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Search Results: 1 - 5 of 5 matches for " Gheggi "
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Epitafios: Enfoques teóricos en Arqueología de la Muerte
Gheggi,María Soledad;
Av?? , 2009,
Abstract: we intend to approach diachronically to the theoretical foundations of the current corpus of knowledge addressed by the archaeology of death, derived from many disciplines. some studies identify that mortuary ritual is a proper mean to symbolic and material expression of social aspects. this premise was later incorporated into the new archaeology of the '70s. by criticizing this argument, recent investigations propose a more complex relation between the aspects recognized during mortuary ritual and its material expression. finally, we are interested in examining briefly the recent trends applied to the study of societies from the past, for example, those derived from the archaeology of the body.
Epitafios: Enfoques teóricos en Arqueología de la Muerte
María Soledad Gheggi
Avá : Revista de Antropología , 2009,
Abstract: Se propone un acercamiento diacrónico a los enfoques teóricos que conforman el corpus actual de conocimiento con el que trabaja la Arqueología de la Muerte, derivados de múltiples disciplinas. Uno de los postulados que se desprende de la primera fase de estudios es que el ritual mortuorio es un medio propicio para la expresión simbólica y material de aspectos sociales. Esta premisa fue incorporada a la arqueología a partir de la década de 1970 en el marco de la Nueva Arqueología. A partir de la crítica a este enfoque, especialmente la que hace a la relación directa planteada entre la persona social del difunto y su expresión material, recientes investigaciones argumentan que existe una relación más compleja entre los aspectos reconocidos en el ritual mortuorio y su expresión material. Finalmente, nos interesa presentar las últimas tendencias aplicadas al estudio de las prácticas mortuorias de sociedades del pasado, por ejemplo los aportes de la arqueología del cuerpo. We intend to approach diachronically to the theoretical foundations of the current corpus of knowledge addressed by the Archaeology of Death, derived from many disciplines. Some studies identify that mortuary ritual is a proper mean to symbolic and material expression of social aspects. This premise was later incorporated into the New Archaeology of the '70s. By criticizing this argument, recent investigations propose a more complex relation between the aspects recognized during mortuary ritual and its material expression. Finally, we are interested in examining briefly the recent trends applied to the study of societies from the past, for example, those derived from the archaeology of the body.
Evidencias bioarqueológicas de conflicto ca. 1000-1432 AD en la Quebrada de Humahuaca y el Valle Calchaquí
Gheggi,María Soledad; Seldes,Verónica;
Intersecciones en antropolog?-a , 2012,
Abstract: this paper examines bioarchaeological evidence in order to study conflict among populations from quebrada de humahuaca and valle calchaquí ca. ad 1000-1432. interpersonal violence is discussed in relation to current approaches that posit andean societies as undergoing situations of actual violence, state insecurity, and ritual violence (tinkus). premortem and perimortem fractures, trophy skulls, and cut marks were recorded among 423 crania from several archaeological sites from the regions under study. trauma frequencies were compared by age and sex groups within and between geographical regions. when comparing trauma frequencies, non-parametrical statistical tests were used. it was observed that 13.95% of the sample showed traumatic lesions, with male and female individuals from humahuaca the most affected. in contrast, male individuals from the calchaquí valley were more affected than women. subadults were not affected, and frequency in traumatic lesions increased with age. these data are discussed within their cultural contexts and current archaeological evidence for both regions.
