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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 594240 matches for " Gotlieb Sabina Léa Davidson "
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Mortalidade diferencial por causas, S?o Paulo, Brasil, 1970: tábuas de vida de múltiplo decremento
Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1981, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101981000400006
Abstract: general considerations about multiple decrement life tables are made to evaluate the impact of some diseases and other causes of death on the probabilities of death and survival and on the life expectancy of the inhabitants of the city of s. paulo, brazil, in 1970. the male life expectancy calculated was 60.12 years, and the female, 67.21. the main groups of causes of death, classified by the gains, were: for males - cardiovascular diseases, infectious and parasitic diseases, accidents, poisonings and violences and neoplasms; for women - cardiovascular diseases, infectious and parasitic diseases, neoplasms and accidents, poisonings, and violence. a dichotomous population could be considered as an explanatory hypothesis for the pattern of mortality prevailling in 1970 in s. paulo; that is, the patterns probably reflect the health problems of under developed countries as well as those of developed countries.
Alguns aspectos da mortalidade entre japoneses e seus descendentes residentes no município de S?o Paulo, Brasil
Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1974, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101974000400007
Abstract: some mortality characteristics of japanese immigrants and their descendants living in the city of s. paulo, brazil, are analysed. comparison between these characteristics and those among the populations of japan and the city of s. paulo has been made. the japanese immigrants and their descendants have an intermediate pattern of mortality ranking between the pattern of japan and the s. paulo one, being closer to the former. the infant mortality rate among the japanese born in s. paulo is much lower than the s. paulo rate. the death rate for vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system is higher in japan. on the other hand, the death rate for diseases of the heart (except rheumatic heart disease) is much higher in s. paulo. the association of a low death rate for diseases of the heart with a high death rate for vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system is observed. the japanese immigrants tend to occupy an intermediate mortality level for both causes of death here mentioned. these results suggest that the environmental factors play an important role in the immigrants' pattern of mortality.
Mortalidade por cancer no Estado de S?o Paulo, Brasil - 1970/1972
Pastorelo,Edmur Flávio; Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1978, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101978000100001
Abstract: the authors describe the distribution of cancer deaths according to the main anatomical sites of the primary tumor in the eleven administrative regions of the state of s?o paulo, brazil, during the period 1970/1972. although having the same homogeneous pattern of cancer mortality of the state, some regions show coexistence of tumours tipically of underdeveloped and developed areas. this could be explained by the fact that in such regions there are some cities in a stage of high industrial development.
Dispêndio energético de adolescentes estudantes do período noturno
Gambardella,Ana Maria Dianezi; Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101998000500003
Abstract: objective: it is well-known that energy expenditure provides a feasible way to measure the individual's energy needs. the final aim of this paper was to discover the level of physical activity and to quantify the energy expenditure of adolescents who either participated, of otherwise, in the labor market. methods: this paper focussed on the evaluation of the energy expenditure of 273 students of both sexes attending the evening period of six schools belonging to the state school network of santo andré, state of s. paulo, brazil, through a self-applied questionnaire dealing with their physical, occupational and discretionary activities. results: data revealed that the students who were employed worked from 40 to 50 hours a week, earning a monthly salary varying from 1 to 3 brazilian minimum wages. watching television was the discretionary activity most frequently referred to. the energy expenditure of these students was 3,000 and 2,100 calories for boys and girls, respectively. conclusions: the results found indicated that the students who were on the labor market did not expend more energy than those who were not.
Mortalidade em migrantes japoneses residentes no Paraná, Brasil
Souza,Regina Kazue Tanno de; Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101999000300007
Abstract: introduction: taking as a premise that the study concerning the morbimortality of migrant populations may make a contribution to a better understanding of the epidemiology of diseases, mainly the chronic-degenerative ones and their related risk factors, the aim of this study is an analysis of the mortality experience of a population of migrants born in japan, but living in the state of paraná, brazil, and a comparison of their pattern of mortality with those of japan and paraná. methods: the population studied was composed of the japanese migrants - issei - living in the state of parana, brazil, of more than 50 years of age, identified in the x general brazilian census of 1st september, 1991. information on deaths which occurred between 1st march 1990 and 28th february, 1993, was obtained through the ministry of health data base. the main causes of death were analysed after the calculation of the age-adjusted death rates, using the world standard population older than 50 years old, for each sex, for the issei, the inhabitants in japan and in paraná. standardized risk ratio - srr - and respective 95% confidence interval were estimated for selected causes among issei versus the population living in japan and issei versus persons living in paraná. results: among the main results, it was observed that the female issei mortality rate was in an intermediary position when compared to japan's and paraná's rates, while men showed figures quite close to the japanese rates. concerning the specific causes, it was observed that among male issei, when compared to the japanese population, the rates were significantly lower for stomach, but higher for diabetes and ischaemic heart diseases. regarding the female issei aged 50 or more years old, only the death rate for lung cancer was itself significantly lower than that of japanese women. when compared to the paraná pattern, the male issei rates were lower regarding ischaemic heart and cerebrovascular diseases. concerning stomach and
Estudo epidemiológico do peso ao nascer a partir da Declara??o de Nascido Vivo
Costa,Cristina Elizabeth; Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101998000400004
Abstract: introduction: based on the fact that there is evidence of an association between low birth weight and neonatal and infant morbi-mortality, the world health organization considered birth weight as the main isolated factor associated with infant's survival. a study was undertaken to identify risk factors associated with low birth weight, using epidemiological and demographic variables present on the birth certificates , the source of data for the system of information on newborn infants of the brazilian ministry of health, for the purpose of motivating the use and the analysis of data currently generated in hospitals. method: the distribution, by birth weight, of 14,784 single hospital newborn infants from five cities of the state of s. paulo, brazil, in an observation period of six months (1992), was analysed. statistical analysis was based on point estimates (average, median and standard deviation) measures of association and confidence intervals (95%) of the prevalence ratios. results and conclusions: the highest proportion (10.4%) of low birth weight infants (weight less than 2,500g) occurred in itararé, the city with the highest infant mortality rate in the state, the overall proportion being 7.5%. significant statistical associations between low birth weight and sex (female), gestational age (less than 37 weeks), mother's age (adolescent and 35 or more years of age) and parity were detected. the use of birth certificates in epidemiological and public health studies is highly recommended because of their validity, great importance and high coverage.
