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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 194128 matches for " Gloria Esperanza Prada G "
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CALIDAD DE LA DIETA EN MUJERES CON CONDICIóN DE DESPLAZAMIENTO FORZADO EN COLOMBIA EN EL A?O 2004
Prada G,Gloria Esperanza; Herrán F,Oscar Fernando;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182006000100003
Abstract: the armed conflict in colombia produced a displacement of excluded families from the country, constituting a humanitarian tragedy. the women in these families are very vulnerable and their diet is an expression of their misery. dietary intake was analyzed in 102 mothers displaced for 3 years by means of a 24-hour dietary recall.. energy availability was deficient for all subjects, with 71% of the energy/day coming from carbohydrates, 12% from proteins and 20% from fats. intake of all micro and macronutrients was deficient compared to recommendations. the deficit in body mass index was three times higher than in the poor population. interventions to improve the diet are desirable but it is also necessary to improve infrastructure to avoid an increase in the prevalence of undernutrition
IMPACTO DE ESTRATEGIAS PARA AUMENTAR EL CONSUMO DE FRUTAS Y VERDURAS EN COLOMBIA
Prada G,Gloria Esperanza; Herrán F,Oscar Fernando;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182009000400004
Abstract: during the years 2007-2008, a study was carried out in lebrija (colombia) to evaluate the impact of two strategies implemented in families with school-age children to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables at home. sixteen homes were intervened with the a strategy while twenty-three homes were intervened with a b strategy. thirty-four homes served like controls. these strategies included, among others, informative shops, preparation of recipes, activities in-group and evaluation of tasks. at the initiation, 3.0% of the intervened homes consumed five or more portions increasing to 26.3% at the end of the intervention, an increment of8.8 times. in the control group, the consumption of five or more daily portions was of 2.0% at the beginning and 0.0% at the end. there was no difference between strategy a and b in the increase in consumption (0% to 23.5% and 4.3% to 28.6%, respectively. the two evaluated strategies had positive impact, the a on the consumption of fruits and vegetables, the b on the consumption of fruits.
CALIDAD DE LA DIETA EN MUJERES CON CONDICIóN DE DESPLAZAMIENTO FORZADO EN COLOMBIA EN EL A O 2004 DIET QUALITY OF DISPLACED COLOMBIAN WOMEN IN 2004
Gloria Esperanza Prada G,Oscar Fernando Herrán F
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2006,
Abstract: El conflicto armado en Colombia, produce desplazamiento de familias marginadas del estado, constituyéndose en tragedia humanitaria. Las mujeres en estas familias son muy vulnerables y su dieta es una expresión de miseria. Se analizó el consumo dietario en 102 madres con tres a os de desplazamiento forzado, a través de un recordatorio del consumo de las últimas 24 horas. La energía disponible es deficitaria para todas, y hay imbalance en la dieta; el 71% de la energía/día proviene de carbohidratos, 12% de proteínas y 20% de grasa. La adecuación (%) entre lo consumido y lo requerido para todos los macro y micronutrientes, esta por debajo de niveles considerados como aceptables; el mínimo para el calcio (mg) 30,8% IC (27,4 a 34,7); el máximo para el ácido ascórbico 81,5% IC (71,1 a 93,4). Las cifras de déficit según el índice de masa corporal son tres veces mayores que en la población pobre. Intervenciones por mejorar la dieta son deseables, pero es necesario además involucrar soluciones de tipo estructural, para evitar que esta tragedia se haga cada vez más crónica y endémica, violentando el derecho básico a la alimentación The armed conflict in Colombia produced a displacement of excluded families from the country, constituting a humanitarian tragedy. The women in these families are very vulnerable and their diet is an expression of their misery. Dietary intake was analyzed in 102 mothers displaced for 3 years by means of a 24-hour dietary recall.. Energy availability was deficient for all subjects, with 71% of the energy/day coming from carbohydrates, 12% from proteins and 20% from fats. Intake of all micro and macronutrients was deficient compared to recommendations. The deficit in Body Mass Index was three times higher than in the poor population. Interventions to improve the diet are desirable but it is also necessary to improve infrastructure to avoid an increase in the prevalence of undernutrition
IMPACTO DE ESTRATEGIAS PARA AUMENTAR EL CONSUMO DE FRUTAS Y VERDURAS EN COLOMBIA IMPACT OF STRATEGIES TO INCREASE THE CONSUMPTION OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES IN COLOMBIA
Gloria Esperanza Prada G,Oscar Fernando Herrán F
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2009,
