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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1205 matches for " Gisele Toassa "
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Sociedade Tarja Preta: uma crítica à medicaliza??o de crian?as e adolescentes
Toassa, Gisele;
Fractal : Revista de Psicologia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1984-02922012000200015
Abstract: this text is a book's review towards the first edition of "medicalization of children and adolescents: conflicts silenced by the reduction of social issues to diseases of individuals", which discusses the publication's relevance as a criticism of (psycho)pathologies and their treatments. the book succeeds in rigorously deconstructing the "science" that legitimates the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (adhd), exposing how the pharmaceutical industry has been systematically concealing the profound collateral effects of the methylphenidate, the drug which treats it. the publication also presents papers by health and education practitioners, representing a remarkable effort directed to change the child/adolescent health care and education.
Vigotski contra James-Lange: crítica para uma teoria histórico-cultural das emo??es
Toassa, Gisele;
Psicologia USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642012000100005
Abstract: comments on the human emotions are presented throughout the work of the belarusian ls vygotsky, ever since the art criticism written in his youth. in this topic, he discussed the contribution of several authors: freud, claparède, ribot, lewin, dilthey, wundt. however, most of all he examined the james-lange theory. this article aims to discuss vygotsky's extensive criticism on this theory, in his manuscript "utchenie ob emotsiajakh", which fell in a broad theoretical and methodological approach: to compile and link the factual material without coordination, exposing the struggle of philosophical ideas behind the psychological ones, to pave the way for future research aimed at overcoming the dualism in psychology. highlighting the main arguments in the manuscript for a vygotskyan approach concerning studies on emotions, we discuss the quarrel about the theme, which vygotsky considered the most difficult, and possibly the more important for the future of psychology.
Conceito de consciência em Vigotski
Toassa, Gisele;
Psicologia USP , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642006000200004
Abstract: this article investigates the concept of consciousness in the work of lev vygotsky, which is the main problem of his psychology. it summarizes the importance of the political and social context of the soviet union for the development of his theory, which has begun with influences from the reflexology and pavlovism. however his conception was constructed with a progressive integration of his wide range of knowledge, embracing arts, marxist, classical philosophy, neuropsychology and experimental psychology. through readings of vygotskyan′s works produced from 1924 up to 1934, this article revises the semantics occurrences of the word “consciousness”, identifying its monist and materialist dialectic fundaments, extracting its main senses and including it in historical-cultural perspective. the concept is divided in three fundamental senses (process of becoming aware of the internal and external reality; attribute of psychological contents and processes; psychological system) which link it selves, laying the foundations of the general psychology of vygotsky and relating neuropsychology, ethics and ontology.
Conceito de liberdade em Vigotski The concept of freedom in Vigotski′s theory
Gisele Toassa
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/s1414-98932004000300002
Abstract: Este texto sintetiza os fundamentos do conceito de liberdade vigotskiano, procurando elucidar suas conex es a partir das investiga es do autor sobre linguagem, vontade, fun es psíquicas superiores, pensamento e imagina o. Discutem-se, ainda, os antecedentes filosóficos presentes no seu conceito de liberdade e se esbo a uma análise das condi es concretas necessárias para a livre-escolha em tempos de aliena o. This text summarises the fundamental points of Vygotsky′s freedom concept, with the intention of elucidating its connections within his investigations concerning language, will, high mental functions, thought and imagination. We also discuss the philosophic antecedents related to freedom’s concept and outline an analysis of the concrete conditions for free choices inside an alienation epoch.
A “PSICOLOGIA PEDAGóGICA” DE VIGOTSKI – CONSIDERA ES INTRODUTóRIAS
Gisele Toassa
Nuances : Estudos sobre Educa??o , 2013,
Abstract: Este texto consiste em relato parcial de estudo teórico da “Psicologia Pedagógica” de L. S. Vigotski, em tradu o brasileira da ARTMED e no original em russo, mediada pelo debate de comentadores como G. Blanck, S. M. S. Barroco, M. G. D. Facci, M. G. Danilchenko, R. Van Der Veer e J. Valsiner. Dissertará sobre os objetivos da obra “Psicologia Pedagógica”, as influências presentes no texto (focando especialmente P. P. Blonski e L. Trotski), e, principalmente, sobre a contextualiza o histórica na qual ele se escreveu, acabando por ser marcado pela imaturidade teórica, ecletismo e problemas de composi o – algo decorrentes do seu caráter de compêndio e da crise que atravessava a psicologia nos anos 1920. Analisa-se a tese de que se trata de um texto escolanovista a partir de breve exposi o das rela es dos pedagogos soviéticos com o plano Dalton e a pedagogia dos projetos. Concluiu-se que a preocupa o de Vigotski – bastante subestimada por seus comentadores – com a liberdade, a atividade própria do aprendiz (em detrimento da mera reprodu o de ideias e tarefas n o compreendidas) e outros princípios fundamentais do marxismo convergiu com algumas diretrizes da Escola Nova, alterando-as. Longe de pretender leitura exaustiva de livro t o fértil, este texto procurará abordar suas especificidades e preparar, ainda que parcialmente, o leitor para algumas das principais quest es que envolvem a leitura da “Psicologia Pedagógica”.
