Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99


Any time

2019 ( 1 )

2018 ( 1 )

2017 ( 3 )

2015 ( 21 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 766 matches for " Gracia Arnaiz "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /766
Display every page Item
Thou shalt not get fat: Medical representations and self-images of obesity in a Mediterranean society  [PDF]
Mabel Gracia-Arnaiz
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57159

This paper examines the link between lipophobia and representations and experiences of obesity in Catalonia (Spain) from two points of view: that of the physicians and other health professionals who diagnose and treat obesity as an illness, and that of their patients, especially those between adolescence and early adulthood. The qualitative data demonstrate that the increasing social rejection of fat people can be traced not only to moralizing discourses on “excessive” food consumption or the commodification of slenderness and health, but also to the recent definition of obesity as a disease. The medicalization of fatness, far from helping to destigmatize obesity, is becoming a way of resignifying it in moral terms. While doctors’ and patients’ perspectives diverge in some ways, they converge in others. In this text, I focus on the points of convergence arguing that biomedical understandings of obesity and overweight are characterized by a profound ambivalence. Young patients are regarded both as innocent victims of a permissive consumer society, and guilty of not following doctors’ orders. Although the family is held accountable for overweight or obesity in children, as young people become more independent, guilt is individualized and environmental causes are limited to inappropriate diet and insufficient exercise. Most narratives of young people with weight problems reflect similar ideas about the causes and the responsibility for obesity. Their acceptance of the basic premise that deviating from weight standards and rules for healthy eating are voluntary actions leads them to lose faith in themselves. The stigmatization of obesity thus becomes a vicious circle: the obese acceptance—even consider normal—the incriminations leveled at them, and blame themselves for their situation and their inability to prevent it.

