton S. de
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2001,
Abstract: Objetivos: analisar as características sociodemográficas das mulheres vítimas de violência sexual, avaliar a experiência sexual prévia, pesquisar a utiliza o de métodos anticoncepcionais por ocasi o da violência e observar o período de tempo desde a agress o até o atendimento hospitalar. Métodos: foram analisados os dados de 117 fichas pré-codificadas, de um total de 134 atendimentos. As fichas foram utilizadas no atendimento de mulheres vítimas de violência sexual na Maternidade do Hospital de Clínicas de Curitiba no período de agosto de 1998 até junho de 2000. Resultados: a idade das mulheres variou de 5 a 49 anos, sendo que a metade era de jovens, com até 19 anos. A maioria tinha segundo grau completo ou incompleto, 41 (41,0%) eram estudantes e 82 (82,0%) eram solteiras. Na análise da experiência sexual prévia, constatou-se que cerca de um ter o (32,4%) era virgem. Das mulheres que referiam ter vida sexual prévia, 35 (47,9%) usavam algum método anticoncepcional quando da agress o. Houve varia o de 2 horas a 2 meses em rela o ao tempo decorrido desde a violência sexual até a procura por atendimento. Conclus es: o número de mulheres vítimas de violência sexual evidencia a importancia de um atendimento especializado a estas pacientes. Há também necessidade de este atendimento ser multidisciplinar, já que dentre as vítimas existem grupos que necessitam de aten o diferenciada, como por exemplo as crian as. O intervalo entre a violência sexual e a procura do servi o pode ser considerado como indício de que a popula o deve ter acesso a mais informa es em rela o à preven o de gravidez e doen as sexualmente transmissíveis, inclusive a infec o pelo HIV.
Estudo da correla??o entre press?o intra-ocular e espessura corneana central (projeto glaucoma)
Sakata, Kenji;Figueira, Aloisio Laurindo de M.;Guimares, Ana Cecília Pedriali;Schmitt, Artur José;Scapucin, Luciana;Barros, Luis Guilherme Rego;Delai, Nara;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492000000500005
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the distribution of the central corneal thickness (cct) and its relationship with the intraocular pressure (iop) in a group of patients and to demonstrate the usefulness of the pachymeter to evaluate iop in selected cases. methods: the central cornea thickness of 167 patients over 40 years old (319 eyes) was determined using ultrasonic pachymetry. the intraocular pressure was measured by the "goldmann" applanation tonometer.results: the cct average of the 319 eyes was 0.5173 + 0.0377mm, the maximum value being 0.656mm and the minimum value 0.430mm. the iop average was 16.44 + 3.88 mmhg; the maximum pressure 30 mmhg and the mini-mum pressure 8 mmhg. a linear regression of 0.13677 of the analyzed variables (p=0.0145) was observed, with no difference between sex and age. the observations were divided in to two groups: group i ? iop £ 21 mmhg ? with 285 eyes which presented a cct average of 0.517 + 0.0376 mm; and group ii ? iop > 21 mmhg ? with 34 eyes which presented a cct average of 0.519 + 0.0393 mm. conclusion: a linear regression between iop and cct was observed, meaning that the higher the cct the higher the iop will be. the usefulness of corneal pachymetry for iop evaluation was shown in those patients where it was falsely increased or decreased on applanation tonometry, directing therapy towards patients really with glaucoma.
Características Demográficas e Intervalo para Atendimento em Mulheres Vítimas de Violência Sexual
Andrade, Rosires Pereira;Guimares, Ana Cecília Pedriali;Fagotti Filho, álvaro;Carvalho, Newton S. de;Arrabal, José Sória;Rocha, Denise Munhoz da;Medeiros, Juarez M.;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032001000900006
Abstract: purpose: to investigate the social and demographic characteristics of women victims of sexual abuse; to evaluate their sexual experience before the abuse; to investigate the use of contraceptive methods at the time of the violence, and to observe the interval between the occurrence of the abuse and the search for a hospital attendance. methods: 117 encoded records were evaluated, of a total of 134, obtained regarding the attendance of women victims of sexual abuse at the maternity of the hospital de clinicas, in curitiba, in the period between august, 1998 and june, 2000. results: the age of the women varied from 5 to 49 years and half of them were young, with 19 years at the most. the majority of them were graduates or attending high school, 41 (41,0%) were students and 82 (82,0%) were single. the sexual experience analysis showed that one third (32,4%) was virgin. among the women who reported sexual experience, 35 (47,9 %) were using a contraceptive method when they suffered abuse. there was a range from 2 hours to 2 months since the occurrence of the sexual violence until the search for attendance. conclusions: the number of women victims of sexual abuse showed the importance of specialized attendance and also the necessity of a multidisciplinary attendance, since among the victims there are children who need special attention. the period of time between the sexual abuse and the search for hospital attendance was large, showing that there should be more information available to the population in relation to the prevention of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including hiv infection.
