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Do study circles and a nutritional care policy improve nutritional care in a short- and long-term perspective in special accommodations?
Albert Westergren,Gita Hedin
Food & Nutrition Research , 2010, DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v54i0.5402
Abstract: Background: Disease-related malnutrition is a major health problem in the elderly population and management issues are under-explored. Objectives: What is the prevalence of undernutrition-risk (UN-risk), underweight, and overweight in special accommodations (SAs)? Do study circles and a nutritional care policy (NCP) improve the precision in nutritional care (NC) and decrease the prevalence of under- and overweight in a short- and/or long-term perspective?Design: Quasi-experimental pre- and post-intervention design with three experimental groups and one control group (CG). Setting: SAs. Participants: In 2005 (Time 1 – T1), 1726 (90.4%) residents agreed to participate; in 2007 (Time 2 – T2), 1,526 (81.8%); and in 2009 (Time 3 – T3), 1,459 (81.3%) residents participated. Interventions: Experimental groups: between T1 and T2 the first period of study circles was conducted in one municipality; between T2 and T3 a second period of study circles in another municipality was conducted; after T1 a NCP was implemented in one municipality. CG: residents in three municipalities. Measurements: Under- and overweight were defined based on BMI. Risk of undernutrition was defined as involving any of: involuntary weight loss, low BMI, and/or eating difficulties. The ‘precision in NC’ describes the relationship between nutritional treatment (protein- and energy-enriched food (PE-food) and/or oral supplements) and UN-risk. Results: The prevalence of UN-risk varied between 64 and 66%, underweight between 25 and 30%, and overweight between 30 and 33% in T1–T3. At T2 the prevalence of underweight was significantly lower in the first period study circle municipality, and at T3 in the second period study circle municipality compared to in the CG. The precision in NC was higher in a short-term perspective in the study circle municipalities and both in a short- and long-term perspective in the NCP municipality. At T3 between 54 and 70% of residents at UN-risk did not receive PE-food or oral supplements. Conclusions: Study circles give positive short-term effects and a NCP gives positive short- and long-term effects on NC. Whether a combination of study circles and the implementation of a NCP can give even better results is an area for future studies.
Improving nursing students research knowledge through participation in a study about nutrition, its associated factors and assessment
Albert Westergren,Ellinor Edfors,Gita Hedin,Peter Hagell
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2013, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v3n8p50
Abstract: Aims: The aims of this study were threefold: 1) to explore nursing students perceptions of knowledge development after participating in an actual research project; 2) to explore undernutrition and its relationship to other clinical factors; 3) to explore the user-friendliness of the Minimal Eating Observation and Nutrition Form (MEONF-II) in relation to dependency in Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Methods: A pilot study (Study 1, S1) was conducted in October 2010, including 281 patients. After extending the research protocol a second data collection (S2) was conducted in March 2011, including 236 patients (total n=517). First and third year nursing students (n=188) collected the data, during one day of their clinical practice courses by assessing three patients each in hospitals or nursing homes. Students answered questions about their experiences from participating in the study. Patient related assessments included: MEONF-II; ADL dependency (S1 and S2); insomnia; low-spiritedness; and subjective health (S2). In addition, questions about the user-friendliness of MEONF-II were included (S1 and S2). Results: Among the nursing students, 51% experienced that their knowledge about nutrition increased and 67% that their understanding for research increased by participating in the project. Out of the patients, 57% were women, 50% were almost independent, 27% had some dependency, 23% were almost totally dependent in ADL, and 48% were at moderate/ high undernutrition risk. In S2, 32% of patients had insomnia, and 46% experienced low-spiritedness. Dependency in 5-6 and 3-4 ADLs (OR, 2.439 and 2.057, respectively), compared to dependency in 0-2 ADLs, were the strongest predictors for undernutrition risk, followed by insomnia (OR 2.124). Nursing students experienced the MEONF-II as easy to understand (93%), easy to answer (94%) and relevant (94%), and the suggestions for measures to take in case of risk as relevant (95%), independent of the patients’ ADL status. Conclusions: By participating in an actual research project nursing students gets an understanding for research and tools for working with quality improvements in their future role as professional nurses. Undernutrition, mental and physical factors constitute coexisting problems in need for further investigation. Nursing students perceive the MEONF-II as user-friendly, independent of patient ADL dependency.
Side effects of herbal drugs used in dermatologic disorders  [PDF]
Gita Faghihi, Mohammadreza Radan
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2011.11001
Abstract: Because of the awareness of the environmental damage caused by industrialization, a trend has developed to use products with natural ingredients. Herbal products have been used for the treatment of disease, most commonly in the last century. As herbal supplements become more popular, several adverse side effects have been reported in users who also take other medications. In dermatology ,many botanicals are used especially with regard to cosmetic benefits of natural topical products on skin aging process,so dermatologists should face with higher side effects of these types of drugs.The most common presentation of topical aromatherapy side effects are contact dermatitis and the second in order will be contact urticarial reactions.
