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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 30928 matches for " Gil-González "
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Vicia vulcanorum (Fabaceae) a new species from the island of Lanzarote (Canary Islands)
Gil-González, J.,Gil-González, M. L.,Morales-Mateos, J. B.,Mesa-Coello, R.
Collectanea Botanica , 2012,
Abstract: Vicia vulcanorum J. Gil & M. L. Gil (Fabaceae), a new species of subg. Cracca (Dumort.) Peterm., sect. Cracca Dumort. is described and illustrated from the island of Lanzarote, Canary Islands, north-west of Africa. It is related to and compared with Vicia cirrhosa C. Sm. ex Webb & Berthel. and Vicia filicaulis Webb & Berthel., two endemic species from the western and central group of the Canary Islands, and Vicia ferreirensis Goyder, an endemic species from Porto Santo Island, Madeira Archipelago. Se describe e ilustra Vicia vulcanorum J. Gil & M. L. Gil (Fabaceae), una nueva especie y endemismo de la isla de Lanzarote, Islas Canarias, perteneciente al subg. Cracca (Dumort.) Peterm., sect. Cracca Dumort. Se encuentra relacionada y es comparada con Vicia cirrhosa C. Sm. ex Webb & Berthel. y Vicia filicaulis Webb & Berthel., especies endémicas de las islas centrales y occidentales del archipiélago canario, y con Vicia ferreirensis<7i> Goyder, especie endémica de la isla de Porto Santo, en el archipiélago de Madeira.
Knowledge gaps in scientific literature on maternal mortality: a systematic review
Gil-González,Diana; Carrasco-Porti?o,Mercedes; Ruiz,Maria Teresa;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862006001100016
Abstract: issues related to maternal mortality have generated a lot of empirical and theoretical information. however, despite the amount of work published on the topic, maternal mortality continues to occur at high rates and solutions to the problem are still not clear. scientific research on maternal mortality is focused mainly on clinical factors. however, this approach may not be the most useful if we are to understand the problem of maternal mortality as a whole and appreciate the importance of economical, political and social macrostructural factors. in this paper, we report the number of scientific studies published between 2000 and 2004 about the main causes of maternal death, as identified by who, and compare the proportion of papers on each cause with the corresponding burden of each cause. secondly, we systematically review the characteristics and quality of the papers on the macrostructural determinants of maternal mortality. in view of their burden, obstructed labour, unsafe abortion and haemorrhage are proportionally underrepresented in the scientific literature. in our review, most studies analysed were cross-sectional, and were carried out by developed countries without the participation of researchers in the developing countries where maternal mortality was studied. the main macrostructural factors mentioned were socioeconomic variables. overall, there is a lack of published information about the cultural and political determinants of maternal mortality. we believe that a high-quality scientific approach must be taken in studies of maternal mortality in order to obtain robust comparative data and that study design should be improved to allow causality between macrostructural determinants and maternal mortality to be shown.
La violencia de género en la agenda del Parlamento espa?ol (1979-2004)
Vives-Cases,Carmen; Gil-González,Diana; Carrasco-Porti?o,Mercedes; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112006000200009
Abstract: aims: to systematically examine the characteristics of the processes of formulating and taking decisions on gender-based violence in the spanish parliament. methods: a search was performed for all parliamentary initiatives on gender-based violence in the spanish parliament (1979-2004) and their qualitative content was analyzed. the ratio between initiatives on gender-based violence and those on other issues was calculated by years and legislatures. the probability of presenting initiatives on gender-based violence was analyzed by sex and political group (government vs. opposition) (odds ratio, 95% ci and statistical significance using the mantel-haenszel method). results: in the 26 years studied, there were 322,187 initiatives, of which 569 concerned gender-based violence. initiatives on this issue increased in 1998 (4.12 per 1,000), 2001 (4.49 per 1,000) and 2004 (9.19 per 1,000). sixty-seven percent were questions to the government. the majority of the initiatives were registered without agreement or decision (81%). men had a higher probability of asking questions (or = 17.08; 95%ci, 5.91-55.62), but women instigated 60% of the initiatives. parliamentary groups in government showed a higher probability of asking questions (or = 2.63; 95%ci, 1.32-5.31), but 88% of the initiatives were promoted by the opposition. conclusions: the process of policy construction has been started in spain, which could lead to the development of true policies on gender-based violence in the future. parliamentary activity on this issue should be maintained in the long-term, as the problem shows no sign of abating.
