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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1107 matches for " Giulio Bottegal "
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Modeling complex systems by Generalized Factor Analysis
Giulio Bottegal,Giorgio Picci
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: We propose a new modeling paradigm for large dimensional aggregates of stochastic systems by Generalized Factor Analysis (GFA) models. These models describe the data as the sum of a flocking plus an uncorrelated idiosyncratic component. The flocking component describes a sort of collective orderly motion which admits a much simpler mathematical description than the whole ensemble while the idiosyncratic component describes weakly correlated noise. We first discuss static GFA representations and characterize in a rigorous way the properties of the two components. The extraction of the dynamic flocking component is discussed for time-stationary linear systems and for a simple classes of separable random fields.
Bayesian kernel-based system identification with quantized output data
Giulio Bottegal,Gianluigi Pillonetto,H?kan Hjalmarsson
Statistics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we introduce a novel method for linear system identification with quantized output data. We model the impulse response as a zero-mean Gaussian process whose covariance (kernel) is given by the recently proposed stable spline kernel, which encodes information on regularity and exponential stability. This serves as a starting point to cast our system identification problem into a Bayesian framework. We employ Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods to provide an estimate of the system. In particular, we show how to design a Gibbs sampler which quickly converges to the target distribution. Numerical simulations show a substantial improvement in the accuracy of the estimates over state-of-the-art kernel-based methods when employed in identification of systems with quantized data.
On the Zero-freeness of Tall Multirate Linear Systems
Mohsen Zamani,Giulio Bottegal,Brian D. O. Anderson
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper, tall discrete-time linear systems with multirate outputs are studied. In particular, we focus on their zeros. In systems and control literature zeros of multirate systems are defined as those of their corresponding time-invariant blocked systems. Hence, the zeros of tall blocked systems resulting from blocking of linear systems with multirate outputs are mainly explored in this work. We specifically investigate zeros of tall blocked systems formed by blocking tall multirate linear systems with generic parameter matrices. It is demonstrated that tall blocked systems generically have no finite nonzero zeros; however, they may have zeros at the origin or at infinity depending on the choice of blocking delay and the input, state and output dimensions.
A kernel-based approach to Hammerstein system identification
Riccardo Sven Risuleo,Giulio Bottegal,H?kan Hjalmarsson
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm for the identification of Hammerstein systems. Adopting a Bayesian approach, we model the impulse response of the unknown linear dynamic system as a realization of a zero-mean Gaussian process. The covariance matrix (or kernel) of this process is given by the recently introduced stable-spline kernel, which encodes information on the stability and regularity of the impulse response. The static non-linearity of the model is identified using an Empirical Bayes approach, i.e. by maximizing the output marginal likelihood, which is obtained by integrating out the unknown impulse response. The related optimization problem is solved adopting a novel iterative scheme based on the Expectation-Maximization (EM) method, where each iteration consists in a simple sequence of update rules. Numerical experiments show that the proposed method compares favorably with a standard algorithm for Hammerstein system identification.
Variance Analysis of Linear SIMO Models with Spatially Correlated Noise
Niklas Everitt,Giulio Bottegal,Cristian R. Rojas,H?kan Hjalmarsson
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Substantial improvement in accuracy of identified linear time-invariant single-input multi-output (SIMO) dynamical models is possible when the disturbances affecting the output measurements are spatially correlated. Using an orthogonal representation for the modules composing the SIMO structure, in this paper we show that the variance of a parameter estimate of a module is dependent on the model structure of the other modules, and the correlation structure of the disturbances. In addition, we quantify the variance-error for the parameter estimates for finite model orders, where the effect of noise correlation structure, model structure and signal spectra are visible. From these results, we derive the noise correlation structure under which the mentioned model parameterization gives the lowest variance, when one module is identified using less parameters than the other modules.
Outlier robust system identification: a Bayesian kernel-based approach
Giulio Bottegal,Aleksandr Y. Aravkin,Hakan Hjalmarsson,Gianluigi Pillonetto
Statistics , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper, we propose an outlier-robust regularized kernel-based method for linear system identification. The unknown impulse response is modeled as a zero-mean Gaussian process whose covariance (kernel) is given by the recently proposed stable spline kernel, which encodes information on regularity and exponential stability. To build robustness to outliers, we model the measurement noise as realizations of independent Laplacian random variables. The identification problem is cast in a Bayesian framework, and solved by a new Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) scheme. In particular, exploiting the representation of the Laplacian random variables as scale mixtures of Gaussians, we design a Gibbs sampler which quickly converges to the target distribution. Numerical simulations show a substantial improvement in the accuracy of the estimates over state-of-the-art kernel-based methods.
