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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 72947 matches for " Gisele Maria Amim Caldas LORENZI "
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UTILIZA O TECNOLóGICA DA FARINHA DE BOCAIUVA NA ELABORA O DE BISCOITOS TIPO COOKIE
Angela Cristina KOPPER,Ana Paola Kin SARAVIA,Rosemary Hoffmann RIBANI,Gisele Maria Amim Caldas LORENZI
Alimentos e Nutri??o , 2010,
Abstract: A Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. Ex Mart. popularmente conhecida como macauba ou bocaiuva, é uma palmeira encontrada em quase todo território brasileiro. Seu fruto pode ser consumido tanto na forma in natura quanto na forma processada de farinha. O presente trabalho teve como objetivos caracterizar a farinha de bocaiuva (FB), bem como estudar a utiliza o desta no desenvolvimento de biscoitos tipo cookie avaliando sua composi o centesimal e características sensoriais. Foram elaboradas seis formula es de biscoito onde a FB substituiu a farinha de trigo nos níveis de 10% e 15%. A FB mostrou-se uma excelente fonte de calorias, rica em lipídios, fibras, carboidratos e vitamina A. A substitui o da farinha por 15% de FB nas formula es, resultou em biscoitos classificados como alimentos fontes de fibras (3,46 a 3,88 g fibras em 100 g de produto). O conteúdo de vitamina A dos biscoitos adicionados de FB variou de 13,20 a 23,40 RAE/100g. Os resultados obtidos na avalia o sensorial demonstraram que os biscoitos formulados com diferentes níveis de FB foram bem aceitos pelos julgadores.
A arte da fuga: Os mecanismos da liquidez The Art of Fugue: The Mechanisms of Liquidity L’art de la fugue: les mécanismes de la liquidité
José Maria Castro Caldas
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.617
Abstract: A ideia de “liquidez” enquanto característica da fase actual da modernidade, presente na obra mais recente de Zygmunt Bauman, convida a uma leitura cruzada entre este autor e Keynes. Quer em Bauman, quer em Keynes, a liquidez aplica-se a rela es que podem ser facilmente revertidas, ou revertidas a baixo custo, e a sistemas que, sendo caracterizados pela precariedade dos la os que unem os seus elementos constituintes, tendem a ser, eles próprios, instáveis e precários. Em ambos os autores, a liquidez e a especula o surgem como respostas racionais à incerteza e, ao mesmo tempo, como estratégias individuais que contribuem para o aumento do risco sistémico. As duas abordagens s o complementares e coerentes. A leitura cruzada sugere a existência de mecanismos da liquidez transversais a diferentes domínios institucionais cuja identifica o é aqui ensaiada. The idea of ‘liquidity’ as a feature of the ongoing phase of modernity, to be found in the most recent work of Zygmunt Bauman, invites a cross-reading of this author and Keynes. Both in Bauman and in Keynes, liquidity is linked to relations which can easily be reverted, or reverted at a low cost, and to systems which, characterised by the precariousness of bonds linking its constituting elements, tend, themselves, to be unstable and precarious. In both authors, liquidity and speculation appear as rational responses to uncertainty, and, at the same time, as individual strategies contributing to increased systemic risk. Both approaches are complementary and consistent. Cross-reading suggests the existence of liquidity mechanisms which are transversal to different institutional domains, identification of which is here essayed. L’idée de liquidité en tant que caractéristique de la phase actuelle de la modernité, présente dans l’ouvre la plus récente de Zygmunt Bauman, suscite une lecture croisée entre cet auteur et Keynes. Soit chez Bauman, soit chez Keynes, la liquidité s’applique à des relations qui peuvent être facilement réversibles, ou réversibles à bas prix, et à des systèmes qui, étant caractérisés par la précarité des liens unissant leurs éléments constitutifs, tendent à être, eux-mêmes, instables et précaires. Chez les deux auteurs, la liquidité et la spéculation surgissent comme réponses rationnelles à l’incertitude et, en même temps, comme stratégies individuelles qui contribuent à l’augmentation du risque systémique. Les deux approches sont complémentaires et cohérentes. Leur lecture croisée suggère l’existence de mécanismes de liquidité transversaux dans les différents domaines institutionnels
Prevalência e fatores associados à ocorrência da dor de dente que impediu a realiza??o de tarefas habituais em uma popula??o de funcionários públicos no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Alexandre, Gisele Caldas;Nadanovsky, Paulo;Lopes, Claudia S.;Faerstein, Eduardo;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000500020
Abstract: the aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of dental pain preventing the performance of routine tasks and to assess its association with socioeconomic factors, minor psychiatric disorders, number of missing teeth, and dental consultation patterns. a cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-completed questionnaire answered by 4,030 administrative employees at a university in rio de janeiro, brazil (the pró-saúde study). data were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. prevalence of toothache preventing the performance of routine tasks in the two weeks prior to the interview was 2.9% (95%ci: 2.5-3.6). men (or = 1.6; 95%ci: 1.1-2.4), individuals with minor psychiatric disorders (or = 1.7; 95%ci: 1.2-2.6), individuals with extensive tooth loss (or = 3.4; 95%ci: 1.5-7.8), and those failing to appear for regular dental checkups (or = 2.5; 95%ci: 1.8-17.3) showed increased odds of experiencing dental pain. dental pain was an important problem in this population. unfavorable living conditions and lack of regular dental checkups increased the odds of dental pain.