Aspectos familiares de meninas adolescentes dependentes de álcool e drogas
Guimares, Ana Beatriz Pedriali;Hochgraf, Patrícia Brunfentrinker;Brasiliano, Silvia;Ingberman, Yara Kuperstein;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832009000200005
Abstract: background: drug use among adolescents has been investigated in several recent studies. family is recognizably both a protective and a risk factor for substance use during adolescence. objective:this present article is a literature review on family aspects of female adolescents who are drug abusers and/or psychoactive drug dependents to gather information available on this issue for capacitating heath providers in clinical care and prevention of this syndrome. methods:a literature review was conducted in medline (index medicus), scielo, pubmed using the following key words: addiction, drug abuse, girls, adolescence and family. results:the families of these adolescents were found to be mostly dysfunctional characterized by conflictive family relationships, poor family cohesion, ill-defined hierarchy, and negative parental role modeling for drug use. gender differences were also remarkable: girls need more family support than boys to protect them against deviant peer group involvement; they are also more vulnerable to psychological rather than physical abuse while boys suffer more from physical abuse. notably, support from older female siblings is a protective factor against substance abuse in girls. transgenerational transmission and parental style are also addressed. discussion: drug abuse in girls has been little investigated and there have been few studies specifically focusing on the association between dependence and girls.
Acido tranexamico e hemostasia em cirurgia de revasculariza??o do miocárdio com circula??o extracorpórea
Vargas, Guilherme F;Branco, Jo?o Nelson R;Guimares, Ana Hercília S;Kobata, Cecília;Silva, Espedito T. V. F;Teles, Carlos Alberto;La Rotta, Carlos Arnulfo A;Batista Filho, M. L. A;Andrade, José Carlos S;Buffolo, ênio;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 1992, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76381992000400007
Abstract: the synthetic antif ibrinolytic drug tranexamic acid was evaluated in its hemostatic and blood saving effects, in patients submitted to myocardial revascularization with extracorporeal circulation. to 40 patients were administered placebo and to 55 tranexamic acid i.v. in a dosage of 10 g in the operative period (2 g in the anesthetic induction and the remaining 8 g in a continuous way during the operative procedure). tranexamic acid, in this dosage, has proved to have a very impressive hemostatic effect, leadir g to a reduction in post operative bleeding of 47% in 12 h, 42,5% in 24 h and 40,5% when drains were taken off, related to the control group (p < 0.05). tranexamic acid have led to less utilization for homologous paked red cells per patient, but statistical significance was found only in the 24 h of post operative period, with 1,025 units/patient in control group and 0,333 units/ patient in treated group. concerning post operative complications, there have been more neurological alterations without sequelae (2.5% against 12.7%) and creatinin alterations (5% against 10.9%) in the tranexamic acid group. such alterations were attributed to the high dosage used. as a conclusion, we do not recommend routine use of tranexamic acid to patients submitted to myocardial revascularization in the dosage of 10 g i.v., but, owing to the evident hemostatic effect of the drug, we recommend more investigations concerning the ideal dosage and way of administration.
Psychosocial Factors Involved in Absenteeism—A Qualitative Analysis in a Brazilian Context  [PDF]
Alessandro Vinicius de Paula, Ximena Christina de Carvalho Oliveira, Ana Alice Vilas Boas,lia de Moura Martins Guimares
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.58092
Abstract:

Work is a fundamental activity for human beings not only because it provides the benefit of a wage but also because it allows the subject to draw primitive anxieties that are evoked only in the frame of human-work relations. In Brazilian context, removed workers are often victims of prejudice beyond the organization space, triggering feelings of weakness and uselessness. The absence from work may also jeopardize both physical and mental health. Thus, this study aims to understand the psychosocial factors (social support, affect, coping skills and perception of future and health status) involved in absenteeism and the process of withdrawing work and its consequences on people’s lives. A qualitative approach was chosen for gathering and analyzing data. Four workers from different professional categories participated in this qualitative study. It was observed that stop working brought serious implications for the lives of investigated subjects, who reported feelings of estrangement, fear, emptiness, depression, helplessness and dependence. The most frequent difficulties in relation to absenteeism refer to the part of the tie break of social and financial issues. The main strategy for dealing with problems arising from job withdraws was to seek social support from friends and family. Regarding plans and the prospective, they experienced a critical period (immobilization), requiring a process of (re)adapting to the new situation ahead. Given the above, it is noteworthy to understand that the consequences of absenteeism or temporary withdrawing of labor become a necessary measure to preserve physical and mental health; a task open to interventions of work and organizational psychology.