Abstract: Durante los a os 2007-2008 se realizó en Lebrija, Colombia, un estudio para evaluar el impacto de dos estrategias implementadas en familias de ni os escolarizados, que tuvieron como objetivo incrementar el consumo de frutas y verduras en el hogar. Dieciséis hogares fueron intervenidos con la estrategia A. Veintitrés hogares fueron intervenidos con la estrategia B. Treinta y cuatro hogares sirvieron como controles. Las estrategias incluyeron entre otros, talleres informativos, preparación de recetas, actividades grupales y evaluación de tareas. En los hogares intervenidos el 3,0% en la línea de base consumían cinco o más porciones, al finalizar las estrategias aumentaron al 26,3%, un incremento de 8,8 veces. En el grupo control al inicio este consumo recomendado de cinco o más porciones/día fue de 2,0%, al final de 0,0%. El aumento no fue diferencial dada la estrategia de intervención, en la estrategia Apaso del 0% de hogares en la línea de base al 23,5%, en la B del 4,3 al 28,6%. Las dos estrategias evaluadas tuvieron impacto positivo, la A sobre el consumo de frutas y verduras, la B sobre el consumo de frutas. During the years 2007-2008, a study was carried out in Lebrija (Colombia) to evaluate the impact of two strategies implemented in families with school-age children to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables at home. Sixteen homes were intervened with the A strategy while twenty-three homes were intervened with a B strategy. Thirty-four homes served like controls. These strategies included, among others, informative shops, preparation of recipes, activities in-group and evaluation of tasks. At the initiation, 3.0% of the intervened homes consumed five or more portions increasing to 26.3% at the end of the intervention, an increment of8.8 times. In the control group, the consumption of five or more daily portions was of 2.0% at the beginning and 0.0% at the end. There was no difference between strategy A and B in the increase in consumption (0% to 23.5% and 4.3% to 28.6%, respectively. The two evaluated strategies had positive impact, the A on the consumption of fruits and vegetables, the B on the consumption of fruits.
ESCALAS PARA MEDIR LA SEGURIDAD ALIMENTARIA EN COLOMBIA: ?SON VáLIDAS?
Jiménez S,Ana Zulema; Prada G,Gloria Esperanza; Fernando Herrán F,Oscar;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182012000100001
Abstract: the aim of this study was to assess reproducibility in four colombian cities of the results obtained on food insecurity (insa) comparing it with the factorial and criterion validity of the food security perceptions scale (epsa) and the latin american and caribbean (elcsa) methods in homes from urban and rural area based on the usual consumption of energy for all household members. the reproducibility was 051 for epsa and 056for elcsa . the sensitivity of the epsa was between 39.6% and 40.5% and for the elcsa between 62.6% and 622%. the agreement against the reference for the epsa was between 0.10 and 018for elcsa was between 0.09 and 0.13. the efficiency of the two tests as a global measure of reliability is just greater than the probability in a coin toss. the results of these scales should be used conservatively.
CONOCIMIEMTOS, ACTITUDES Y PRáCTICAS RELACIONADOS CON LACTANCIA MATERNA EN MUJERES EN EDAD FéRTIL EN UNA POBLACIóN VULNERABLE
Gamboa D,Edna Magaly; López B,Nahyr; Prada G,Gloria Esperanza; Gallo P,Kelly Yanitze;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182008000100006
Abstract: objective: to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practices related with breast feeding (bf) in women in reproductive age residents in the settlement marías of the municipality of girón in the year 2005. subjects and method: a survey of knowledge, attitudes, practices (cap) was applied to 96 women in fertile age from the marías settlement. the data were entered and validated in epi-info 6.04 and analyzed in stata 8.2. central tendency measures were used to analyze the continuous variables; the categorical variables were expressed as proportions. results: 78.1% of the participants had children. only 13% had knowledge on the correct form of breastfeeding, 49% did not know the methods for maternal milk conservation, and 69.8% of the participants had a support attitude to breast feeding. the average nursing time was 5.7 months. complementary feeding was frequently initiated with broth (88%). conclusions: a considerable proportion of women of the study gave bf less than six months, they initiated complementary feeding before the 6 months and bf was suspended when the infant suffered some illness
INGESTA USUAL DE MACRONUTRIENTES Y ENERGíA EN BUCARAMANGA, COLOMBIA: ANáLISIS DE REGISTROS DE CONSUMO 1998-2003
Herrán F,Oscar Fernando; Prada G,Gloria Esperanza; Ardila L,Maria Fernanda;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182007000400004
Abstract: the measurement of dietary intake is complex. the analysis methods, when used incorrectly, can distort reality generating a waste of resources and opportunities to intervene appropriately at the individual and population level. the intake records of seven consecutive days of 167 subjects were analyzed using the methods proposed by the university of iowa and compared with the values of reference of dietary intake (dri's). the variation in energy consumption compared with recommendations was 15%. ninety two % of the men and 80% of the women's consumed protein above the recommendation (rda). the average consumption of total fiber was half of the recommendation and all the people had intakes below the rda. seventeen % consumed total fats above the rda regardless of differences in body mass index (bmi). the intake of saturated fat was twice that of polyunsaturated fat. the consumption of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated fat also did not change for different bmi. the socioeconomic level was associated to the intake of proteins and fats. it is evident that the diet is not healthy and represents a risk factor for cancer development, cardiovascular events and other chronic illnesses
