Abstract:
We study, using Monte Carlo simulations, the steady state properties of a system of particles interacting via hard core exclusion and moving in a discrete flashing disordered ratchet potential. Quenched disorder is introduced by breaking the periodicity of the ratchet potential through changing shape of the potential across randomly chosen but fixed periods. We show that the effects of quenched disorder can be broadly classified as strong or weak with qualitatively different behaviour of the steady state particle flux as a function of overall particle density. We further show that most of the effects including a density driven nonequilibrium phase transition observed can be understood by constructing an effective asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) with quenched disorder in the hop rates.

Abstract:
We study front propagation in the reversible reaction-diffusion system A + A <-> A on a 1-d lattice. Extending the idea of leading particle in studying the motion of the front we write a master equation in the stochastically moving frame attached to this particle. This approach provides a systematic way to improve on estimates of front speed obtained earlier. We also find that the leading particle performs a correlated random walk and this correlation needs to be taken into account to get correct value of the front diffusion coefficient.

Abstract:
We study the effect of quenched spatial disorder on the steady states of driven systems of interacting particles. Two sorts of models are studied: disordered drop-push processes and their generalizations, and the disordered asymmetric simple exclusion process. We write down the exact steady-state measure, and consequently a number of physical quantities explicitly, for the drop-push dynamics in any dimensions for arbitrary disorder. We find that three qualitatively different regimes of behaviour are possible in 1-$d$ disordered driven systems. In the Vanishing-Current regime, the steady-state current approaches zero in the thermodynamic limit. A system with a non-zero current can either be in the Homogeneous regime, chracterized by a single macroscopic density, or the Segregated-Density regime, with macroscopic regions of different densities. We comment on certain important constraints to be taken care of in any field theory of disordered systems.

Abstract:
We study front propagation in the irreversible epidemic model $A+B\to 2A$ in one dimension. Here, we allow the particles $A$ and $B$ to diffuse with rates $D_A$ and $D_B$, which, in general, may be different. We find analytic estimates for the front velocity by writing truncated master equation in a frame moving with the rightmost $A$ particle. The results obtained are in reasonable agreement with the simulation results and are amenable to systematic improvement. We also observe a crossover from the linear dependence of front velocity $V$ on $D_A$ for smaller values of $D_A$ to $V\propto \sqrt{D_A}$ for larger $D_A$, but numerically still significantly different from the mean field value. The deviations reflect the role of internal fluctuations which is neglected in the mean field description.

Abstract:
We study front propagation in the reaction diffusion process $A\leftrightarrow2A$ on one dimensional lattice with hard core interaction between the particles. We propose a two site self consistent method (TSSCM) to make analytic estimates for the front velocity and are in excellent agreement with the simulation results for all parameter regimes. We expect that the simplicity of the method will allow one to use this technique for estimating the front velocity in other reaction diffusion processes as well.

Abstract:
We study the effect of quenched disorder on nonequilibrium systems of interacting particles, specifically, driven diffusive lattice gases with spatially disordered jump rates. The exact steady-state measure is found for a class of models evolving by drop-push dynamics, allowing several physical quantities to be calculated. Dynamical correlations are studied numerically in one dimension. We conjecture that the relevance of quenched disorder depends crucially upon the speed of the kinematic waves in the system. Time-dependent correlation functions, which monitor the dissipation of kinematic waves, behave as in pure system if the wave speed is non-zero. When the wave speed vanishes, e.g. for the disordered exclusion process close to half filling, disorder is strongly relevant and induces separation of phases with different macroscopic densities. In this case the exponent characterizing the dynamical correlation function changes.

Abstract:
We study front propagation in the reaction diffusion process $\{A\stackrel{\epsilon}\to2A, A\stackrel {\epsilon_t}\to3A\}$ on a one dimensional (1d) lattice with hard core interaction between the particles. Using the leading particle picture, velocity of the front in the system is computed using different approximate methods, which is in good agreement with the simulation results. It is observed that in certain ranges of parameters, the front velocity varies as a power law of $\epsilon_t$, which is well captured by our approximate schemes. We also observe that the front dynamics exhibits temporal velocity correlations and these must be taken care of in order to find the exact estimates for the front diffusion coefficient. This correlation changes sign depending upon the sign of $\epsilon_t-D$, where $D$ is the bare diffusion coefficient of $A$ particles. For $\epsilon_t=D$, the leading particle and thus the front moves like an uncorrelated random walker, which is explained through an exact analysis.

Abstract:
We argue that while fluctuating fronts propagating into an unstable state should be in the standard KPZ universality class when they are {\em pushed}, they should not when they are {\em pulled}: The universal $1/t$ velocity relaxation of deterministic pulled fronts makes it unlikely that the KPZ equation is the appropriate effective long-wavelength low-frequency theory in this regime. Simulations in 2$D$ confirm the proposed scenario, and yield exponents $\beta \approx 0.29\pm 0.01$, $\zeta \approx 0.40\pm 0.02$ for fluctuating pulled fronts, instead of the KPZ values $\beta=1/3$, $\zeta = 1/2$. Our value of $\beta$ is consistent with an earlier result of Riordan {\em et al.}

Abstract:
We study front propagation and diffusion in the reaction-diffusion system A $\leftrightharpoons$ A + A on a lattice. On each lattice site at most one A particle is allowed at any time. In this paper, we analyze the problem in the full range of parameter space, keeping the discrete nature of the lattice and the particles intact. Our analysis of the stochastic dynamics of the foremost occupied lattice site yields simple expressions for the front speed and the front diffusion coefficient which are in excellent agreement with simulation results.

Abstract:
Interactions between silver nanoparticles and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) have been investigated. Prior to the addition of EGCG molecules the silver particles are stabilized by borate ions. Studies on the surface plasmon resonance band of silver particles suggest that the EGCG molecules remove the borate ions from the surface of the metal particles due to the chelating property of the ions. The complex formation by EGCG and borate ions has been confirmed by NMR studies and pH titration. A possible scheme of interaction between the two has been proposed.