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Thou shalt not get fat: Medical representations and self-images of obesity in a Mediterranean society  [PDF]
Mabel Gracia-Arnaiz
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57159
Abstract:

This paper examines the link between lipophobia and representations and experiences of obesity in Catalonia (Spain) from two points of view: that of the physicians and other health professionals who diagnose and treat obesity as an illness, and that of their patients, especially those between adolescence and early adulthood. The qualitative data demonstrate that the increasing social rejection of fat people can be traced not only to moralizing discourses on “excessive” food consumption or the commodification of slenderness and health, but also to the recent definition of obesity as a disease. The medicalization of fatness, far from helping to destigmatize obesity, is becoming a way of resignifying it in moral terms. While doctors’ and patients’ perspectives diverge in some ways, they converge in others. In this text, I focus on the points of convergence arguing that biomedical understandings of obesity and overweight are characterized by a profound ambivalence. Young patients are regarded both as innocent victims of a permissive consumer society, and guilty of not following doctors’ orders. Although the family is held accountable for overweight or obesity in children, as young people become more independent, guilt is individualized and environmental causes are limited to inappropriate diet and insufficient exercise. Most narratives of young people with weight problems reflect similar ideas about the causes and the responsibility for obesity. Their acceptance of the basic premise that deviating from weight standards and rules for healthy eating are voluntary actions leads them to lose faith in themselves. The stigmatization of obesity thus becomes a vicious circle: the obese acceptance—even consider normal—the incriminations leveled at them, and blame themselves for their situation and their inability to prevent it.

A Case Study and Meta-Analysis of Type 2 Diabetes Research  [PDF]
Michael L. Gracia
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2013.32013
Abstract:

In the last decade, a new wave of inspired research surrounding a transcription factor’s role in blood-sugar homeostasis has emerged. Transcription Factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2 or TCF4), a member of the Wnt signaling pathway, is intimately involved in suppressing glucagon synthesis. It also may affect β-cell function. Regiospecific trends concerning the selection of its molecular variants, their dependency on environmental and behavioral changes, and their relative associations with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have become well documented. This dynamic and nuanced understanding of one T2D risk factor should be desired in all other phases of study. An open and incorporative mindset such as this can revitalize the research field.

Rehacer la memoria: Cultura y fascismo en la Espa?a democrática
Gracia,Jordi;
Olivar , 2006,
Abstract: the revision of the spanish literary fascism in the democracy was a more attractive subject for the young and new writers of the seventies and eighties than for scholars. nevertheless, last the five or ten years have shown at university a substantial increase of the attention: the editions and the studies on the literary fascismo, had continued the pioneering work of jose carlos mainer, and taking therefore the relief from which it had been the aesthetic and literary curiosity by the falangismo for francisco umbral, andrés trapiello, miguel sánchez-ostiz or josé carlos llop.
ética profesional y ética institucional: ?Convergencia o conflicto?
Gracia,Diego;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272006000500004
Abstract: during the last decades, an important debate about professions in general, and particularly about the medical profession, has taken place. the classic idea that professionals do have a ?special morality?, different from the common morality, which among other things give them legal impunity, came to a head. this cause a great deal of confusion among the professionals, incapable of reacting and redefining precisely their own identity. some new concepts, like that of ?internal morality? of professional activities, made the debate more difficult and confusing. on the other hand, the everyday more powerful influence of free market forces in the health care economy, has made that some decisions taken by health care managers would be considered by physicians as opposed to their professional duties and incompatible with them. this has been the origin of a debate about what is called in north america ?new professionalism?. this debate deals with basic questions about the health care professional's identity at the beginning of this new century.
La ASEAN tras la Cumbre de Cebú: en el camino de la integración?
Gracia Abad
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2007,
Abstract: The article analyses the contributions made by the 12th ASEAN summit to the renewal process undertaken by the organisation. To this end, together with the different issues addressed over the leaders meeting, the text pays attention to the contents and the importance of the recommendations on the ASEAN Charter made by the Eminent Persons Group. Finally, the article points out some of the obstacles the member states will face in order to deepen their cooperation.
Crítica de libros: Connors, Michael K.; Davidson, Rémy y Dosch, J rn (2004): The New Global Politics of the Asia-Pacific. Abingdon, Routledge Curzon
Gracia Abad
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2005,
Abstract:
Challenges for the EU on Migration Issues: Cooperation with Third States
Gracia Abad
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2007,
Abstract: The European Union is confronted with two main challenges as far as migration issues are concerned: the difficulties to achieve a common approach on these issues and the impossibility to address them within the narrow limits of one of the EU pillars. As a response to the second of these challenges the EU has designed the so called "global approach". The article analyses the EU cooperation with third states as well as its importance for the global approach and the difficulties entailed by such cooperation.
Crítica de libros: Pollard, Vincent K. (2004): Globalization, Democratization and Asian Leadership
Gracia Abad
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2007,
Abstract:
ASEM VI: la renovación del proceso
Gracia Abad
UNISCI Discussion Papers , 2007,
Abstract: The 6th ASEM summit, held a decade after the beginning of the process which gives it its name, constituted a unique opportunity to make an assessment of its achievements as well as to establish new principles to allow the process to go forward. According to the article, three aspects may be considered as the main results of the summit: the adoption of global challenges as the main focus of the Asia-Europe dialogue, the improvement of the working methods and the second enlargement.
Raquel OSBORNE (comp.). La violencia contra las mujeres. Realidad social y políticas públicas. Madrid, UNED, 2000. Colectivo abierto de Sociología. La violencia familiar. Actitudes y representaciones sociales. Madrid, Fundamentos, 1999
Trujillo, Gracia
Revista Internacional de Sociologia , 2003,
Abstract:
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