John Locke och familjens makt ver uppfostran
Christer Hedin
Utbildning & Demokrati : Tidsskrift f?r Didaktik och Utbildningspolitik , 2007,
Abstract: JOHN LOCKE AND THE POWER OF THE FAMILY OVER EDUCATION. Who deserves author-ity over education? Plato was convinced that it was the state. Locke insisted onthe family. Mill, from his own hard-won experience, was convinced that theindividual should have more influence than the family. Of course, childrenhad to be compelled to learn basics; otherwise their freedom would be re-duced. John Locke lived in a time of growing capital formation. He defendedthe right of ownership as a fundamental human right. According to him, itfollowed from the right to life. Property was created through work, and workwas a way of using life. Parents had to have the decisive influence on educa-tion. They needed to be convinced that their heirs would manage their inher-itance in a responsible way. Locke is regarded as a father of democracy. How-ever, it can hardly be claimed that he was a promoter of democracy in educa-tion. His defence of private property led him to ascribe so much power overeducation to parents that individual rights were substantially curtailed.
地质学报 , 1947,
Abstract: ItwaswithpainandgrievedemotionthatIreceivedthenewsofProfessorAmadeusGrabau'sdeceasesometimeago;andIfelt,deeplyandwarmly,thatIhadlostarealandfaithfulfriend,onewhohadbeenclosetomeinbrightandgloomyperiodsforverymanyyears.Aroundhisbierwereassembledinsorrow
Will Employment Effect Gold Buying? An Indian Perspective  [PDF]
Swati Shrikant Godbole, Gita Sashidharan
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2019.95079
Abstract: In India, the uniqueness of gold has been widely discussed since ages. The Indian Government has led several initiatives to curb gold consumption in order to restrict its impact on trade deficit and forex reserves. However, their attempts have been quite futile. In light of the above and combined with the high demand for gold in the form of jewelry, this research paper was crafted. This paper attempts to study the factors of gold buying of retail consumers and also analyze the impact of reference groups on gold buying. The central focus of the study being retail consumers, data were collected from a sample of 600 retail consumers. Several factors were identified through factor analysis. The validity and reliability of factor analysis was confirmed by KMO (0.903) and Bartlet tests (Sig. 0.000). ANOVA was performed to ascertain the impact of reference groups/employment function on the identified factors. The ANOVA results indicated that the proposed hypothesis was observed to be statistically significant for some of the identified factors. Results of Tukey Post Hoc Test highlighted pairing of other function (retired) of employment with either Marketing or IT giving statistically significant different means. For several years, gold has been an area of secondary research both in the foreign and Indian context. However in the light of gold buying’s (Jewelry) negative impact on India’s trade deficit and various initiatives of the government, this research has relevance in the Indian context. More so since in the existing era, India is a growing economy and globalization and technology has made it easy and possible to buy or invest in the paper form of gold instead of the physical form.
Reprodu??o: o desafio feminista para uma política social
Sen, Gita;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73311996000100009
Abstract: this paper has the theoretical intention to discuss the state programs of social welfare, in the historical looking and in the actual world, proposing that those programs are the effects of political forces, that strengthen the differences of gender, class and race/ethnics in the society, depending on the way there are references to the reproductive field.
Does Unilateral Hearing Loss Lead To Learning Handicap?
Gita Movalleli
Audiology , 2000,
Abstract: Hearing loss, even when limited to 1 ear, has been indicated as a handicap to communication and learning. Although this does not seem true based on my clinical impressions, there are no objective data available to evaluate, or even infer, what type of hearing loss can become a true handicap to overall academic achievement. Presented herein are findings that imply, although do not prove, the potential academic handicap of unilateral hearing loss. This study prospectively analyzed the audiologic and otologic screening tests in a university over a 9-year period. The University of Tokyo is one of the leading universities in Japan; the students examined undoubtedly had academic ability well above average, for the entrance examination is one of the most difficult to pass in Japan. The potential handicap to academic achievement caused by hearing impairment was evaluated by comparing the prevalence of hearing impairment among the study population.
Gita Chaurasia
Journal of Global Pharma Technology , 2010, DOI: 10.1234/jgpt.v2i10.299
Liability Issues in Internet Banking In Malaysia
Gita Radhakrishna
Communications of the IBIMA , 2009,
Abstract: Electronic banking, particularly internet banking has revolutionized the banking industry making transactions faster and more convenient. But security issues present a pressing concern. Even with the best supervisory and security devices losses may occur. This paper examines the regulatory framework in Malaysia as set out by the Central bank, Bank Negara Malaysia and compares it to the United Kingdom and Australia. The focus is on civil liability issues in this area and in this context a landmark case in the United States of America with potential global impact is discussed.
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