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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401027 matches for " Graziela M.; Trauthman "
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Pharmacy practice simulations: performance of senior pharmacy students at a University in southern Brazil
Galato,Dayani; Alano,Graziela M.; Trauthman,Silvana C.; Fran?a,Tain? F.;
Pharmacy Practice (Internet) , 2011, DOI: 10.4321/S1886-36552011000300004
Abstract: objective: a simulation process known as objective structured clinical examination (osce) was applied to assess pharmacy practice performed by senior pharmacy students. methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted based on documentary analysis of performance evaluation records of pharmacy practice simulations that occurred between 2005 and 2009. these simulations were related to the process of self-medication and dispensing, and were performed with the use of patients simulated. the simulations were filmed to facilitate the evaluation process. it presents the osce educational experience performed by pharmacy trainees of the university of southern santa catarina and experienced by two evaluators. the student general performance was analyzed, and the criteria for pharmacy practice assessment often identified trainees in difficulty. results: the results of 291 simulations showed that students have an average yield performance of 70.0%. several difficulties were encountered, such as the lack of information about the selected/prescribed treatment regimen (65.1%); inadequate communication style (21.9%); lack of identification of patients′ needs (7.7%) and inappropriate drug selection for self-medication (5.3%). conclusions: these data show that there is a need for reorientation of clinical pharmacy students because they need to improve their communication skills, and have a deeper knowledge of medicines and health problems in order to properly orient their patients.
Responsible self-medication: review of the process of pharmaceutical attendance
Galato, Dayani;Galafassi, Luciana de Mattos;Alano, Graziela Modolon;Trauthman, Silvana Cristina;
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-82502009000400004
Abstract: this article presents a review, based on a qualitative study, of pharmaceutical orientation in the management of minor illness. action research methodology was used by a group of faculty members responsible for the community pharmacy internship and by postgraduates in clinical pharmacy, to carry out the study with the objective to present a standard service for this kind of procedure. the interaction with the individual starts with a welcoming reception, at which point the pharmacist should be receptive and show empathy. subsequently, data from the history of the patient are collected to obtain relevant information. based on this information, the pharmacist must develop a line of clinical reasoning and make a decision, taking the context of the patient into account. after this analysis, the most appropriate intervention is performed. this intervention could indicate the need for referral to another health professional, the use of a non-pharmacological therapy or the provision of sound advice on medicines available without prescription. the next step is monitoring the patient in order to identify the effectiveness and safety of treatment. the standardization process of pharmaceutical attendance in the management of minor disorders contributes to the rational use of medicines.
A dispensa??o de medicamentos: uma reflex?o sobre o processo para preven??o, identifica??o e resolu??o de problemas relacionados à farmacoterapia
Galato, Dayani;Alano, Graziela Modolon;Trauthman, Silvana Cristina;Vieira, Ana Cristina;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-93322008000300017
Abstract: dispensation is part of the process of health attention and should be considered an integrated action with other health professionals, especially the prescribers. in the present work the construction of the dispensing process started with a theoretical reflection by teachers of the pharmaceutic supervised internship and was developed along the teaching practice that took place in the school pharmacy, through epistemological reflection. in this context, the stages of pharmaceutical service process are presented from the moment of the presentation of the prescription, focusing on prevention, identification and resolution of problems related to medicines. dispensation begins by the analysis of the prescription and identification of the subject, since this determines the path which will be taken. another contribution has to do with negotiation of time availability for guidance on drug use. one should also identify the patient's experience with the drug, so that effectiveness and safety may be assessed. finally, this paper raises the need to act on pharmaceutical surveillance. the pharmacist's communication abilities and knowledge about diseases are requisites for the identification of drug-related problems.
