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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 198858 matches for " Guillermina Durán Arrieta "
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Formación psicopedagógica a profesores noveles de Enfermería
Durán Arrieta,Guillermina;
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2012,
Abstract: the psychopedagogic formation of new professors for the nursing studies was considered very important to the integral preparation of students so that they could acquire the required knowledge. this paper was aimed at devising the preparation and the formation of new professors for the nursing career in "hermanos ameijeiras" hospital. the universe of study was 25 heads of wards, that is, 100 %. they were provided with an intensive methodological course for their psychopedagogic preparation; pedagogic textbooks, manuals, doctoral theses of pedagogic and didactic orientation, consultation to experts to enrich the paper, surveys, courses and others. the participating human resources were heads of wards, professors, tutors and experts, whereas the material resources covered computers, sheets of papers, pens and others. the research method was explanatory and descriptive, based on the study materials related to the specialty. from the ethical viewpoint, the informed consent by the scientific commission of the institution was applied. this paper showed the knowledge acquired by the professors on the importance of professional guidance, in addition to their criteria about the use of this tool in guiding the students.
Formación psicopedagógica a profesores noveles de Enfermería Psychopedagogic formation of new professors in nursing
Guillermina Durán Arrieta
Educaci?3n M??dica Superior , 2012,
Abstract: Se considera de gran valor la formación psicopedagógica a profesores noveles en la carrera de Enfermería con el propósito de la preparación integral a estudiantes designados para obtener los conocimientos necesarios. Este trabajo se ha realizado con el objetivo de desarrollar la preparación y formación de profesores noveles en la carrera de Enfermería del Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico. "Hermanos Ameijeiras". Para la ejecución y elaboración del estudio fue tomado un universo de 25 jefas de sala, lo que representó el 100 % de estas. Se les ofreció, un concentrado metodológico previo con vistas a su preparación psicopedagógica; se revisaron libros textos de Pedagogía, manuales, tesis de grado con corte pedagógico y didáctico, también consulta a expertos con el objetivo de enriquecer el trabajo, cursos, encuestas, etc. Los recursos humanos utilizados fueron: las jefas de salas, profesores, tutores y expertos. Los recursos materiales utilizados fueron: computadoras, hojas, bolígrafos y otros. El método de estudio utilizado fue descriptivo, explicativo, apoyado por la base material de estudio afín a la especialidad. Desde el punto de vista ético fue del consentimiento informado a la comisión científica de la institución. Con la realización de este trabajo quedaron evidenciados los conocimientos adquiridos por los profesores sobre la importancia que reviste la orientación profesional así como fueron del criterio de aplicarlo posteriormente a los estudiantes. The psychopedagogic formation of new professors for the nursing studies was considered very important to the integral preparation of students so that they could acquire the required knowledge. This paper was aimed at devising the preparation and the formation of new professors for the nursing career in "Hermanos Ameijeiras" hospital. The universe of study was 25 heads of wards, that is, 100 %. They were provided with an intensive methodological course for their psychopedagogic preparation; pedagogic textbooks, manuals, doctoral theses of pedagogic and didactic orientation, consultation to experts to enrich the paper, surveys, courses and others. The participating human resources were heads of wards, professors, tutors and experts, whereas the material resources covered computers, sheets of papers, pens and others. The research method was explanatory and descriptive, based on the study materials related to the specialty. From the ethical viewpoint, the informed consent by the scientific commission of the institution was applied. This paper showed the knowledge acquired by the professors on the importance of p
Método físico para la regulación de la temperatura corporal
Cabrera Montesinos,Rafael; Castro Arias,Mercedes; Tápanes Morejón,Jorge Luis; Durán Arrieta,Guillermina;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 1997,
Abstract: a descriptive study was performed on the application of different physical methods for the regulation of body temperature with the objective of knowing the most effective method. the sample consisted of 115 patients presenting with different diseases and admitted to "hermanos ameijeiras" clinical and surgical hospital in the service of polyvalent intensive care during the period of january-november, 1994. for the performance of the study, a survery was applied to identify the most effective method for reducing body temperature evaluated by manual technique. as result of this study it was found that the application of a bath of warm water at 37ec reduced the body temperature in 30 patients with initial hyperthermia of 39ec. one hour after the bath the patient had 36.5ec proving the vasodilatation which occurs in the skin favouring blood supply and reducing body temperature.