As vivências: quest?es de tradu??o, sentidos e fontes epistemológicas no legado de Vigotski
Toassa, Gisele;Souza, Marilene Proen?a Rebello de;
Psicologia USP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642010000400007
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to address the experiences over the work of ls vygotsky, dealing with their epistemological sources, from its roots in the russian language and its specific directions, emphasizing "the tragedy of hamlet, prince of denmark" (1916) and paedological texts of the 1930s, in particular, "the problem of the environment". the paper highlights the changes the author's ideas about experiences and methodological contribution to the analysis of the relationship between individual and environment in human development, in the midst of their connections with the concepts of consciousness and system elaborated by vygotsky.
Brazilian adolescents’ food and beverages choices during school break: The Brazilian school meal program or food from other establishments?  [PDF]
Ana Carolina Leme, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Erika Christiane Toassa
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.22025
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify the adolescents’ food preferences during school break. This was a qualitative cross-sectional study with 83 adolescents from a public school in the city of S?o Paulo. The participants answered the following question: During the school break do you usually eat or drink something? Please justify your answer. The adolescents’ answers were analyzed through a Brazilian qualitative technique called Discourse of the Collective Subject. The ideas were: School Meal Program (36.2%), don’t eat anything (26.7%), bring from other establishments (20.1%) and drink water or juice (17.1%). The adolescents who chose the School Meal Program claimed they had no other options. On the other hand, the participants who refused the meal did so because they disliked it and as a result brought snacks from home or food markets. The Discourse of the Collective Subject helps the investigator to understand the ideas related to food and nutrition of a collectivity.
Association of Brazilian Adolescents with Healthy Eating: Knowledge, Perceptions and Food Choices  [PDF]
Ana Carolina Barco Leme, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, érika Christiane Toassa da Silva
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.29138
Abstract: The aim of this study is to identify the adolescents’ knowledge and perceptions of healthy and unhealthy eating. It is a qualitative cross section study with 83 adolescents of both genders between 10 and 16 years old enrolled in a public school in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. The participants answered two discursive questions that assessed their knowledge and perception of their actual diet. These questions were later analyzed by a qualitative technique, “Discourse of Collective Subject” based on the Theory of Social Representations. Overall, the youth presented an adequate knowledge about healthy eating. About half (52.6%) reported a balanced and varied diet; and 56.3% considered their actual diet as being healthy. Adolescents’ knowledge about healthy eating isn’t the only determinant for their food choices; and so traditional nutritional interventions focusing on concepts about healthy eating should be modified, aiming at behavioral changes.
Implica??es do plano de desenvolvimento da educa??o para a forma??o de professores
Masson, Gisele;
Ensaio: Avalia??o e Políticas Públicas em Educa??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40362012000100009
Abstract: this paper analyzes the main implications of the development plan of education (dpe) for teacher training. the research used bibliographic and documentary sources and was based on historical and dialectical materialism concepts. the teacher training education proposal presented by the dpe is neo pragmatist, since it reinforces the importance of searching for instruments that are useful to the immediate demands of the teaching profession and it doesn't contribute to developing a solid and broad education. the fact that it gives priority to teacher training education rather than to proper financial investments as the solution for the negative results registered by the basic education development index (ideb) brings out the given priority to the subjective conditions in the resolution of educational problems.
De Nova Friburgo a Fribourg através das letras: a coloniza??o suí?a vista pelos próprios imigrantes
Sanglard, Gisele;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702003000100006
Abstract: the history of swiss immigration to brazil began with the foundation of the colony of nova friburgo in 1819. nova friburgo was the first colonial company contracted by the portuguese government. this paper is an invitation to go back in time to the period in which nova friburgo was founded, through the letters the immigrants wrote for publication in swiss newspapers of the period. the meeting of the old and the new worlds is seen in these letters, as well as the encounter with other swiss people already established in rio de janeiro or who were in the process of becoming so. they show the dynamics of the coming and going of immigrants, whether or not they participated in the companies. the migrants' perceptions, information and expectations set the tone for these messages.
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