On the estimation of initial conditions in kernel-based system identification
Riccardo Sven Risuleo,Giulio Bottegal,H?kan Hjalmarsson
Statistics , 2015,
Abstract: Recent developments in system identification have brought attention to regularized kernel-based methods, where, adopting the recently introduced stable spline kernel, prior information on the unknown process is enforced. This reduces the variance of the estimates and thus makes kernel-based methods particularly attractive when few input-output data samples are available. In such cases however, the influence of the system initial conditions may have a significant impact on the output dynamics. In this paper, we specifically address this point. We propose three methods that deal with the estimation of initial conditions using different types of information. The methods consist in various mixed maximum likelihood--a posteriori estimators which estimate the initial conditions and tune the hyperparameters characterizing the stable spline kernel. To solve the related optimization problems, we resort to the expectation-maximization method, showing that the solutions can be attained by iterating among simple update steps. Numerical experiments show the advantages, in terms of accuracy in reconstructing the system impulse response, of the proposed strategies, compared to other kernel-based schemes not accounting for the effect initial conditions.
A new kernel-based approach for overparameterized Hammerstein system identification
Riccardo Sven Risuleo,Giulio Bottegal,H?kan Hjalmarsson
Statistics , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper we propose a new identification scheme for Hammerstein systems, which are dynamic systems consisting of a static nonlinearity and a linear time-invariant dynamic system in cascade. We assume that the nonlinear function can be described as a linear combination of $p$ basis functions. We reconstruct the $p$ coefficients of the nonlinearity together with the first $n$ samples of the impulse response of the linear system by estimating an $np$-dimensional overparameterized vector, which contains all the combinations of the unknown variables. To avoid high variance in these estimates, we adopt a regularized kernel-based approach and, in particular, we introduce a new kernel tailored for Hammerstein system identification. We show that the resulting scheme provides an estimate of the overparameterized vector that can be uniquely decomposed as the combination of an impulse response and $p$ coefficients of the static nonlinearity. We also show, through several numerical experiments, that the proposed method compares very favorably with two standard methods for Hammerstein system identification.
Blind system identification using kernel-based methods
Giulio Bottegal,Riccardo S. Risuleo,H?kan Hjalmarsson
Statistics , 2014,
Abstract: We propose a new method for blind system identification (BSI). Resorting to a Gaussian regression framework, we model the impulse response of the unknown linear system as a realization of a Gaussian process. The structure of the covariance matrix (or kernel) of such a process is given by the stable spline kernel, which has been recently introduced for system identification purposes and depends on an unknown hyperparameter. We assume that the input can be linearly described by few parameters. We estimate these parameters, together with the kernel hyperparameter and the noise variance, using an empirical Bayes approach. The related optimization problem is efficiently solved with a novel iterative scheme based on the Expectation-Maximization (EM) method. In particular, we show that each iteration consists of a set of simple update rules. We show, through some numerical experiments, very promising performance of the proposed method.
Robust EM kernel-based methods for linear system identification
Giulio Bottegal,Aleksandr Y. Aravkin,H?kan Hjalmarsson,Gianluigi Pillonetto
Statistics , 2014,
Abstract: Recent developments in system identification have brought attention to regularized kernel-based methods. This type of approach has been proven to compare favorably with classic parametric methods. However, current formulations are not robust with respect to outliers. In this paper, we introduce a novel method to robustify kernel-based system identification methods. To this end, we model the output measurement noise using random variables with heavy-tailed probability density functions (pdfs), focusing on the Laplacian and the Student's t distributions. Exploiting the representation of these pdfs as scale mixtures of Gaussians, we cast our system identification problem into a Gaussian process regression framework, which requires estimating a number of hyperparameters of the data size order. To overcome this difficulty, we design a new maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimator of the hyperparameters, and solve the related optimization problem with a novel iterative scheme based on the Expectation-Maximization (EM) method. In presence of outliers, numerical experiments show a substantial performance improvement compared to currently used kernel-based methods for linear system identification.
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