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Freedom is a key concept in universal affairs. It is so important in human affairs that individuals, countries and even continents cannot do without it. The term freedom is highly subjective as its meaning may differ from one individual to another. It equally applies to countries and continents. This factor however does not in any way reduce the philosophical importance of the concept of freedom and its critical role in human affairs. This work evaluates the concept of African freedom based on Maduabuchi Dukor’s incisive work on African freedom titled “African freedom: The freedom of philosophy”. The paper takes the strong but painful position that Africa in not really free and gives reasons for this unfortunate scenario. It further discusses the way out of the continent’s quagmire.
This paper is an
exposition on the theoretical and practical relevance of educational philosophy
to national development. It postulated that philosophical ideas have been
responsible for shaping the development of societies through the channels of
education. Contextually, the concepts of “education”, “philosophy”, and the
nexus between philosophy and philosophy of education were articulated. The term
“development” was analyzed. The paper examined philosophy of education as a
tool in the development of the nation from the perspective of men’s capacity to
think more critically and reflectively. Seen also from men’s pursuit for
wisdom, the good life, educational policy formulation and the intellectual
development of the teacher and the learner in their educational practice, relevant
implications and recommendations were proffered based at the end of the paper.
The corrosivity of the top three metres of the soil along a pipeline route was determined using soil electrical resistivity for the emplacement of a conduit intended to serve as a gas pipeline. Fifty-six Schlumberger vertical electrical soundings (VES) were carried using a maximum current electrode separation ranging between 24 - 100 m at 2.0 km interval. The data was interpreted using a 1D inversion technique software (1X1D, Interpex, USA). Model resistivity values were classified in terms of the degree of corrosivity. Generally, the sub-soil condition along the pipeline route is non-aggressive but being slightly or moderately aggressive in certain areas due to local conditions prevailing at the measuring stations. Based on the corrosivity along the pipeline route, appropriate cathodic protection methods are prescribed.