Trophic categories in a mammal assemblage: diversity in an agricultural landscape
Dotta, Graziela;Verdade, Luciano M.;
Biota Neotropica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032007000200031
Abstract: mammals play an important role in the maintenance and regeneration of tropical forests since they have essential ecological functions and can be considered key-species in structuring biological communities. in landscapes with elevated anthropogenic pressure and high degree of fragmentation, species display distinct behavioral responses, generally related to dietary habits. the landscape of passa-cinco river basin, in the central-eastern region of s?o paulo state, shows a high degree of anthropogenic disturbance, with sugar cane plantations, eucalyptus forests, native semideciduous forest remnants and pastures as the key habitat types in the region. we surveyed medium to large mammals in those habitats and determined species richness and relative abundance for each of the following trophic categories: insectivore/omnivores, frugivore/omnivores, carnivores, frugivore/herbivores and herbivore/grazers. differences in species richness and relative abundance among habitats were tested using one-way analysis of variance, followed by tukey test, considering 1) each of the trophic categories individually and 2) the set of categories together. between july 2003 and june 2004, 284.4 km were walked and 22 species were recorded (20 native and two exotics). analysis of variance did not detect differences in species richness for any of the trophic categories or for the assemblage. considering relative abundance, the analysis detected significant differences only for the whole assemblage, with the assemblage being more abundant in sugar cane plantations compared to pastures. our results indicate that the heterogeneous landscape of the study area is dominated by generalist species adapted to use different habitat types and food items.
The Impacts of Sugarcane Expansion on Wildlife in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil  [PDF]
Luciano M. Verdade, Carla Gheler-Costa, Marli Penteado, Graziela Dotta
Journal of Sustainable Bioenergy Systems (JSBS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsbs.2012.24020

Brazil has become one of the top producers and exporters of food, fibre, and bionergy in the world.The expansion of livestock and soybean production in the Amazon basin appears to be independent of the sugarcane expansion in southeastern Brazil whereas the impact of sugarcane expansion over areas of soybean plantation in previous Cerrado biome is still unknown. However, the expansion of sugarcane production in the state of S?o Paulohas been shown to cause an increase in the local abundance of rodents and result in the emergence of infectious diseases such as hantaviruses and leptospirosis in humans. In addition, with an increase in the use of agrochemicals there will be an increase in euthrophication of watercourses and soil pollution. Considering that S?o Paulo has a population of approximately 40 million people, these local impacts are relevant. Environmental law should be improved and enforced in Brazil to ensure that sugarcane production is not only economically profitable but also environmentally responsible.

Efeitos da agita??o mecanica e matéria organica na análise granulométrica do solo
Miyazawa, Mario;Barbosa, Graziela M. de C.;
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-43662011000700005
Abstract: the mineral part of soil is classified according to size of clay, silt and sand (fine and coarse) particles. the soil organic matter (om) can influence the size and stability of clay aggregates. the aims of this study were to evaluate shaking processes on the dispersion efficiency of soil aggregates and to evaluate the influence of soil om on soil particle size analysis. samples from 0 to 40 cm depths of several agricultural clay soil were collected. stirring time on reciprocating shaker, shaker types, diameter of container for reciprocating agitation, effect of abrasive on shaking and oxidation of om with 30% of h2o2 on clay content determination were evaluated. reciprocating shaking with coarse sand was efficient in the breakdown of soil aggregates and is suitable for series analysis. previous oxidation of humic substance in soil with 30% h2o2 did not influence the fragmentation of clay aggregates. error on clay content caused by soil om can be corrected by using the value of om determined by walkley-black method and does not require prior oxidation of soil sample with 30% h2o2.
Explorando as associa es entre redes pessoais e acesso a bens materiais em duas metrópoles brasileiras
Eduardo Marques,Graziela Castello,Renata M. Bichir
REDES : Revista Hispana para el Análisis de Redes Sociales , 2012,
Abstract: This article discusses personal networks of individuals in poverty who live in twelve localities in S o Paulo and Salvador, Brazil. Previous results from this same investigation analyzed the networks of 209 poor individuals and 30 middle class individuals in S o Paulo. The research explored the role of social networks in poverty reproduction, taking into account the access to goods and services obtained through markets, as well as those received from helps and social aids. The present article complements the information with 152 other networks of individuals in poverty who live in five locations in Salvador.The article departs from the comparison of the characteristics of social networks in the two cities. In general, the results confirm previous findings, but important differences associated with the role of space and residential segregation arise. Following, we developed quantitative analyses of the associations between networks, income, employment and job tenure, testing the importance of social attributes usually considered by the literature, but also network and sociability measures. The results confirm the central importance of network and sociability types in the explaining of poverty conditions.