Prevalência e fatores associados à ocorrência da dor de dente que impediu a realiza o de tarefas habituais em uma popula o de funcionários públicos no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Alexandre Gisele Caldas,Nadanovsky Paulo,Lopes Claudia S.,Faerstein Eduardo
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006,
Abstract: Nesse estudo, objetivou-se estimar a prevalência da dor de dente que impedisse a realiza o de tarefas habituais e testar sua associa o com fatores sócio-econ micos, transtornos mentais comuns, número de dentes perdidos e padr o de visita ao dentista. Realizou-se estudo transversal, com questionário autopreenchível, aplicado em 4.030 funcionários de uma universidade no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil - Estudo Pró-Saúde. As análises foram conduzidas por meio de regress o logística multivariada. A prevalência da dor de dente que impediu a realiza o de tarefas habituais, nas duas semanas que antecederam o preenchimento do questionário, foi de 2,9% (IC95%: 2,5-3,6). Ser do sexo masculino (OR = 1,6; IC95%: 1,1-2,4), apresentar transtorno mental comum (OR = 1,7; IC95%: 1,2-2,6), ter perdido muitos dentes (OR = 3,4; IC95%: 1,5-7,8) e n o visitar o dentista para uma revis o de rotina (OR = 2,5; IC95%: 1,8-17,3), aumentaram a chance de ter tido dor de dente. A dor de dente foi um problema importante nessa popula o. Circunstancias desfavoráveis de vida e n o visitar o dentista para uma revis o de rotina aumentaram as chances de ter dor de dente.
Sustainable Discoloration of Textile Chromo-Baths by Spent Mushroom Substrate from the Industrial Cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus  [PDF]
Simona Di Gregorio, Francesco Balestri, Maria Basile, Valentina Matteini, Francesco Gini, Stefania Giansanti, Maria Grazia Tozzi, Riccardo Basosi, Roberto Lorenzi
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2010.12011
Abstract: Synthetic dyes are recalcitrant to degradation and toxic to different organisms. Physical-chemical treatments of textile wastewaters are not sustainable in terms of costs. Biological treatments can be more convenient and the lig-nin-degrading extracellular enzymatic battery of basidiomycetes are capable to discolor synthetic dyes. Many basidi-omycetes are edible mushrooms whose industrial production generates significant amount of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) with residual high levels of lignin-degrading extracellular enzymatic activities. We have demon-strated that the low cost organic substrate, the SMS deriving from the cultivation of the basidiomycetes Pleurotus ostreatus, is able to discolor anthraquinonic, diazo and monoazo-dyes when incubated in dying chromo-reactive and chromo-acid baths containing surfactants and anti-foams, where the concentrations of the different dyes are exceeding the one recovered in the corresponding wastewaters. Laccase was the lignin-degrading extracellular enzyme involved in the discolouring process. The exploitation of the low cost SMS in the treatment of textile wastewaters is proposed. Accordingly, a toxicological assessment, based on a cyto-toxicity test on a human amnion epithelial cell line (WISH) and the estimation of the germination index (GI%) of Lactuca sativa, Cucumis sativus and Sorghum bicolor, has been performed, showing the loss of toxicity of the chromo-baths after being discoloured by the SMS.
Propaga??o de ara?azeiro e goiabeira via miniestaquia de material juvenil
Altoé, Jalille Amim;Marinho, Cláudia Sales;Terra, Maria Isabela da Costa;Barroso, Deborah Guerra;
Bragantia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87052011000200009
Abstract: this study was carried out to evaluate the viability of the minicutting technique on rooting of juvenile material of cattley guava (psidium guineense and psidium cattleyanum) and guava (psidium guajava), and seedling growth after transplanting and production of the ministumps under successive harvests. three experiments were carried out in a randomized block design using three species and four replicates. sixty-two days after cutting establishment, p. guineense, p. cattleyanum and p. guajava showed rooting percentages of 96%, 92% and 100%, respectively. p. guajava showed a minimum stem diameter of 8 mm at 110 days after transplanting and p. guineense and p. cattleyanum showed stem diameter of 7 mm after 140 days of transplanting. minicutting production increased over successive harvests of sprouts. based on these results, it is concluded that the minicutting technique is viable for multiplying cattley guava and guava.