MéTODOS PARA LA DERIVACIóN DE LISTAS DE CHEQUEO EN ESTUDIOS DE CONSUMO DIETARIO
Herrán F,Oscar Fernando; Gamboa D,Magaly; Prada G,Gloria Esperanza;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182006000500005
Abstract: given the relationships between diet and illness it is necessary to develop methods to measure food intake correctly. an incorrect measurement translates in an attenuation of epidemiological measurements. the food frequency questionnaire is the simplified method mostly used in the measurements of long term diet. the election of the checklist is the first step in the construction of the questionnaire. a list of twenty foods was derived of a dietary record of 1603 days carried out by 167 adults, to study iron consumption. four methods were used; experts consent, an orderly list for the relative contribution to the intake, a lineal regression and the one denominated max_r. different statistical approaches were used to evaluate the performance of each method. in total, 51 foods were chosen. max_r reach the best performance (r2w 94 %; r2 86 %), pearson coefficient was 0.94and spearman 0.77. contrary to a previously published suggestion, the linear regression performed poorly. the relative contribution to the intake and the experts consent can be more useful than the linear regression in the design of a checklist of foods
INGESTA USUAL DE VITAMINAS Y MINERALES EN BUCARAMANGA, COLOMBIA
Herrán F,Oscar Fernando; Prada G,Gloria Esperanza; Quintero L,Doris Cristina;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182007000100004
Abstract: the usual intake represents the dietary intake of medium and long term; its estimate being preferable to that of the current intake. the usual intake allows comparison with values of dietary reference intake (dri's) to establish the deficiency or excess. one hundred and sixty seven subjects between 20 and 60 years old, selected at random, completed a record of intake of foods during seven serial days. the inadequate intake was evident for folic acid (30% in men and 50% in women, p < 0.001), zinc (16% for men and 28% for women, p < 0.001) and magnesium (47% for men and 48% for women, p < 0.001). women had a higher risk of inadequacy than men in consumption of vitamins. except for folic acid, all studied vitamins were consumed in smaller quantities in the socioeconomic level one, showing a lineal trend (p < 0.001). deficit in the intakes existed for some vitamins and minerals which may favour the development of chronic diseases and cardiovascular events. it is necessary to continue developing charts of composition of foods that allow a translation of the diet to nutrition, in a way more appropriate and more coherent with the type of epidemic profile and the conditions of dietary intake
Patrón alimentario y acceso a los alimentos en familias desplazadas en el municipio de Girón, Santander, Colombia
Prada Gómez,Gloria Esperanza; Herrán Falla,Oscar Fernando; Ortiz Cárdenas,Rosario;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892008000400005
Abstract: objectives: describe the dietary patterns and extent of access to food among families displaced by armed conflict in a locality of the santander department of colombia. methods: a descriptive study of the food consumption of 101 families living in forced displacement in the urban and suburban areas of the municipality of girón, santander department, colombia. during the second half of 2003, the person in charge of the family's food preparation completed a sociodemographic survey with questions on the monthly food expenditure, where the food was bought and with what frequency, and a log of food consumption during the preceding 24 hours. the dietary pattern was established according to the frequency of food consumption and preparation through a linear regression model that used the expenditure as a dependent variable. results: of all the families, 34.7% reported not having access to food shopping and 13.9% received food donations. the average expenditure on food was 0.52 of the standard minimum wage. the only variable associated with expenditure was the number of family members working and contributing to the family budget (p = 0.037); for each working member, expenditure rose by increments of 0.07 of the minimum wage (95% confidence interval: 0.004- 0.149). no association was found between the length of time of the displacement and the food expenditure. the overall quality of the diet was deficient given that the recommended allowances of fruits, vegetables, and dairy products were not being met. conclusions: food insecurity encompassed 95.0% of the study families, even though they had been living as refugees for three years. the diet quality was substandard. the principal causes were low household income and a lack of knowledge regarding how to choose nutritionally superior foods. in addition to food donations, relief programs caring for displaced families should provide practical and educational training on nutrition, and thus, successful alternatives.
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