Las investigaciones sobre promoción y educación para la salud en las etapas de infantil y primaria de la escuela espa?ola: una revisión de los estudios publicados entre 1995 y 2005
Davó,Mari Carmen; Gil-González,Diana; Vives-Cases,Carmen; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; La Parra,Daniel;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to identify the characteristics of health education and promotion interventions in spanish nursery and primary schools, through the studies published in scientific journals. method: we performed a review of studies on health education and promotion interventions in spanish nursery and primary schools, published from 1995 to 2005. the information sources were medline (through pubmed), cinhal, eric, sociological abstracts, science citation index, and isooc (csic). studies performed in spanish nursery and primary schools that incorporated health education and promotion interventions were selected. the studies' general features, main subject and aims, methodology, the kind of intervention described, and compliance with the criteria for healthy schools were analyzed. results: only 26 of the 346 articles identified met the inclusion criteria. health education programs focussed more on disease prevention than on health promotion and only a few studies were performed in nursery and primary schools. the criteria for health promotion in schools were included in 5 articles (19.2%). the importance of health institutions (n = 7; 26.9%) and universities (n = 8; 30.8%) as promoters of programs was notable. the most frequent subject was smoking (n = 11; 42.3%). conclusions: teachers play a lesser role in health promotion in schools than health institutions in the implementation and dissemination of health programs. research into health promotion in nursery and primary schools is scarce.
Mortalidad por violencia del compa?ero íntimo en mujeres extranjeras residentes en Espa?a (1999-2006)
Vives-Cases,Carmen; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Torrubiano-Domínguez,Jordi; Gil-González,Diana;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112008000300009
Abstract: objectives: to describe the distribution of mortality due to intimate partner violence (ipv) in foreign women living in spain and to explore the potentially greater risk of dying from ipv in this group. methods: we performed a retrospective ecological study of deaths from ipv registered by the women's institute of spain (1999-2006). mortality rates and poisson models for relative risk and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. results: the average risk of dying from ipv in foreign women was 5.3 times greater than that in spanish women. in the years studied, the increased risk in foreign women was 2 to 8 times greater than that in spanish women. conclusion: foreign women living in spain are especially vulnerable to death from ipv. further research on the causes of this phenomena and strategies involving health services are needed.
Revisión sistemática de los estudios sobre el nivel socioeconómico de los hombres que maltratan a sus parejas
Vives-Cases,Carmen; Gil-González,Diana; Carrasco-Porti?o,Mercedes; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112007000500013
Abstract: background: despite the visibility of intimate partner violence against women in low socioeconomic groups, the association of low socioeconomic status and violent behavior is unclear. we performed a systematic review of the empirical evidence on the causal role of batterers' socioeconomic status in this phenomenon. methods: we performed a systematic review, using the following databases: eric (1966-2004), sociological abstracts (1963-2005), science citation index (1945-2005), social science citation index (1956-2005), medline through pubmed (1966-2005), social service abstracts (1980-2005), lilacs (1982-2005) and psycinfo (1972-2005). we included empirical papers with aims or hypothesis related to the causal relation between low socioeconomic status (employment, education, income) in men and ipv. results: a total of 251 studies were identified, but only 10 met the inclusion criteria. there was one cohort study, one case-control study, one ecological study and one study based on a series of cases. two studies calculated odds ratio in the analyses. one of these studies reported an odds ratio of 1.4 (95% ci, 1.1-1.9) with unemployment and the other study showed no significant positive associations with this factor or with low income or education. conclusions: more information and better quality data are required to establish conclusive results on the causal role of the socioeconomic status of men who batter their intimate partners. the empirical evidence on the relationship between violent male behavior against their partners and low socioeconomic status is still insufficient.
Political and social context of not attaining the Millennium Development Goal to reduce poverty
Palma-Solís,Marco; Gil-González,Diana; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Ruiz-Cantero,María Teresa;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862008001000013
Abstract: objective: eradication of poverty is target 1 of the first of eight millennium development goals, which were adopted by world leaders at the united nations general assembly in the year 2000. this study aims to explore the influence of political and social context in the achievement of poverty eradication. methods: a retrospective ecological study was carried out to explore associations between progress towards the achievement of target 1 in 2002 and political and social context variables. the study contained cross-sectional estimates in 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2002. the analysis and observation unit was the countries (n = 88). a descriptive analysis was made, as well as simple and multiple analyses with logistic regression. findings: of the 88 countries studied, 71 (80.7%) are not on track to achieving the target of eradicating poverty. the factor most associated with non-attainment of this goal was reduced government consumption per capita (odds ratio, or: 13.8; 95% confidence interval, ci: 2.92-65.26). in the multiple regression analysis, the most significant factors are: reduced government consumption per capita (or: 9.8; 95% ci: 1.82-52.75), losses in the balance between imports and exports (or: 5.3; 95% ci: 1.32-21.54) and more inequality in family income (or: 4.7; 95% ci: 1.12-20.01). conclusion: progress towards achievement of target 1 seems to be hindered, fundamentally, by the significant reduction in government consumption in certain countries and the absence of redistribution policies. to understand the political determinants of poverty, more attention must be paid to the national and international political milieu, which seem to have a relevant impact on this problem and hence on population health.