Avalia??o mecanica da resistência de faixas elásticas
Santos, Gilmar M.;Tavares, Graziela M. S.;Gasperi, Graziela de;Bau, Giseli R.;
Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-35552009000600009
Abstract: background: elastic bands are frequently used for resistance training, however the selection of the bands to progress through the levels of elastic resistance is done in a subjective manner. this is due to the lack of quantitative data on the value of the material's resistance as a function of its tension. objectives: to investigate the elastic resistance generated by each of the eight color-coded resistance levels of elastic bands, using 100% elongation, and to quantify the resistance variation from one level to the next. methods: tensile testing was performed in compliance with astm standard d412-06a. the sample consisted of 80 die-cut test specimens (die c) taken from the eight color-coded resistance levels. the sample was submitted to tensile testing in the universal testing machine emic dl-3000. each of the tension cycles was performed at a speed of 500mm/sec. statistical analysis was done using one-way anova, with a significance level of p<0.05. results: the sample showed a significant difference between all levels of resistance, except for the yellow (thin) and red (medium) elastic bands. the variation in resistance between the bands shows that the gold (max) band offers 5.13 times more resistance than the tan (extra thin) band, and that the greatest variation in progressive resistance is between the black and the silver bands. in addition, young's modulus showed linear behavior between the different colors. conclusions: the results showed that the elastic resistance and stiffness of the material exhibits a linear and progressive variation. in addition, the data suggested the possibility of progressing from the tan band to the red band, skipping the yellow band, when prescribing resistance exercises.
Risco, prote??o e resiliência no desenvolvimento da crian?a e do adolescente
Sapienza, Graziela;Pedrom?nico, Márcia Regina Marcondes;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722005000200007
Abstract: risk, protection and resilience are current issues in mental development researches. risk factor concept is already well risk, protection and resilience are current issues in mental development researches. risk factor concept is already well delimited, but protection factors and resilience are still mixed. risk factors are related to environmental variables that increase the probability of bad consequences in development. on the other hand, the protection factors are associated to individual resources that decrease the risk effects, while resilience is usually related to individual protection factors that predict positive consequences in individuals exposed to an environment of risk. this paper shows how some studies describe those issues (risk, protection and resilience), pointing factors that can make an individual more or less vulnerable to risk, and also, the way some can be resilient when facing the adversities. that is, how some children and adolescents can overcome all the risk factors they have been exposed to and still develop as expected.
Biology and life table of Dirphia araucariae (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae): A herbivore of potentially high impact on Araucaria angustifolia
Mauricio M. Zenker,Alexandre Specht,Edegar Fronza,Graziela Poletto
Zoologia (Curitiba) , 2013,
Abstract: The life-history and biology of Dirphia araucariae Jones, 1908, including its life fertility table, are here described. Moths were reared in the laboratory under controlled conditions on their host plant, Araucaria angustifolia (Bertoloni) O. Kuntze - Araucariaceae. We describe several life-history traits of the species, namely: developmental period, survival rate, growth rate, fertility, fecundity, sex ratio, cephalic capsule width, and pupal weight. Mean duration of life stages were: egg = 26.78 days; larva = 61.78 days; prepupa = 6.85 days; pupa = 62.46 days; adult = 8.37 days. We found statistically significant differences between sexes for adult, larval and pupal stage duration; larval stage was longer in females while pupal stage was longer in males. The survival rate of each life stage was: egg = 96.18%; larva = 95.38%; prepupa = 83.87%; pupa = 100%. The larvae developed through six instars and the mean growth rate was 1.418. The width of male and female cephalic capsules were different in last three instars, even though the total mean width between sexes was not different. Pupal mean weight ranged from 2.40 g to 4.79 g, with females being heavier than males. Fertility ranged from 66.78% to 100%, and the total fecundity was 358.45 eggs/female, including both laid eggs and eggs held in the abdomen. The sex ratio was 0.50 ± 0.05. The estimated biotic potential was 48731.08 specimens/female/year. We found the following values for the fertility life table: (Ro) = 117.21 females; (T) = 162.75 days; (r m) = 0.21; (l) = 1.23. Considering the biological parameters evaluated in this study, we conclude that D. araucariae is not able to cause primary damage in A. angustifolia forests, although further studies are needed to understand the reasons for occasional population outbreaks.
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