Evidencias bioarqueológicas de conflicto ca. 1000-1432 AD en la Quebrada de Humahuaca y el Valle Calchaquí Bioarchaeological evidence of conflict in Quebrada de Humahuaca and Calchaquí Valley, ca. Ad 1000-1432
María Soledad Gheggi,Verónica Seldes
Intersecciones en Antropología , 2012,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar las evidencias bioarqueológicas sobre violencia interpersonal en poblaciones que habitaron la Quebrada de Humahuaca y el Valle Calchaquí ca. 1000-1432 AD. Interesa discutir el tipo de lesiones sufridas tomando en consideración las perspectivas que presentan las sociedades de los Andes meridionales, atravesadas tanto por situaciones de violencia efectiva, como por una sensación de inseguridad latente y por violencia ritual (tinkus). Se relevaron fracturas premortem y perimortem, cabezas-trofeo y marcas de corte en una muestra de 423 cráneos provenientes de distintos sitios de las regiones bajo estudio. Se compararon frecuencias de trauma por sexo y edad dentro y entre ambas regiones geográficas y se realizaron pruebas estadísticas no paramétricas para su evaluación. Se observó que un 13,95% de la muestra presenta lesiones traumáticas y que quienes resultaron más afectados fueron los individuos de Humahuaca de ambos sexos. En el Valle Calchaquí la situación es diferente, ya que los individuos masculinos fueron más afectados que los femeninos. No se hallaron lesiones en subadultos y se observó que la frecuencia de las fracturas aumenta con la edad. Estos datos son interpretados para cada contexto cultural a la luz de la evidencia arqueológica general para ambas regiones. This paper examines bioarchaeological evidence in order to study conflict among populations from Quebrada de Humahuaca and Valle Calchaquí ca. AD 1000-1432. Interpersonal violence is discussed in relation to current approaches that posit Andean societies as undergoing situations of actual violence, state insecurity, and ritual violence (tinkus). Premortem and perimortem fractures, trophy skulls, and cut marks were recorded among 423 crania from several archaeological sites from the regions under study. Trauma frequencies were compared by age and sex groups within and between geographical regions. When comparing trauma frequencies, non-parametrical statistical tests were used. It was observed that 13.95% of the sample showed traumatic lesions, with male and female individuals from Humahuaca the most affected. In contrast, male individuals from the Calchaquí Valley were more affected than women. Subadults were not affected, and frequency in traumatic lesions increased with age. These data are discussed within their cultural contexts and current archaeological evidence for both regions.
New Data on Food Consumption in Pre-Hispanic Populations from Northwest Argentina (ca. 1000–1550?A.D.): The Contribution of Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Composition of Human Bones
María Soledad Gheggi,Verónica Isabel Williams
Journal of Anthropology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/258190
Abstract: We present data on carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of human bones from Tolombón (Calchaqui Valley, Salta) and Esquina de Huajra (Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy) sites located in Northwest Argentina (NWA). Both are complex archaeological residential settlements ascribed to the Regional Development Period (ca. 900–1430?A.D.), the Inca Period (ca. 1430–1536?A.D.), and the Early Colonial Period (ca. 1536–1600?A.D.). Twelve samples of human bones were collected and analyzed, including remains from individuals of both sexes and different ages at death. We also present the carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of modern plants from nearby areas in order to start building an isotopic ecology of the area and compile available information on food consumption from different lines of evidence. The isotopic results obtained reveal the consumption of C4 plants, which for the area are maize and amaranth, combined with animal proteins. The integration of these results with the broader database was useful to discuss the political and economical implications of the findings, especially in the context of this area under the Inca domination. 1. Introduction The analyses of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes were introduced to archaeology in the middle 1970s and have been used worldwide to assess human and animal diets of archaeological populations [1–5]. Their main potential is that they allow direct access to the average diet of an individual’s life time before death which for bone samples is expected to reflect the last 7 to 10 years; while for hair samples, the value is expected to reflect a shorter time span [6, pages 137-138], complementing or broadening the interpretations made from traditional archaeological data, such as plant macro- and microremains, faunal remains, artifacts for food processing, or the osteological analysis of nutritional pathologies??[7]. In the Andean area, the analyses of carbon and nitrogen isotopes have been used to assess the political implications of food consumption and distribution [8–10], the mobility and subsistence models of pre-Hispanic societies [11–13] or, the study of gendered food consumption in domestic contexts [14]. Following this line, we intend to approach the food consumption profiles of individuals from the archaeological sites of Tolombón (Calchaqui Valley, Salta) and Esquina de Huajra (Quebrada de Humahuaca, Jujuy) located in NWA (Figure 1). The occupation of these sites encompasses a time span characterized by rapid social changes including a period of hostile conflict between communities and the annexation
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