Método físico para la regulación de la temperatura corporal
Rafael Cabrera Montesinos,Mercedes Castro Arias,Jorge Luis Tápanes Morejón,Guillermina Durán Arrieta
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 1997,
Abstract: Se realiza un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de la aplicación de diferentes métodos físicos para la regulación de la temperatura corporal, con el objetivo de conocer el más efectivo. Se toman como muestra 115 pacientes con diferentes enfermedades ingresados en el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras", en el Servicio de Cuidados Intensivos Polivalente, en el período enero-noviembre de 1994. Para la realización del estudio se aplicó una encuesta para identificar el método más eficaz en la disminución de la temperatura corporal evaluado mediante técnica manual, por el método de palotes. Como resultado del trabajo encontramos con mayor significado en la aplicación, el ba o de agua tibia a temperatura de 37 EC, aplicado a 30 pacientes con hipertermia inicial de 39EC y temperatura final, una hora después de 36,5 EC, lo cual confirma la vasodilatación que ocurre en la piel, favoreciendo el riego sanguíneo y por consiguiente, disminuyendo la temperatura corporal. A descriptive study was performed on the application of different physical methods for the regulation of body temperature with the objective of knowing the most effective method. The sample consisted of 115 patients presenting with different diseases and admitted to "Hermanos Ameijeiras" Clinical and Surgical hospital in the service of Polyvalent Intensive Care during the period of January-November, 1994. For the performance of the study, a survery was applied to identify the most effective method for reducing body temperature evaluated by manual technique. As result of this study it was found that the application of a bath of warm water at 37EC reduced the body temperature in 30 patients with initial hyperthermia of 39EC. One hour after the bath the patient had 36.5EC proving the vasodilatation which occurs in the skin favouring blood supply and reducing body temperature.
Transport-Limited Denudation Regime Inferred from Sand Petrography and Chemical Composition: Cenozoic Sediments from the Guadiana Basin (SW Spain)  [PDF]
José Arribas, Meaza Tsige, Guillermina Garzón, Rosa Tejero
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2014.55046
Abstract:

The Guadiana Basin is an E-W intraplate Cenozoic basin located in SW of the Iberian Peninsula, covering an area close to 6000 km2. NE-SW Alpine faults divide the basin into two subbasins: the Vegas Altas (VA) to the East, and the Vegas Bajas (VB) to the West. Sedimentary record consists of <200 m thick of sediments, arranged in two main depositional sequences, DS1 and DS2. Petrographic analysis of sediment sandy-fraction combined with geochemical analysis of <2 mm fraction permit to infer provenance and factors controlling sediment composition. Petrographic analysis of sandy-fraction reveals provenance from basin margins lithologies. In VA subbasin, quartzolithic petrofacies characterized eastern subbasin infill related to the erosion of Neoproterozoic and Palaeozoic metasediments. To the West quartzofeldspathic petrofacies predominates, associated with the erosion of coarse-grained plutonites and short distance transport of their products. Intermediate petrofacies characterizes clastic deposits from the VB. Chemical analysis of clastic deposits corroborates a main felsic origin of sediments with a composition that fits well with the upper crust compositional norm and with the Neoproterozoic Iberian Average Shale (NIBAS). In addition, minor contributions from mafic sources can be identified in DS1 from VB, manifested by anomalies in the content of Co, Ni, Cr, V and Sc. Different stages of weathering (from intermediate to intense) can be deduced by the analysis of both, sandy-fraction petrography and bulk sediment geochemistry. This fact is related to the great hiatus at the base of the Cenozoicbasin infill. Transport-limited denudation regimes can be inferred by the presence of high and intermediate weathered and texturalyinmature sediments. In addition, trace element ratios suggest local enrichment in dense minerals, attributable to recycling processes from metasediments. Finally, the sedimentary record of the Guadiana Basin is constituted by immature sediments formed by limited transsport processes of very variable weathered products from recycled metasedimentary and first-order sediments from granitoids.

Caracterización de ?-lactamasas de espectro extendido (BLEE) en cepas nosocomiales de K. pneumoniae. Sucre-Venezuela
Guzmán,Militza; Alonso,Guillermina;
Investigación Clínica , 2009,
Abstract: in this study, 25 strains of k. pneumoniae, isolated from patients with nosocomial infections from august 2002 to december 2003, were examined to determine their antimicrobial susceptibility, plasmid profile, transfer capacity of resistance determinants and blatem, blashv, and blactx-m genes. nineteen nosocomial strains revealed a weakened susceptibility to third-generation cephalosporins and aztreonam, and were extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (esbls) producers. all strains presented conjugable plasmids with a conjugation frequency of 10-3 to 10-4 transconjugants/donor cell. the analysis of restriction patterns revealed the presence of three differents plasmids. the escherichia coli transconjugants were esbls producers and expressed resistance for aminoglucosides and chloramphenicol. the blatem gen was found in all transferables plasmids and the blashv and blactx genes were found in transferables and no transferables plasmids. the enzymes identified in the isolates were tem-1 shv-5-2a and ctx-m-2. the plasmids present in the k. pneumoniae strains play an important role in the dissemination of the genes encoding resistance to ?-lactams and other antimicrobial agents.
