Abstract:
We discuss a mechanical model which mimics the main features of the radiation matter interaction in the black body problem. The pure classical dynamical evolution, with a simple discretization of the action variables, leads to the Stefan- Boltzmann law and to the Planck distribution without any additional statistical assumption.

Abstract:
We discuss the condition for the validity of equilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in the light of recent developments in the understanding of classical and quantum chaotic motion. In particular, the ergodicity parameter is shown to provide the conditions under which quantum statistical distributions can be derived from the quantum dynamics of a classical ergodic Hamiltonian system.

Abstract:
we discuss the stability of quantum motion under system's perturbations in the light of the corresponding classical behavior. in particular we focus our attention on the so called "fidelity" or loschmidt echo, its relation with the decay of correlations, and discuss the quantum-classical correspondence. we then report on the numerical simulation of the double-slit experiment, where the initial wave-packet is bounded inside a billiard domain with perfectly reflecting walls. if the shape of the billiard is such that the classical ray dynamics is regular, we obtain interference fringes whose visibility can be controlled by changing the parameters of the initial state. however, if we modify the shape of the billiard thus rendering classical (ray) dynamics fully chaotic, the interference fringes disappear and the intensity on the screen becomes the (classical) sum of intensities for the two corresponding one-slit experiments. thus we show a clear and fundamental example in which transition to chaotic motion in a deterministic classical system, in absence of any external noise, leads to a profound modification in the quantum behavior.

Abstract:
We report on the numerical simulation of the double-slit experiment, where the initial wave-packet is bounded inside a billiard domain with perfectly reflecting walls. If the shape of the billiard is such that the classical ray dynamics is regular, we obtain interference fringes whose visibility can be controlled by changing the parameters of the initial state. However, if we modify the shape of the billiard thus rendering classical (ray) dynamics fully chaotic, the interference fringes disappear and the intensity on the screen becomes the (classical) sum of intensities for the two corresponding one-slit experiments. Thus we show a clear and fundamental example in which transition to chaotic motion in a deterministic classical system, in absence of any external noise, leads to a profound modification in the quantum behaviour.

Abstract:
We study the time dependence of the ionization probability of Rydberg atoms driven by a microwave field. The quantum survival probability follows the classical one up to the Heisenberg time and then decays inversely proportional to time, due to tunneling and localization effects. We provide parameter values which should allow one to observe such decay in laboratory experiments. Relations to the $1/f$ noise are also discussed.

Abstract:
In classical mechanics the complexity of a dynamical system is characterized by the rate of local exponential instability which effaces the memory of initial conditions and leads to practical irreversibility. In striking contrast, quantum mechanics appears to exhibit strong memory of the initial state. Here we introduce a notion of complexity for a quantum system and relate it to its stability and reversibility properties.

Abstract:
We provide firm convincing evidence that the energy transport in a one-dimensional gas of elastically colliding free particles of unequal masses is anomalous, i.e. the Fourier Law does not hold. Our conclusions are based on the analysis of the dependence of the heat current on the number of particles, of the internal temperature profile and on the Green-Kubo formalism.

Abstract:
We introduce a new family of billiards which break time reversal symmetry in spite of having piece-wise straight trajectories. We show that our billiards preserve the ergodic and mixing properties of conventional billiards while they may turn into exponential the power law decay of correlations characteristic of Sinai type billiards. Such billiards can be implemented by squeezing the transverse magnetic field along lines or along one-dimensional manifolds.

Abstract:
In this paper we discuss the ergodic properties of quantum conservative systems by analyzing the behavior of two different models. Despite their intrinsic differencies they both show localization effects in analogy to the dynamical localization found in Kicked Rotator.

Abstract:
We study the quantum behaviour of chaotic billiards which exhibit classically diffusive behaviour. In particular we consider the stadium billiard and discuss how the interplay between quantum localization and the rich structure of the classical phase space influences the quantum dynamics. The analysis of this model leads to new insight in the understanding of quantum properties of classically chaotic systems.