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Using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Prioritizing and Ranking of Ecological Indicators for Monitoring Sustainability of Ecotourism in Northern Forest, Iran
Godratollah Barzekar,Azlizam Aziz,Manohar Mariapan,Mohd Hasmadi Ismail
Ecologia Balkanica , 2011,
Abstract: Ecotourism has been identified as a form of sustainable tourism which is expected to contribute to both conservation and development. Unfortunately, due to inadequate environmental assessment, many ecotourism destinations tend to be both hazardous and self-destructive. Indicators are an important tool to provide a means toward sustainability. Among all different aspects of indicators, ecological indicators are significant for monitoring and evaluating sustainable management of ecotourism. In this study criteria and indicators were identified by using the Delphi approach through an expert panel from different fields. At the end of the process, a consensus of 9 criteria and 61 indicators was reached. For prioritization and ranking the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Expert choice software was used. The 9 criteria include identified: 1-Conservation of Natural resources & biodiversity; 2-Maintenance of sceneries ,natural &physical features; 3-Conservation of soil & water resources; 4-Maintenance of heritage & cultural diversity; 5-existence of legal, institution, legislation and policy frameworks for empowering Ecotourism; 6-promoting economic benefits & poverty alleviation; 7-Educational affairs and public awareness 8-Maintenance of hygiene& tourist safety; 9-Tourists & local people satisfaction. The results showed that, out of the 9 criteria, the first three, which we labeled as Ecological criteria and comprised 21 indicators, stood as the top highest priority. We also continued the ranking of indicators with related criterion and then all of the indicators were ranked and prioritized by AHP method and using of expert choice software.
Simple Method to Extract DNA from Mammalian Whole Blood
Godratollah Mohammadi,Adel Saberivand
Journal of Molecular Genetics , 2013,
Abstract: DNA isolation from cells is the 1st and the foremost step involved in molecular biology. The high quality and purity of extracted DNA and simplicity as well as low cost of the extraction method is an important consideration for a molecular biologist. Genomic mammalian DNA is very long and extraction must avoid high levels of centrifuge and severe shakes. There are several methods to extract DNA, including: Boiling, Salting out, Phenol-Chloroform, Isopropanol Precipitation methods. In this study, a method which seems to be superior to salting out and other methods has been developed. The extraction of DNA by this method is carried out from leukocytes. This modified method is simple, cheap and has a wider application than other methods.
Existence of the Oman Line in the Empty Quarter of Saudi Arabia and its Continuation in the Red Sea
Reza Derakhshani,Godratollah Farhoudi
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: The broad structural discontinuity known as the Oman Line extends NNE from Oman across the Strait of Hormuz and divides the flysch-rich eugeosynclinal sediments of the Makran Ranges in the east from the miogeosynclinal shelf sediments of the Zagros Mountain Ranges to the west. The Zagros Crush Zone, west of the Oman Line, marks the location of a continent/continent-style active margin where the Arabian Platform has collided with the Eurasian Plate to the north. To the east, the active margin is a continent/ocean-style boundary where the oceanic lithosphere of the Indian Ocean is being subducted beneath the Central Iranian Microcontinent and other more easterly microcontinental blocks. Geological investigations in the Arabian Plate indicate the presence of a NE-SW trending lineament. This lineament is also recognized on geophysical maps by aligned highs and lows, steep contours gradients and linear offset of trends. There are some indications suggesting that this lineament could represent a SW extension of the Oman Line from Oman across the Empty Quarter (Rub al Khali) of Saudi Arabia to eventually form a transform fault in the Red Sea.
Assessment of Health and Safety Services in Health and Safety Centers of Hamadan Province Industries, Iran
Rostam Golmohammadi,Godratollah Soleimani,Hasan Ahmadi
Journal of Research in Health Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Attention to worker's health and safety is one of the priorities in health and medical delivery system of Iran. This study was to Assess health, medical and safety activities in Hamadan Province industries having more than 50 workers in 1997. Methods: The study group was made up of 3377 workers. For collecting data a questionnaire was provided and sent to the subject industries. Health workers were empowered for answering and giving back the questionnaires. Results: The result showed that benefiting from General Physician (GP) as full and part time was 58%. The workers' sharing in periodic examinations was 64% and measure in case of occupational diseases was just 11%. Per capita therapeutic measure was 2.87 and periodic examination was 0.65. Frequency of workers exposed to hazardous factors was 48.8%. Rate of occupational accidents was 10.9%. Mean of safety session in industries was 5.3 in year, activities for controlling the hazardous agents were 62% and just 2.5 health activities have been done in a year. The results showed that 50% of occupational health workers did activities beyond their regular duty. Per capita health and safety services for part time health workers was 2.5 for and for full times was 5.6 in a year, that showed the difference between two groups. Both groups had differences in details of important activities and also portion of safety and health services was negligible to treatment. The portion of treatment was 59.6% and by adding the periodic examinations, the portion of safety and health care remains 12% of total performarlces of occupational health workers in industries. Conclusion: To sum up the results it seems that the safety and health cares in the industries of Hamadan province were not adequate .
Human Factors Affecting the Application of Information Technology by TUMS Middle Managers in 2010
R Safdari,H Dargahi,M Eshraghian,H Barzekar
Payavard Salamat , 2011,
Abstract: Background and Aim: One of the most important reasons why organizations are distinguished from one another is the degree of application and implementation of information technology in their organizational activities. In this regard, individual factors contribute considerably to the application of information technology (IT). Such factors include employees' perceptions and attitudes towards information technology and their demographic characteristics which affect the level of information technology acceptance and implementation.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 110 middle managers from teaching hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) were chosen. A structured questionnaire was used as the data collection device and its validity and reliability were confirmed by a pilot study.Results: Of the participants, 62.9% were males and 37.1% were females. The findings show that there is a statistically significant relationship between perception and making decisions based on the implementation of information technology. However, there was no significant relationship between work experience, education and training on the one hand and IT implementation on the other.Conclusion: The results show that human factors (perception and decision) have a considerable impact on the implementation of information technology. Top managers and experts should consider the important aspects of human factors and also the factors affecting them.
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