De modernidades y alimentación: comer hoy en Espa?a
Arnaiz, Mabel Gracia;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832010000100010
Abstract: the new eating manners state that, in spain, there are some simplifications and individualization of meals and an increase in the number of daily intakes. although these changes would partially support the thesis of the non-structural meals proposed to define the food modernity, our hypothesis suggests that the spanish eating behaviours have changed and diversified to adapt to the new socioeconomic constrictions imposed by an increasing industrialized society. the food practices observed didn't show any disturbing symptoms of a general dysfunction but instead it showed the eating manners as more operational and flexible.
Alimentación y cultura en Espa?a: una aproximación desde la antropología social
Gracia Arnaiz, Mabel;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312010000200003
Abstract: the food fact is essentially multidimensional: it goes between ecological, biological, psychological, socio-economic or political spaces. as other complex phenomena, today no one can deny that food should be studied from a cross-disciplinary perspective. in spain, there are many studies made from experimental, social or human sciences that, using hyper-specialized knowledge, show nutritional, psychological or economic dimensions, e.g., of food preferences and aversions, food consumption or malnutrition. however, they are usually unidirectional approaches of the same phenomenon, supported by the frameworks of each epistemic science. scientific collaboration includes scarcely closer disciplines. but sparing scientific intersections does not seem, as i will try to show in this paper, appropriate or useful. especially when it is necessary to understand and solve problems, that affect social groups, operate in multiple and changing contexts.
La emergencia de las sociedades obesogénicas o de la obesidad como problema social
Arnaiz, Mabel Gracia;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732009000100001
Abstract: this article shows how the biomedical conception of obesity and the preventive proposals that have been institutionally produced in spain during the last decade have helped to turn the body weight and food into a social problem. the experts' definition relating to the main causes of increase in body fat provide paramount information on the concept of so-called obesogenic societies and their lifestyles. normally, the means adopted to change lifestyles focus primarily on individual responsibility and nutritional educations. this article demonstrates that even though there is unanimity in the diagnosis, it is insufficient or not accurate enough, as it should enclose more detail about the consequences of changing eating habits, and how these influence the health of different social groups. an analysis of the initiatives and prevention programs developed in several countries may favor the standardization of international strategies against the obesity epidemic and serves to reflect on the effects of establishing a limited concept of culture and food.
Pensando sobre el riesgo alimentario y su aceptabilidad: el caso de los alimentos transgénicos
Arnaiz, Mabel Gracia;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732004000200001
Abstract: in the last decade, numerous studies have analysed society's perception of eating safety and, in particular, the social representations of risk. most of these studies attempt to explain why the negative perception that people have of certain technological applications in food and, in general, of industrial food has increased just when food is abundant, the food chain is under greater control than ever before, life expectancy is at an all time high and food-related health problems, although they still exist, have less dramatic consequences than in previous ages. it is stressed, however, that today we know less or little about what we eat. although it is true that this negative assessment is partly due to the changes in the new ways of life and the fact that the activities of the population have become separated from food production or preparation, it is also partly due to the succession of food-related incidents and crises that have taken place in the european context and the important political, economic and social consequences that they have had. in this respect, the public debate that has arisen around genetically modified organisms and, particularly, transgenic food is a paradigmatic case that illustrates the cultural diversity in relation to their acceptability or repulse from the anthropological perspective.
Comer bien, comer mal: la medicalización del comportamiento alimentario
Salud Pública de México , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342007000300009
Abstract: this article describes how the progressive process of medicalization of food is inscribed within a biomedical logic that attempts to substitute many of the economic, adaptative and symbolic reasons that have ethnographically and historically conditioned eating habits in all cultures, exclusively for reasons of a dietetic nature. according to this logic, most of the population of modern societies does not know how to eat because they are victims of or have been made ill by the current profusion of food. they must, therefore, learn how to eat well, which in terms of eating practices means eating a little of everything, in moderation and in a balanced way. the main aim of current nutritional education is to (re)establish a supposed dietetic normality as far as food consumed, quantities, number of intakes and meal structures are concerned.
Qué y cuánto comer: tomando medidas frente a las sociedades obesogénicas
Gracia Arnaiz,Mabel;
Salud Colectiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1851-82652009000300005
Abstract: nutrition health-related problems are frequently explained by socio-cultural reasons. this article states the need to reconsider such reasons in the diagnosis of the worsening of eating habits since some agents have been typified from fast-food to sluggishness, from family collapse to the fast speed of living, from generalization of heating or mechanized transpotation to the insufficiency of sport equipment, from eating publicity to lack of educational nutrition. although these causes seem to have a simple explanation, it is difficult to prove them. in spain, all these factors are present, but little is known whether they have influenced or not in the daily eating habits and if such influence has been necessarily negative. what we have proved is that the way of present eating habits responds mainly to social and working problems, the breach of eating learning habits, the division of domestic work and the triumph of individual preferences. this partly explains why, even knowing the nutritional recommendations, certain eating practices seem to be far away from the "perfect diet".
Qué y cuánto comer: tomando medidas frente a las sociedades obesogénicas
Mabel Gracia Arnaiz
Salud Colectiva , 2009,
Abstract: Los problemas de salud relacionados con la alimentación se explican, con frecuencia, por razones socioculturales. Este artículo plantea la necesidad de reconsiderar dichas razones en el diagnóstico de empeoramiento de los hábitos alimentarios, ya que se han tipificado como agentes causales desde el fast-food al ocio pasivo, desde la desestructuración familiar al ritmo acelerado de vida, desde la generalización de la calefacción o el transporte mecanizado a la insuficiencia de equipamientos deportivos, desde la publicidad alimentaria a la falta de educación nutricional. Si esgrimirlas como causas no parece tarea difícil, sí lo es demostrarlas. En Espa a, todos estos factores están presentes, pero apenas se sabe si han influido mucho o poco en la alimentación cotidiana, y si dicha influencia ha sido necesariamente negativa. Lo que sí constatamos es que las maneras de comer actuales responden, principalmente, a los constre imientos sociolaborales, la ruptura de los aprendizajes alimentarios, el reparto del trabajo doméstico y el triunfo de las preferencias individuales. Esto explica, en parte, porqué aun conociendo las recomendaciones nutricionales, ciertas prácticas alimentarias parecen alejarse de la "dieta óptima".
Nutritional Discourse in Food Advertising: Between Persuasion and Cacophony
Mabel Gracia Arnaiz
Anthropology of Food , 2001,
Abstract: In industrialised countries, which may still be influenced by the debate of the 1960s and 1970s that highlighted the possible social effects of advertisements on society at large, advertising is considered to be one of the tools that, according to institutional and popular opinion, best generate some of the evils that are characteristic of the new industrial order. The public sees food advertising as a phenomenon that encourages disturbing trends as far as health is concerned because it promo...
Patricia Arnaiz
Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas , 2012, DOI: 10.4995/rlyla.2012.1124
Abstract: Computer technology has the potential to provide rich resources for language teaching and learning. As computer access increases, so do new learning technologies in education. This paper is specifically interesed in the case of English language instruction in a Teacher Training Faculty, and blended e-learning components as tools for supporting English language acquisition. Through the analysis of a researcher-developed survey, this study examines and compares students’ feelings and perceptions towards their participation in class and their participation in the online environment with the aim of detecting whether major differences between the two contexts exist. It also seeks to discover the extent to which learners value the online environment within the whole language learning process. The paper concludes by emphasizing the need for and relevance of research focusing on this learning format, given the specific characteristics of University education today, in the light of the recent implementation of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) at University.
Page 1 /766
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.