Pharyngeal dimensions in healthy men and women
Daniel, Mauro Miguel;Lorenzi, Maria Cecília;Leite, Claudia da Costa;Lorenzi-Filho, Geraldo;
Clinics , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322007000100002
Abstract: introduction: epidemiological studies reveal a high male prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. a possible explanation for this male predominance is the existence of anatomical differences in the upper airway between men and women. methods: the upper airways of 10 male and 10 female healthy volunteers were prospectively evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging. anatomical pharyngeal and column cross-sectional linear measurements were made in sagittal t1 and axial t1 and t2 weighted fast spin-echo images. results: men had significantly greater mean sagittal pharyngeal structural dimensions compared to women for all structures with the exception of the craniocaudal length of the soft palate and the thickness of the submentonian fat. in contrast, cross-sectional linear dimensions were similar in men and women with the exception of the laterolateral tongue length, which was greater in men. all mean linear measurements of the pharyngeal air column were similar in men and women at all studied levels. conclusions: men and women present pharyngeal air columns with similar dimensions, but in women this column is surrounded by smaller structures, which might imply a smaller effort to keep its patency. our data suggest the existence of an anatomical protective factor in women against the upper airway collapse.
Menopausal Status and Metabolic Syndrome in Women in Climacteric Period Treated at a Clinic in Southern Brazil  [PDF]
Karina Giane Mendes, Heloísa Theodoro, Alice D. Rodrigues, Fernanda Busnello, Dino Roberto S. de Lorenzi, Maria Teresa A. Olinto
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2013.31005
Abstract:

Background: This study aims to understand the relationship between menopausal status and the presence of Metabolic Syndrome in women from 40 to 65 years, as well as to describe the distribution of each component of Metabolic Syn- drome according to sample characteristics. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 551 women treated at a clinic in southern Brazil. MetS and its components were defined according to NCEP-ATP III and menopausal status as pre, peri, and post-menopause. Prevalences of menopausal status and of MetS and its components were calculated. Estimates of prevalence ratios crude and adjusted with confidence intervals of 95% were calculated by Poisson Regression with robust variance. Demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, and reproductive characteristics were considered as potential confounding factors in multivariable models based on a conceptual framework of MetS determination. Results: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in the sample was 56.1% (CI95%: 51.9 to 60.2), being more common among older women (56 to 65 years), with low education, menarche < 11 years old, with three or more pregnancies and in the post-menopausal period. In multivariate analysis, there was an increase of prevalence ratios when comparing perimenopause and post-menopause with pre-menopause; however, the confidence intervals include the unit. Regarding the analysis of isolated components in the sample, the most prevalent altered components were: hypertension (84.8%; CI95%: 81.7 to 87.8), waist circumference (66.4%; CI95%: 62.5 to 70.4) and HDL cholesterol (51.7%; CI95%: 47.5 to 55.9). There was a linear increase on mean blood glucose through menopausal status. Conclusions: Our study indicates variation on the distribution of MetS and each component according to menopausal status and other women characteristics. Future studies on MetS should also have foresight to use this type of approach to improve understanding and targeting of actions and programs focusing on women in this period of life.

Análise colorimétrica e espectroscópica do muco de caracóis terrestres Achatina sp alimentados com ra??o diferenciada
Lorenzi, Adriana Tarlá;Martins, Maria de Fátima;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982008000300024
Abstract: the effects of adding medicinal plants with healing properties (centelha asiatica, papaína and confrei) in the control diet of land snails were studied to evaluate the effect of these plants on the mucus glicoproteic composition. eighty achatina sp snails, based on a homogeneous weight (49 and 40 g and averaging 10 and 19 months of age for achatina fulica and achatina monochromatica, respectively). the animals were randomly allotted to eight experimental groups: achatina fulica (fc) and achatina monochromatica (mc) control, asian achatina fulica (fce) and achatina monochromatica (mce) centelha, achatina fulica (fpa) and achatina monochromatica (mpa) papaína and achatina fulica (fco) and achatina monochromatica (mco) confrei. ration and water were fed ad libitum. at the end of 150 days of treatment, the animals were submitted to the technique for extraction of mucus glicoproteic by manual stimulation of podal gland, responsible for the secretion of this mucus. this methodology considered the well-being of the animals since they were not slaughtered but returned to their creation system. the mucus was analyzed by means of color and spectroscopic tests, that indicated similar changes, but showed significant variation in their glicoproteic composition.
The Trypanosoma cruzi Genome Project: Nuclear Karyotype and Gene Mapping of Clone CL Brener
Santos Marcia RM,Cano Maria I,Schijman Alejandro,Lorenzi Hernan
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1997,
Abstract: By using improved pulsed field gel electrophoresis conditions, the molecular karyotype of the reference clone CL Brener selected for Trypanosoma cruzi genome project was established. A total of 20 uniform chromosomal bands ranging in size from 0.45 to 3.5 Megabase pairs (Mbp) were resolved in a single run. The weighted sum of the chromosomal bands was approximately 87 Mbp. Chromoblots were hybridized with 39 different homologous probes, 13 of which identified single chromosomes. Several markers showed linkage and four different linkage groups were identified, each comprising two markers. Densitometric analysis suggests that most of the chromosomal bands contain two or more chromosomes representing either homologous chromosomes and/or heterologous chromosomes with similar sizes
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