Impacto de causas básicas de morte na esperan?a de vida em Salvador e S?o Paulo, 1996
Barboni,André Renê; Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102004000100003
Abstract: objective: to evaluate and compare the impact of some underlying causes of death on life expectancy of residents in two metropolitan areas. methods: it was carried out a cross-sectional descriptive ecological study based on official data (deaths and populations) and estimates of residents in the cities salvador and s?o paulo, brazil, in 1996. the impact of different causes of death on life expectancy was evaluated by means of competitive risks and life tables. results: life expectancy for males at birth in both cities (64.1 years in salvador and 63.4 years in s?o paulo) was lower than for females (70.3 years in salvador and 73.9 years in s?o paulo). communicable diseases have a major impact on the mortality in the first years of age, external causes are very important especially for men in intermediate ages, and cardiovascular diseases have a main role in elderly. ranked by decreasing importance, causes of death for males in both cities were cardiovascular diseases, external causes, neoplasms, respiratory diseases and infectious and parasitic diseases. for females, the most important were cardiovascular diseases, then neoplasms, respiratory diseases, infectious and parasitic diseases, and external causes. conclusions: the well-known social gap between the two capitals affects first the basic level, from availability and quality of public services to data provided by these services, which impair a more detailed analysis.
Estado de S?o Paulo, Brasil, 1970 a 1975: estimativas populacionais
Pastorelo,Edmur Flávio; Gotlieb,Sabina Léa Davidson;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1976, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101976000500001
Abstract: population projections of the state of s. paulo, brazil, by sex, age groups and its administrative divisions are presented for the period 1970 to 1975 (1st of july).
Dispêndio energético de adolescentes estudantes do período noturno
Gambardella Ana Maria Dianezi,Gotlieb Sabina Léa Davidson
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1998,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Dado que a necessidade energética de indivíduos pode ser obtida pelo gasto energético, foi realizado estudo com o objetivo de conhecer a atividade física e quantificar o gasto energético de adolescentes, inseridos ou n o no mercado de trabalho. MéTODO: Estudou-se o gasto energético de 273 estudantes, de ambos os sexos, do período noturno, de seis escolas da rede estadual de ensino, de Santo André, SP, por meio de questionário auto-aplicado sobre atividades físicas, ocupacionais e discricionais. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se que os estudantes trabalham de 40 a 50 horas semanais, percebendo de um a três salários-mínimos por mês; a atividade discricional destacada foi assistir televis o; e o gasto energético foi 3.000 e 2.100 Cal para os meninos e meninas, respectivamente. CONCLUS ES: Os resultados encontrados mostraram que os estudantes trabalhadores n o gastam mais energia que os n o trabalhadores.
Estudo epidemiológico do peso ao nascer a partir da Declara o de Nascido Vivo: an epidemiological approach
Costa Cristina Elizabeth,Gotlieb Sabina Léa Davidson
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1998,
Abstract: INTRODU O: Há evidências de forte associa o entre baixo peso ao nascer e a morbi-mortalidade neonatal e infantil. A Organiza o Mundial da Saúde o identifica como o mais importante fator isolado na sobrevivência infantil. Assim, com o intuito de motivar o uso dos dados de nascimentos vivos rotineiramente produzidos em hospitais, foi realizado estudo para identificar fatores associados ao baixo peso ao nascer, por meio de variáveis epidemiológicas e demográficas presentes na Declara o de Nascido Vivo (DN). MéTODO: Foram analisados 14.784 nascimentos vivos, hospitalares e n o gemelares, ocorridos durante 6 meses em1992, em municípios do Estado de S o Paulo. Os dados foram obtidos das DN, instrumento básico do Subsistema de Informa es de Nascidos Vivos do Ministério da Saúde (SINASC). Foram estimadas medidas de tendência central e de dispers o do peso ao nascer, verificada a significancia estatística da associa o entre baixo peso ao nascer e demais variáveis e estabelecidos intervalos de confian a a 95%, para as raz es de prevalência do fator. RESULTADOS E CONCLUS ES: A prevalência de baixo peso foi de 7,5% (a maior ocorreu em Itararé-10,4%). Foi detectada associa o estatisticamente significante entre baixo peso ao nascer e sexo feminino, prematuridade, m e adolescente, m e idosa e paridade materna. Recomenda-se a utiliza o da DN, em estudos epidemiológicos e de saúde materno-infantil, face à sua importancia, boa qualidade e disponibilidade de informa o.
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