Frutos e sementes em Schultesia Mart. e Xestaea Griseb. (Gentianaceae)
Guimares, Elsie Franklin;Saavedra, Mariana Machado;Costa, Cecília Gon?alves;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062007000200006
Abstract: this work describes the fruits and seeds of species of the genus schultesia mart. with 21 taxons and the monotypic xestaea griseb. seed coat morphology was investigated with scanning electron microscopy (sem). we searched for characters that would help to separate the genera and species, and these contributed to the discussion on taxa delimitation. some of the characters have taxonomic value. the fruits of both genera are septicidal bivalvar capsules with a persistent calyx and numerous seeds. form and consistency of the funiculus, as well as the seed coat surface, allowed us to establish groups, thus helping in species identification. the grooved pattern of the periclinal walls of xestaea seeds is distinct from that of schultesia seeds, which agrees with morphological and molecular studies that led to the recent reestablishment of xestaea. descriptions and illustrations complete this work.
Inactivation of Escherichia coli in water by TiO2-assisted disinfection using solar light
Rodrigues, Cecília P.;Ziolli, Roberta L.;Guimares, José R.;
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-50532007000100014
Abstract: tio2-assisted heterogeneous photocatalysis and photolysis were evaluated for the disinfection of water samples using a glass reactor with immobilized tio2 (catalyst), solar light and e. coli as an indicator microorganism of the efficiency of disinfection. parameters such as color and turbidity of the water, level of coliform bacteria (by the colilert? method), inclination angle of the solar reactor, solar light intensity, flow rate and retention time were controlled during the experiments. two different operational modes were used for the solar reactor: single pass mode and recirculation mode. first, synthetic water was used in the disinfection tests as a model system; second, tests were conducted using natural samples specifically groundwater collected from a lake and a well. in bacterial suspensions in synthetic water in the absence of color and turbidity, heterogeneous photocatalysis was responsible for the reduction of approximately 100% of the initial concentration of e. coli. only a 56.5% reduction was obtained by photolysis during the same solution recirculation time, which indicated a better efficiency using the catalyst. from the natural samples, total inactivation was not achieved in the studied cases. however, photocatalysis using tio2/solar light was shown to be quantitatively efficient in the destruction of the total coliforms in water, reaching values up to around 80% inactivation in natural waters with initial levels of total coliforms ranging from 16.6 to 22.2′103 mpn per 100 ml.
Possible competitive displacement of planorbids by Melanoides tuberculata in Minas Gerais, Brazil
Guimares, Carlos Tito;Souza, Cecília Pereira de;Soares, Delza de Moura;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762001000900027
Abstract: several species of snails, including pomacea haustrum, marisa cornuarietis and helisoma duryi, have been identified as probable competitors and/or predators of planorbid intermediate hosts of schistosoma. during the last few years, studies carried out in the caribbean region have shown reductions and even disappearances of populations of biomphalaria glabrata and b. straminea in breeding places where the snail melanoides tuberculata was introduced. observations made over a period of 10 years in two lakes close to belo horizonte, mg, showed that there were marked reductions in autochthonous populations of b. glabrata and b. straminea after the arrival of m. tuberculata, both biomphalaria species disappearing completely after eight years.
Linfadenectomia Axilar Conservadora no Cancer de Mama Estádio Clínico I
Brondi, Luiz Antonio Guimares;Stecca, Jer?nimo;Ferro, Maria Cecília;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032000000600003
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the efficacy of conservative axillary dissection (levels i and ii) in the surgical treatment of stage i breast cancer. methods: the results of 142 mastectomies performed from january/93 to december/98 in patients with clinical stage i breast cancer (t1no) were evaluated. removing the axillary lymph nodes present at levels i and ii, with the preservation of the pectoralis muscles, the axillary lymph nodes were dissected by the author (lagb), and subsequently one section of each lymph node was histopathologically evaluated. quadrantectomy was performed in 138 cases and modified mastectomy (patey), in 4 cases. the predominance of the t1c (130 cases) was observed. results: a total of 3,282 lymph nodes were removed (2,456 at level i and 826 at level ii), with an average of 23.1 nodes per axilla. only 68 were histologically involved (2%). "skip" metastasis was present only in one case (0.7%). thirty-five false negative cases were observed (24.6%), with involvement of level i in 34 cases (97.1%) and of level ii in 2 cases (5.7%). we observed 107 cases with negative axillary lymph nodes (75.4%). conclusion: the axillary dissection of levels i and ii is sufficient to treat the axilla in clinical stage i breast cancer. in clinical stage ii and iii of the disease, the complete axillary dissection including levels i, ii and iii is indicated. the interpectoral rotter group will be removed if surgically suspicious.
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