?Qué sabemos sobre los Factores de Riesgo de la Fibromialgia?: what do we know about risk factors?
Restrepo-Medrano,Juan C; Ronda-Pérez,Elena; Vives-Cases,Carmen; Gil-González,Diana;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642009000400017
Abstract: objective this study was aimed at describing the main features of articles published in scientific journals between 1992 and 2007 addressing the analysis of the etiological factors associated with this condition. materials and methodsthis consisted of a systematic review of scientific articles regarding this association using the following health and social science databases: medline, cinhal, web of science, lilacs, sociological abstracts, embase, psycoinfo and isi web of knowledge. results 21 articles were obtained during the study period, distributed as follows: 7 theoretical reviews (33.3 %), 6 cross-sectional studies (28.5 %), 4 cohort studies, (19.0 %) 2 case-control studies (9.5 %) and 1 systematic review (4.7 %). of these, 7 (33.3 %) considered the following to risk factors to be associated with the emergence of other factors such as silicone implants, socio-demographic and hormonal factors: 3 on stress (14.3 %), 4 on hepatitis c (19.0 %), 3 on traumatic antecedents (14.3 %) and 4 on occupation (19.0 %). the most productive time was 2000-2004. there was broad thematic dispersion in the published journals. discussion available empirical evidence about risk factors related to fibromyalgia is still scarce and scattered. future studies should focus on generating more knowledge about the risk factors studied so as to help improve fibromyalgia care, diagnosis and treatment.
Percepción sobre Condiciones de Trabajo y Salud de la Población Inmigrante Colombiana en Alicante, Espa?a
Agudelo-Suárez,Andrés; Ronda-Pérez,Elena; Gil-González,Diana; Vives-Cases,Carmen;
Revista de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0124-00642008000100015
Abstract: objective exploring the self-perceptions of a group of migrants from colombia living in alicante , spain , regarding their working conditions and health. material and methods this was a qualitative and descriptive research was conducted on a group of colombian workers (with and without legal permission to work) having lived in alicante ( spain ) for more than 6 months. 11 interviews were carried out, plus 2 focal groups, from november 2006 to january 2007. the interviews were recorded and transcribed. a narrative analysis of the contents was carried out, a mixture of categories being obtained from different viewpoints. results immigration was understood as being an action for improving an immigrant worker and family's socioeconomic conditions. work and social recognition should lead to avoiding exclusion and discrimination. the people interviewed had associated their health problems with their living conditions. such problems were considered to be a limitation on carrying out their daily activities. conclusions: working and health situations were perceived from a multi-dimensional perspective associated with biological and socio-cultural conditions. more political action should be taken for improving immigrant people's economic, work and health conditions
Factores económicos relacionados con los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en salud: una revisión bibliográfica
Palma,Marco; Hernández,Ildefonso; álvarez-Dardet,Carlos; Gil-González,Diana; Ruiz,María T.; Medina,Manuel;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49892009000800009
Abstract: objectives: to systematize all the information published on the status of and progress made toward the health-related millennium development goals (hmdgs), as well as to understand associations with certain economic factors and the potential for success. methods: a search was conducted for all scientific articles covering the millennium development goals in general, published from 1 january 2000 to 31 august 2006, in the electronic databases of the ebsco, csa illumina, thomson gale, swetswise, and bireme. all original articles in english or spanish that evaluated hmdg status, progress, and determinants were selected. the analysis evaluated the distribution of determinants of hmdg status or progress, the hmdgs referred to, the study type, the relationship between economic indicators and health, the study location, and the status and potential for attaining the hmdgs. the quality of the articles was also rated. results: of the 304 original articles found, 114 (37.5%) covered one or more hmdgs. the most frequently addressed goals were those concerning infant and maternal mortality. of the 39 articles that evaluated hmdgs and their association with economic variables, 13 dealt with economic factors related to equity, policy, or globalization. economic and policy factors were most frequently associated with hmdg status or progress. conclusions: there is a definitive trend toward measuring hmdg status and progress according to economic factors that reflect the population's condition. there is an information gap regarding government spending, international commerce, international aid, and global economic policy. the potential for achieving hmdgs in poor countries is low.
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