Integrones clase 1 asociados a plásmidos en cepas de Klebsiella pneumoniae
Guzmán,Militza; Alonso,Guillermina;
Revista de la Sociedad Venezolana de Microbiología , 2008,
Abstract: integrons are genetic elements able to capture resistance genes, usually located in plasmids and responsible for dissemination of resistance in gram negative bacilli. the presence of class 1 integrons and its association with plasmids in 23 multiresistant klebsiella pneumoniae strains, isolated from different services of hospital ?antonio patricio de alcalá? sucre-venezuela was studied. by bacterial conjugation and polymerase chain reaction the transference of resistance determinants and the presence of integrons class 1 were evaluated. all isolates were resistant to ceftazidime and aztreonam. conjugation assays demonstrated the presence of conjugative plasmids in all k. pneumoniae strains analyzed. integrons were detected in 10 (43.47%) isolates. one integron element was present in nine strains and two elements in one single strain. integrons identified were associated a plasmids. the presence of integrons class 1 carried by plamids must play an important role in the epidemiology of antibiotic resistance in clinical strains.
Caracterización de la región variable de integrones clase 1 presentes en cepas nosocomiales de Klebsiella pneumoniae
GUZMáN,MILITZA; ALONSO,GUILLERMINA;
Revista médica de Chile , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872010000300010
Abstract: background: integrons are responsible for the capture and dissemination of resistance genes in gram-negative bacteria. aim: to characterize the variable region within class 1 integrons in nosocomial strains of klebsiella pneumoniae. material and methods: twenty-nine klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from hospitalized patients were analyzed. the variable region of class 1 integrons was characterized by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. genetic localization of class 1 integrons was determined by bacterial conjugation. results: ten strains contained class 1 integrons, with sizes ranging from 750 to 2000 base pairs. one integrant element was present in nine strains and two elements in one single strain. integrons were associated to plasmids. cassettes aada, aac(6)-iq, orfd, dfra]7, aada5 and aadb were found. conclusions: the presence of class 1 integrons may play an important role in the dissemination of hospital resistance against amino glycosides.
Bases del poder de los mercaderes de plata de la ciudad de México. Redes, control del Consulado y de la Casa de Moneda a fines del siglo XVII
del Valle Pavón, Guillermina
Anuario de Estudios Americanos , 2011,
Abstract: In the last decades of the 17th century a small group of merchants from Mexico City guaranteed production of most silver produced in New Spain. This article presents the business networks established by these merchants to purchase silver, the role of family bonds and the importance of trust relationships to finance their ventures. It also analyzes how credit provided by silver merchants funded the mercury supply, specially after they took control of the Mexico City merchant guild which became responsible to collect alcabala taxes. Lastly, this study also examines how venality in royal positions allowed the same merchants to control the only mint in all of New Spain, as well as to illicitly adulterate coinage. En las últimas décadas del siglo XVII un peque o grupo de mercaderes de la ciudad de México garantizaron la producción de la mayor parte de la plata que se producía en Nueva Espa a. En el artículo se exponen las redes que articularon dichos mercaderes para adquirir la plata, el papel de los vínculos familiares y la importancia de las relaciones de confianza en el financiamiento de sus negocios. Se analiza la forma en que el crédito de los tratantes de plata garantizó el abasto de azogue, en particular cuando tomaron el control del Consulado de México y éste se hizo cargo de administrar la renta de alcabalas. Por último, se examina cómo la venalidad de los oficios reales permitió a dichos actores dominar la única Casa de Moneda de Nueva Espa a, así como las prácticas ilícitas que llevaban a cabo en relación con la acu ación.
Caracterización de la región variable de integrones clase 1 presentes en cepas nosocomiales de Klebsiella pneumoniae Characterization of the variable region within class 1 integrons in Klebsiella pneumoniae nosocomials strains
MILITZA GUZMáN,GUILLERMINA ALONSO
Revista médica de Chile , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Integrons are responsible for the capture and dissemination of resistance genes in Gram-negative bacteria. Aim: To characterize the variable region within class 1 integrons in nosocomial strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae. Material and Methods: Twenty-nine Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from hospitalized patients were analyzed. The variable region of class 1 integrons was characterized by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. Genetic localization of class 1 integrons was determined by bacterial conjugation. Results: Ten strains contained class 1 integrons, with sizes ranging from 750 to 2000 base pairs. One integrant element was present in nine strains and two elements in one single strain. Integrons were associated to plasmids. Cassettes aadA, aac(6)-Iq, orfD, dfrA]7, aadA5 and aadB were found. Conclusions: The presence of class 1 integrons may play an important role in the dissemination of hospital resistance against amino glycosides.
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